The Messageof the Messengers english islamic book pdf download

The Message of the Messengers By Saleh As-Saleh 28th Rajab 1426 Sept. 2, 2005 2 Introduction Allah could not have created this universe without a purpose. He is All-Wise, AllKnowledgeable, All-Merciful and All-Just. All of these attributes entail providing ways of guidance that would lead to the proper knowledge of Him, and thus the right way to worship Him: { أ&/*.ُ ا,+*(نُ أن &ُ$#َكَ ىً } [ا()’&%$، ]36 “Does man think that he will be left Sudaa1 (without a purpose)?” (Qur’an 75: 36) One of Allah’s ways of guidance is the office of Messengership which involves the Message and the Messenger. The essence of the Message is to direct man to relate to His Creator through complete submission and obedience (this is the meaning of Islam). Man does not possess the air he breathes. He does not create. He is not the creator of himself. He needs to know what benefits him and what harms him. The Message from Allah comprehends everything. It brings man to live for a noble purpose. That is why Allah called the Message of Islam, an Inspiration and a Light: { وآMCP َأوحIN )إMNC روح(ً KD أD ،)+#D )آHI تري D )اBC)$بُ و? ا,&<(نُ، وKBC 52[ ،رى(=>ا+( } [ د(RS KD ُء(U+ KD VW يX+ ًراY+ Z)I[\] “And thus We have sent to you (O Muhammad) Ruhan2 of Our command. You knew not what is the Book (the Qur’an), nor what is Iman (Faith)? But We have made it (the Qur’an) a Light, whereby We guide whom We will of Our bondsmen. And verily you are indeed guiding (mankind) to the Straight Path.” (Qur’an 42: 52) The Inspiration brings Life, and the Light brings Light. Allah gave a beautiful parable on the Message and its effects, saying: )k>Dو(ً ، NِWراً اَWَزُ nN*Cاَ nَ>َ$ْحَ(p ، )هِرََrِW ٌtَ&ِأودْ HَC)*َp ًءَ(D ِء<(k*Cاَ KD َلَvْ+أ{ kwَ/Cاُ xاُ ب#y& َMCPآُ ، Vُ[zِD ٌَWَزٍ ع$(D أوٍ tN[ِحَ ء$ِ{(Wا ، ر(kICا~ p ِVNَ[َS َونِYُ& MCPآ رض…ا~ p †B>Np َس(kICا€ˆ I& )D )kDوأً ء. [ُ€(هPNp WّvCا( kD‚p ، َnِƒ)RCوا &y#ب اx ا…zD)ل } [ا(ABC[ ،@17 He sends down water (rain) from the sky, and the valleys flow according to their measure, but the flood bears away the foam that mounts up to the surface, and (also) from that (ore) which they heat in the fire in order to make ornaments or utensils, rises a foam like unto it, thus does Allah (by parables) show forth truth and falsehood. Then, as for the foam it passes away as scum upon the banks, 1Sudaa, has many meanings including, aimless, without a purpose, not to be held accountable, neglected etc. 2Ruhan, an inspiration and a mercy. 3 while that which is for the good of mankind remains in the earth. Thus Allah set forth parables (for the Truth and Falsehood, i.e. Belief and Disbelief).” (Qur’an 13: 17) The Knowledge about the Message (about Allah, the universe, the purpose of our existence, what is good and what is bad) is like the water sent down from the sky. In the water there is life for our bodies and in the Message there is life for our hearts. The parable of the light was given in the heating fire which removes impurities (foam) from metals like iron, gold, and silver, and what remains is a pure and beneficial substance. The valleys are our hearts. This is where knowledge flows to. Some valleys can hold more water flow than others; each has its own capacity. Some valleys have surfaces that will not hold any water. The same