Knowledge Mandates Action PDF english islamic book

Knowledge Mandates Action PDF english islamic book

1
Iqtidaa-ul-‘Ilm al-‘Amal
Knowledge Mandates Action
By Imaam Abu Bakr Ahmad bin ‘Alee Al-Khateeb
Al-Baghdaadee [Died: 463H]
With Verification and notes by
Imaam Muhammad Naasir-ud-Deen Al-Albaanee
2
Table of Contents

  1. A Brief Biography of the Author 3
  2. A Point of Benefit 5
  3. Introduction to the Treatise 7
  4. Text of the Treatise 9
  5. The Censure of Those who do not Act upon Knowledge, but rather Lean towards its
    Opposite, And to the Contrary of what Knowledge Mandates 23
  6. The Disapproval of Seeking Knowledge in order to Compete and Debate with Others,
    to Fulfill Personal Goals, and to Receive Compensation from it 32
  7. The Warning, Threat and Severe Caution against those Who Recite the Qur’aan to
    Gain Repute and Fame and Not in Order to Act on it and Gain Reward 35
  8. What has been Stated concerning Memorizing Its Letters yet Neglecting its
    Commandments 37
  9. The Disapproval of Acquiring Knowledge for Other than the Sake of Worship 40
  10. The Dislike of Seeking Hadeeth in order to Boast, Hold Gatherings or Gain Followers
    And Companions through Narration 42
  11. Those who Disliked Learning Grammar (Nahu) Due to what that Breeds from
    Arrogance and Pride 48
  12. Abiding by the Guarantee Of what will Occur in the Hereafter 50
  13. Good Deeds are the Provisions and Useful Supplies on the Day of Final Return 51
  14. Taking Advantage of Youth, Health and Free Time and Hastening to do Good Deeds
    before the Occurrence of that which will cause these Things to Cease 53
  15. The Disapproval of Procrastinating 60
  16. Glossary of Terms Used 62
    3
    A Brief Biography of the Author
    He was the Shaikh, the Imaam Abu Bakr Ahmad bin ‘Alee bin Thaabit, better known
    as Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdaadee, the author of many books, the most famous of which
    was Taareekh Baghdad. 1
    He was born in the year 392H. His father was the khateeb (lecturer) of (the village of)
    Darzijaan, from the noblemen of ‘Iraq.2 He had high hopes for his son of his (AlKhateeb), so he narrated Hadeeth to him while he was still young, in the year 403H.
    Afterward, Al-Khateeb desired to seek knowledge of the Science of Hadeeth, so he
    traveled for that purpose to the different regions (of ‘Iraq). He excelled in his studies,
    wrote books and collected narrations. And he was at the forefront in all of the
    disciplines of the Science of Hadeeth.
    He heard from a large amount of reliable Hadeeth Scholars in various lands, such as
    Baghdad, Basrah, Naisapur, Asbahaan, Dinawar, Hamdaan, Koofah, the Haramain
    (two holy cities of Makkah and Madeenah), Damascus, Jerusalem and other places.
    He arrived at Syria in 451H and lived there for eleven years.
    Many of the great scholars of Hadeeth reported from him, such as his teacher Abu
    Bakr Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Ahmad Al-Barqaanee, the Shaikh of Baghdad.
    Ibn Makoolaa said:
    “Abu Bakr Al-Khateeb was one of the last prominent figures whom we witnessed
    having knowledge, memorization, precision, accuracy in (reporting) the Hadeeth of
    Allaah’s Messenger, mastery concerning its defects and chains of narration, and
    knowledge of its authentic and weak, as well as its solitary, rejected, and discarded.”
    Then he said: “There wasn’t found amongst the people of Baghdad, after AdDaaraqutnee, anyone like him.”
    He wrote on the subject of Fiqh and gained mastery in it. Then he preoccupied
    himself with Hadeeth, and he achieved supremacy in that. He was also eloquent in
    speech, loud-voiced,3
    possessed a good recitation and had beautiful penmanship.
    He gave away all of his money, which consisted of two hundred deenaars, in charity
    to the people of knowledge and the poor. He even wrote in his Last Will that he would
    give his clothes in charity. He would also donate his books to the Muslims. This was
    such that nothing remained with him.
    1 Translator’s Note: Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdaadee is also known for his other celebrated classical works
    such as al-Faqeeh wal-Mutafaqqih, al-Jaami’ Li-Akhlaaq-ir-Raawee wa Adaab as-Saami’, Taqyeed-ul-
    ‘Ilm, ar-Rihlahfee Talab-il-Hadeeth, Sharaf Ashaab-il-Hadeeth, Iqtidaa-ul- ‘Ilm al- ‘Amal (this book),
    all of which are compilations on the merits, etiquettes, manners and principles of seeking and spreading
    knowledge, as well as guidelines, advice and an encouragement regarding that.
    2 Translator’s Note: Al-Khateeb took on this nickname due to his father’s position as the khateeb
    (Friday preacher) of the masjid in Darzeejaan, a position he held for about twenty years.
    3 Translator’s Note: Ibn Naasir reported: “When Al-Khateeb would read Hadeeth in the mosque of
    Damascus, his voice would be heard from one end of the mosque to the other, and he would speak in
    the pure form of Arabic.”
    4
    The Imaam died in the year 463H, may Allaah have mercy on him. 4
    4 Translator’s Note: One of the amazing stories from Al-Khateeb’s legacy, which brought him
    widespread fame and reputation as an authority in Hadeeth, was the incident when he was called on by
    his colleague, Ibn Al-Muslimah, minister to the Khaleefah, Al-Qaa’im bi-Amrillaah, to verify a letter
    that the Jews claimed was from Allaah’s Messenger, written by the hand of ‘Alee bin Abee Taalib and
    witnessed by several Companions, which abolished the tax (jizyah) imposed upon the Jews of Khaibar.
    After reviewing the document, Al-Khateeb said: “This is a forgery.” When asked how he came to that
    conclusion, he responded: “Due to the testimony in it of Mu’aawiyah bin Abee Sufyaan, since
    Mu’aawiyah became Muslim on the Day of the Conquest of Makkah (i.e. Ramadaan, 8H) while
    Khaibar was conquered in 7H. The document also contains the testimony of Sa’ad bin Mu’aadh, and he
    died during the battle against Banu Quraidhah, which occurred two years before Khaibar.” Upon
    hearing this, the minister Ibn Al-Muslimah rejected the document and ordered the tax to be collected
    from the Jews of Khaibar. And the status of Al-Khateeb grew and became widespread to the point that
    the Khaleefah heard of him and granted him permission to dictate narrations in the Central Mosque of
    Al-Mansoor.
    5
    A Point of Benefit
    Someone may say: “If the author was at such a high level of knowledge of what
    narrations were authentic from what were weak, why do we see in this book of his, as
    well as his other books, that he has ‘filled them with weak narrations?”
    The answer is: The fundamental principle, according to the scholars of Hadeeth, is
    that if a Muhaddith lists a hadeeth with its chain of narration, then its accountability is
    absolved from him, and there is no responsibility upon him in his narration of it. This
    is only so long as he includes along with that the means through which the (next)
    scholar would be able to distinguish if the hadeeth is authentic or not, and that is the
    isnaad (i.e. the chain of narration).
    Yes, it would be better if they had followed up each hadeeth with an explanation of its
    level of authenticity or weakness. However, the situation (at that time) shows that this
    was not possible with respect to each one of them and all of his narrations, in spite of
    their vast amount. This was due to many reasons of which this is not the place to
    delve into them now.
    However, I will mention the most important one amongst them. And it is due to the
    fact that the authenticity or weakness of many ahaadeeth is not readily visible unless
    all of their paths and chains of narration are gathered together. This is one of the
    things that will assist one in coming to realize the defects of a hadeeth and which
    ahaadeeth are authentic based on supporting narrations.
    If all of the scholars of Hadeeth were to devote their attention to verifying and
    distinguishing the authentic narrations from the weak, they would not, and Allaah
    knows best, be able to preserve for us this tremendous wealth of Hadeeth and its
    chains of narration.
    This is why the main concern of a majority of them was geared to just narrating,
    except in those situations where Allaah willed. And the rest of them devoted
    themselves to criticizing and verifying (Hadeeth), along with memorizing and
    narrating them – and how few they are.
    “For every nation there is a direction in which they face. So hasten towards all
    that is good.” [Surah Al-Baqarah: 148]
    Because of the fact that many people today don’t know the chains of narration and
    their narrators, nor are they aware of what is authentic among them from what is
    weak, we felt that we must provide a verification and commentary on this, as well as
    other books, covering the grades of the ahaadeeth in it that have been “raised” to
    sayings of the Prophet, and some of the narrations that have been “suspended”5
    as
    sayings of a Companion or Taabi’ee, while at times providing a discussion on some of
    their narrators.
    5 Translator’s Note: Due to the nature of this book and its verification, the reader will encounter many
    terms related to the Science of Hadeeth, which have been left transliterated and untranslated.
    Definitions and explanations for these terms can be found in the Glossary section at the end of the
    book, by Allaah’s Will.
    6
    I ask Allaah, the Most High, to benefit those who read this book, and to grant us and
    them the ability to act upon what we have knowledge of. Verily, He is the One who
    grants success.
    7
    Introduction to the Treatise
    We give thanks to Allaah, the One free of all defects, for having guided us.And we
    ask Him to grant us the ability to act upon what He has given us knowledge of, for
    indeed, goodness cannot be attained except by His success and assistance.
    Whomsoever Allaah leads astray, there is no one from His creation that can guide
    him.
    May Allaah send His praises upon Muhammad, the chief of the first and the last, as
    well as his brothers from among the prophets and messengers, and those who follow
    the light (i.e. the Qur’aan) that was revealed to him until the Day of Recompense.
    To proceed:
    I advice you O seeker of knowledge to have a sincere and pure intention in your
    search for knowledge, and that you exert yourself in acting upon what it mandates
    (from action). This is since knowledge is a tree and action is its fruit. And one can
    never be considered knowledgeable so long as he doesn’t act upon what he knows.
    It has also been stated: “Knowledge is a parent and action is its offspring” and
    ‘Knowledge comes with action, while narrating comes with investigating.”
    So do not feel satisfied with actions so long as you are lacking in knowledge, nor feel
    satisfied with knowledge so long as you fall short in producing actions. Rather,
    combine between them both, even if your share two is small.
    And there is nothing worse than a scholar whose knowledge the people abandon
    because of the corruption of his ways, or an ignorant person lose ignorance the people
    accept because of what they see from his worship.
    So a little of this (knowledge) along with a little of that (action) is what is lost likely
    to save you in the end, when Allaah bestows His mercy upon His servant and
    completes His favour upon him. But as for laziness and negligence, love for ease and
    comfort, preferring the easy life, showing indifference, and inclining towards leisure
    and relaxation, then the results of these characteristics are blameworthy, detestable
    and disastrous.
    Knowledge leads to action, just as action leads to salvation. So if the action falls short
    of the knowledge, then the knowledge becomes a burden upon the one who possesses
    it. And we seek refuge in Allaah from knowledge that turns into a burden, brings
    about humiliation, and becomes a shackle on the neck of the one who possesses it.
    Some of the wise people have said: “Knowledge is the servant of action” and “Action
    is the main objective of knowledge – so if it were not for action, knowledge would not
    be sought, and if it were not for knowledge, action would not be sought. And if I were
    to not follow the truth out of ignorance of it, that would be more beloved to me than if
    I were to not follow it out of intentionally abstaining from it.”
    Sahl bin Muzaahim, may Allaah have mercy on him, said: “The matter is tighter upon
    a scholar than when one clenches his fist. Even though an ignorant person is not
    8
    excused because of his ignorance, a scholar will still receive a greater punishment if
    he abandons what he has knowledge of and doesn’t act upon it.”
    So did those of our Salaf (predecessors) from the past reach the high levels that they
    did except through sincerity in Creed (Beliefs), righteous actions and overwhelming
    abstinence of the attractive features of this worldly life? And did the wise people
    reach the greatest level of success (that they did) except by working hard in their
    efforts, being pleased with little sustenance, and giving away any of their excess
    provisions to the poor and needy?
    Is not the one who collects books of knowledge just like the one who collects gold
    and silver? Is not the one who has an intense craving for them just like the one who
    yearns and longs for gold and silver? Is not the one who is deeply in love with them
    just like the one who treasures gold and silver?
    So just as there is no benefit in wealth unless it is spent, then likewise, there is no
    benefit in knowledge unless it is acted upon and its obligations carried out.
    Therefore, let each individual examine himself and take advantage of his time, for
    indeed the resting place (i.e. this world) is short, the (time for) departure is near, the
    road is hazardous, deviating from it is common, the danger is great, the one who takes
    himself to account has insight, Allaah, the Most High, is watching, and to Him is the
    (final) recourse and return.
    “And whosoever does an atom’s weight of good, shall see it. And whosoever does
    an atom’s weight of evil, shall see it.” [Surah Az-Zilzaal: 7-8]
    9
    Text of the Treatise
    [1] The Judge, Abu Bakr Ahmad bin Al-Hasan bin Ahmad Al-Hirshee reported to us
    in Naisapur, saying: Abul-‘Abbaas Muhammad bin Ya’qoob Al-Asam narrated to us,
    saying: Muhammad bin Ishaaq As-Saghaanee narrated to us, saying: Al-Aswad bin
    ‘Aamir informed us, saying: Abu Bakr bin ‘Ayyaash reported to us from Al-A’mash
    from Sa’eed bin ‘Abdillaah that Abu Barzah Al-Aslamee said: Allaah’s Messenger
    said:
    “The two feet of the servant will not cease (from standing before Allaah) on the
    Day of Judgement until he is asked about four things: On his life and how he
    spent it; On his knowledge and what he did for it; On his wealth and where he
    earned it and how he spent it; And on his body and in what way he utilized it.” 6
    [2] Abul-Hasan ‘Alee bin Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Dawood Ar-Razaaz informed
    me, saying: ‘Alee bin Ibraaheem bin Hammaad Al-Azdee informed us, saying: AlMufdil bin Muhammad Al-Janadee narrated to us: Saamit bin Mu’aadh Al-Janadee
    narrated to us: ‘Abdul-Majeed bin ‘Abdil-‘Azeez bin Abee Rawwaad narrated to us
    from Sufyaan Ath-Thawree [from Safwaan bin Saleem] from ‘Adiyy bin ‘Adiyy from
    As-Sunaabihee7
    that Mu’aadh bin Jabal said: The Messenger of Allaah said:
    “The two feet of the servant will not cease (from standing before Allaah) on the
    Day of Judgement until he is asked about four matters: On his life and how he
    spent it; On his wealth and where he earned it; And on what he spent it;8 And on
    his knowledge and what he did for it.” 9
    [3] Abul-Husayn ‘Alee bin ‘Abdil-Wahhaab bin Ahmad bin Muhammad As-Sukree
    informed us: Abu ‘Umar Muhammad bin Al-‘Abbaas Al-Kharraaz narrated to us,
    saying: Abu Muhammad Ja’far bin Ahmad Al-Marwazee, the Mu’adhin, reported to
    us: Ismaa’eel bin Muhammad bin Yahyaa bin Hammaad bin Habeeb bin Sa’ad, the
    freed slave of Al-Fadl bin Al-‘Abbaas bin ‘Abdil-Malik, narrated to us in Koofah: Ibn
    Fudayl narrated to us from Layth from ‘Adiyy bin ‘Adiyy from Rajaa bin Haywah that
    Mu’aadh bin Jabal said:
    “The foot of the servant will not cease (from standing before Allaah) on Day of
    Judgement until he is asked about four things: On his body and how used it; On
    his life and how he spent it; On his wealth and where he earned it and on what
    he spent it; And on his knowledge and how he acted due to it.” 10
    6
    Its chain of narration is authentic. It was reported by Ad-Daarimee and At-Tirmidhee, who said it
    was a “hasan saheeh hadeeth.”
    7 He was Abu ‘Abdillaah ‘Abdur-Rahmaan bin ‘Aseelah Al-Muraadee As-Sunaabihee, a reliable
    narrator from die senior Taabi’een. He came to Madeenah five days after the death of the Prophet He
    died during the Khilaafah of’Abdul-Malik. [Zuhayr]
    8
    It must be noted here that the Prophet made the earning of wealth one matter and spending it another
    matter. [Zuhayr]
    9 An authentic hadeeth based on the prior narration. Al-Mundhiree said in at-Targheeb: “Al-Bazaar
    and At-Tabaraanee reported it with an authentic chain!”
    10 Its chain of narration is weak. Layth here refers to Ibn Abee Saleem, and he is not to be relied on.
    The narration may be acceptable as a statement of a Companion. However the two previous narrations
    that have been raised to sayings of the Prophet are sufficient over this one.
    10
    [4] Abul-Husayn Muhammad bin Al-Hasan bin Ahmad Al-Ahwaazee informed us:
    Muhammad bin Ishaaq bin Ibraaheem, the Judge in Al- Ahwaaz informed us:
    Muhammad bin ‘Abdoos, the Scribe, narrated to us: Zayd bin Al-Hirsh narrated to us:
    ‘Abdullaah bin Kharraash narrated to us from Al-‘Awaam from Abu Saadiq that ‘Alee
    said:
    “A man said: ‘O Messenger of Allaah! What will eradicate the burden of
    ignorance from me?’ He said: ‘Knowledge.’ The man said: “Then what will
    cancel out the burden of knowledge from me?’ He said: ‘Action.'” 11
    [5] Abul-Fat’h Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Abil-Fawaaris, the Haafidh, and Abu Bakr
    Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Yoosuf As-Sayaad and Abu ‘Alee Al-Hasan bin Ahmad
    bin Ibraaheem bin Shaadhaan all informed us, saying: Abu Bakr Ahmad bin Yoosuf
    bin Khalaad An-Nasyee reported to us: Al-Haarith bin Muhammad bin Abee
    Usaamah narrated to us: Al-Hakam bin Moosaa narrated to us: Al-Waleed, i.e. Ibn
    Muslim, narrated to us from a shaikh from the area of Kalb, whose kunyah was Abu
    Muhammad, that he heard Mak’hool narrate that Abud-Dardaa said: The Messenger
    of Allaah said to me:
    “How will you be, O ‘Uwaymir, when it will be said to you on the Day of
    Judgement: ‘Did you have knowledge or were you ignorant?’ So if you respond:
    ‘I had knowledge’, it will be said to you: ‘What did you do based on your
    knowledge?’ And if you say: ‘I was ignorant’, it will be said to you: ‘What was
    your excuse for being ignorant, did you not try to acquire knowledge?'” 12
    [6] Abu ‘Abdillaah Muhammad bin ‘Abdil-Waahid bin Ahmad At-Tarqee, the reliable
    one in Kurj (i.e. Georgia) informed us: Abu Bakr ‘Umar bin Ibraaheem bin
    Mardaweeh Al-Kurjee narrated to us: Abaan bin Ja’far bin Abee Ja’far An-Nujair
    narrated to us: Ahmad bin Sa’eed Ath-Thaqafee Al-Matoo’ee narrated to us: Sufyaan
    bin ‘Uyainah narrated to us, saying: Ibraaheem bin Maysarah reported to us that Anas
    said: The Messenger of Allaah said:
    “Acquire knowledge and act upon it, and teach it to others [and do not place it in
    people that are not deserving of it], nor prevent it from those who are deserving
    of it.” 13
    11 Its chain of narration is very weak. Concerning ‘Abdullaah bin Kharraash, Al-Haafidh (i.e. Ibn Hajr)
    said in at-Taqreeb: “He is weak.” Ibn ‘Ammaar labeled him an extreme liar.
