Rulings and prohibitions regarding ‘Umrah english islamic book pdf download

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Rulings & prohibitions
regarding ‘Umrah
Produced By:
Islamweb Staff
Editorial & Translation Department
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All praise is due to Allaah alone; may He exalt the mention of the seal
of all Prophets and Messengers, our Prophet Muhammad, his family
and all his companions.
This is a booklet which includes the description of how to perform
‘Umrah according to the authentic Sunnah of the Prophet, sallallaahu
‘alayhi wa sallam, written in a simple, easy to understand way, along
with some warnings and prohibitions regarding some mistakes people
commit during ‘Umrah.
Dear Muslims! There are many texts regarding the virtues of
performing ‘Umrah, such as the narration of Abu Hurayrah, may
Allaah be pleased with him, that the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa
sallam, said: “From one ‘Umrah to another is an expiation for the
sins committed between them, and the complete and perfect Hajj has
no less a reward than Paradise” [Al-Bukhaari and Muslim].
Did you know that ‘Umrah during the month of Ramadhaan is
equivalent to the reward of performing Hajj? But is it any type of
Hajj? No, It is equivalent to one performed with the Prophet,
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sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, as it was mentioned in the narration of
Ibn ‘Abbaas, may Allaah be pleased with him, who said: “When the
Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, returned from Hajj, he said to
Umm Sinaan, may Allaah be pleased with her: “What prevented you
from performing Hajj?” She replied: “So and so (i.e., her husband)
has only two camels, he went off to Hajj using one and used the
other for watering our land.” Thereupon the Prophet sallallaahu
‘alayhi wa sallam, said: “When Ramadhaan comes, perform
‘Umrah, because ‘Umrah during it is like performing Hajj with me”
[Al-Bukhaari and Muslim].
The following is the correct way to perform ‘Umrah
First: Ihraam: As one arrives at the Meeqaat (i.e., designated places
to assume Ihraam from), he should bathe and apply perfume to his
body, but not the clothes of Ihraam. If some of the perfume
mistakenly touched them, then wash it off. It preferable for men to
wear two clean white cloths, and take off all tailored and fitted
clothes. Women may wear anything they wish as long as it is in
accordance with Islamic regulations. One may wear a ring, a watch,
sun glasses or a belt. If it is difficult to stop at the Meeqaat, like
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people who travel by air, then bathe at home, and assume Ihraam
when you are parallel to the Meeqaat saying : Labbayka Allaahuma
‘Umrah (O Allaah! in response to your call I perform ‘Umrah). If one
is afraid of anything that would prevent the completion of the rituals,
then one should make ones Ihraam conditional by saying: “In
habasani haabisoon fa mahilli haythu habastani” (O Allaah! My
Ihraam will terminate at the point where You prevent me). Therefore,
if anything were to happen to prevent one from completing the rituals,
then one would come out of the state of Ihraam without facing any
penalty.
It is Sunnah to exert great effort in the remembrance of Allaah and to
repeat the Talbiyah, which is as follows: “Labbaykallaahuma labbayk,
labbayka laa shaareeka laka labbayk. innalhamda wanni’mata laka
walmulk. laa shareeka lak’ (In response to Your call O Allaah! In
response to Your call. In response to Your call, there is no partner
with You, in response to Your call. Gratitude favours and the
Kingdom belongs to You, there is no partner with You). This is to be
uttered loudly by men, but women must utter it to themselves if there
are men around.
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Warnings
 Some women mistakenly think that their Ihraam clothes should be
of a certain colour, such as white or green, and this is incorrect.
 Collective Talbiyah was never the practice of the Prophet,
sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, nor his companions.
 It is permissible for men or women to replace the garments of
Ihraam with other garments of like nature.
 One should always make sure that his ‘Awrah (area of the body
which should Islamically be covered) is covered while sitting
down or sleeping.