for hearts. Some holding more knowledge than others, while some comprehend and understand little. The foam produced during water flow passes away as scum upon the banks and what benefits mankind remains on the earth. Similarly, lust, uncontrolled desires, doubts about Allah and His true religion are just like foam; they shall pass away while belief in Him and in His Message will remain. This life links man to his Creator and to all that is created by Allah, and provides him with codes of conduct that distinguish him from the animal world. Those who think that man’s presence on earth has no purpose are most certainly wrong: KD MCPW ŒXC )Dوْ#ُ هَCا k?إ( IُBِ[Xُ& )Dو( N/+وُ تY>+ )N+ُCا( Iُت(Nح k?إ~ ه( D اYC)و{ 24[ ، $’H&I)اَ } [نYkIُَ& k?إOE ه إن]OEٍ S “And they say: “There is nothing but our life of this world, we die and we live, and nothing destroys us except the Dahr (time)3″. And they have no knowledge of it, they only conjecture.” (Qur’an 45: 24) Those who are aimless about their purpose of existence search for all possible means of “enjoyment” and compete for it. Their life as explained by Allah: )XW نY\>*& ? ٌءاذانOE XCو( XW ون‘#R& ? KNSأOE XCو( XW نYXr€& ? بY[ ŒXC } أوC’M آ(…+\(م nW هOE أضn أوC’M هOE اC)}p[Yن } [اCALاف، 179 [ “They have hearts (minds) wherewith they understand not, they have eyes wherewith they see not, and they have ears wherewith they hear not (the Truth). They are like cattle, nay even more astray; those! They are the heedless ones.” (Qur’an 7: 179) In the world of animals there is a struggle for survival! But in the human world there is a purpose: 3Everything is in the Hands of Allah, He is the disposer of everything. Time does not cause cheerful or disastrous events. 4 { &( أ&X )اIC)سُ إ+( S]Ir)آُOE KD ذآ#ٍ وأ+z ™و[\]I)آُOE ش\WY ً)وR)َئn َC)\ِ$رَYpا إنk أآ#َDَB ŒُIS اx اتr)آُOE } [ا(CITات ، اRی$ ]13 . “O mankind! We have created you from a single (pair) of a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know each other. Verily, the most honorable of you in the sight of Allah is that (believer) who is best in AtTaqwa: adhering to the religion of Allah and best in performing good deeds as prescribed by Allah.” (Qur’an 49: 13) The aim to achieve At-Taqwa is constructive and beneficial and it stands against mischief like “might is right,” “my Color is better,” “worshipping of idols, lust, money, or other created entities,” and so forth: This is part of man’s purpose on earth. Man’s whole life is related to His Creator: { n إنk صYت~ و+ُ*ُB ~ِوDْ/َN)َيَ وD)>َتِ~ x ِربž اC)\C>َKN ? ش#&M َVC ] { اVWL&م ، اRیY&ن 162 و 163[ “Say (O Muhammad): “Verily, my prayer, my sacrifice, my living and my dying are for Allah, the Rabb of the World, He has no partner.” (Qur’an 6: 162-163) All deeds and utterances, open or hidden, and which Allah loves and accepts, constitute the meaning of worship. All forms of worship are explained in the Qur’an and by the Prophet (: sallallaahu ‘alaihi was-sallam4). Worship is not left for our limited minds to decide upon their ways. Worship is one’s life according to Islam. Thus it can only be devoted to our Creator, Allah. 4 (): sallallaahu ‘alaihi was-sallam: This is an invocation meaning may Allah exalt his mention and render him and his message of Islam, safe from every derogatory thing. 