    12 Its chain of narration is weak due to the shaikh from Kalb, Abu Muhammad. I am not aware of who
    he is. Also, Mak’hool is mudallis and he would not explicitly state who he was narrating from in his
    narrations.
    13 Its chain of narration is fabricated (mawdoo’). Its defect lies in Abaan bin Ja’far. Adh-Dhahabee said
    in Dhayl-ud-Du’afaa: “An extreme liar who lived in Basrah.” However, he failed to mention him in alMeezaan. So Al-Haafidh corrected him in al-Lisaan, noting that Abaan was spelled wrong, and that his
    correct name was Abaa’ with a hamzah at the end, not a noon (n). So based on this correction, it was
    shown that Adh-Dhahabee did in fact mention him in al-Meezaan where he quoted Ibn Hibbaan as
    saying about him: “He fabricated more than three hundred hadeeth on Imaam Abu Haneefah, which
    Abu Haneefah never narrated at all.” Al-Haafidh added to this, saying: “Hamzah said, reporting from
    Al-Hasan bin ‘Alee bin Ghulaam Az-Zuhree: “Abaa’ bin Ja’far would fabricate ahaadeeth. He would
    narrate from a manuscript on the authority of one of his shaikhs who was unknown, whose name he
    used to claim was Ahmad bin Sa’eed bin ‘Amr Al-Matoo’ee from Ibn ‘Uyainah from Ibraaheem bin
    Maysarah from Anas, in which there were many objectionable reports. Abul-Haarith narrated many
    times from him in the Musnad of Imaam Abu Haneefah!'”
    11
    [7] Abul-Hasan Muhammad bin Ahmad [bin Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Rizq AlBazaar] informed us: Abu ‘Amr ‘Uthmaan bin Ahmad bin “Abdillaah Ad-Daqaaq
    narrated to us, saying: ‘Abdullaah bin Muhammad bin Ismaa’eel At-Tabaan Al-Basree
    narrated to us: Muhammad bin Abee Bakr Al-Maqdamee narrated to us: Bishr [bin
    ‘Ubaad] narrated to us from Bakr bin Khunais, saying: Hamzah An-Nusaybee narrated
    to me from Yazeed bin Yazeed bin Jaabir from his father that Mu’aadh bin Jabal said:
    The Messenger of Allaah said:
    “Learn whatever you wish to learn, for Allaah, Mighty and Sublime, will never
    benefit (i.e. reward) you until you act upon what you know.” 14
    [8] Muhammad bin Abee ‘Alee Al-Asbahaanee informed me, saying: Ahmad bin
    ‘Abdaan Ash-Sheeraazee, the Haafidh, informed us, saying: Muhammad bin
    Muhammad bin Sulaymaan Al-Baaghandee narrated to us: “Alee bin Al-Madeenee
    narrated to us: ‘Uthmaan bin ‘Abdir-Rahmaan Al-Jamhee narrated to us from Yazeed
    bin Yazeed bin Jaabir from his father that Mu’aadh bin Jabal said: The Messenger of
    Allaah said:
    “Learn whatever you wish to learn, for Allaah will never reward you until you
    do deeds.” 15
    [9] Abu Sa’eed Al-Hasan bin Muhammad bin ‘Abdillaah, the Scribe, reported to us in
    Asbahaan, saying: The Judge, Abu Bakr Muhammad bin ‘Umar bin Salam, the
    Haafidh, narrated to us, saying: ‘Abdullaah bin Imraan An-Najjaar narrated to me:
    Ibraaheem bin Sa’eed narrated to us, saying: Al-Hasan bin Bishr narrated to us from
    his father from Sufyaan Ath-Thawree from Thuwair bin Abee Faakhitah from Yahya
    bin Ja’dah that ‘Alee said:
    “O carriers of knowledge! Act upon your knowledge, for indeed the one with
    knowledge is only he who acts on it. There will come a people who will carry
    knowledge, yet compete with one another to the point that a man will become angry at
    one of his students for sitting in another person’s I gathering. These are the people
    whose deeds will not be raised up to heaven.” 16
    [10] Abul-Hasan ‘Alee bin Ahmad bin Ibraaheem bin Ismaa’eel Al-Bazaar reported to
    us in Basrah, saying: Abu ‘Alee Al-Hasan bin Muhammad bin ‘Uthmaan Al-Fasawee
    narrated to us: Ya’qoob bin Sufyaan narrated to us: Khalf bin Al-Waleed AbulWaleed narrated to us: Khaalid bin ‘Abdillaah narrated to us….
    And Abu Bakr Ahmad bin ‘Alee bin Yazdaad Al-Qaaree informed us, saying:
    ‘Abdullaah bin Ibraaheem bin ‘Abdil-Malik Al-Asbahaanee reported to us in it (i.e.
    14 Its chain of narration is very weak. Hamzah An-Nusaybee here refers to Ibn Abee Hamzah, and he is
    rejected, accused of fabricating ahaadeeth. Also, Bakr bin Khunais is honest. However, he made many
    mistakes, which Ibn Hibbaan expounded on in at-Taqreeb. Adh-Dhahabee mentioned him in ad-Du
    ‘afaa and said: Ad-Daaraqutnee said: “He is rejected.'”
    15 Its chain of narration is weak. Ibn ‘Adiyy said concerning Al-Jamhee: “The majority of what he
    reports is rejected,” I say: Ad-Daarimee reported this narration in his Sunan (1-81) from Sa’eed bin
    ‘Abdil-‘Azeez from Yazeed bin Jaabir that Mu’aadh said…and then he mentioned the narration in
    mawqoof form (i.e. as a saying of Mu’aadh. And this is what is correct.
    16 Its chain of narration is suspended (mawqoof) and broken (munqati’). Thuwair bin Abee Faakhitah
    is weak.
    12
    Asbahaan): Muhammad bin ‘Alee bin Mukhlid Al-Farqadee narrated to us: Ismaa’eel
    bin ‘Amr narrated to us: Khaalid bin ‘Abdillaah narrated to us….
    And Abu Muhammad Yahyaa bin Al-Hasan bin Al-Hasan bin ‘Alee Ibnul-Mundhir,
    the Judge, informed us: ‘Alee bin ‘Umar bin Ahmad, the Haafidh, narrated to us:
    Muhammad bin Yahyaa bin Haaroon Al-Iskaafee narrated to us in Iskaaf:17 Ishaaq bin
    Shaaheen narrated to us: Khaalid bin ‘Abdillaah narrated to us from…18
    Yazeed bin Abee Ziyaad from Ibraaheem from ‘Alqamah that ‘Abdullaah ibn Mas’ood
    said:
    “Learn! Learn! So when you have learned, then act.” 19
    In the hadeeth of Ibn Al-Mundhir: “Learn” is mentioned only once.
    [11] Abu Sa’eed Muhammad bin Moosaa bin Al-Fadl As-Sayrafee reported to us in
    Naisapur: Abul-‘Abbaas Muhammad bin Ya’qoob Al-Asam narrated to us:
    Haaroon bin Sulaymaan Al-Asbahaanee narrated to us: “Abdur-Rahmaan bin Mahdee
    narrated to us from Sufyaan…
    And Abu Sa’eed Al-Hasan bin Muhammad bin ‘Abdillaah bin Hasanwaih AlAsbahaanee informed us, saying: Abu Ja’far Ahmad bin Ibraaheem bin Yoosuf AtTameemee narrated to us, saying: ‘Imraan bin ‘Abdir-Raheem narrated to us: AlHusayn bin Hafs narrated to us from Sufyaan…
    From Al-A’mash from Tameem bin Salamah from Abu ‘Ubaydah that “Abdullaah bin
    Mas’ood said:
    “Learn! So whoever has knowledge, must act (on what he knows).”
    This is the wording of Ibn Mahdee. Abu Sa’eed As-Sayrafee did not mention Tameem
    bin Salamah to us in his chain of narration. Ibn Hasanwaih reported from Abu
    ‘Ubaydah that ‘Abdullaah bin Mas’ood said:
    “O people, learn! So then whoever has knowledge, must act (on what he knows).” 20
    [12] ‘Alee bin ‘Abdil-Wahhaab As-Sukree informed me, saying: Muhammad Ibnul-
    ‘Abbaas Al-Kharraaz reported to us, saying: Ja’far bin Ahmad Al-Marwazee reported
    to us: Ismaa’eel bin Muhammad bird Ismaa’eel narrated to us: Ibn Fudayl narrated to
    us from Ibraaheem Al-Hajaree from Abu ‘Iyyaad that Abu Hurairah said:
    “The example of knowledge that is not acted upon is like that of treasure] that is not
    spent from in the Way of Allaah, Mighty and Sublime.” 21
    17 Iskaaf refers to two areas – high and low – in the regions of Nahrawaan from the district of Baghdad.
    [Zuhayr]
    18 This indicates a variance in the chain of narration. [Zuhayr]
    19 Its chain of narration is sound in mawqoof form (i.e. a saying of a Companion). Ziyaad bin Abee
    Ziyaad here refers to Al-Qurshee Al-Haashimee.
    20 Its chain of narration is broken in mawqoof form. Abu ‘Ubaydah bin ‘Abdillaah bin Mas’ood did not
    hear (narrations) from his father. However, there is sufficiency in the chain of narration that comes
    before this one.
    13
    [13] Abul-Husayn Muhammad bin Al-Husayn bin Muhammad bin Al-Fadl AlQattaan informed us, saying: Abu Muhammad ‘AbduUaah bin Ja’far bin Durustawaih
    An-Nahawee reported to us: Ya’qoob bin Sufyaan narrated to us: ‘Abdur-Rahmaan bin
    Ibraaheem narrated to us: Al-Waleed narrated to| us: Al-Qaasim bin Hazzaan narrated
    to us, saying: I heard Az-Zuhree say:
    “The people will not trust the action of a person that does deeds but has no
    knowledge, nor will they be pleased with the statement of a person that has
    knowledge but doesn’t do deeds.” 22
    [14] Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Rizq informed us: ‘Uthmaan bin Ahmad Ad-Daqaaq
    narrated to us: Hanbal bin Ishaaq narrated to us: Sulaymaan bin Ahmad Al-Waasitee
    narrated to us: Al-Waleed bin Muslim informed us: Al-Qaasim bin Hazzaan narrated
    to me that he heard Az-Zuhree say:
    “The people will never be pleased with the statement of one who has knowledge but
    no deeds or one who has deeds but no knowledge.”
    [15] The Judge, Abul-‘Alaa Muhammad bin ‘Alee bin Ahmad bin Ya’qoob AlWaasitee informed us: ‘Alee bin Muhammad bin ‘Abdillaah Al-Baranee
    narrated to us in Waasit: Yahyaa bin Saa’id narrated to us: Muhammad bin Abee’
    Abdir-Rahmaan Al-Muqree narrated to us: Hakkaam bin Salam Ar-Raazee naarrated
    to us from Abu Sinaan from ‘Amr bin Murrah from ‘Alee bin Al-Husayn that the
    Prophet said:
    “Action and Faith (Eemaan) are two partners – neither of the two is valid without the
    presence of its companion.” 23
    [16] Muhammaad bin Ahmad bin Rizq informed us, saying: ‘Uthmaan bin Ahmad bin
    ‘Abdillaah Ad-Daqaaq narrated to us: Husayn bin Abee Mi’shar narrated to us,
    saying: Wakee’ reported to us from Ja’far bin Barqaan from Faraat bin Salmaan that
    Abud-Dardaa said:
    “Verily, vou will never be a scholar until you first become a seeker of knowledge.
    And you will never (truly) be a seeker of knowledge until you first act upon what you
    know.” 24
    [17] Abu Sa’eed Muhammad bin Moosaa As-Sayrafee informed us: Abul”Abbaas
    Muhammad bin Ya’qoob Al-Asam narrated to us: Yahyaa bin Abee Taalib reported to
    us: ‘Abdul-Wahhaab bin ‘Ataa informed us:
    21 There is no problem with its chain of narration in mawqoof form. Imaam Ahmad also reported it in
    marfoo’ form.
    22 Its chain of narration is sound (hasan). However, it is cut off and suspended as a saying of AzZuhree. This is the same case with the narration that comes after it Concerning Al-Qaasim bin
    Hazzaan, in al-Jarh wat-Ta’deel (3-2-123), Ibn Abee Haatim quoted his father as saying: “He was a
    shaikh characterized with honesty.”
    23 This is a weak narration due to its Irsaal. I am not aware of who Muhammad bin Abee ‘AbdirRahmaan Al-Muqree is. The name of Abu Sinaan is Sa’eed bin Sinaan Al-Burjamee. He was honest,
    but had some defects.
    24 This is a weak mawqoof narration due to the break in the chain between Faraat bin Salmaan and
    Abud-Dardaa.
    14
    Hishaam Ad-Dustawaa’ee narrated to us from Bard from Sulaymaan, the Judge of
    ‘Umar bin ‘Abdil-‘Azeez, that Abud-Dardaa said:
    “You will not be a scholar until you first become a student. And you will not be
    knowledgeable of the knowledge you possess until you first act upon it.”
    [18] Abul-Qaasim ‘Abdur-Rahmaan bin Ahmad bin Ibraaheem Al-Qazweenee
    informed us, saying: Abul-Hasan ‘Alee bin Ibraaheem bin Salamah bin Bahr AlHawdee narrated to us: Yazeed bin Ibraaheem narrated to us, saying: I heard AlHasan say: Abud-Dardaa said:
    “Son of Aadam! Perform deeds (for the sake of Allaah) as if you see Him, count
    yourself as being amongst the dead, and fear the supplication of the oppressed.” 25
    [19] Abul-Husayn ‘Alee bin Muhammad bin ‘Abdillaah bin Basheer informed us that
    Al-Mu’adal said: Abu ‘Alee Al-Husayn bin Safwaan Al-Bardha’ee narrated to us,
    saying: Abu Bakr ‘Abdullaah bin Muhammad bird Abee Ad-Dunyaa narrated to us,
    saying: Muhammad bin Al-Husayn Al-Qattaan narrated to us in Qazween: Abu
    Haatim Ar-Raazee narrated to us: Khaalid bin ‘Amr Al-Umawee narrated to us from
    Shaybaan An-Nahawee from Layth from Talhah bin Musarraf from Shaddaad bin
    Aws who reported, I think, from the Prophet, that he said:
    “Perform deeds while you are cautious of Allaah. And know that you will
    present your deeds (for judgement) and that you will meet Allaah – you have no
    way out from this. Whoever does an atom’s weight of good, will see it, and
    whoever does an atom’s weight of evil, will see it.” 26
    [20] Muhammad bin Al-Hasan bin Ahmad Al-Ahwaazee informed us, saying: I heard
    Eezdiyaar bin Sulaymaan As-Sooree say: I heard Muhammad bin Al-Mundhir
    say: I heard Sahl bin ‘Abdillaah say:
    “All of knowledge is worldly. But the part of it that is for the Hereafter is acting upon
    it.”
    [21] Abu Muhammad Al-Hasan bin Muhammad bin Al-Hasan Al-Khallaal and AbulHasan Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Ahmad Al-‘Ateeqee both narrated to me, saying:
    Abul-Mufdil Muhammad bin ‘Abdillaah Ash-Shaybaanee narrated to us, saying: I
    heard ‘Abdul-Kareem bin Kaamil bin Rawh As-Sawaaf say: I heard Sahl bin
    ‘Abdillaah At-Tustaree say:
    “All of mankind is in a drunken state except for the scholars. And all of the scholars
    are in a confused state except for those who act upon their knowledge.”
    25 This is a weak mawqoof narration due to the break in the chain between Al-Hasan Al-Basree and
    Abud-Dardaa.
    26 Fabricated: Ibn Ma’een accused Khaalid bin ‘Amr Al-Umawee of being a liar, Saalih Jazrah and
    others ascribed fabrication of hadeeth to him. Also, the “Layth” mentioned here is Ibn Abee Saleem,
    and he is weak.
    15
    [22] Abu ‘Alee ‘Abdur-Rahmaan bin Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Fadaalah, the
    Haafidh, An-Naisapuree informed me in Rayy, saying: Abu Ahmad Al-Ghitreefee
    informed us: Abu Sa’eed Bakr bin Ahmad bin Sa’adawaih Al-‘Abdee narrated to us in
    Basrah, saying: Sahl bin ‘Abdillaah said:
    “The worldly life is ignorance and lifelessness except for knowledge. And all
    knowledge is a proof (against you) except for that which is acted upon. And all
    actions are floating particles of dust (i.e. invalid) except those done with sincerity (i.e.
    for the sake of Allaah). So sincerity is of extreme consequence such that the action
    becomes complete with it.” 27
    [23] Al-Hasan bin Al-Husayn An-Na’aalee informed us: Ahmad bin Nasr Adh-Dhiraa’
    narrated to us in Nahrawaan: Abul-Hasan ‘Alee bin Nasrawaih narrated to me, saying:
    I heard Husayn bin Bishr As-Saaboone say: I heard Sahl bin ‘Abdillaah say:
    “Knowledge is one of the pleasures of this worldly life. But when one acts on it, it
    then becomes for the Hereafter.”
    [24] Abul-Qaasim ‘Abdul-Kareem bin Hawaazin Al-Qushayree An-Naisapuree
    informed us, saying: I heard Muhammad bin Al-Husayn As-Sulamee say: I heard Abu
    Bakr Ar-Raazee say: I heard Al-Khawaas say:
    “Knowledge is not based on reporting many narrations. Rather, the one with (true)
    knowledge is only he who seeks after the knowledge implements it and
    follows the aspects of the Sunnah – even if he only has a little knowledge.”
