The Book of Fasting PDF english islamic book

The Book of Fasting PDF english islamic book

PREFACE Veily aI fte prabes ae drp b AlHl ‘ We prabe Hfn ild s€d( Hb hets dd b€lv€r888 . Ard rre eedt rctuge h AIah ttorn fe evlb d oLnehtes ild fnom qn u,id(d deds. Wtrwver has been gdded by Albh rxne cill mbgukfe hlm and wtpse\rer has been mbgukled by Aldf rsecatgddettn I bs wfrrc td therc b m god br* Alil SrE Atd I bear wthe68 that Muhamnrad is His servant & meSsenger. By Hb Crace khdrnes & heh Al$ tB n* ery tle comphton ol This book ( StWm ) after several reilerelre. lt indudcs several sublects d The slwm Ggfilftgs tlt fndHab Fa#te BHrEtnoltty lhhgs b be A\ro5ed & dEr cqrrTnrfrrEntu) Thb book b, h fact a pat cf fte ds book d fF af.fior ent[d a (Ihe Cqrdc Bmk o{ bffic ryr ) lllay Afah Cllry be b ]ftr ftd fib frmtr a ernftf pure & thcerc hr HIB Sde. llay AIdt Hgtily be4€fg rJtlh lg tre wrfrr, the t* ild d tlc rrrslns’ hb b tP Af Hd€r, tF Al Responshre. Contents The Boolt ol elYam (Fastlng) Thlngs that lnvalldate Fastlng gErEluodty Ttlrgs b be AvoHd SupererogatorY Fastlng The I’t*aat 48 1 1 1 1 1 3 4 The Book of Slyam (Fasttng) * Fasting is the fourth pillar of Islam. Allah enjoined it as an obligatory act of worship during the second year of Hijraht r The meaning of Fasting: It is refraining from eating, drinking, and similar things from dawn to sunset with the intendon of fasting. * Allah has prescribed Fasting to the Muslim Ummah as He prescribed it to previous nations. * Allah, the Exalted, has enjoined fasting on the Muslims for great wisdom and lofty objectives of which are: 1) The fear of Allah, the Exalted, and piety 2) Fasting trains the Muslim to assume responsibiliry, and endurance. 3) Fasting teaches man tolerance, self-restraint, trudrfulness, and beneficence. 4) Fasting also makes man share the suffering of his Muslim brothers, and expend in charity to the poor and needy, thus the brotherly love is materialized ^rnong all Muslims through which all enjoy good life during this noble month. * Fasting in Ramadhan is a sphere of worship and obedience to Allah. In Ramadhan, the gates of Jannah are opened and the gates of Hell are closed, and the Satans are chained. In it too, there is the Nj tht of Decree, which is better than a thousand months spent in norship. The Night of Decree has a great excellence, whoever spends it occupying himself with acts of uorship out of belief, Allah would forgive his previous I The Prophet’s emigration to Madinah. 5 sins. The Night of Decree falls in the last ten days of Ramadhan. r Whoever observes the fast of Ramadhan out of belief and expects to be rewarded for doing so, in the ‘Hereafter, his past sins would be forgiven. —- * He’who breaks one day of fast without valid reason, he would never be able to expiate for it even if he observes fast the rest of his life. * Observing the fast of Ramadhan becomes compulsory bY two things. 1- sigtrting the new moon of Ramadhan, or 2- C-ompleting the month of Sha’ban, which precedes Ramadhan, as 3O daYs. * Fasdng of Ramadhan is obligatory on every sane, healthy, adult, Muslim capable of fasting’ i Once- the new moon of Ramadhan has been sighted in a certain country, observing fast becomes oflig”toty on the residents of that cotlntry’ If all Musl-ims in the world begin fasting on the same day, this would be an excellenl demonstration of uniry and brotherhood :rmong the Muslims. * It is not permissible to observe fast of the doubtful day (i’e. the 3oth day of Sha’ban)’ I * The intention for observing obligatory fasting must be thought of during the night, whereas, the intention for voluntary fasting may be thought of during the day. *”the firit day of Ramadhan may be confirmed by sighting the new moon by one tnrstlvorthy Muslim’ male or female. r The 30th day of Sha’ban is considered as such rvhen the nerv moon of Ramadhan is not sighted due to clouds, haze, or the like. 6 * He who sights the new moon of Ramadhan by himse[ but his word was rejected by the community, he must begin fasting. * It is the Sunnah for the person who sights the new moon to recite the following : .rLJl-r Cr!t+ _U.t r..li a6ttt ) ;r .. ,_r gflr L-j_; cbr . ( >t t:t cDr r+lll 4ts o+t r)-)lt i-)-lt., O Allah! Make this new moon appear to us while we are enjoying security, faith, safety and Islam. O new moon! My Rubb and yours is Allah. May this new moon be a new moon of guidance and goodness. * IailatulQ4dr, the Night of Decree is to be sought in the last ten days of Ramadhan during which it is praiseworthy to recite this du’a: . ;s, r.u jJt .,._r F.:t{.dlr . O Allah! You are Oft-Forgiving, and love forgiving, so forgive my sins. * If the new moon is sighted during the day, it becomes obligatory on the people of the country in which it is sighted to observe fasting the rest of that day. To make up for that day, the fast of an extra day after the end of Ramadhan must be observed. * He who does not observe fasting on account of old age, or tenninal illness, he should give a meal to a needy person for each day he misses. * It is permissible for a sick person who would be harmed by fasting to break his fast and to observe fasting a number of days equal to those he missed during Ramadhan * Menstruating woman and a woman in postnatal peni-rd are prohib ted to observe fasting, but are requ red to make up the days of fast;ng that they mrssed afr er Ramadhan. 7 * Pregnant and nursing lvqmen Tay n.9t observe fastini Oiring the monthbf Ramadhan if they- are *or.iJa abouf their own health, or the hedth of the t”Uy,-pt*ided they make up the days they missed after Ramadhan. * A $aveling Person may or fasting while awaY from home’ It though not to observe fast while Allah says: (;i 7u.i 3,tfi .p &:1 w-t,J’, is .f ) But whoever of you is sick or is on a jourrrey’ shall observe fasdng the same nurnber of days’r * He who intends to observe fasting and then fell ,rn.ottt.iots throughout the day, his fasting is “”uiri”Jn” must m-alie up for that day by obsening the fast of a daY after Ramadhan’ — * If an airptane took off and was airborne before sunset, it is nbt lawful for its fasting passengers Io break fast before sunset. * If a Muslim ate, drank or had an intercourse foreettine that he is fasting, his observan-ce is valid’ ‘”‘”;ii; r’l”iri- has a wit dream, his fasting would remain valid, but he must have a ghusl2′ * A Muslim is recommended to maintain purity at all times. lt is permissible to delay the ghusl iesulting from iexual activity, th-e end of mensruttion, or postnatal bleeding until dawn’ The fasdng of such persons remains valid’ may not observe is better for him ffaveling because I The same number of days missed in Ramadhan’ 2A sho,uer, or a bath. I Thlngs that Invalidate Fasttng 1- Willful eating, drinking, or having sexual intercourse during the day in Ramadhan. 2- Menstrual or posbratal bleeding during the day, 3- brduced vomiting, masrurbating., or ejaculating as a result of fondling with one’s wife, or any discharge after sexual activities during the day in Ramadhan. 4- Willful cupping,l invalidates the fasting of both the cupped and the cupper. 5- lntravenous feeding,2 * He who eats or drinks – while he is not certain it is dawn, -in case he is having the suioor meal- or sunset -in case he is having the iftar- his fasting remains valid as long as he tried his best to verify the time of dawn or sunset.3 * The use of .(uhul, enema, treatment of wounds, incense, or eye-drops do not nullify fasting because they are not considered as food supplements. It is better, as a precaution, to use it during the night. * Women may take pills or use other means to stop menstruation for the purpose of uninterrupted fasting during Ramadhan, or during the season of the Hajj it such procedure does not endangerher health. * He who has an intercourse during the day in