5 The Message Leads to a Meaningful life That is why Allah, the most High, says: 24[ ،ل[&WLاُOE } [BNِN/ُ& )>C Œآ(Sد إذاِ لY k#[Cوِ x ْاYRNِ¢َ$ إ اYIDءاَ K&PCا( X£&أ{ &( “O you who believe! Answer Allah (by obeying Him) and (His) Messenger when he () calls you to that which will give you life5.” (Qur’an 8: 24) The Message carries a description of a complete way of life. The Messengers not only carry the Message but they explain it in accordance with the teachings revealed to them by the One Who had chosen them, Allah. He wanted His Message to be delivered by humans to humans. All of the Messengers directed man to know Allah, His Oneness, Uniqueness, Attributes, and Laws, what is permissible and what is not, what is good and what is bad, the Day of Judgment, Paradise and Hell, Reward and Punishment, Accountability, etc. The human mind cannot comprehend all the realities about these details. The patient knows he needs a Doctor to know the diagnosis of his illness and the right cure for it. The Messengers are needed to guide mankind through the details of what has preceded. Some think that human intellect is sufficient to conduct a “beneficial” life on earth. Allah has honoured man with faculties that allow him to distinguish between good and bad. This is a distinction that elevates man above the animal kingdom. However, on its own, man’s intellect6: 1- Cannot know about Allah and His Attributes. 2- Cannot know the details of Allah’s religion. 3- Cannot know what pleases Allah and what angers Him. 4- Cannot know when Allah gives reward or sets a punishment nor the measure of reward or punishment. 5- Cannot know about the Unseen, unless Allah reveals it. 5In this world the disbeliever is “dead,” and in the next one, he wishes to die: 17( ،c’اهCeا¤ } (N[¥ ٌابPS Vئ¦ور KDو HN>W Yه( Dوٍ ن(BD žnُآ KD ُتY>Cا VNت&‚و{ “And death will come to him from every side, yet he will not die and in front of him, will be a great torment.” (Qur’an 14: 17) 36( ،Cf&g) { رY€آ knُآ يv¢+ MCPآ( XWاPS KD ŒXIS ُ§k€َ¨ُ& ?و اYتY>Np ŒXN[S ™yrُ& ? ŒkIَXَ] رOE +(XC واَ€#آ K&PCوا{ “But those who disbelieve (in the Oneness of Allah) for them will be the Fire of Hell. Neither it will have a complete killing effect on them so that they die, nor shall its torment be lightened for them. Thus do We requite every disbeliever!” (Qur’an 35: 36) 6Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyyah in his book “Muftah Daar-us-Sa’aadah: The Key to the Abode of Happiness (i.e. Paradise), V.2, P 117-Arabic Text”. 6 6- Cannot decide about each and every action whether it is just or unjust. Man only knows “general” concepts about good and bad. In some cases certain deeds may seem to be good, yet they are bad, or at least, doubtful. The mind is unable to determine which side is more dominant. The Message brings details about what constitutes the successful approach in dealing with such situations. 