 Some women believe they may uncover their faces in front of men
as long as she is in the state of Ihraam, which is wrong, and
women should cover their faces according to the following
evidences:
a. ‘Aa’ishah, may Allaah be pleased with her, said: “Whenever
men used to pass next to us while with the Prophet sallallaahu
‘alayhi wa sallam in the state of Ihraam, we used to draw
down our veils on our faces, and uncover when they were
gone” [Ahmad and Abu Daawood].
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b. Asmaa’, may Allaah be pleased with her, said: “We used to
cover our faces so that men would not see us, and comb our
hair while in the state of Ihraam.” [Al-Haakim].
Prohibitions during Ihraam
When a Muslims assumes Ihraam for Hajj or ‘Umrah, the following
prohibitions apply until he is finished:
 Shaving or cutting the hair of the head or the body, or removing it
by any other method.
 Nail clipping.
 Wearing perfume.
 Hunting, but this does not include fishing.
 Wearing trousers, or other sewn men’s clothing which reveal the
shape of the body. However, if the clothing had been sewn, and
does not shape the body, such as a belt or shoes, then it is
permissible.
 Covering the head with something which directly touches it, like a
hat or a turban; however, one may go under the shade of an
umbrella, inside a tent, or under the roofs of cars; he may also
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carry his belongings on his head as long as he does not intend to
cover his head.
 Wearing gloves or any facial cover for women which directly
touches the face (unless men are present, then she must draw down
a veil on her face).
 Marriage.
 Sexual intercourse and related issues (i.e., lustful touching, eye
contact, passionate kissing, masturbating), whether it leads to
ejaculation or not.
Second: I t is Sunnah that one enters the Haram mosque (or any other
mosque) with the right foot first whilst saying the following
supplication:
‘Bismillaah, wassalaatu wassalamu ‘alaa rasoolillah. Allaahumma
ighfir lee waftah lee abwaaba rahmatik’. (In the name of Allaah, may
Allaah send peace upon His Messenger and exalt his mention, O
Allaah forgive my sins and open your gates of mercy for me).
Third: Begin Tawaaf, which is to be performed counter-clockwise,
starting from the black stone or the line that runs parallel to it. It is
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important that one does this without pushing or harming fellow
worshippers. If possible, one should kiss the black stone; if this is not
possible, then one should touch it with his right hand, or any object
such as stick, and then kiss that. If neither of these things are possible,
then one should point at the black stone, whilst standing on the black
line that runs parallel to it, and say: ‘Allaahu Akbar’. This should be
done upon each circuit of the Ka’bah, each one starting and ending at
the black stone or the line that runs parallel to it. Go around seven
times, and it is recommended for men to walk quickly during the first
three rounds, and this is known as Ramal, then walk normally for the
remaining four. It is recommended for men only to have their upper
garment in the position of Idh-Dhtibaa’, which is to have it wrapped
in such a way that the left shoulder is covered and the right shoulder is
exposed. This is achieved by wrapping the upper garment under the
right armpit. This should only be done in one of two cases: either the
Tawaaf of arrival, or for ‘Umrah. Also, one should make plentiful
supplication, remembrance and glorification of Allaah as well as
beseeching Him for forgiveness.
It is recommended that one touches the Yemeni corner, which
precedes the corner that contains the black stone, with ones right hand
without kissing it and say: ‘Bismillaah, Allahu Akbar.’ If this is not
possible, then one should NOT point at this corner as they do with the
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corner that contains the black stone. Also, the Sunnah is to recite the
following supplication between the Yemeni corner and the corner that
contains the black stone, which is verse 201 of chapter Al-Baqarah in
the Quran: ‘Rabbanaa aatinaa fid-dunyaa hasanah wa filaakhirati
hasanah waqinaa ‘athaaban-naar’. (Our Lord! give us in this world
(that which is) good and in the Hereafter (that which is) good and
protect us from the punishment of the Fire).
Note: There is no special supplication for each round during Tawaaf.
Warnings
 Purity is a precondition for the soundness of Tawaaf according
to the majority of scholars, so if you nullify your Wudhoo’
(ablution) during Tawaaf, you need to leave and perform
Wudhoo’ and repeat your Tawaaf (from the last round before
nullifying it). Ibn ‘Abbaas, may Allaah be pleased with him,
said: ‘When Allaah revealed the verse which means, “Our Lord!