    [25] Abu Hafs ‘Umar bin Muhammad bin ‘Alee bin ‘Atiyyah Al-Makke informed us,
    saying: Yoosuf bin ‘Umar bin Masroor Abul-Fat’ h Al-Qawaas narrated to us: Ahmad
    bin ‘Alee narrated to us: Ziyaad bin Ayoob narrated to us: Ahmad bin Abee AlHawaaree narrated to us, saying: ‘Abbaas bin Ahmad narrated to me concerning the
    ayah: “And those who strive for Our sake, We will surely guide them to Our paths”: 28
    “Those who act upon what they know, We will surely guide them to (knowledge of)
    what they don’t know.”
    [26] Abul-Husayn Ahmad bin ‘Alee bin Al-Husayn Ath-Thawree informed me Abu
    ‘Abdir-Rahmaan Muhammad bin Al-Husayn An-Naisapuree narrated to us, saying: I
    heard Abu Bakr Ar-Raazee say: Yoosuf bin Al-Hussayn said:
    “There are two forms of transgression in the world: The transgression of knowledge
    and the transgression of wealth. That which will save you from the transgression of
    knowledge is worship. And that which will save you from the transgression of wealth
    is renouncing it.”
    [27] Yoosuf also said:
    27 Sahl bin ‘Abdillaah here refers to Abu Muhammad At-Tustaree, who was a well known Sufi. He died
    in 283H. Perhaps this statement of his is the source for the famous fabricated hadeeth: “All of
    mankind is ruined except for the scholars. And all of the scholars are ruined except for those who
    do deeds. And all of those who do deeds are ruined except for those with sincerity. Therefore, the
    sincere ones are upon dangerous ground.”
    28 Surah Al-‘Ankaboot: 69. The rest of the ayah reads: “…And verily, Allaah is indeed with the gooddoers.”
    16
    “With good manners, you will understand knowledge. With knowledge, you will
    correct your actions. With actions, you will attain wisdom. With wisdom, you will
    comprehend zuhd (renouncing of the worldly life) and be granted it. With zuhd, you
    will abandon the worldly life. With abandonment of the worldly life, you will long for
    the Hereafter. And with longing for the Hereafter, you will achieve Allaah’s
    Contentment.”
    [28] Muhammad bin Al-Husayn bin Muhammad Al-Mintawthee informed me,
    saying: Ja’far bin Muhammad bin Nusayr Al-Khaldee mentioned that Abul-‘Abbaas
    Al-Hawlaanee informed him, saying: I heard Abul-Qaasim Al-Junayd said:
    “When you desire to be honoured by knowledge and to be ascribed to it and to be
    from its people before giving the knowledge what right it has over you (from action),
    its light becomes veiled from you and all that remains upon you is its mark and
    appearance. That knowledge is against you not for you. This is since knowledge
    directs to implementing it. So if knowledge is not implemented in its due stages, its
    blessings depart.”
    [29] Abul-Husayn Ahmad bin Al-Husayn bin Ahmad, the Admonisher, informed us,
    saying: I heard Abu ‘Abdillaah Ar-Roodhabaaree say:
    “Whoever goes out towards knowledge, intending (just to obtain) the knowledge,29
    knowledge doesn’t benefit him. And whoever goes out towards knowledge, intending
    to act upon the knowledge, knowledge benefits him – even if it’s a little.”
    [30] He also said: I heard Abu ‘Abdillaah Ar-Roodhabaaree say:
    “Knowledge is dependent upon action, and action is dependent upon sincerity. And
    doing things sincerely for the sake of Allaah produces understanding of Allaah, the
    Mighty and Sublime.”
    [31] Al-Hasan bin Abee Bakr bin Shaadhaan informed us, saying: Abul-Hasan ‘Alee
    bin Muhammad bin Az-Zubayr Al-Koofee reported to us: Al-Hasan bin ‘Alee bin
    ‘Affaan narrated to us: Zayd bin Al-Habaab narrated to us that Hafs bin Sulaymaan –
    that is how it is in my writings from Ibn Shaadhaan, and perhaps he is Ja’far bin
    Sulaymaan – said: I heard Maalik bin Deenaar say:
    “Verily, when the servant seeks knowledge in order to act upon it, his knowledge
    humbles him. And when he seeks it for a reason other than that, he increases in
    wickedness or pride.”
    [32] Abu ‘Abdillaah Muhammad bin ‘Abdil-Waahid bin Muhammad bin Ja’far
    informed us: ‘ Abdul-‘Azccz bin Ja’far AI-Khiracjee narrated to us: Ubaydullah bin
    A’yun narrated to us: Ishaaq bin Abee Israa’eel narrated to us: Ja’far bin Sulaymaan
    narrated to us, saying: I heard Maalik bin Deenar say:
    “Whoever acquires knowledge in order to act on it, his knowledge humbles him, And
    whoever seeks it for a purpose other than to act on it, it increases him in arrogance.”
    29 Meaning: Without acting upon it. [Zuhayr]
    17
    [33] Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Rizq informed us, saying: Ja’far bin Muhammad bin
    Nusayr AI-Khaldee reported to us, saying: Muhammad bin ‘Abdillaah bin Sulaymaan
    Al-Hadramee narrated to us: Sa’eed bin ‘Amr narrated to us, saying: Ja’far bin
    Sulaymaan narrated to us, saying: I heard Maalik bin Deenaar say:
    “When the servant seeks knowledge in order to act on it, it humbles him. And when
    he seeks it for other than acting on it, it increases him in pride.”
    [34] Abul-Qasim ‘Abdur-Rahmaan bin Muhammad bin ‘Abdillaah As-Siraaj informed
    us in Naisapur, saying: Abul-Hasan Ahmad bin Muhammad bin ‘Abdoos AtTaraa’ifee reported to us, saying: ‘Uthmaan bin Sa’eed Ad-Daarimee narrated to us:
    Zakariyaa bin Maafi’ Al-Filisteenee narrated to us: ‘Ubaad bin ‘Ubaad, i.e. AlKhawaas Ar-Ramlec, narrated to us from Ibn Shawdhab that Matar said:
    “The best knowledge is that which benefits. And verily, Allaah only benefits with
    knowledge those who acquire it, then act upon it. And He doesn’t benefit with it those
    who acquire it, then abandon it.”
    [35] Abu Muhammad Al-Hasan bin ‘Alee bin Muhammad Al-Jawharee informed us,
    saying: Abu ‘Umar Muhammad bin Al-‘Abbaas Al-Kharraaz narrated to us: Yahya bin
    Muhammad bin Saa’id narrated to us: Al-Husayn bin Al-Hasan Al-Marwazee narrated
    to us, saying: Ibn Al-Mubaarak narrated to us, saying: Huraiz bin ‘Uthmaan reported
    to us that Habeeb bin ‘Ubayd Ar-Rahbee said:
    “Acquire knowledge, comprehend it and use it. And do not acquire it in order to adorn
    yourselves with it, for indeed, it is imminent – should your life-spans be prolonged for
    you – that knowledge will be used as a means for adorning oneself, just as a man
    adorns himself with his garment.”
    [36] ‘Abdul-Kareem bin Hawaazin informed us, saying: I heard Muhammad bin AlHusayn As-Sulamee say: I heard Abu Nasr Al-Asfahaanee say: I heard Muhammad
    bin ‘Eesaa say: Abu Sa’eed Al-Kharraaz said:
    “Knowledge is what you implement (in your actions), and certainty (yaqeen) is what
    you carry (in your heart).”
    [37] Muhammad bin ‘Ubaydillaah Al-Hannaa’ee informed us, saying: Ja’far bin
    Muhammad bin Nusayr Al-Khaldee narrated to us: Ahmad bin Muhammad bin
    Masrooq narrated to us: Muhammad bin Al-Husayn narrated to us: Sa’eed bin ‘Aamir
    narrated to us: Saalih bin Rustum narrated to us, saying: Abu Qulaabah said to me:
    “If Allah presents you with knowledge, then present Him with worship, and do not let
    your only concern be to narrate it to the people.”
    [38] Muhammad bin Al-Husayn bin Al-Fadl Al-Qattaan informed us, saying
    ‘Abdullaah bin Ja’far bin Durustawaih informed us, saying: Ya’qoob bin Sufyaan
    narrated to us, saying: Abu Bishr, i.e. Bakr bin Khalf narrated to me: Sa’eed bin
    ‘Aamir narrated to us: Saalih bin Rustum narrated to us, saying Abu Qulaabah said to
    Ayoob:
    “O Ayoob! If Allaah presents you with knowledge, then present Allaah with worship.
    And do not let your only concern be to narrate it to the people.”
    18
    [39] Abul-Hasan Muhammad bin ‘Abdil-‘Azeez bin Ja’far Al-Bardha’ee informed us:
    Ahmad bin Muhammad bin ‘Imraan narrated to us: Ahmad bin Al-Qaasim bin Nasr
    narrated to us: Muhammad bin Sulaymaan bin Habeeb Luwain narrated to us, saying:
    Abu Muhammad Al-Atraablisee narrated to me from Abu Mu’amar that Al-Hasan
    (Al-Basree) said:
    “The main concern of the scholars is guiding (ri’aayati), while the main concern of
    the foolish is narrating (riwaayah).”
    [40] Abul-Farj ‘Abdul-Wahhaab bin ‘Abdil-‘Azeez bin Al-Haarith bin Asad bin AlLayth bin Sulaymaan bin Al-Aswad bin Sufyaan bin Yazeed bin Akeenah bin
    ‘Abdillaah At-Tameemee informed us from his memory, saying: I heard my father
    say: I heard my father say: I heard my father say: I heard my father say: I heard my
    father say: I heard my father say: I heard my father say: I heard my father say: I heard
    my father say: I heard ‘Alee bin Abee Taalib say:
    “Knowledge calls upon action. So if it responds, (they join) and if not, it departs.”
    [The number of his forefathers is nine]
    [41] The Judge, Abul-Qaasim ‘Alee bin Al-Muhsin bin ‘Alee bin Muhammad bin
    Abil-Fahm At-Tanookhee informed us, saying: I found it written in the book of my
    grandfather: Ahmad bin Abil-‘Alaa Al-Makkee narrated to me, saying: Ishaaq bin
    Muhammad bin Abaan An-Nakha’ee narrated to us, saying: An-Nawfilee narrated to
    me that Al-Haarifh bin ‘Ubaydillaah said: I heard Ibn Abee Dhi’b narrate from Ibn AlMunkadir that he said:
    “Knowledge calls upon action. If it responds, (they join), and if not, it departs.”
    [42] Abul-Husayn Muhammad bin Ahmadain Hasnoon An-Nursee informed us,
    saying: Muhammad bin ‘Abdillaah bin Al-Husayn Ad-Daqaaq informed us, saying:
    ‘Abdullaah bin Muhammad bin ‘Abdil-‘Azeez informed us, saying: Muhammad bin
    Ziyaad bin Farwah Al-Baladee and Abu Shihaab narrated to us from Talhah, i.e. Ibn
    Zayd, from Safwaan bin ‘Amr that Raashid bin Sa’ad said: Abud-Dardaa said:
    “Allaah does not bestow a servant with knowledge except that He makes him
    responsible on the Day of Judgement for paying it back with (good) deeds.” 30
    [43] Abul-Farj Al-Husayn bin ‘Alee bin ‘Ubaydillaah At-Tanaajeeree informed me,
    saying: Ahmad bin ‘Alee bin Hishaam At-Taymilee narrated to us in Koofah:
    ‘Abdullaah bin Zeedaan narrated to us: Muhammad bin ‘Abdir-Rahmaan Al-Muhrizee
    narrated to us, saying: Ayoob bin Yahyaa said: Fudayl bin ‘Iyaad said:
    “A person with knowledge will not cease to be ignorant of what he knows until he
    acts upon it. So when he acts upon it, then he becomes a person with knowledge.”
    [44] Abul-Hasan ‘Alee bin Al-Qaasim bin Al-Hasan informed us in Basrah: AbulHasan ‘Alee bin Ishaaq Al-Maadiraa’ee narrated to us: Al-Mufdil bin Muhammad
    narrated to us: Ishaaq bin Ibraaheem At-Tabaree narrated to us, saying: Fudayl said:
    30 This is a fabricated narration in spite of it being mawqoof (i.e. cut to a saying of a Companion).
    Talhah bin Zayd is rejected (munkar). Ahmad, ‘Alee (Ibn Al-Madeenee) and Abu Dawood said: “He
    would fabricate hadeeth.”
    19
    “What was intended by the word ‘knowledge’ (in the Qur’aan and Sunnah) was only
    ‘action.’ And knowledge indicates action.”
    [45] Al-Fudayl also said:
    “It is upon the people to acquire knowledge. So when they attain knowledge, it is
    upon them to act (on it).”
    [46] Abul-Fat’h Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Abil-Fawaaris informed us, saying: ‘Ale
    bin ‘Abdillaah bin Al-Mugheerah narrated to us: Ahmad bin Sa’eed Ad-Dimashqee
    narrated to us, saying: ‘Abdullaah bin Al-Mu’taz said:
    “Knowledge without action is like a tree without fruit.”
    [47] He also said:
    “The knowledge of a hypocrite is in his speech, while the knowledge of a believer is
    in his actions.”
    [48] Muhammad bin Abee ‘Alee Al-Asbahaanee recited to some of them:
    “Act upon your knowledge and you will profit, O man
    Knowledge doesn’t benefit so long as one doesn’t perfect his actions
    Knowledge is beauty and Taqwaa (Fear) of Allaah is its decoration
    Those with Taqwaa are always preoccupied with their knowledge
    The proof of Allaah, O possessor of knowledge, is immense
    Neither plotting nor scheming concerning it is of any use
    Acquire knowledge and perform deeds as much as you can
    And do not let vain pastimes and argumentation distract you
    Team the people and always make it your goal to benefit them
    And beware, beware of fatigue and weariness overtaking you
    Admonish your brother with gentleness when he makes a mistake
    For knowledge is affectionate with those who are overcome by errors
    And if you are amidst a people that have no religious morals
    Then command them to do good when they act ignorantly (i.e. sin)
    And if they disobey you, then remind them without getting annoyed
    And be patient, strive in patience and do not let their actions worry you
    For every goat is attached to its two feet
    Have patience whether they are oppressive or fair.”
    [49] Abul-Hasan Muhammad bin ‘Ubaydillaah bin Muhammad Al-Hannaa’ee
    informed us, saying: ‘Abdullaah bin Ahmad bin As-Sideeq Al-Marwazee narrated to
    us: Abu Lubaabah Muhammad bin Al-Mahdee narrated to us: Ahmad bin ‘Abdillaah
    bin Hakeem narrated to us: Abu Bakr Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Ja’far
    Al-Yazdee reported to us in Asbahaan: Abu Bakr ‘Abdullaah bin Muhammad bin
    ‘Ataa Al-Qubaab narrated to us: Abu Taalib ‘Abdullaah bin Ahmad bin Sawaadah AlBaghdaadee narrated to us through dictation: Al-Hasan bin Far’ah narrated to us that
    Al-Fudayl bin ‘Iyyaad narrated to us from…
    Al-Hassan bin Abee Bakr informed us, saying: Abu Muhammad Ad-Di’laj bin Ahmad
    bin Di’laj Al-Mu’adal reported to us, saying: Muhammad bin ‘Alee bin Zayd As-
    20
    Saa’igh informed us: Sa’eed bin Mansoor narrated to us that Fudayl bin ‘Iyyaad
    narrated to us from…
    Yahyaa bin ‘Ubaydillaah reported from his father from Abu Hurairah that the
    Messenger of Allaah said:
    “O nation (of Muslims)! Indeed I don’t fear for you concerning that which you
    don’t know. But rather look at how you act upon what you know.” 31
    [50] Abu ‘Alee Al-Hasan bin Al-Husayn bin A1-‘Abbaas An-Na’aalee informed us,
    saying: Muhammad bin ‘Abdillaah bin Ibraaheem Al-Marwazee narrated to us,
    saying: Abu ‘Abdir-Rahmaan ‘Abdullaah bin Mahmood narrated to us: Yahyaa bin
    Aktham narrated to us: ‘Abdul-A’laa bin Mash’har Al-Ghasaanee narrated to us,
    saying: I heard Khaalid bin Yazeed bin As-Subh say: I heard Yoonus bin Maysarah
    bin Halbas Al-Jeelaane say:
    “Wisdom says: ‘You seek after me O son of Aadam, but you can find me in two
    phrases: ‘Act on the good of what you know’ and ‘Leave off the evil of what you
    know.'”
    [51] Al-Hasan bin Abee Bakr informed us, saying: Abu Sahl Ahmad bin Muhammad
    bin ‘Abdillaah bin Ziyaad Al-Qattaan informed us: ‘Abdul-Kareem bin Al-Haytham
    narrated to us, saying: Abul-Yamaan narrated to us: Huraiz narrated to us from Ibn
    Abee ‘Awf that Abud-Dardaa said:
    “Indeed the servant will be asked on the Day of Judgement: ‘What did you do based
    on what you knew?”‘
    [52] Abul-Fat’h Hilaal bin Muhammad bin Ja’far Al-Hafaar informed Ismaa’eel bin
    Muhammad As-Safaar reported to us: Muhammad bin ‘Abdil-Malik Ad-Daqeeqee
    informed us: Yazeed bin Haaroon narrated to us: Waraqaa’ reported to us from
    Yahyaa bin ‘Ubaydillaah from his father that Abu Hurairah said: The Messenger of
    Allaah said:
    “Indeed, I do not fear for you concerning that which you don’t know. But rather,
    look at how you act concerning what you do know.” 32
    [53] Abul-Fat’h Hilaal bin Muhammad bin Ja’far Al-Hafaar informed us, saying: Abu
    ‘Alee Ismaa’eel bin Muhammad bin Ismaa’eel As-Safaar informed us: ‘AbdurRahmaan bin Muhammad bin Mansoor Al-Haarithee narrated to us: Yazeed bin
    Haaroon narrated to us, saying: Huraiz bin ‘Uthmaan reported to us from ‘AbdurRahmaan bin Abee ‘Awf that Abud-Dardaa said:
    “Indeed, I only fear that the first thing my Lord will ask me about will be Him saying:
    ‘You had gained knowledge. So what deeds did you do based on your knowledge?'” 33
    31 Very Weak: Yahyaa bin ‘Ubaydillaah is At-Tameemee Al-Madanee. Al-Haafidh said about him:
    “He is rejected.” Al-Haakim was even more explicit, by accusing him of fabricating narrations.