7- Can reach certain conclusions that are basically hypothetical and open for opposing points of view. The Revelation is perfect. It does not negate the mind. On the contrary it directs it to contemplate the surrounding universe, inhabit the earth and invest the globe’s resources in a just way. Revelation is the light by which the mind can search for all that comforts it. Man cannot benefit from his eyesight, if he is in darkness. When the light of the sun emerges it lights his way. Revelation takes man from the deepest darkness to light: { اC ،#آ$(ب أ+ICv)Z ُإMNC Cِ#¨ُ$ِجَ اIC)سَ DِK َاC)>[ُتِ إC ™اICُYرِ Wِ¬ِذنِ رَWžX ŒِإC ™ 1[ $یRا ، c’اهCeإ } [ N>/Cاِ v&v\Cاِ اط#ص “(This is) a Book which We have revealed unto you (O Muhammad-) in order that you might lead mankind out of darkness (of disbelief and polytheism) into true Light (of belief in the Oneness of Allah and Islamic Monotheism) by their Rabb’s leave to the Path of the All-Mighty, the Owner of all Praise.” (Qur’an 14: 1) 7 The Messengers: The Highest Rank7 The Message of Tawheed8 is of the highest rank in the Sight of Allah, the Exalted. The best of mankind and most close to Him are His chosen Messengers. They are the ones who received Allah’s Salaam (Peace and Safety): [181 ،ت&g&Bj)ا }[KN[ #>Cا]TM S ٌم Yو{ “And Salaam (Peace) be upon the Messengers.” (Qur’an 37: 181) 79[ ،ت&g&j)ا } [KN>C)\Cا~ p ٍحY+ ™[S ٌم{ Y “Salaam (Peace) be upon Noah among the ‘Alameen (Mankind, Jinns, and all that exists).” (Qur’an 37: 79) 47[ ،ص } [ر(Nš…ا KN€²‘>Cا K>C )+IS ŒُXk+وإ{ “And they are in Our Sight, verily, of the Chosen and the Best.” (Qur’an 38: 47) •Sufficient in their honoring is the fact that Allah designated them as the recipients of His Wahye (Revelation). •Allah, the Exalted, trusted them with His Message. •Bestowed upon them various forms of Miracles. •Amongst them are those whom He, the most High, took as Khaleela (chosen beloved), or Spoke to directly; He lifted some to ranks higher than others. •They were tested more than the rest of mankind. •All the good in this World and in the Hereafter which Allah favors on His slaves came by the way of the Messengers. They explained all that is good and how to attain it. •Allah is known by the way of the Messengers. They informed us of Allah’s Attributes and how one can worship Him properly. •The highest in rank are the five ones foremost in their resolve (Uloul ‘Azm). They are: Noah, Ibraaheem (Abraham), Mousa (Moses), ‘Eesa (Jesus), and Muhammad (‘alaihimus-salaam). The highest in rank is Muhammad (): ŒNاه#Wإ VW )INوص( Dو MNCإ( INأوح ىPCوا(ً حY+ VW ™kوص( D K&Cا KD ŒُBَC َعَ#َش{ وYD ™ وNS] { ™*ا(=>رى، ]13 7Based upon Ibn Qayyim’s essay on the “Ranks of Al-Mukalafeen (Those who should adhere to the Islamic Principles and Laws)” in his book Tareequl Hijratayen wa babus-Sa’aadatayen (The way to the Two Migrations (to Allah and to His Messenger) and the door (that leads to) the Two Homes of Happiness (one in this World and the other in the Hereafter), P 514, Published by Daar Ibnul Qayyim, Ad-Dammam, KSA. 2nd Edition, 1414 (1994) 8Tawheed: Oneness and Uniqueness of Allah as the One qualified with all Perfection in Himself, His Names & Attributes, and Actions, and the One singled out with Lordship and Divinity. Nothing is like unto Him. He is the True & Only God that deserves to be worshipped. 8 “He (Allah) has ordained for you the same Religion (Islam) which He ordained for Noah, and that which We have inspired in you (O Muhammad- ), and that which We ordained for Abraham, Moses and Jesus.” (Qur’an 42: 13) •They carried on the most honorable task of calling people to the Tawheed of Allah. They endured all kinds of hurt by their respective nations but never relinquished the Message of Tawheed. 