Punish us not if we forget or fall into error” Allaah said, “I
did”‘ [Muslim].
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 If the Iqaamah was called whilst in Tawaaf, or a prayer on the
dead was called for, you must pray with the congregation and
resume from the place you stopped, and do not forget to cover
your shoulders during prayer, because this compulsory during
prayer.
 There is no harm (during Tawaaf) to sit and take a rest for a
short while, drink water, or, if one desires, to move between
floors in the Haram.
 If you doubt the number of rounds of Tawaaf you have
finished, base your judgment on the number you are certain of;
if you doubted whether you circumambulated three or four
times, make the count three and finish the remaining four, but if
you thought and remembered the number for sure, then you
may act upon what you are certain of.
 Some people remain in the state of Idh-Dhtibaa’ from the time
they wear their Ihraam until they finish the entire ‘Umrah, and
this is wrong, because one is supposed to do this only during
certain types of Tawaaf as mentioned above.
Fourth: Upon finishing Tawaaf men should cover their right shoulder
again (from the position of Idh-Dhtibaa’) and then go behind the
Maqaam Ibraaheem (the place where Prophet Ibraaheem, may Allaah
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exalt his mention, stood), if possible, and recite: “Take as your place
of worship the place where Ibraaheem stood” [Quran 2 : 125]. Then
one should pray two Rak’ah there. Otherwise, one should pray
anywhere else in the mosque. During these two Rak’ah, they should
recite the chapter ‘Qul Yaa Ayyuha’l Kaafiroon’ in the first Rak’ah,
having recited Al- Faatihah, and then in the second Rak’ah recite the
chapter Qul Huwa Allaahu Ahad, having recited Al-Faatihah. Sadly,
many people push and harm others in order to pray behind the
Maqaam although it is permissible to pray anywhere in the Haram.
Fifth: After praying these two Rak’ah one should head towards the
black stone and try to kiss it if possible, if not then touch it, and if this
is not possible, one should simply point to it from a distance. Then
one should go and drink from the water of Zamzam.
Sixth: After this, one should climb mount Safa and recite verse 158 of
chapter Al-Baqarah in the Quran which states: “Inna as-Safa walmarwata min sh’aa’irillaah, faman Hajjalbayta awi’tamarah falaa
junaaha ‘alayhi an yattawwafa bihimaa, wa man tatawwa’a
khayran fa innallaaha shaakiroon ‘aleem’. (“Indeed Safa and
Marwah are of the symbols of Allah. So there is no harm on him
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who performs Hajj or ‘Umrah to the house to perform the going
(Sa’y) between them. And whoever does good voluntarily, then
indeed Allaah is All-Recognising, All-Knowing”) and say: “I will
start with what Allaah started with”, then, it is recommended to face
the Ka’bah and recite the following: ‘Laa ilaaha illallaah wallaahu
akbar. Laa ilaaha illallaah wahdahu laa shareeka lah, lahulmulku
wa lahulhamdu, yuhyee wa yumeet wa huwa ‘alaa kulli shay’in
qadeer, laa ilaaha illallaah wahdah, anjaza wa’dah wa nasara
‘abdah wa hazamal ahzaab wahdah’ (None has the right to be
worshipped except Allaah alone without partner, to Him belongs all
sovereignty and praise, He gives life and causes death, and He is over
all things omnipotent. None has the right to be worshipped except
Allaah alone, He fulfilled His promise, gave victory to His slave
(Muhammad) and defeated the confederates (alone). One should
repeat this supplication three times and then supplicate with any other
desired supplication depending one ones inclination.
Seventh: After this one should descend from mount Safa and begin
walking towards mount Marwah. When one reaches the green
marking, men only should walk hurriedly until one reaches the second
green marking, then one should walk at a normal pace again until one
reaches mount Marwah. This is considered as one leg of the Sa’y and
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seven of these are required. This means that one begins their first leg
from mount Safa and finally ends up at mount Marwah.