    32 Very Weak: Refer to the footnote for Narration [49]
    33 Its chain of narration is sound in mawqoof form. There was some slight talk about Al-Haarithee.
    However, this narration is strengthened by the chain that comes after it.
    21
    [54] Al-Hasan bin Abee Bakr informed us, saying: Di’laj bin Ahmad narrated to us,
    saying: Muhammad bin ‘Alee bin Zayd reported to us: Sa’eed bin Mansoor narrated to
    us: Al-Haarith bin ‘Ubayd Al-Iyaadee narrated to us: Maalik bin Deenaar narrated to
    us that Abud-Dardaa said:
    “Verily, the most dreaded thing that I fear for myself is that it be said to me: ‘O
    ‘Uwaymir, did you have knowledge?’ And so I will respond: ‘Yes.’ Then it will be said
    to me: ‘So what deeds did you do based on your knowledge?'”
    [55] Abu Sa’eed Al-Hasan bin Muhammad bin ‘Abdillaah bin Hasanwaih AlAsbahaanee informed us, saying: Abu Ja’far Ahmad bin Ibraaheem At-Tameemee
    narrated to us, saying: ‘Imraan bin ‘Abdir-Raheem narrated to us: Al-Hasan bin Hafs
    narrated to us, saying: I heard Sufyaan say: Abud-Dardaa said:
    “I do not fear that it will be said to me: ‘O ‘Uwaymir, what did you know?’ But rather,
    I fear that it will be said to me: ‘O ‘Uwaymir, what deeds did you do based on what
    you knew?'”
    [56] Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Rizq and Al-Hasan bin Abee Bakr both informed us,
    saying: Abu Bakr Ahmad bin Sulaymaan bin Ayoob Al-‘Abaadaanee narrated to us,
    saying: Muhammad bin ‘Abdil-Malik Ad-Daqeeqee reported to us: ‘Ubaydullaah bin
    Moosaa narrated to us: Abu Bishr Al-Halabee narrated to us that Al-Hasan said:
    “Eemaan is not just an outer decoration nor is it mere hope. Rather, it is that which
    settles in the hearts and which is confirmed in the actions. Whoever speaks a good
    statement and does unrighteous deeds, Allaah rejects his statement. And whoever
    speaks a good statement and does righteous deeds, his good deed serves to elevate his
    statement. This is since Allaah, the Most High, says: ‘To Him ascend the good
    words, and it is the righteous deed that raises it (up to Allaah).’ [Surah Faatir: 10]”
    [57] Abul-Qaasim ‘Abdur-Rahmaan bin Ahmad bin Ibraaheem Al-Qazweenee
    informed us, saying: ‘Alee bin Ibraaheem bin Salamah Al-Qattaan reported to us: Abu
    Haatim Ar-Raazee narrated to us, saying: Abu ‘Umar Al-Hawdee narrated to us: AlMubaarak bin Fadaalah narrated to us that Al-Hasan (Al-Basree) said concerning
    Allaah’s saying: “And We have fastened every man’s driver onto his neck:” 34
    “This (i.e. driver) refers to his actions.”
    [58] Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Rizq informed us, saying: Ahmad bin Sulaymaan Al-
    ‘Abaadaanee reported to us, saying: Ja’far bin Muhammad bin Harb Al-‘Abaadaanee
    narrated to us in ‘Abaadaan, saying: Bishr bin Al-Haarith said:
    “The virtue of knowledge lies in acting upon it, then that one ascends because of it.”
    [59] Abul-Qaasim ‘Ubaydullaah bin ‘Abdillaah bin Al-Husayn Al-Khafaaf informed
    us: Abu Taalib Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Ishaaq bin Al-Bahlool, the Judge, narrated
    to us: Muhammad bin Al-Husayn bin Hamdawaih Al-Harbee narrated to us, saying: I
    heard Ya’qoob bin Shawwaal say: I heard Bishr bin Al-Haarith say:
    34 Surah Al-Israa: 13
    22
    “Knowledge is good – for the one who acts upon it. But as for the one who doesn’t act
    on it – there is nothing more harmful (to him) than it.”
    [60] Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Rizq informed us: Ja’far bin Muhammad bin Nusayr
    Al-Khaldee informed us: Muhammad bin ‘Abdillaah Al-Hadramee narrated to us:
    ‘Abbaas Al-‘Anbaree narrated to us: ‘Abdus-Samad narrated to me, saying: I heard
    Sa’eed bin ‘Attaar – and he would cry until he departed – say: ‘Eesaa bin Maryam said:
    “Until when will you show the way to those who walk at night in the dark while you
    yourselves are living with the confused? Verily, that which should be sought from
    knowledge is a little, while (that which should be sought) from action is a lot.”
    [61] Al-‘Alaa bin Hazm Al-Andalusee narrated to me, saying: Muhammad bin AlHusayn bin Baqaa Al-Misree informed us, saying: My grandfather, ‘Abdul-Ghanee
    Sa’eed Al-Azdee informed us: ‘Abdullaah bin Ja’far bin Al-Warad narrated to us:
    ‘Abdullaah bin Ahmad bin ‘Abdis-Salaam narrated to us, saying: I heard ‘Abdullaah
    bin Ahmad bin Shabweeh Al-Marwazee report from his father, who said: I heard Hafs
    bin Hameed say: I entered into the presence of Dawood At-Taa’ee to ask him a
    question about an issue, and he was a very kind and generous person. So he said (to
    me):
    “Did you ever see a warrior when he intends to go out to battle? Doesn’t he first gather
    together his means (i.e. weapons)? So if he spends his entire life in gathering these
    means, when will he fight in the war? Verily, knowledge is the means of action. So if
    someone spends his entire life gathering it, when will he do good deeds?”
    [62] Ahmad bin Al-Husayn At-Tawzee informed me, saying: Abu ‘Umar Ahmad bin
    Muhammad bin Moosaa bin A1-‘Allaaf informed us: Muhammad bin Mukhlid
    narrated to us: Muhammad bin Abee ‘Umar narrated to us, saying: I heard Abu ‘Ubayd
    Al-Qaasim bin Salaam say: “Abdullah bin Idrees heard me lamenting over (the death
    of) one of the shuyookh, so he said to me:
    “O Abu ‘Ubayd, regardless of whatever knowledge passes you, do not let upon what
    you already know pass you.”
    [63] Abul-Qaasim ‘Ubaydullaah bin Ahmad bin ‘Uthmaan As-Sayrafee informed us,
    saying: Sahl bin Ahmad Ad-Deebaajee reported to us: Muhammad bin Muhammad
    bin Al-Ash’ath Al-Koofee narrated to us in Egypt: Moosaa bin Ismaa’eel bin
    Moosaa bin Ja’far bin Muhammad narrated to us, saying: My father narrated to me
    from his father that his grandfather, Ja’far bin Muhammad, reported from his father
    from his grandfather, ‘Alee bin Husayn, from his father that ‘Alee said:
    “The Zaahid, according to us, is he who knows then acts, and he who has certainty
    and is then cautious. So if he passes the evening in hardship, he praises Allaah. And if
    he wakes up in the morning in case, he gives thanks to Allaah.35 This is the Zaahid”
    36
    35 Translator’s Note: There is a difference between the words hamd (praise) and shukr (thanks). The
    first is given to one due to some praiseworthy or magnificent quality and not necessarily for having
    received anything from the one being praised. The latter is given in response to having received
    something from the one being thanked. Thus the narration states the praising of Allaah in a time of
    hardship while thanking Him in a time of case.
    23
    The Censure of Those who do not Act upon Knowledge, but
    rather Lean towards its Opposite, And to the Contrary of
    what Knowledge Mandates
    [64] Al-Hasan bin Abee Bakr informed us: Haamid bin Muhammad bin ‘Abdillaah
    Al-Harawee reported to us: ‘Abdullaah bin Muhammad bin Wahb narrated to us:
    Ibraaheem bin Sa’eed Al-Jawharee narrated to us: Abu Ahmad Az-Zubayree narrated
    to us: Qays bin Ar-Rabee’ narrated to us from Al-A’mash from Abu Waa’il from
    Hudhaifah bin Al-Yamaan 4k, from what I know, that the Messenger of Allaah gi
    said:
    “Woe to the one who doesn’t know. And woe to the one who knows then doesn’t
    act (on his knowledge).” [He said this three times] 37
    [65] Ahmad bin ‘Alee bin Yazdaad Al-Qaaree informed us, saying: ‘Abdullaah
    bin Ibraaheem bin ‘Abdil-Malik Al-Asbahaanee informed us about it: Muhammad bin
    ‘Alee bin Mukhlid Al-Farqadee narrated to us: Ismaa’eel bin ‘Amr Al-Bajlee narrated
    to us: Farj bin Fadaalah narrated to us from Sulaymaan bin Ar-Rabee’, the freed slave
    of Al-‘Abbaas, that the Messenger of Allaah said:
    “Woe the one who doesn’t know. And if Allaah had wished, He would have given
    him knowledge. And woe to the one who knows and doesn’t act (on his
    knowledge).” [He said this seven times] 38
    [66] Ibn Yazdaad informed us, saying: ‘Abdullaah bin Ibraaheem informed us:
    Muhammad bin ‘Alee Al-Farqadee narrated to us: Ismaa’eel bin ‘Amr narrated to us:
    Ismaa’eel bin Zakariyaa narrated to us from Ja’far bin Barqaan from Maymoon bin
    Mihraan that Abud-Dardaa made a similar statement. 39
    [67] Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Rizq informed us, saying: ‘Uthmaan bin Ahmad AdDaqaaq informed us: Husayn bin Abee Mi’shar narrated to us, saying: Wakee’
    reported to us from Ja’far bin Barqaan from Maymoon bin Mihraan that Abud-Dardaa
    said:
    “Woe to the one who doesn’t know. And woe to the one who knows and doesn’t
    act.” [He said this seven times] 40
    36 Its chain of narration is weak in spite of it being stopped as a narration of a Companion. I could not
    find anyone who recorded a biography for Ja’far, one of the members of the Prophet’s lineage.
    37 Its chain of narration is weak due to Qays bin Ar-Rabee’. Al-Haafidh said about him: “He is honest
    but he changed when he got older. His son introduced into his narrations, reports that he never narrated,
    and narrated them.”
    38 Its chain of narration is weak due to the weakness of Al-Bajlee and his teacher Farj bin Fadaalah.
    Also, I was not able to find a biography at this time for Sulaymaan bin Ar-Rabee’, the freed slave of Al-
    ‘Abbaas.
    39 This is a weak narration due to the weakness of Ismaa’eel bin ‘Amr, who was the same Al-Bajlee
    from the previous narration.
    40 This is a weak narration in spite of it being stopped at the level of a saying of a Companion. Husayn
    bin Abee Mi’shar is Ibn Muhammad bin Abee Mi’shar. He was ascribed to his grandfather. AdhDhahabee said: “There are lax tendencies (leen) in him.” Ibn Al-Munaadee said: “He wasn’t reliable.”
    Ibn Qaani’ said: “He is weak.”
    24
    [68] Al-Hasan bin Abee Bakr informed us, saying: Ahmad bin Ishaaq bin Minjaab AtTeebee narrated to us: The Judge, Abul-Farj Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Al-Hasan
    Ash-Shaafi’ee reported us, saying: Ahmad bin Yoosuf bin Khalaad reported to us,
    saying: Muhammad bin Yoonus Al-Qurshee narrated to us: ‘Abdullaah bin Dawood
    Al-Hazeenee narrated to us: Ja’far bin Barqaan narrated to us that Maymoon bin
    Mihraan said: Abud-Dardaa said:
    “Woe to the one who doesn’t know and doesn’t act.” [One time] Ibn Khalaad said:
    “And woe to the one who knows and doesn’t act.” [One time] “And woe to the
    one knew but didn’t act.” [Seven times] 41
    [69] Abul-Hasan ‘Alee bin Ahmad bin ‘Umar Al-Muqree informed us, saying: ‘AbdulBaaqee bin Qaani’, the Judge, informed us: Al-Husayn bin ‘Alee bin Al-Azhar
    narrated to us in Koofah: ‘Ubaad bin Ya’qoob narrated to us: Abu Dawood AnNakha’ee narrated to us: ‘Alee bin ‘Ubaydillaah Al-Ghatfaanee narrated to us from
    Saleek that he said: I heard the Prophet say:
    “When a scholar knows (something) and fails to act (on it), he becomes like a
    lamppost which sheds light for the people yet burns itself out.” 42
    [70] Abu Na’eem Ahmad bin ‘Abdillaah bin Ahmad bin Ishaaq, the Haafidh in
    Asbahaan, informed us: Abu Muhammad ‘AbduUaah bin Ja’far bin Ahmad bin Faaris
    narrated to us, saying: Ismaa’eel bin ‘Abdillaah bin Mas’ood Al-‘Abdee narrated to us:
    Hishaam bin ‘Ammaar reported to us: “Alee bin Sulaymaan Al-Kalbee narrated to us:
    Al-A’mash narrated to us from Abu Tameemah that Jundub bin ‘Abdillaah said: The
    Messenger of Allah said:
    “The example of a scholar that teaches the people good but forgets (it) himself, is
    like the example of a lamp that sheds light for the people but burns itself out.” 43
    [71] Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Rizq informed us, saying: Al-Husayn bin Ayoob AlHaashimee reported to us, saying: Moosaa bin ‘Eesaa Al-Maseesee narrated to us:
    Luwain narrated to us: And Yoosuf bin Rabaah bin ‘Alee Al-Basree informed us: The
    Judge, Abul-Hasan ‘Alee bin Al-Husayn bin Bandaar Al-Adhanee reported to us:
    Luwain narrated to us:
    And Al-Hasan bin Muhammad Al-Khallaal informed me, saying:
    Muhammad bin ‘Alee bin Suwayd Al-Ghabaree narrated to us, saying: Muhammad
    bin ‘Alee bin Dawood At-Tameemee reported to us in Adhanah, saying: Luwain
    41 This is a very weak narration in spite of it being stopped at the level of a saying of a Companion.
    Muhammad bin Yoonus here refers to Al-Kudaymee. He was accused of lying and fabricating in spite
    of his good memory.
    42 Its chain of narration is fabricated. Its defect lies in Abu Dawood An-Nakha’ee whose name was
    Sulaymaan bin ‘ Amr. He was a severe liar, and well known for that.
    43 This is an authentic hadeeth reported by At-Tabaraanee in al-Mu’jam-ul-Kabeer (1-84-2) from two
    other paths of narration, one of which is on the authority of Hishaam bin ‘Ammaar. This chain of
    narration is sound (hasan) – all of its narrators are known except for ‘Alee bin Sulaymaan Al-Kalbee.
    Ibn Abee Haatim said in al-Jarh wat-Ta’deel (3-1-188-189) reporting from his father: “I didn’t see any
    problems with his hadeeth. He was upright in narrating, but not well-known.” At-Tabaraanee also
    reported it from the path of Layth from Safwaan bin Muhriz from Jundub bin ‘Abdillaah. There is no
    problem with this chain of narration when used as a supplemental reference. What also serves as a
    supporting witness for it is the following hadeeth of Abu Barzah.
    25
    Muhammad bin Sulaymaan narrated to us: Muhammad bin Jaabir narrated to us from
    Yoonus bin ‘Ubayd from Al-Hasan that Abu Barzah & said: The Messenger of Allaah
    said:
    “The example of one who teaches the people good yet forgets himself, is like the
    example of a torch that sheds light for people yet burns itself out.” 44
    [72] Al-Hasan bin Abee Bakr informed us, saying: Abul-Husayn ‘Abdus-Samad bin
    ‘Alee bin Muhammad At-Tissee informed us: Muhammad bn Al-Qaasim, who was
    known as Abul-‘Aynaa narrated to us, saying: Abu ‘Aasim bin Juraij narrated to us
    from Abuz-Zubair from Jaabir that the Prophet said:
    “A group of people from the inhabitants of Paradise came upon a group of
    people from the inhabitants of Hellfire, so they asked them: ‘What caused you to
    enter the Hellfire when we only entered Paradise due to your teaching us?’ They
    replied: ‘Indeed, we used to command you (towards good) but not do it
    (ourselves).'” 45
    [73] Abul-Hasan ‘Abdur-Rahmaan bin Muhammad bin ‘Ubaydillaah Al-Asbahaanee
    informed us: Abul-Qaasim Sulaymaan bin Ahmad bin Ayoob At-Tabaraanee narrated
    to us: Ahmad bin Yahyaa bin Khaalid bin Hayyaan Al-‘Arqee narrated to us: Zuhayr
    bin ‘Ubaad narrated to us: Abu Bakr Ad- Daahiree’ Abdullaah bin Hakeem narrated to
    us from Ismaa’eel bin Abee Khaalid from Ash-Sha’abee that Al-Waleed bin
    ‘Uqbah said: The Messenger of Allaah said:
    “A group of people from the inhabitants of Paradise will come upon a group of
    people from the inhabitants of Hell and say (to them): ‘What is the reason why
    you entered Hell, for by Allaah, we only entered Paradise because of what we
    learned from you.’ So they will reply: ‘Verily, we used to say (something) and not
    do it (ourselves).'” 46
    Sulaymaan said: “No one reported this from Abu Khaalid except for Abu Bakr AdDaahiree. Zuhayr is alone in narrating from him.”
    [74] Abul-Hasan ‘Alee bin Ahmad bin ‘Umar bin Hafs Al-Muqree informed us: Abu
    ‘Abdillaah Muhammad bin Al-‘Abbaas bin Al-Fadl narrated to us in Mawsil:
    Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Abil-Mafhnaa narrated to us: Muhaadir bin Mawri’
    narrated to us: Al-A’mash narrated to us that Shaqeeq bin Salamah said: It was said to
    Usaamah bin Zayd:
    “Why don’t you enter in the presence of ‘Uthmaan and speak to him?” So “You
    believe that I don’t speak to him unless you (actually) hear me speak to him. I have
    44 This is an authentic hadeeth due to what came before it. In its chain is Muhammad bin Jaabir, who is
    As-Suhaymee, and he is weak due to his poor memory. So it serves as a supporting evidence for the
    previous narration. At-Tabaraanee reported it from this path of narration in al-Mu’jam-ul-Kabeer
    as well as the Fiqh scholar, Ad-Daamighaanee, in al-Ahaadeeth wal-Akhbaar (1-110-2)
    45 Its chain of narration is completely weak. This Abul-‘Aynaa was known for fabricating narrations.
    He even said about himself: “Al-Jaahidh and I would fabricate hadeeth so they were mixed in.” AdDaaraqutnee said: “He wasn’t strong in hadeeth.” Also, Ibn Juraij and Abuz-Zubayr were both mudallis
    narrators and they would commit ‘an ‘ana.