9 The Duties & Assignments9 of the Messengers The Qur’an and the Sunnah (legal ways) of the Prophet Muhammad () described the Duties and the Assignments of the Messengers as follows: 1-The Clear Conveyance of the Message A) The Proclamation The Messengers proclaim what they are commanded to reveal without omission or addition: Allah, the most High, says: ، ة@p&q)اُ } [ Vَ$C) رَ Hْ}k[W )>p n\€تOE kC وإن MžWر KD َMNCإَ لِv+ُأ( D ´ž[W ُلYُ k#Cا( X£&أ{ &( [ 67 “O Messenger (Muhammad) proclaim the Message which has been sent to you from your Rabb. And if you don’t then you have not conveyed His Message.” (Qur’an 5: 67) B) The Courage The Messengers proclaim the Message having complete trust in Allah and fear none except Him: { اPC&Kُ& Rُ}ž[َYنَ ر (?تِ اx ِو&̈UَYَ+ْV ُو? &̈UَYنَ أحَاً إ?k اx] { اLحsاب، ]39 “Those who convey the Message of Allah and fear Him, and fear none save Allah.” (Qur’an 33: 39) C) Complete Recitation of Texts { اتُْ %& أُوح|َ إ(‘ْz% َx ا(wِY&بِ } [ ا(Vƒw<‚ت ، ]45 “Recite (O Muhammad-), what has been revealed to you of the Book (the Qur’an).” (Qur’an 29: 45) The Messenger proclaims without any modifications and/or changes. This includes any explanation of the Revelation. The Messengers are the most qualified in their knowledge about the meaning of the Revelation. About this Allah () says: [44 ،Tƒ)ا} [ون#kBَ€َ$& ŒُXk[َ\َCوِOE XْNَCإَ لّvُ+ )D ِسّ(I[C KžNَRُ$ِC #آžPCاَ MNCإ( ICَv+وأ{ 9Based upon Omar Suliman Al-Ashqar’s Chapter in his Book: Ar-Russul war-Rissalaat, The Messengers and the Messages. PP 43-55, Published by Daar An-Nafaa’is, Amman, and Daarul Falaah, Kuwait, 1412 (1989) edition. 10 “And We have sent down unto you (O, Muhammad-) the Reminder and the Advice (this Qur’an), that you may explain clearly to men what is sent to them and that they may give thought.” (Qur’an 16: 44) The Messenger may verbally clarify many matters of the Revelation and may also practically demonstrate several aspects of the Revelation. For example, Prophet Muhammad () clarified the meaning of the word “wrong” in the Aayah (Verse) No. 82 of Sooratul ‘An’aam (the Cattle) as Shirk (offering worship to other than Allah), and not the “wrong” that means “sinful or bad deeds”: [ 82 ،م&VWLا } [ون$َXُD Œُوهُ KDَ…اُOEُ XَC َM’Cأوُ]OEٍ W ŒُXَ+)>&إْ اY*ِR[َ& ŒCوْ اYIَDءاَ K&PCا{ “It is those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah) and confuse not their belief with wrong10 (Shirk: worshipping others besides Allah) for them (only) there is security and they are the guided.” (Qur’an 6: 82) The Prophet Muhammad () practically demonstrated how to manifest the Revelations related to the prayers, pilgrimage, charity, and many other acts of worship. D) What if people reject? If people turn away: [ 20، انCqA ل } [ ‹غ(‚ˆا z’‰A &qBWŠg ا>B)َ<َتْ نSg } “But if they turn away, your duty is only to convey the Message.” (Qur’an 3: 20) 2- THEY CALL PEOPLE TO ALLAH The duty of the Messengers does not stop at the clarification and proclamation of the Truth (Revelation), but they must also call mankind to adopt the Message, believe in it, and act upon it. The Messengers say to the people: “You are the slaves of Allah, He is your Rabb (Unique Lord) and True God. He wanted us to tell you how to worship Him. Because we are Messengers assigned by Allah, then you must obey us and follow us”: 36[ ،Tƒ)ا [} تYُ¥)k²Cا اYُRِIَ$]وا xا واُُRSا أن?