Note: There is no special supplication for each round during Sa’y.
Warnings:
 There are two innovated acts which are widely spread between
people which need to be warned against:
 Some people use specific supplications for each round during
Tawaaf, as they find it in some booklets they buy to help them
during ‘Umrah.
 One person takes the lead and loudly utters supplications, and
people collectively repeat after him.
 One should shun these two innovations because it not from the
practice of the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, nor his
companions.
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Eighth: When one finishes the Sa’y, they should either cut or shave
their hair. It is recommended for men that they shave their hair, unless
they are about to perform Hajj soon after their ‘Umrah, in which case
it is better to simply cut their hair and postpone the shaving until after
Hajj. It is not sufficient to cut only parts of the hair; the hair on all
parts of the head must be cut. Women should gather their hair and cut
a tiny piece from the end of their hair collectively. By this one would
have concluded their ‘Umrah.
Some people mistakenly think that they may repeat ‘Umrah; this was
neither the way of the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, nor his
companions, and had it been something virtuous, they would have
done it.
Important frequently asked questions
 What is the ruling regarding wearing perfume, wearing sewed
clothes or removing some of the hair forgetfully of due to
ignorance while in the state of Ihraam?
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There nothing required from the one who performs any of the
prohibitions of Ihraam either forgetfully, or due to ignorance. Ibn
‘Abbaas may Allaah be pleased with him, said, ‘When the verse,
which means, “Our Lord! Punish us not if we forget or fall into
error” [Quran 2: 286] was revealed, Allaah said, “I did”‘ [Muslim].
 Is it enough to cut only of the hair from the front or the back only
after Sa’y?
This is not sufficient, and a man should cut from all around his head,
whether he shortens or shaves his head. Allaah says (what means):
“Having their head hair shaved or cut short” [Quran 48: 27]
 What is the description of funeral prayers (prayer over the dead)?
It is to raise your hands four times while uttering Takbeer (Allaahu
Akbar), whilst always standing up; then you conclude the prayer by
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uttering Salaam on the right side. After the first Takbeer, recite the
Faatihah; after the second you say Salaah upon the Prophet (ask
Allaah to send salutations upon him and exalt his mention); after the
third sincerely supplicate for the dead and ask Allaah to forgive and
have mercy on them. Some supplications which the Prophet,
sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said after the third Takbeer are: “O
Allaah! Forgive our deceased and living, the present ones and those
who are absent, the young and the old, males and females. O
Allaah! Make those amongst us whom You kept alive, live upon
Islam, and make whomsoever You take unto Yourself, let such a
death be upon faith. O Allaah! Do not deprive us from his reward
(i.e., the deceased) and do not let us stray after his death.” [Abu
Daawood and At-Tirmithi]. He ,sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, also
said: “O Allaah! Forgive him, have mercy upon him, excuse him
and pardon him, and make honorable his reception; expand his
entry, and cleanse him with water, snow and ice; purify him from
his sins as a white garment is purified of filth; exchange his
dwelling for a better dwelling, and his family for a better family, and
his spouse for a better spouse; admit him into Paradise, protect him
from the punishment of the grave and the punishment of Hell Fire”
[Muslim].
Then after the fourth Takbeer he concludes by uttering Salaam.
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 Is it prohibited to pass in front of a person while praying in the
Haram?
It is not permissible to pass in front of a person who is praying alone
or leading the congregational prayer, but one may pass between the
rows of people who follow the leader during the congregational
prayer. One should pray away from the walkways in the Haram, and
place a Sutrah (an object which is around one foot high) in front of
him, and should pray close to this Sutrah, or pray behind a pillar, a
wall or the Quran shelves, and it would not harm him if people pass
beyond that. There is NO difference between the Haram or any other
place in this ruling, because the narration that Prophet, sallallaahu
‘alayhi wa sallam, prayed in the Haram of Makkah without placing a
Sutrah is a weak narration which does not stand as an evidence, as
Imaam Ibn Hajar, may Allaah have mercy upon him, mentioned.