    46 Completely Weak: Concerning Abu Bakr Ad-Daahiree, Adh-Dhahabee said in ad-Du’afaa: “‘They
    accused him of fabricating hadeeth.” Zuhayr bin ‘Ubaad is also weak.”
    26
    already spoken to him in a meeting between me and him without opening something
    that I wouldn’t like to be the first one to open. And I will not tell a person: ‘You are
    the best of people’ – even if he is a ruler over me – after what I heard the Messenger of
    Allaah say.” They asked: “What did you hear him say?” He replied: He said:
    “A man will be brought on the Day of Judgement and thrown into the Hellfire
    where his intestines will spill out. So it will be said (to him): ‘Weren’t you the one
    who used to command good and forbid evil?’ So he will say: ‘I used to command
    you to do good yet not do it myself. And I used to forbid you from evil yet
    commit it myself.'” 47
    [75] Abu Sa’eed Muhammad bin Moosaa Ibn Al-Fadl As-Sayrafee informed us: Abul-
    ‘Abbaas Muhammad bin Ya’qoob Al-Asam narrated to us: Yahyaa bin Abee Taalib
    narrated to us, saying: ‘Abdul-Wahhaab bin ‘Ataa informed us, saying: Abu Salamah
    reported to us that Mansoor bin Zaadhaan said:
    “I have been informed that one of the people who will be thrown in the Hellfire – even
    the inhabitants of Hell will find his stench offensive. So it| will be said to him: ‘Woe
    to you! What did you used to do? Is it not enough what we are upon from a bad
    condition, such that we had to be tested with you and the foul smell of your stench?’
    So he will say: ‘I used to be a scholar (i.e. person with knowledge) but did not benefit
    from my knowledge.'”
    [76] Abu Ja’far Muhammad bin Ja’far bin ‘Alaan Al-Warraaq informed us, saying:
    Abu ‘Abdillaah Al-Husayn bin Ahmad bin Muhammad As-Safaar Al-Harawee
    informed us, saying: Muhammad bin Ibraaheem Al-Wakeel narrated to us:
    Muhammad bin Mahmood As-Samarqandee narrated to us, saying: And I heard him,
    i.e. Yahyaa bin Mu’aadh Ar-Raazee, say:
    “The destitute one is he whose knowledge serves as a proof against him; he whose
    tongue serves as an opponent against him; and he whose understanding serves to cut
    off his excuses.”
    [77] It was said to one of them:
    “Won’t you seek knowledge?” So he said: “My opponents from knowledge are many
    (already), so I won’t create any more.”
    [78] Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Ahmad Al-Mujhiz informed us: Abul-Fadl
    ‘Ubaydullaah bin ‘Abdir-Rahmaan Az-Zuhree narrated to us from his words in
    dictation form: Ibraaheem bin ‘Abdillaah bin Ayoob Al-Makhramee narrated to
    us, saying: I heard Suree bin Al-Mughlis As-Saqatee say:
    47 Authentic Hadeeth: The two Shaikhs (i.e. Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim) narrated this hadeeth as did
    Ahmad (5/205, 207, 209) from various paths from Al-A’mash. Al-A’mash was explicit in his narration
    in the report of Ahmad. He reported (5/206, 209) two other paths of narration from Shaqeeq bin
    Salamah, who is Abu Waa’il. The two Shaikhs, as well as Ahmad, add the following in their narrations:
    “Then he will go around it (i.e. his intestines) just as a donkey goes around a mill. So the
    inhabitants of Hell will gather around him and say: ‘What’s wrong with you? Did you not used to
    command good…'”
    27
    “Every time you increase in knowledge, the proof against you becomes even
    stronger.”
    [79] Abul-Hasan ‘Alee bin Talhah bin Muhammad Al-Muqree informed us, saying: I
    heard Abul-Husayn Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Sam’oon, the admonisher, say:
    “Everyone that doesn’t look at what Allaah has mandated upon him due to (his)
    knowledge, the knowledge becomes a proof and a curse against him.”
    [80] Abu Taahir ‘Abdul-Ghaffaar bin Muhammad bin Ja’far, the Educator, informed
    us, saying: Abu ‘Alee Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Al-Hasan As-Sawaaf informed us:
    ‘Abdullaah bin Ahmad narrated to us, saying: My father narrated to me: Siyaar bin
    Haatim narrated to us: Ja’far bin Sulaymaan Ad-Daba’ee reported to us from Thaabit
    that Anas said: The Messenger of Allaah said:
    “Verily Allaah, the Most High, will pardon the illiterate people (i.e. those
    without knowledge) on the Day of Judgement for things which He will not
    pardon the scholars.” 48
    [81] I read in the back of a book from Abu Bakr Muhammad bin Abdillaah bin Abaan
    Al-Haythee:
    “If knowledge is not acted upon, it becomes a proof against you
    And you will not be excused for what you carry (i.e. of knowledge)
    So if you come to realize this fact, then you will also realize
    That the proof of a man’s speech lies in his actions.”
    [82] Abu ‘Abdillaah Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Abee
    Taahir Ad-Daqaaq and Abul-Qaasim ‘Abdur-Rahmaan bin ‘Ubaydillaah bin
    Muhammad bin Al-Husayn Al-Jarmee both informed us, saying: Abul-Hasan ‘Alee
    bin Muhammad bin Az-Zubayr Al-Koofee informed us: Al-Hasan bin ‘Alee bin
    ‘Affaan Al-‘Aamiree narrated to us: Zayd bin Al-Habaab narrated to us that Maalik
    bin Mighwal said: I heard Ash-Sha’abee say:
    “I wish that I had not learned anything from one with knowledge.”
    48 Rejected Hadeeth: Its defect lies in Siyaar bin Haatim. Adh-Dhahabee mentioned him in adDu’afaa, saying: “Al-Qawaareeree said: ‘He was with me in Ad-Dakkaan and he had not intellect.’ It
    was said: ‘Are you then accusing him (i.e. of weakness)? He said: ‘No.’ Others said: ‘He was honest,
    with a good heart.’ And Ibn Al-Madeenee declared him weak, as did others.”
    Abu Nu’aim reported the hadeeth in Hilyat-ul-Awliyaa (2-331-9-223), saying: “Muhammad bin
    Ahmad bin Al-Hasan narrated it to us.” Abu Bakr Al-Marwadhee reported it in al-War’ (3/2) as did ArRaamahirmazee in al-Faasil (pg. 143), Ibn ‘Asaakir in Dhamm man Laa ya’mal bi-‘Ilmihi (58/2), and
    Ad-Diyaa Al-Maqdisee in al-Ahaadeeth-ul-Mukhtaarah (1-501) all from the path of narration of
    Ahmad. Abu Nu’aim said: “This is an uncommon (ghareeb) hadeeth. Siyaar is alone in reporting it
    from Ja’far. We have not recorded it except as a hadeeth from Ahmad bin Hanbal.” In another place, he
    said: ‘”Abdullaah said: ‘My father said: This is a rejected hadeeth And he didn’t narrate it to me except
    for one time.'”
    I say: It is as if it is for this reason that he didn’t mention it in al-Musnad. Ad-Diyaa Al-Maqdisee also
    mentioned this statement of ‘Abdullaah after reporting the hadeeth. But it is strange how in spite of
    that, he still included the hadeeth in his al-Mukhtaarah. Ibn Qudaamah also mentioned it in alMuntakhab (10/200/1) and added to it, saying: “Al-Marwadhee said: ‘Abu ‘Abdillaah said: “The error is
    from Ja’far not by way of Siyaar.'” This is what Imaam Ahmad said, yet Ja’far is better than Siyaar. In
    summary, Muslim used him in his narrations, and Allaah knows best.
    28
    [83] Abu Bakr Muhammad bin ‘Abdillaah bin Abaan Ath-Tha’alabee Al-Haythee
    informed us, saying: Abu Bakr Ahmad bin Salmaan An-Najaad narrated to us: Ahmad
    bin Muhammad bin Shaaheen narrated to us: Ibn Sahl, i.e. Muhammad bin Sahl bin
    ‘Askar, narrated to us, saying: I heard Al- Firyaabee say: I heard Sufyaan AthThawree say:
    “I wish I hadn’t written down the knowledge and I wish I could be saved (on the Day
    of Judgement) by just enough from my knowledge, which is neither against me nor
    for me.”
    [84] Abul-Qaasim Talhah bin ‘Alee bin As-Saqar Al-Kitaanee informed us, saying:
    Abu Bakr Muhammad bin ‘Abdillaah bin Ibraaheem Ash-Shaafi’ee informed us: Abu
    ‘Eesaa Moosaa bin Haaroon At-Toosee narrated to us: Abu Mu’amar narrated to us,
    saying: I heard Ibn ‘Uyainah say:
    “If knowledge doesn’t benefit you, it harms you.”
    I say: “This means that if knowledge doesn’t benefit him by way of him acting on it, it
    brings harm to him by serving as a proof against him.”
    [85] Abu ‘Alee Al-Hasan bin ‘Alee bin Muhammad At-Tameemee informed us,
    saying: Abu Bakr Ahmad bin Ja’far bin Hamdaan bin Maalik Al- Qutay’ee narrated to
    us: ‘Abdullaah bin Ahmad bin Hanbal narrated to us, saying: My father narrated to
    me, saying: Abur-Rabee’, i.e. ‘Amr bin Sulaymaan, narrated to us, saying: AbulAsh’hab narrated to me that Muhammad bin Waasi’ said: Luqmaan said to his son:
    “My dear son, do not learn what you don’t know until you (first) act upon what you
    (already) know.”
    [86] Abul-Hasan Muhammad bin ‘Abdil-‘Azeez bin Ja’far Al-Bardha’ee informed us,
    saying: ‘Alee bin Muhammad bin Ibraaheem bin ‘Alawaih Al-Jawharee informed us,
    saying: Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Al-Hasan bin Baabwaih Al-Hannaa’ee narrated to
    us, saying: Muhammad bin ‘Abdillaah Al-Qurshee narrated to us: Muhammad bin AlHusayn, i.e. Al-Barjalaanee narrated to us, saying: Ahmad bin Muhammad narrated to
    me, saying: Abu ‘Abdis-Samad Al-‘Ammee narrated to me that Maalik bin Deenaar
    said:
    “I found it written in some of the wise sayings: ‘There is no good in you knowing
    what you don’t know when you do not act upon what you already know. The example
    of this is like that of a man who gathers firewood then ties it up in a bundle and begins
    to carry it on his back. But when he finds that he is not able to, (instead of taking
    some firewood out of the bundle) he puts more in it.'”
    [87] Ahmad bin Abee Ja’far Al-Qutay’ee informed us, saying: Ishaaq bin Sa’ad bin AlHasan bin Sufyaan An-Nasawee informed us, saying: My grandfather narrated to us:
    Harmalah bin Yahyaa narrated to us, saying: Ibn Wahb informed us that Sufyaan said:
    “There was once a scholar and a worshipper amongst the Tribe of Israa’eel So the
    scholar said to the worshipper: ‘What prevents you from coming to me and taking
    (knowledge) from me? Don’t you see the rest of the people coming to me?’ The
    29
    worshipper replied: I learned something, so I must (first) act upon it. When I finish
    with that, then I will come to you.'”
    [88] Abu’ Abdillaah Muhammad bin ‘Alee bin ‘Abdillaah As-Sooree recited to me the
    following verses from himself:
    “For how long will I strive in seeking knowledge
    Working hard to gather it and welcoming it warmly
    Seeking to study from it all of its forms and subjects
    And difficult topics, while not producing any deeds at all
    If the one seeking knowledge doesn’t produce good deeds
    Based on his knowledge, he becomes a wretched servant
    Verily, grasping the forms of knowledge only benefits
    Those who act upon them whilst being a pious person.”
    [89] Abul-Farj ‘Abdus-Salaam bin ‘Abdil-Wahhaab Al-Qurshee informed us in
    Asbahaan: Sulaymaan bin Ahmad bin Ayoob At-Tabaraanee reported to us: Matlab
    bin Shu’ayb Al-Azdee narrated to us: ‘Abdullaah bin Saalih narrated to us, saying: AlLayth narrated to me, saying: At-Tabaraanee said: Abuz-Zinbaa’ Rawh bin Al-Farj
    narrated to us: Yahyaa bin Bakeer narrated to us: Al-Layth narrated to us from
    Ibraaheem bin Abee ‘Ablah from Al-Waleed bin ‘Abdir-Rahmaan Al-Jurshee that
    Jubair bin Nufair said: ‘Awf bin Maalik Al-Ashja’ee narrated to me that the Messenger
    of Allah looked up at the sky one day and said:
    “This is the time when knowledge will be uplifted.” So a man from the Ansaar,
    known as Ziyaad bin Lubayd, said: “O Messenger of Allaah, (how) will knowledge be
    uplifted when it has become firmly settled and retained in the hearts?” The Messenger
    of Allaah H replied to him: “I used to consider you to be from amongst the most
    knowledgeable of the people of Madeenah.” He then mentioned how the Jews and
    the Christians went astray even though they had the Book of Allaah in their hands.
    Later, I encountered Shaddaad bin Aws and narrated to him the hadeeth of ‘Awf bin
    Maalik, so he said to me: “‘Awf has spoken the truth. Shall I not inform you of what
    will be the first thing from it (i.e. knowledge) that will be uplifted?” I said: “Of
    course!” He said: “It will be khushoo’ (submissiveness) – to the point that you
    won’t see any person with khushoo’ (submissiveness, i.e. in prayer).” 49
    [90] Abu ‘Abdillaah Ahmad bin Muhammad bin ‘Abdillaah, the Scribe, reported to us,
    saying: Abu Muslim ‘Abdur-Rahmaan bin Muhammad bin ‘Abdillaah bin Mihraan
    narrated to us, saying: I read to Abu Ja’far Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Muhammad
    As-Sub’hee: Abu Rajaa Muhammad bin Hamdawaih bin Moosaa narrated to us:
    Ahmad bin Jameel narrated to us, saying: Hafs bin Humaid reported to us that Ibn AlMubaarak said:
    “There was once a man with lots of money who never heard about a scholar except
    that he went to visit him in order to gain knowledge from him. One time he heard that
    in such and such place there was a scholar, so he embarked on a ship to go visit him.
    Aboard the ship was a woman who asked him: ‘What are you doing here?’ He replied:
    I have a deep love for knowledge, so when I heard that in such and such a place there
    49 Authentic Hadeeth: Reported by Ahmad and Al-Haakim and authenticated by him and AdhDhahabee. Its chain of narration is audientic according to the standards of Muslim.
    30
    is a scholar I set out to visit him.’ She said: ‘Don’t you know that every time you
    increase in knowledge, you must also increase in actions? Are you going to increase
    your knowledge while your actions are at a standstill?’ So the man reflected on this
    and then turned back (homeward) and began to do actions.”
    [91] The Judge, Abul-‘Alaa Muhammad bin ‘Alee Al-Waasitee informed us saying:
    Abul-Faf h Muhammad bin Al-Husayn Al-Mawsilee informed us ‘Abdullaah bin
    ‘Alee Al-‘Umaree narrated to us: Al-Fat’h bin Shakhraf narrated to us: ‘Abdullaah bin
    Khubaiq narrated to us: ‘Abdullaah bin As-Sundee reported to us that Ibraaheem bin
    Adham said:
    “A man once set out to seek knowledge when he came upon a large rock that was
    blocking the road. Engraved upon this rock were the words: ‘Move me and you will
    see something amazing and reflect.’ So he moved the rock, when behold there was
    written on it: ‘You do not act upon what you (already) know, so how can you seek
    after what you don’t know?’ So the man turned back.”
    [92] ‘Ubaydullaah bin Abil-Fat’h Al-Faarisee informed us, saying: Muhammad bin Al-
    ‘Abbaas Al-Kharraaz informed us, saying: Ja’far bin Muhammad As-Sanadlee
    narrated to us, saying: Al-Hasan bin Muhammad bin As-Sabaah: Muhammad bin
    Yazeed bin Khunais narrated to us, saying: ‘Umar bin Qubais said: ‘Ataa narrated to
    me, saying:
    “There was a young boy that would often go to the Mother of the Believers, ‘Aa’ishah,
    and ask her questions, so she would narrate hadeeth to him. One day, he went to her
    and asked her some questions, so she said: ‘My dear child! Did you act upon what you
    heard from me (previously)?’ He said: ‘No, by Allaah, dear mother.’ So she said: ‘My
    dear child! Then why do you seek to gain more of Allaah’s proofs against us and
    you?'”
    [93] Al-Hasan bin Muhammad Al-Khallaal narrated to me: ‘Umar bin Ibraheem bin
    Katheer Al-Muqree narrated to us: Ja’far bin Muhammad As-Sanadlee narrated to us:
    Abu Hafs ‘Umar bin Ukht Bishr bin Al-Haarith narrated to us, saying: I heard Bishr
    say: Al-Fudayl said:
    “That this man didn’t hear this hadeeth is better for him than if he were to hear it and
    not act upon it.”
    [94] Abu Bakr Ahmad bin ‘Alee bin Yazdaad Al-Qaaree informed us saying: Abu
    Muhammad ‘Abdullaah bin Muhammad bin Ja’far bin Hayyaan Al-Asbahaanee
    narrated to us: Muhammad bin Yahyaa, who is Ibn Mandah, narrated to us:
    Muhammad bin ‘Isaam narrated to us from his father from Sufyaan that Abu Haazim
    said:
    “The people are pleased when one acts on his knowledge and they are pleased when
    one does what he says.”
    [95] Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Rizq informed us, saying: ‘Uthmaan bin Ahmad AdDaqaaq reported to us: Hanbal bin Ishaaq narrated to us saying: Abu ‘Abdillaah, i.e.
    Ahmad bin Hanbal, narrated to me, saying: Abu Qatan narrated to us, saying: I heard
    Ibn ‘Awn say:
    31
    “I wished that I had come out from it with just enough – i.e. of knowledge.”
    Abu Qatan said: Shu’bah said:
    “I am not established upon something that I fear will cause me to enter the Hellfire
    more than this (i.e. the Hadeeth).”