ً Y رٍ tkDُأž nُآ~ p )Izَ\َW َrCو{ 10Abdullah bin Mas’oud, may Allah be pleased with him, reported that: “When the Aayah: 82( ،م…+\(ا (} ون$XُD Œُهَو KD…اُOE XَC َM’Cأوُ]OEٍ W ŒُXَ+)>&إ اY*ِR[َ& ŒCو اYIDءا K&PّCا{ “It is those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah) and confuse not their belief with wrong, for them (only) there is security and they are the guided,” the companions of the Prophet () felt burdened by it and said: ‘Who amongst us does not wrong himself?’ The Prophet () said: “Its not as you think! It is (i.e. the wrong in this verse) is what Luqman (the righteous man whom a Qur’anic chapter carries his name) said to his son (advising him): 13( ،ن<(rC {) ŒNS ٌŒ[C كž#UCا kإن x)W ك#Uُت ? k~َIُW )& } “O my son! Join not others in worship with Allah. Verily! Joining others in worship with Allah is a great Thulm (wrong) indeed.” (Qur’an 31: 13). This narration is reported by Muslim and others. 11 “And verily, We have sent among every Ummah (nation, community) a Messenger (proclaiming): “Worship Allah (alone)”, and avoid (or keep away from) Taghut (all false deities).” (Qur’an 16: 36) [ 150،163،179 ، 144 ، 136 ، 108 ت&یRا ، اءCV=)ا } [ نY\Nِƒَوأَ xا اYُrkت(p } “So fear Allah (Keep your duty to Him), and obey me (i.e. the Messenger).” (Qur’an 26: 108, 136, 144, 150, 163, 179) A Real Example: The Prophet Muhammad () said: :ِVRح‘(C )>ُهَُأحُ لYr& ، k~[]ر IS nNئ(BNDو ~ ، رأ IS n&#R] kن‚آ م(I>Cا~ p ُH&رأ+~ إ” ِnz>آ ، Mِ$kDأُ nَzَDوَ Mُ[zD )>+إ ، MُR[ َnُrS nrSوا ، Mُ+ُأذ H\> ˆ> إ: ل(rp ، ·ŸzD VC ب#إض ، VِD)\ƒ ™Cإَ س(ICا YS& ً?Y ر\†َ W Œث ، ةِئ(D )XNp َn\] Œث$(ً ، NW )XNp ™IW Œث ، داراَ Pَ¨اتٍ M[D ، tkI¢Cا HNRCوا ، م, Yا ارCوا ، M[>Cا Yه x)p ، ُVَآ#ت KD ŒXIDو ، لY #Cا ب[(أ KD ŒXI>p وأ+H )& D >/ر Yل اx ، KD أ[(MW دSn ا, Yم ، وKD دSn ا, Yم ، دSn اC¢tkI ، وKD [484 1/ ’%&I)ا’ Tص- ي%CY)وا ري(‚&ا‘ روا( ” [XNp )D nأآ tkI¢Cا nšد “I have seen in my dream as if Gibreel (Gabriel) is by my head and Meeika’eel (the angel in charge of the rain and plant) by my feet. One of them tells his companion: give a similitude of him (i.e. Muhammad-); the other replied: “Listen (i.e. O Muhammad), may your ears hear (by giving audience), and think, may your heart (mind) understand that the similitude of you and of your nation is that of a King who acquired for himself a piece of land; on it he built a house and furnished it with a dining place. He then sent a Messenger inviting people to his food. Some of them accepted the invitation, while others turned it down. Verily, Allah is The King, and the land is Islam, and the house is the Jannah (Paradise) and you Muhammad are the Messenger; whoever responds to you (by obeying you), will enter Islam, and whoever enters Islam will enter Jannah, and whoever enters Jannah shall eat from what is in it.” 11 3 – GIVE GLAD TIDINGS AND WARNINGS Allah, the One free of all Imperfection, the Most High, says: 56[ ،•َْw)اَ } [K&ِرِPIُDَوَ K&ِ#žUَRُD k?ِإَ KNِ[َ ْ#ُ>ْCاُ nِ ْ#ُ+ )َDَو{ “And We send not the Messengers save as bearers of good news and warners.” (Qur’an 18: 56) In this regard, the Prophet () gave an example about himself where he said: (ل ص]TM اx S[VN و َ]k: Œ ،k~IN\W ºN¢Cا H&رأ+~ إ ، مY ) :& ل(rp ، )DY ™أت n]ر nz>آ ، VW xا~ Iz\W )D nzDو]~ zD ” ™[S اYr[²+وا ، اY¢Cد‚p ، VDY KD t€ئ f(VS)ƒ‚p ، ء¢(ICا ء¢(IC)p ، ن\ُ#&(Cا&# PICا+( أ+~ وإ 11Related by Al-Bukhari and At-Tirmidhi. See Saheehul Jami’ (Arabic Text) 1/484.