The Book of Fasting PDF english islamic book

Ramadhan, he must make up that day and expiate for I Cupping, drarving blood from the body by suction cups. 2 Administering food by injecrion into the vein. 3 This case applies to a person who does not have a watch or a clock, or a transient rlho is unarvare of the prayer schedule of the place he is in, I it if he did so knowingly. But if he did so forgetfully’ his fast would remain valid. * If the wife was ignorant of rulings concerning sexual intercourse while fasting, or forgot she was fasting, or was forced into it during the day in Ramadhan, her fast remains valid. If she was forced into it, she may make up for that day by obsewing fast of another day after Ramadhan. If she consented, then it would be incumbent upon her to make up that day and expiate. r Expiation is not due on any reason other than sexual intercourse during the hours of fasting. The order of expiation is as follows: 1- Freeing a slave, if one is unable to do so, or a slave is unavailable, then 2- observing fast of two consecutive months; if he cannot afford doing so, then 3- Feeding sixry needy Persons’ * If a husband sat berween or above the thighs of his wife and ejaculated without insertion, he should make up for that day and repent to Allah. * It is the Sunnah to make up the days missed out in Ramadhan soon as the month of Ramadhan is over, and consecutively. If the days to be observed were deferred until after the elapse of another Ramadhan without a valid excuse, such a person must observe the days he missed as well as feed a needy person for each day he missed. * He who dies before fulfilling his vow of obsening fasting, or to perform the Haii, or j’ul