    [96] Muhammad bin Abee Nasr An-Nursee informed us, saying: Muhammad bin
    ‘Abdillaah bin Al-Husayn Ad-Daqaaq informed us saying: ‘Abdullaah bin Muhammad
    bin ‘Abdil-‘Azeez narrated to us Muhammad bin Ziyaad bin Farwah Al-Baladee
    narrated to us: Abu Shihaab narrated to us from ‘Abdur-Rahmaan bin ‘Abdillaah from
    Al-Qaasim bin ‘Abdir-Rahmaan that Ibn Mas’ood said:
    “Indeed, I truly believe that an individual forgets knowledge that he used to know due
    to a sin that he commits.”
    [97] Abu ‘Abdillaah Ahmad bin ‘Abdillaah bin Al-Husayn bin Ismaa’eel AlMuhaamilee informed us: ‘Abdur-Rahmaan bin Al-‘Abbaas bin ‘Abdir-Rahmaan bin
    Zakariyaa Al-Bazaaz narrated to us, saying: ‘Abdullaah, i.e. Ibn Abee Ziyaad,
    narrated to us: Siyaar narrated to us from Ja’far that Maalik (bin Deenaar) said: I read
    in the Torah:
    “Verily, when the scholar doesn’t act on his knowledge, his admonition slides off
    from the hearts just as the drops of rain slide off from the stone.”
    [98] Abu Sa’eed Al-Hasan bin Muhammad bin ‘Abdillaah bin Hasanwaih AlAsbahaanee informed us: Ahmad bin Ja’far bin Mu’bad As-Simsaar narrated to us:
    Abu Bakr bin An-Nu’maan narrated to us: Zayd bin ‘Awf narrated to us: Ja’far bin
    Sulaymaan narrated to us that Maalik bin Deenaar said:
    “The scholar that doesn’t act on his knowledge is like a stone that when raindrops fall
    on it, they slide off.”
    [99] Abdul-Husayn Muhammad bin ‘Abdil-Waahid bin ‘Alee Al-Bazaaz informed us,
    saying: Abul-Qaasim ‘Umar bin Muhammad bin Sayf, the Scribe, recited to us,
    saying: Muhammad bin Al-‘Abbaas Al-Yazeedee recited to us, saying: Abul-Fadl ArRiyaashee recited the following poetic verses to us:
    “An individual that conveys knowledge and doesn’t act on it
    Thus refraining from the corruption of desires, is not knowledgeable
    Until he acts upon what he has knowledge of
    By doing righteous deeds, for then he would be free of blame
    Very rarely do you find a person who is upon correctness
    Whose actions are those that are not in accordance with the truth.”
    32
    The Disapproval of Seeking Knowledge in order to Compete
    and Debate with Others, to Fulfil Personal Goals, and to
    Receive Compensation from it
    [100] Al-Hasan bin Abee Bakr informed us, saying: Abu Sahl Ahmad bin Muhammad
    bin ‘Abdillaah bin Ziyaad Al-Qattaan informed us: Muhammad bin Ghaalib bin
    Harb narrated to us: Bishr bin ‘Ubayd Ad-Daarimee narrated to us: Muhammad bin
    Saleem narrated to us from ‘Ataa bin As-Saa’ib from ‘Abdur-Rahmaan bin Yazeed
    from his father that Hudhaifah said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah say:
    “Whoever seeks knowledge in order to compete with the scholars or to debate
    with the foolish or so that people’s faces can turn towards him, he will have the
    Hellfire because of his knowledge.” 50
    [101] Abul-Hasan ‘Alee bin ‘Abdil-‘Azeez At-Taahiree informed us, saying: Abu Bahr
    Muhammad bin Al-Hasan bin Kawthar informed us: Muhammad bin Yoonus
    narrated to us: Abu Yoosuf Ya’qoob bin Al-Qaasim At-Talhee narrated to us:
    ‘Uthmaan bin Matr narrated to us: Abu Haashim Ar-Ramaa’ee narrated to us that Anas
    bin Maalik said: The Messenger of Allaah said:
    “Whoever seeks knowledge in order to debate with the foolish or to outnumber
    the scholars or to turn the people’s faces towards him, then let him find his seat
    in the Hellfire.” 51
    [102] Abul-Hasan Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Rizq informed us, saying: Abu ‘Umar,
    the Ascetic, Muhammad bin ‘Abdil-Waahid informed us, saying: Ahmad bin Ziyaad
    Al-Bazaar narrated to us: Suraij bin An-Nu’maan narrated to us: Fulaih, i.e. Ibn
    Sulaymaan, narrated to us from Abu Tawaalah from Sa’eed bin Yasaar that Abu
    Hurairah said: The Messenger of Allaah said:
    “Whoever acquires knowledge – by which the face of Allaah is sought-not
    learning it except to achieve some worldly gain will not perceive the fragrance of
    Paradise on the Day of Judgement.” 52
    [103] Abu Bakr Muhammad bin ‘Abdil-Malik bin Muhammad bin ‘Abdillaah bin
    Bishraan Al-Qurshee informed us, saying: Abul-Fadl ‘Ubaydullaah bin ‘AbdirRahmaan Az-Zuhree informed us, saying: ‘Alee bin Al-Muhsin At-Tanookhee
    reported to us, saying: ‘Abdullaah bin Ahmad bin Maahbradh Al-Asbahaanee narrated
    50 Its chain of narration is very weak. Its defect lies in this “Ad-Daarimee.” Ibn ‘Adiyy said “His
    hadeeth from the Imaams are rejected. He is clearly very weak” Al-Azdee declared him a liar.
    51 Its chain of narration is weak due to ‘Uthmaan bin Matr. Adh-Dhahabee said in ad-Du’afaa: “They
    have declared him weak.”
    52 Authentic Hadeeth: Ahmad reported it (2/338): Yoonus and Suraij bin An-Nu’maan both said:
    Fulaih narrated it to us: it was also reported by Abu Dawood, Ibn Maajah Ibn Hibbaan (89 –
    Mawaarid), Al-Haakim and Ibn ‘Abdil-Barr in al-Jaami’ (1/190) from the path of Fulaih. Al-Haakim
    said: “It is authentic upon the standards of Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim” and Adh-Dhahabee agreed with
    him. And it is as they said it is, with the exception that even though the two Shaikhs (Al-Bukhaaree and
    Muslim) relied on Fulaih, there is weakness in his memory. However, the narration was used as a
    supplement by Ibn ‘Abdil-Barr along with the supporting evidence, which was before it, from Anas. It
    also has other supporting narrations in at-Targheeb (1/68).
    33
    to us, saying: ‘Abdullaah narrated to us, saying: Az-Zuhree said: Ahmad bin
    ‘Abdillaah bin Shaaboor informed us: Abu Nu’aim Al-Halabee narrated to us:
    Mukhlid bin Al-Husayn narrated to us, saying: Hishaam bin Hassaan narrated to us,
    saying: I heard Al-Hasan say:
    “Whoever seeks knowledge, desiring by it the Hereafter, will attain it (i.e. Paradise).
    And whoever seeks knowledge, desiring by it the worldly life, that (i.e. worldly life)
    will be his share from it.”
    Az-Zuhree said: “Meaning: That is his portion from it.”
    [104] Abu Muhammad Al-Hasan bin Ahmad Al-Harbee, the Khateeb, informed us,
    saying: Ahmad bin Ja’far bin Hamdaan informed us that Al’Abbaas bin Yoosuf AshShaklee narrated to us: Muhammad bin Maahaan narrated to us: Muhammad bin
    Yazeed bin Khunais narrated to us, saying: I heard Wuhaib bin Al-Warad say: The
    parable of an evil scholar was given, so it was said:
    “The example of an evil scholar is like that of a large rock that was pushed into an
    irrigation canal. So it neither absorbs the water nor does it allow it to pass in order to
    bring life to the trees. And if only the scholars of evil were to be sincere to Allaah
    with regard to His servants by saying: ‘O servants of Allaah! Listen to what we will
    inform you from your Prophet and the pious amongst your predecessors, then act
    upon it and do not look at our worthless actions, for we are afflicted people’, they
    would have truly been sincere to Allaah in advising His servants. However, they only
    desire to call the servants of Allaah to their vile actions, thus causing them to commit
    them along with them.”
    [105] Abul-Qaasim ‘Alee bin Muhammad bin ‘Alee Al-Iyaadee informed us: Abu
    Bakr Muhammad bin ‘Abdillaah bin Saalih Al-Abharee narrated to us: ‘Uthmaan bin
    ‘Alee narrated to us: ‘Abdur-Rahmaan bin Muhammad Ash-Shaamee narrated to us:
    Ishaaq bin Moosaa Al-Ansaaree narrated to us, saying: I heard Ibn ‘Uyainah say:
    ‘Eesaa (bin Maryam), peace be on him, said:
    “O Scholars of evil! You have put the worldly life at the top of your heads and the
    Hereafter below your feet. Your speech is a cure, but your actions are a disease. Your
    example is like that of a Diflee53 (i.e. Oleander tree) – it pleases the one who looks at
    it but kills the one who eats from it.”
    [106] Al-Hasan bin ‘Alee Al-Jawharee informed us, saying: Muhammad bin ‘Imraan
    bin Moosaa Al-Marzabaanee reported to us: Ahmad bin Muhammad bin ‘Eesaa AlMakkee narrated to us: Muhammad bin Al-Qaasim bin Khalaad narrated to us:
    ‘Abdul-Ghafoor bin ‘Abdil-‘Azeez narrated to us from his father from Wahb bin
    Munabbih that ‘Eesaa bin Maryam, peace be on him, said:
    “Woe to you, O worshippers of the worldly life! To what avail is the vastness of the
    sun’s light to a blind man if he is not able to see it? Likewise, it is of no avail to a
    scholar to have much knowledge if he does not act upon it. How numerous are the
    53 The Diflee is a green tree that has a beautiful appearance, with many flowers. They are found
    abundantly in valleys. [Zuhayr] Translator’s Note: The Diflee tree is known in English as the Nerium
    Oleander, which can either be a small shrub or tree. Its 1eaves contain toxins that can be deadly to
    humans as well as horses that may eat its leaves due to their sweet taste.
    34
    fruits of the tree, yet not all of them are useful or eaten. And how numerous are the
    scholars yet not all of you implements what he knows.
    So guard yourselves from the deceitful scholars – those who wear garments of wool
    and have their heads bowed down to the floor, squinting from under their veils, just as
    the flies gaze. Their statements are in opposition to their actions. Who can produce
    harvest from thorny grapes and from colcynth dates? Likewise, the statement of the
    dishonest scholar produces nothing but falsehood. Verily, when the camel is not
    fastened to the earth by its owner, it will take off to its homeland and place of origin.
    And verily when knowledge is not practiced by its possessor, it leaves from his heart,
    frees itself from him and neglects him. And indeed crops are no good unless it has
    water and soil. Such is the case with Eemaan – it is no good unless it is accompanied
    by knowledge and action.
    Woe to you, O worshippers of the worldly life! Indeed, everything has a sign by
    which it is recognized and which serves as a witness for it or against it. And indeed
    the Religion has three signs by which it is recognized, and they are: Faith, Knowledge
    and Action.”
    35
    The Warning, Threat and Severe Caution against those Who
    Recite the Qur’aan to Gain Repute and Fame and Not in
    Order to Act on it and Gain Reward
    [107] Abul-Hasan ‘Alee bin Ahmad bin ‘Umar Al-Muqree informed us: Muhammad
    bin Al-‘Abbaas bin Al-Fadl, the food owner, reported to us in Mawsil: Muhammad
    bin Ahmad bin Abil-Mathnaa narrated to us: Ja’far bin ‘Awn and ‘Abdul-Wahhaab, i.e.
    Ibn ‘Ataa, both said: ‘Abdul-Malik bin ‘Abdil-‘Azeez bin Juraij reported to us,
    saying: Yoonus bin Yoosuf informed me that Sulaymaan bin Yasaar said:
    “The people once parted from the company of Abu Hurairah, so Naatil,54 one of the
    people of Shaam, (stayed behind and) said to him: ‘O Abu Hurairah! Narrate to us a
    hadeeth that you heard from the Messenger of Allaah. So he said: I heard the
    Messenger of Allaah say: ‘The first of mankind to be judged on the Day of
    Judgement will be a man whom Allaah will bring forward, and whom He will
    remind of the favours He bestowed on him until he acknowledges them. Then He
    will say: ‘What did you do for it?’ The man will say: I fought (in battle) in Your
    Cause until I was martyred so Allaah will say: ‘You have lied! You only wanted
    that it be said (about you): He is a brave man, and such was said (about you).’
    Then He will put someone in charge of him and he will be dragged on his face
    until he is thrown into the Hellfire.
    Then a man who used to acquire knowledge and learn the Qur’aan will be
    brought forward by Allaah and He will remind him of the favours He bestowed
    on him until he acknowledges them. Then He will say: ‘What did you do for it?’
    He will say: T acquired knowledge and read the Qur’aan and taught it to others
    for Your sake.’ So He will say: ‘You have lied! You only wanted that it be said
    (about you): He is knowledgeable and a good reciter.’ Then He will put someone
    in charge of him and he will be dragged on his face until he is thrown into the
    Hellfire.
    And then Allaah will bring forward a man who was given large portions of
    wealth, and He will remind him of the favours He bestowed on him until he
    acknowledges them. So He will then say: ‘What did you do for it?’ The man will
    say: I did not leave any avenue You would love that charity be given in, except
    that I gave money in it for Your sake.’ So He will say: ‘You have lied! You only
    wanted that it be said (about you): He is a generous man, and such was said
    (about you). Then He will put someone in charge of him and he will be dragged
    on his face until he is thrown into the Hellfire.'” 55
    [108] Abul-Husayn ‘Alee bin Muhammad bin ‘Abdillaah bin Bishraan Al-Mu’adal
    informed us, saying: Ismaa’eel bin Muhammad bin Ismaa’eel As-Safaar reported to us:
    Muhammad bin ‘Ubaydillaah bin Al-Manaadee narrated to us: Abu Badr narrated to
    us: ‘Amr bin Qays narrated to us that Al-Hasan said:
    54 He is Naatil bin Qays bin Zayd Ash-Shaamee Al-Filisteenee, one of the rulers appointed by
    Mu’aawiyah and his son. He was killed in 66H. He was mentioned in this hadeeth in Muslim also
    (3/1513)
    55 Authentic Hadeeth: It was reported by Muslim from other paths of narration from Ibn Juraij.
    36
    “Verily, this Qur’aan is learned by servants and young children who do not approach it
    from its front side, nor do they have knowledge of the interpretation of its meanings.
    Allaah, the Most High, says: ‘This is a Book (which) We have sent down to you, full
    of blessings, that they may ponder over its verses.’ [Surah Saad: 29] What does
    pondering over its verses mean? It means following it through actions. And verily, the
    people with the most right to this Qur’aan are those who follow it even if they don’t
    recite it. One of them says: ‘O so and so, come here, I will teach you how to recite!
    When did the reciters ever do this? They are not the reciters, nor are they the
    forbearing, nor the wise. May Allaah not increase their likes amongst the people!”
    [109] Muhammad bin Al-Husayn Al-Qattaan informed us: Di’laj bin Ahmad informed
    us: Muhammad bin ‘Alee bin Zayd As-Saa’igh narrated to us that Sa’eed bin Mansoor
    narrated to them: Hudaij, i.e. Ibn Mu’aawiyah, narrated to us that Abu Ishaaq said:
    ‘Umar bin Al-Khattaab said:
    “Do not be fooled by the one who recites the Qur’aan for that is only words that we
    utter. Rather, look at the one who acts upon it.”
    37
    What has been Stated concerning Memorizing Its Letters yet
    Neglecting its Commandments
    [110] Abul-Qaasim ‘Ubaydullaah bin Muhammad bin ‘Ubaydillaah An-Najjaar
    informed us, saying: Abul-Husayn Muhammad bin Al-Mudhfar bin Moosaa, the
    Haafidh, reported to us: Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Al-Haytham narrated to us:
    Maalik bin ‘Abdillaah bin Sayf narrated to us: ‘Alee bin Al-Husayn narrated to us:
    ‘Umar bin As-Subh narrated to us from Yoonus bin ‘Ubayd from Al-Hasan that Abu
    Hurairah said: The Messenger of Allaah said:
    “The Qur’aan should never be recited by one who doesn’t act on it.” 56
    [111] Abul-Qaasim ‘Abdul-‘Azeez bin Muhammad bin Ja’far Al-‘Attaar and Al-Hasan
    bin Abee Bakr bin Shaadhaan both narrated to us: ‘Abdul-‘Azeez said: Al-Hasan said:
    ‘Uthmaan bin Ahmad bin ‘Abdillaah Ad-Daqaaq informed us: Muhammad bin
    Ghaalib bin Harb Zaad ‘Abdul-‘Azeez Ad-Dubbee narrated to us, saying: Muslim bin
    Ibraaheem narrated to us: Sadaqah bin Moosaa and Al-Hasan bin Abee Ja’far both
    said: Maalik bin Deenaar narrated to us from Thamaamah bin ‘Abdillaah that Anas
    bin Maalik said: The Messenger of Allaah said:
    “On the night that I was ascended up to the heavens, I came upon a people
    whose lips were being cut off by pliers made from Fire. Every time their lips
    were severed, they would be brought back and formed again. So I said: ‘O
    Jibreel, who are these people?’ He said: ‘They are speakers from your nation,
    who say words but do not do deeds, and who read the Book of Allaah yet do not
    act (on it).” 57
    [112] Al-Hasan bin Abee Bakr informed us, saying: Ahmad bin Ishaaq bin Minjaab
    At-Teebee reported to us: Muhammad bin Ayoob Al-Bajlee narrated to us, saying:
    Abu Bakr, i.e. Ibn Abee Shaybah, reported to us: ‘Abdullaah bin Numair narrated to
    us: Muhammad bin Ishaaq narrated to us from ‘Amr bin Shu’ayb from his father from
    his grandfather, who said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah say:
    “On the Day of Judgement, the Qur’aan will take the form of a man. So a man
    who used to carry it yet oppose its commandments will be brought forward. So it
    will prepare to debate him, and say: ‘My Lord, You have made him carry me, so
    what an evil carrier he was! He transgressed my limits, neglected my obligations,
    committed the acts of disobedience (mentioned) in me and abandoned the acts of
    obedience (mentioned) in me.’ He will then continue to accuse him with proofs
    until it is said: ‘So do as you like (with him).’ Then it will take him by the hand
    and it will not let go of him until it throws him down on his nose into the Hellfire.
    Then a righteous man will be brought forward, who used to carry it while
    preserving its commandments. So it will prepare to debate apart from him, and
    say: ‘My Lord, You have made him carry me, so he observed my limits,
    56 Its chain of narration is very weak. Its defect is in ‘Umar bin As-Subh. Al-Haafidh (Ibn Hajr) said in
    at-Taqreeb: “He is rejected. Ibn Raahawaih declared him a liar.”
    57 Its chain of narration is sound (hasan). Al-Mundhiree attributed it to Ibn Abee Ad-Dunyaa, Ibn
    Hibbaan and Al-Bayhaqee.
    38
    implemented my obligations, avoided the acts of disobedience (mentioned) in me
    and abided by the acts of obedience (mentioned) in me.’ He will then continue to
    accuse him with proofs until it is said: ‘Do as you like (with him).’ So it will take
    him by the hand and not let go of him until it dresses him in a silk brocade,
    places upon him a king’s crown, and gives him a cup of wine to drink.” 58
    [113] Abul-Hasan Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Rizq AlBazaaz and Abul-Husayn ‘Alee bin Muhammad bin ‘Abdillaah Al-Mu’adal both
    informed us, saying: Abu ‘Alee Ismaa’eel bin Muhammad bin Ismaa’eel As-Safaar
    reported to us: Abu Yahyaa Zakariyaa bin Yahyaa bin Asad Al-Marwazee narrated to
    us that…
    The Judge, Abu Bakr Ahmad bin Al-Hasan bin Ahmad Al-Hirshee reported to us:
    Abul-‘Abbaas Muhammad bin Ya’qoob Al-Asam narrated to us: Zakariyaa bin
    Yahyaa Al-Marwazee narrated to us that… 59
    Ma’roof Al-Kurkhee said: Bakr bin Khunais said:
    “Verily, in the Hellfire there is a valley, which the Hellfire seeks refuge from seven
    times every day. And verily, in this valley there is a pit, which the valley and the
    Hellfire seek refuge from seven times every day. And verily, in this pit there is a
    snake, which the pit, the valley and the Hellfire seek refuge from seven times every
    day. It will begin first with the wicked bearers of the Qur’aan. So they will say: ‘O
    Lord! Will you start with (punishing) us before the idol worshippers? It will be said to
    them: ‘The one who knows is not like the one who doesn’t know.'”
    [114] ‘Abdur-Rahmaan bin Ahmad Al-Qazweenee informed us, saying: ‘Alee bin
    Ibraaheem bin Salamah Al-Qattaan informed us, saying: Abu Haatim Ar-Raazee
    narrated to us: Hadbah narrated to us: Salaam, i.e. Ibn Abee Mutee’, narrated to us,
    saying: I heard Ayoob As-Sakhtiyaanee say:
    “There is no evil more despicable than a sinful reciter (i.e. of the Qur’aan).”
    [115] And Abu Haatim said: Hadbah narrated to us: Hazm, i.e. Al-Qutay’ee, narrated
    to us, saying: I heard Maalik bin Deenaar say:
    “I am indeed more fearful of the sinful reciter of the Qur’aan than of the sinful person
    who openly displays his evil, since this person (i.e. the later) is the least deceiving of
    the two.”
    [116] Abul-Qaasim Bakraan bin at-Tayyib bin Al-Hasan As-Saqatee informed me in
    Jarjaraayaa:60 Muhammad Ahmad bin Ya’qoob Al-Mufeed narrated to us: Ahmad bin
    Al-Hasan bin ‘Abdil-Jabbaar and Ahmad bin ‘Alee bin Al-Mathnaa both narrated to
    us, saying: ‘Abdus-Samad bin Yazeed narrated to us, saying: I heard Al-Fudayl say:
    58 Its chain of narration is weak due to the ‘an ‘ana of Muhammad bin Ishaaq, the author of the Seerah
    (The Prophet’s Biography), for he was mudallis.
    59 Translator’s Note: The author is indicating here that there are two paths of narration that lead from
    Al-Marwazee to Ma’roof.
    60 Jarjaraayaa is a land from the districts of lower Nahrawaan between Waasit and Baghdad on the
    eastern side. [Zuhayr]
    39
    “Indeed, the Qur’aan was only revealed so that it could be acted upon, but the people
    have just taken its recitation as an action.” It was said: “How is it to be acted upon?”
    He said: “By permitting it’s lawful, prohibiting its unlawful, implementing its
    commandments, abstaining from its prohibitions, and refraining with regard to its
    miracles.”
    [117] Abul-Hasan Muhammad bin ‘Umar bin ‘Eesaa bin Yahyaa Al-Baladee informed
    me, saying: Muhammad bin Al-‘Abbaas bin Al-Fadl bin Yoonus Al-Khayyaat
    narrated to us in Mawsil: Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Abil-Mathnaa narrated to us:
    Qabeesah bin ‘Uqbah narrated to us from Sufyaan Ath-Thawree from Mansoor that
    Abu Ruzain said concerning Allah’s statement: “They recite it (the Qur’aan) the
    way it should be recited”:
    61
    “(Meaning): They follow it the way it should be followed, and they act upon it the
    way it should be acted upon.”
    [118] The Judge, Abu Muhammad Yoosuf bin Rabaah bin ‘Alee Al-Ba informed us:
    Abu ‘Abdillaah Muhammad bin Al-Muhsin bin Al-Husayn Al-Azdee narrated to us in
    Egypt, saying: Al-‘Abbaas bin Ahmad Al-Khawaateemee reported to us in Tarsoos:
    Al-‘Abbaas bin Al-Fadl Al-Ursoofee narrated to us: Ahmad bin ‘Abdil-‘Azeez narrated
    to us: Nasr bin ‘Eesaa narrated to us: Maalik bin Anas narrated to us from Naafi’ from
    Ibn ‘Umar that the Prophet H said concerning Allaah’s statement: “They recite it (the
    Qur’aan) the way it should be recited”:
    62
    “(Meaning): They follow it the way it should be followed.” 63
    61 Surah Al-Baqarah: 121
    62 Surah Al-Baqarah: 121
    63 Its chain of narration is weak, since Al-‘Abbaas bin Al-Fadl Al-Ursoofee was accused of fabricating
    hadeeth by Adh-Dhahabee. As for Al-Khawaateemee, the one who reported from him is unknown. The
    same goes for Ahmad bin ‘Abdil-‘Azeez and Nasr bin ‘Eesaa. In their biographical accounts of him,
    both Adh-Dhahabee and Al-‘Asqalaanee quoted this hadeeth and said: “Al-Khateeb said: ‘There are
    more than one unknown narrators in its chain of narration.'” Al-Khateeb stated this in the book arRuwaat ‘an Maalik, and As-Suyootee attributed this to him in ad-Durr-ul-Manthoor (1/111), saying:
    “There are unknown narrators in its chain.” Ibn Jareer and Al-Haakim also reported this hadeeth
    (2/266) in mawqoof form from Ibn ‘Abbaas – and this is what is correct.
    40
    The Disapproval of Acquiring Knowledge For Other than
    the Sake of Worship
    [119] Abu Sa’eed Muhammad bin Moosaa bin Al-Fadl bin Shaadhaan As-Sayrafee
    informed us in Naisapur: Abul-‘Abbaas Muhammad bin Ya’qoob Al-Asam narrated
    to us: A1-‘Abbaas bin Al-Waleed bin Mazeed Al-Bayrootee informed us, saying:
    My father informed me: Al-Awzaa’ee narrated to us, saying:
    “I have been informed that it used to be said: ‘Woe to those who acquire (religious)
    knowledge for other than the sake of worship and to those who permit the unlawful
    due to doubtful arguments.”
    [120] Al-Hasan bin ‘Alee Al-Jawharee informed us: Muhammad bin Al-‘Abbaas AlKharraaz narrated to us: Yahyaa bin Muhammad bin Saa’id narrated to us: Al-Husayn
    bin Al-Hasan Al-Marwazee narrated to us, saying: Ibn Al-Mubaarak informed us,
    saying: Bakaar bin ‘Abdillah informed us, saying: I heard Wahb bin Munabbih say:
    “Allaah, the Most High, said in His censure of the Rabbis (scholars) from amongst the
    Children of Israa’eel (i.e. Jews):
    ‘Will you learn for other than the sake of the Religion, and acquire knowledge for
    other than the sake of acting on it? Will you purchase the worldly life using deeds
    (meant) for the Hereafter? You wear the skins of sheep yet conceal (within
    yourselves) the souls of wolves. You quickly clean the filth that falls into your drinks
    yet you readily swallow the equivalent of mountains from the unlawful. You make the
    Religion burdensome upon the people like the weight of mountains, and you don’t
    assist them by even lifting up your pinky fingers. You prolong the prayer and whiten
    the garments. You illegally seize the wealth of the orphan and the widow. By My
    might, I swear that I will indeed strike you with a calamity in which the opinion of
    every opinionative person and the wisdom of every wise person (amongst you) will be
    led astray.'”
    [121] Al-Hasan bin Abee Bakr informed us, saying: ‘Uthmaan bin Ahmad Ad-Daqaaq
    informed us: Al-Hasan bin Salaam narrated to us: Abu Nu’aim narrated to us: AbulJaabiyah narrated to us: Al-Farraa’ narrated to us, saying: Ash-Sha’abee said:
    “Verily, we are not Fuqahaa (men of understanding). We merely listen to the Hadeeth
    and then narrate it (to others). Rather, the Fuqahaa are those who when they know
    something, act upon it.”
    [122] Al-Hasan bin Muhammad Al-Khallaal narrated to us: ‘Umar bin Ahmad, the
    Admonisher, narrated to us: ‘Abdullaah bin Muhammad bin Ziyaad narrated to us: Al-
    ‘Abbaas bin Al-Waleed bin Mazeed narrated to us, saying: My father narrated to us,
    saying: I heard Al-Awzaa’ee say:
    “When Allaah desires evil for a people, He opens the door of argumentation for them
    and prevents them from (doing good) deeds.”
    [123] Abu ‘Abdillaah Al-Husayn bin Ja’far As-Salmaasee informed us, saying: Ahmad
    bin Ibraheem bin Shaadhaan informed us: Ahmad bin Muhammad bin ‘Abdil-Kareem
    41
    Al-Wasaawasee narrated to us: ‘Abdullaah bin Khubaiq narrated to us, saying: I heard
    Ibraaheem Al-Bakaa say: I heard Ma’roof bin Fayrooz Al-Kurkhee say:
    “When Allaah intends good for a servant, He opens for him the door of actions and
    closes for him the door of argumentation. And when Allaah intends evil for a servant,
    He opens for him the door of argumentation and closes for him the door of actions.”
    [124] Abul-Qaasim ‘Ubaydullaah bin ‘Umar bin Ahmad, the Admonisher, informed
    us, saying: My father narrated to me, saying: ‘Alee bin Muhammad Al-Misree
    narrated to us: Muhammad bin Zayd narrated to us that Ibn Suwayd said: Abu Nu’aim
    Al-Fadl bin Dukain narrated to us saying: I entered into the presence of Zafar when he
    was at the point of death, so he raised his head up to me and said to me:
    “O Abu Nu’aim, I wished that what we were upon (from seeking hadeeth) was instead
    tasbeeh (glorification of Allaah).”
    42
    The Dislike of Seeking Hadeeth in order to Boast, Hold
    Gatherings or Gain Followers And Companions through
    Narration
    [125] The Judge, Abu Bakr Ahmad bin Al-Hasan bin Ahmad Al-Hayree informed us
    in Naisapur: Abu Muhammad Haajib bin Ahmad bin Yarham bin Sufyaan At-Toosee
    informed us: Muhammad bin Hammaad, who is Al-Abyurdee narrated to us, saying:
    Yazeed bin Haaroon narrated to us from Sulaymaan At-Tameemee from Siyaar from
    ‘Aa’idhullaah that he said:
    “The one who follows after the hadeeth in order to (just) narrate it (to others and not
    act on it) will not smell the fragrance of Paradise.”
    [126] Abul-Hasan ‘Alee bin Al-Qaasim bin Al-Hasan, the Witness, informed us in
    Basrah: ‘Alee bin Ishaaq Al-Maadiraa’ee narrated to us: Ahmad bin Muhammad AlKhaleelee narrated to us, saying: Sulaymaan bin Dawood narrated to me: Khaalid bin
    Al-Haarith Al-Hujaymee said: It was said to Ibn Shabramah: “Narrate hadeeth (to us),
    and you will be rewarded (for is).” So he began to say:
    “They expect that I will receive an immense reward, yet I wish that I would be saved
    by just enough to get by, which is neither against me nor for me.”
    [127] The Judge, Abul-‘Alaa Al-Waasitee informed us: Muhammad bin Ahmad bin
    Muhammad Al-Mu’eed informed us: Muhammad bin As-Simt narrated to us: AbunNasr Rajaa bin Sahl narrated to us: Abu Mas’har ‘Abdul-A’laa bin Mas’har narrated to
    us, saying:
    “(One day), the students of hadeeth set out early to go and see Al-Awzaa’ee, so he
    turned towards them and said:
    ‘How many dedicated (students of knowledge) there are,
    Seeking to gather it and desirous of obtaining it,
    Yet they do not gain benefit from it
    Nor do they give benefit out to others.'”
    [128] ‘Alee bin Al-Qaasim informed us: ‘Alee bin Ishaaq narrated to us, saying: It was
    read to Al-Mufdil bin Muhammad bin Ibraaheem in Makkah, while I was present:
    Abu Ya’qoob Ishaaq bin Ibraaheem At-Tabaree narrated to us, saying: I heard AlFudayl say:
    “If you had requested Deenaars from me it would have been easier on me than if you
    had requested ahaadeeth from me.” So I said to him: “If you would narrate to me, by
    way of ahaadeeth, points of benefit that I am not aware of, that would be more
    beloved to me than if you were to give me the equivalent of that in Deenaars.” He
    said: “You are truly afflicted. By Allah, if (only) you would act upon what you heard
    (from narrations), that would surely preoccupy you from what you have yet to hear.”
    Then he said: “I heard Sulaymaan bin Mihraan say: ‘If you had food in front of you,
    which you were eating, and every time you took a piece from it you threw it behind
    your back (instead of your mouth), when would your hunger be satisfied?'”
    43
    [129] ‘Alee bin Al-Qaasim informed us: ‘Alee bin Ishaaq Al-Maadiraa’ee narrated to
    us: Ja’far bin Muhammad As-Saa’igh narrated to us: ‘Ubaydullaah bin ‘Umar AlQawaadeeree said:
    “I saw the foster brother of Sufyaan bin ‘Uyainah come to Fudayl (i.e. for knowledge).
    So he (Fudayl) said to him: ‘Is there not sufficient evil in your home such that you had
    to come here?'” 64
    [130] ‘Alee narrated to us, saying: ‘Alee narrated to us: Ja’far As-Saa’igh narrated to
    us: Khaalid bin Khidaash narrated to us, saying:
    “Al-Fudayl said to me: ‘Will you go to Sufyaan?’ I said: ‘Yes.’ He said: ‘What a great
    man he is, if only he weren’t one of the People of Hadeeth.'”
    [131] Abu Taalib Muhammad bin Al-Fat’h Al-Harbee informed us, saying: ‘Umar bin
    Ahmad, the Admonisher, informed us, saying: Abu Habeeb Al-‘Abbaas bin Ahmad
    Al-Baratee narrated to us: Sawaar bin ‘Abdillaah narrated to us, saying: I heard
    Sufyaan bin ‘Uyainah say:
    “If I were to be asked why I sought (knowledge of) the hadeeth, I don’t know what I
    would say.”
    [132] Abu Muhammad bin ‘Abdillaah bin Yahyaa bin ‘Abdil-Jabbaar As-Sukree
    informed us, saying: Muhammad bin ‘Abdillaah bin Ibraaheem Ash-Shaafi’ee
    informed us: Ja’far bin Muhammad bin Al-Azhar narrated to us: Al-Ghilaabee
    narrated to us, saying: A man once asked Sufyaan bin ‘Uyainah about the chain of
    narration (isnaad) of a hadeeth, so he said:
    “What will you do with its chain of narration? As for you, then the wisdom in it (i.e.
    the hadeeth) has already been conveyed to you, and (now) the exhortation in it is what
    is binding on you.”
    [133] ‘Abdul-‘Azeez bin ‘Alee Al-Azjee informed me: ‘Umar bin Muhammad
    bin Ibraaheem Al-Bajlee narrated to us: Ahmad bin ‘Ubaydillaah bin
    ‘Ammaar Ath-Thaqafee narrated to us: Abu Zayd ‘Umar bin Shubah narrated to us,
    saying: Khalaad bin Yazeed Al-Arqat – and whenever Abu Zayd would mention
    Khalaad, he would describe him as being prestigious and noble, and he would say that
    he was from the firm mountains in terms of nobility – narrated to me, saying: I came
    to Sufyaan bin ‘Uyainah, so he said to me:
    “Indeed it is only ignorance that has brought you here, not your desire for seeking
    knowledge. If your neighbours would limit themselves to just your knowledge, it
    would be sufficient for them.”
    65 Then he gathered a pile of dirt and divided it in half
    with his finger, and said: “This is knowledge -You have acquired half of it, now you
    are seeking after the other half. So if it were to be said to you: Have you used what
    you have acquired? If you were truthful and responded: No, it would then be said to
    you: What then is your need for that which will increase you in burden upon burden?!
    Use what you have acquired first.”
    64 Translator’s Note: He means by this the Hadeeth of Ibn ‘Uyainah.
    65 Translator’s Note: This means that he had a vast amount of knowledge, since if all of his
    neighbours were to just take hold of the knowledge of this one man it would be enough for them.
    44
    [134] ‘Alee bin Abee ‘Alee Al-Mu’adal informed me, saying: Ahmad bin Yoosuf AlAzraq bin Ya’qoob bin Ishaaq Al-Bahlool At-Tanookhee narrated to us, saying: My
    father informed me: Abu Bakr Ahmad bin Mansoor Ar-Ramaadee narrated to us,
    saying: Na’eem, i.e. Ibn Hammaad, narrated to me, saying: I asked Sufyaan bin
    ‘Uyainah, or someone else asked him:
    “Who is the scholar?” He replied: “The one who gives every hadeeth its due right (i.e.
    from action).”
    [135] Abul-Qaasim Al-Hasan bin Al-Hasan bin ‘Alee bin Al-Mundhir, the Judge,
    informed us: Ismaa’eel bin Muhammad As-Safaar narrated to us: Muhammad bin
    Ishaaq Abu Bakr narrated to us, saying: ‘Ubaydullaah bin Moosaa reported to us,
    saying: Sufyaan Ath-Thawree said:
    “I wish that I hadn’t sought the Hadeeth and that my hand were cut off from here (i.e.
    from the wrist) – no rather from here [and he pointed to his lower shoulder. Then he
    pointed to his upper shoulder and said:] No rather from here.”
    [136] Abu Bakr Ahmad bin ‘Alee bin ‘Abdillaah At-Tabaree informed me, saying:
    Muhammad bin Bakraan Al-Bazaaz informed us, saying: Abu ‘Abdillaah bin Mukhlid
    Al-‘Attaar narrated to us, saying: Muhammad bin ‘Umar bin Al-Hakam narrated to us:
    Ishaaq bin Ibraaheem narrated to us:
    Hajaaj bin Muhammad narrated to us, saying: Sufyaan Ath-Thawree said:
    “The people are content with (just hearing) the hadeeth, while they have abandoned
    acting (on it).”
    [137] Muhammad bin ‘Abdillaah bin Abaan Al-Haythee reported to us: Ahmad bin
    Salmaan An-Najaad narrated to us: Muhammad bin ‘Abdoos narrated to us: Ahmad
    bin ‘Abdis-Samad narrated to us, saying: I heard Shu’ayb bin Harb say: I heard
    Sufyaan say:
    “First act upon what you know, then come to me and I will narrate hadeeth to you.”
    He also said: I heard Sufyaan say:
    “They dirty their clothes, then say: ‘Come, wash them (for us).'”
    [138] Abu Sa’eed Muhammad bin Moosaa As-Sayrafee informed us: Abul-‘Abbaas
    Muhammad bin Ya’qoob Al-Asam narrated to us: ‘AbduUaah bin Ahmad bin Hanbal
    narrated to us: ‘UbayduUaah bin ‘Umar Al-Qawaareeree narrated to us that Yahyaa
    bin Sa’eed said:
    “I do not fear anything for Sufyaan in the Hereafter except for his love for Hadeeth.”
    [139] Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Rizq informed us, saying: Ismaa’eel bin ‘Alee AlKhattee and Abu ‘Alee bin As-Sawaaf and Ahmad bin Ja’far bin Hamdaan all
    informed us, saying: ‘Abdullaah bin Ahmad bin Hanbal reported to us, saying: My
    father narrated to me: Abu Qatan narrated to me saying: I heard Ibn ‘Awf say:
    “I wish that I would come out from it with just enough – i.e. from knowledge.”
    45
    Abu Qatan said: Shu’bah said:
    “I am not established upon anything that I fear will cause me to enter the Hellfire
    other than this – i.e. the Hadeeth.”
    [140] Abu Ishaaq Ibraaheem bin ‘Umar bin Ahmad Al-Barmakee informl us, saying:
    Muhammad bin ‘Abdillaah bin Khalf bin Bakheet Ad-DaqaJ reported to us: ‘Umar bin
    Muhammad Al-Jawharee narrated to us: Al Bakr Al-Athram narrated to us, saying I
    heard Abu ‘Abdillaah Ahmad bin Hanbal mention the saying of Shu’bah:
    “I do not fear than anything will enter me into the Hellfire except for this -meaning
    the Hadeeth.”
    So he (Imaam Ahmad) said: “Know that he was truthful in his actions” – or something
    with this meaning.
    [141] Abu Nu’aim, the Haahdh, informed us, with permission (to narrate from him):
    Habeeb bin Al-Hasan and Ahmad bin Ibraaheem Al-‘Attar both informed us, saying:
    Sahl bin Abee Sahl narrated to us: Bishr bin Khaalid narrated to us: Shabaabah
    narrated to us, saying: I entered into the presence of Shu’bah on the day in which he
    died, and he was crying, So I said to him:
    “What is this mourning about, O Abu Bustaam? Be happy, for you have a high
    position in Islaam.” So he said: “Leave me alone. I wish that I were the heat-kindler
    for the steam bath areas and that I didn’t know the Hadeeth.”
    [142] Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Ahmad Al-‘Ateeqee informed me: Muhammad bin
    Al-‘Abbaas Al-Kharraaz narrated to us: Ja’far bin Muhammad As-Sanadlee narrated to
    us, saying: Muhammad bin Haaroon Abu Nasheet Al-Harbee said:
    “Bishr bin Al-Haarith once met me on the road, so he forbade me from Hadeeth and
    its people. And I came to Yahyaa bin Sa’eed Al-Qattaan, so it was conveyed to me
    that he said: ‘I love this young man and (at the same time) I hate him.’ So it was said
    to him: ‘Why do you love him and hate him?’ So he said: ‘I love him because of his
    madh-hab (i.e. beliefs), but I hate him because of his seeking after the Hadeeth.'”
    [143] Abul-‘Abbaas Al-Fadl bin ‘Abdir-Rahmaan bin Al-Fadl Al-Abharee informed
    us: Abu Bakr bin Al-Muqree narrated to us in Asbahaan: Ahmad bin Shu’ayb AlAntaakee narrated to us: Muhammad bin Ya’qoob Ad-Deenawaree narrated to us: Al-
    ‘Abbaas bin ‘Abdil-‘Adheem narrated to us, saying: Bishr bin Al-Haarith said:
    “If you want to benefit from the Hadeeth, do not amass many of them and do not sit in
    the gatherings of the people of Hadeeth.”
    [144] Abu Bakr Muhammad bin ‘Umar bin Al-Qaasim An-Nursee informed us,
    saying: Muhammad bin ‘Abdillaah bin Ibraaheem Ash-Shaafi’ee reported to us:
    Haytham bin Mujaahid narrated to us: Ishaaq bin Ad-Dayf narrated to us, saying:
    “Bishr bin Al-Haarith said to me: ‘You have come often to sit in gatherings with me,
    and (now) I have something I need from you. You are a possessor of Hadeeth and I
    am afraid that they will corrupt my heart. So I would like it if you did not come back
    to me.’ So I didn’t go back to him again (after that).”
    46
    [145] Ibraaheem bin ‘Umar Al-Barmakee informed us, saying: Abul-Fadl
    ‘Ubaydullaah bin ‘Abdir-Rahmaan Az-Zuhree reported to us, saying: Hamzah bin AlHusayn bin ‘Umar narrated to me, saying: I heard Ibraaheem bin Haanee AnNaisapuree say: I heard Bishr bin Al-Haarith say:
    “What is there for me and for the Hadeeth? What is there for me and for the Hadeeth?
    Verily, it is only a fitnah (trial), except for those who intend (the sake of) Allaah by
    it.”
    He also said: And Bishr said:
    “They say: Indeed I forbid that Hadeeth be sought… (But) I say that there is nothing
    more virtuous than it, for he who acts on it. But when one fails to act on it,
    abandoning it is what is more virtuous.”
    [146] Al-‘Ateeqee informed us: Muhammad bin Al-‘Abbaas narrated to us: Ja’far bin
    Muhammad As-Sanadlee narrated to us, saying: Muhammad bin Yoosuf Al-Jawharee
    reported to us, saying:
    “I once said to Bishr bin Al-Haarith: ‘Shall I convey the greeting of Salaam to AbulWaleed At-Tayaalisee from you?’ This was since I wanted to set out for Basrah. So he
    said to me: ‘Indeed, Abul-Waleed will die and you too will die. Do you want for it to
    be said: ‘He heard?’ Rather, you have already heard (Hadeeth). Look at what you have
    heard, for indeed, if you do not act upon it, it will be a curse for you on the Day of
    Judgement.'”
    [147] Abu Taahir Muhammad bin Al-Hasan bin Zayd bin Al-Hasan Al-‘Alawee
    informed us in Rayy: Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Sahl Al-Bazaaz narrated to us:
    Muhammad bin Ayoob narrated to us, saying: One day, Abul-Waleed said:
    “What do they want from these ahaadeeth except to amass them? For the one who
    truly fears Allaah, only a litde of it suffices him” – or something with
    this meaning. Then he said: “It may be that one of them gathers the hadeeth with its
    chain of narration and so on and so forth, just so that he can turn
    the people’s faces towards him” or something to that effect.
    [148] Abul-Mudhfar Hanaad bin Ibraaheem An-Nasafee informed us, saying:
    Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Sulaymaan, the Haafidh in Bukhaaraa,
    informed us, saying: I heard Abu Saalih Khalf bin Muhammad say: I heard Abu Bakr
    bin ‘Abdillaah bin Ja’far, i.e. the tradesman, say: I heard Ahmad bin Hanbal say when
    he was asked about a man that writes ahaadeeth and records many of them:
    “He is required to produce many deeds due to them, in accordance with how much he
    has accumulated of them (i.e. the ahaadeeth).”
    Then he said: “The outcomes of knowledge are the same as the outcomes of wealth.
    When wealth increases, the Zakaat that is due for it also increases.” 66
    66 Translator’s Note: And when knowledge increases, the actions required from it also increase.
    47
    [149] Muhammad bin Al-Husayn bin Al-Fadl Al-Qattaan informed us, saying: DiTaj
    bin Ahmad reported to us, saying: Ahmad bin ‘Alee Al-Abaar reported to us: Abu
    ‘Ammaar Al-Husayn bin Huraith narrated to us: Wakee’ bin Al-Jarraah narrated to us
    that Ibraaheem bin Ismaa’eel bin Majma’ said:
    “We would seek assistance in memorizing hadeeth by acting upon them.”
    48
    Those who Disliked Learning Grammar (Nahu) Due to what
    that Breeds from Arrogance and Pride
    [150] Abu Nu’aim, the Haafidh, informed us: Abu Bakr Muhammad bin ‘Abdillaah
    Al-Fat’h Al-Hanbalee narrated to us: ‘Abdullaah bin Abee Dawood narrated to us:
    Katheer bin ‘Ubayd narrated to us: Al-Waleed bin Muslim narrated to us from AdDahaak bin Abee Haushab who said: I heard Al-Qaasim bin Mukhaimirah say:
    “Learning Grammar starts out as a distraction and ends up a transgression.”
    [151] ‘Abdullaah bin ‘Umar bin Ahmad, the Admonisher, informed us, saying: My
    father narrated to us: Muhammad bin Al-‘Abbaas bin Shajaa’ narrated to us: Ayoob
    bin Sulaymaan narrated to us: ‘Abdul-Hameed bin Ibraaheem, Abu Taqee, narrated to
    us: Salamah bin Kulthoom narrated to us, saying: I heard Ibraaheem bin Adham
    report from Maalik bin Deenaar that he said:
    “A man would be encountered and he would not make (grammatical) mistakes with
    even one letter, yet his actions would all be full of mistakes.”
    [152] Abul-Qaasim Al-Azharee narrated to me: Muhammad bin Al-‘Abbaas AlKharraaz narrated to us: Ibn Abee Dawood narrated to us: ‘Abdullaah bin Khubaiq
    narrated to us, saying: I heard a shaikh from the people of Damascus say: Ibraaheem
    bin Adham said:
    “We would apply our words perfectly, thus not making any errors (in speech).
    However we would make severe errors in our actions, thus not applying them
    perfectly.”
    [153] Abul-Hasan ‘Alee bin Ayoob Al-Qummee informed me, saying: Abu
    ‘Ubaydillaah Muhammad bin ‘Imraan Al-Marzabaanee informed us: As-Soolee
    informed us, saying: Some of the ascetics (zuhhaad) informed us, saying:
    “We have not been given ignorance, however
    We cover the face of knowledge with ignorance
    We hate to make (grammatical) errors in our speech
    Yet we do not care about making errors in our actions.”
    [154] ‘Abdullaah bin ‘Umar, the Admonisher, informed us, saying: My father narrated
    to me: ‘Abdullaah bin Muhammad narrated to us: Nasr bin ‘Alee Al-Jahdamee
    narrated to us, saying: Muhammad bin Khalid narrated to us: ‘Alee bin Naasir, i.e. his
    father, narrated to me, saying:
    “I saw Al-Khaleel bin Ahmad during my sleep, so I said in my dream: ‘I don’t hold
    anyone to be more intelligent than Al-Khaleel.’ Then I said (to him): ‘What did Allaah
    do to you?’ He said: ‘Did you consider what we were upon (from language and
    grammar)? Indeed, there is nothing better than (saying): SubhaanAllaah, AlHamdulillaah, Laa Ilaaha IllaaAllaah, and Allaahu Akbar.'”
    [155] Abu Bakr Ahmad bin Al-Mubaarak bin Ahmad Al-Buraathee informed us:
    ‘Alee bin Muhammad bin Moosaa At-Timaar narrated to us in Basrah, saying: Abu
    49
    ‘Eesaa Jubair bin Muhammad narrated to us: Ahmad bin ‘Abdillaah At-Tirmidhee
    narrated to us, saying: I heard Nasr bin ‘Alee say: I heard my father say:
    “I saw Al-Khaleel bin Ahmad in a dream, so I said to him: ‘What did your Lord do to
    you?’ He said: ‘He forgave me.’ I said: ‘What were you saved by?’ He said: ‘By Laa
    Hawla wa Laa Quwata Illaa Billaahil-‘Alee-il-‘Adheem.’67 I said: ‘Did you find your
    knowledge to be of any help?’ [I meant by this the knowledge of prose, literature and
    poetry] He said: ‘I found it to be like scattered particles of dust.'”
    [156] Al-Hasan Muhammad bin Al-Mudhfar bin ‘Abdillaah As-Siraaj recited to us,
    saying: Abu Bakr Ahmad bin Salmaan bin Al-Hasan An-Najaad, the Faqeeh, recited
    to us, saying: Hilaal bin Al-‘Alaa Al-Baahilee recited to us the following poetic verses
    from himself:
    “A tongue that would speak without grammatical mistakes will soon pass away
    It is hoped that this tongue will be saved on the Day of Judgement
    Speaking with grammar is of no benefit if there is no Taqwaa (fear of Allaah)
    And a person with Taawaa is not harmed by having a non-Arab tongue.”
    [157] Abul-Qaasim ‘Abdul-‘Azeez bin ‘Alee bin Ahmad Al-Khayyaat Al-Azjee
    narrated to us: Abu Bakr Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Muhammad, the beneficial one
    in Jarjaraayaa, narrated to us: Muhammad bin Mukhlid narrated to us: Muhammad
    bin Al-Mathnaa As-Simsaar narrated to us, saying:
    We were with Bishr bin Al-Haarith when Al-‘Abbaas bin ‘Abdil-‘Adheem Al-‘Anbaree
    was with him, and he was from among the noble Muslims, so he said to him: ‘O Abu
    Nasr (i.e. Bishr), you are a man who has recited the Qur’aan and written down the
    Hadeeth. So why don’t you learn from the Arabic language that which will enable you
    to speak it without making any grammatical errors?’ So he said: ‘And who will teach
    me, Abul-Fadl (i.e. Al-‘Abbaas)?’ He said: ‘I will, Abu Nasr.’ He said: ‘Then do it.’ He
    said: ‘Say: Daraba Zaydun ‘Amra (i.e. Zayd hit ‘Amr).’ So Bishr said to him: ‘My
    brother, why did he hit him?’ He said: ‘O Abu Nasr, he didn’t really hit him. It’s just an
    example that was created (for learning Arabic).’ So Bishr said: ‘This starts out with a
    lie. I have no need for this.'”
    [158] Abu Nasr Ahmad bin ‘Alee bin ‘Abdoos Al-Ahwaazee informed us, saying: I
    heard Muhammad bin Ibraaheem Al-Asbahaanee say: I heard ‘Abdullaah bin AlHusayn bin Sa’eed Al-Malatee say: I heard Abu Haaroon Muhammad bin Haaroon
    say: I heard Ibn Abee Uwais say:
    “A man from amongst the nobles once attended a gathering wearing a silk garment
    where (Imaam) Maalik was saying some words while committing grammatical errors.
    So the nobleman said: ‘Didn’t the two parents of this man have two dirhams, which
    they could spend on him to teach him some grammar?’ Upon hearing the statement of
    this nobleman, Maalik said: ‘That you know what is permissible for you to wear from
    that which is not permissible is better for you than (knowing the difference between):
    ‘Daraba ‘Abdullaahi Zaydan’ and ‘Darbi Zaydin ‘Abdallaah.'”68
    67 Translator’s Note: This can be translated as: “There is no might or power except by the leave of
    Allaah, Most High, Most Great.”
    68 Translator’s Note: The first sentence is grammatically correct while the second sentence is not.
    50
    Abiding by the Guarantee of what will Occur in the
    Hereafter
    [159] Abu Na’eem Ahmad bin ‘Abdillaah, the Haafidh, narrated to us while dictating:
    Muhammad bin Ibraaheem bin Al-Muqree narrated to us, saying: Abu Ya’laa, i.e.
    Ahmad bin ‘Alee bin Al-Mathnaa Al-Mawsilee, narrated to us: ‘Abdullaah bin ‘Awf
    narrated to us: ‘Uthmaan bin Matr Ash-Shaybaanee narrated to us from Thaabit AlBunaanee that Mutarraf bin ‘Abdillaah bin Ash-Shakheer used to say:
    “O my brothers! Strive hard to perform (good) deeds, for if the matter is as we hope
    for from Allaah’s Mercy and Forgiveness, we will have levels in Paradise. And if the
    matter will be severe as we fear and are wary of, we will not say: ‘Our Lord, take us
    out (from Hell). We will do righteous deeds contrary to that (evil) which we used to
    do.’69 (Rather), we will say: ‘We had acquired knowledge but it did not benefit us.'”
    [160] Abul-Husayn ‘Alee bin Muhammad bin ‘Abdillaah Al-Mu’adal informed us:
    Abu ‘Alee Al-Husayn bin Safwaan Al-Bardha’ee narrated to us: ‘Abdullaah bin
    Muhammad bin Abee Ad-Dunyaa narrated to us, saying: Muhammad bin ‘AbdilMajeed narrated to me, saying: I heard Sufyaan say:
    “A man once said to Muhammad bin Al-Munkadir and to another man from Quraysh:
    ‘Take heed, take heed!’ and ‘Beware, beware! For if the matter is as you hope it is,
    everything you put forth (of good deeds) will be a virtue. But if the matter is not that
    way (in the Hereafter), then do not blame yourselves.'”
    [161] Abu ‘Abdillaah Al-Husayn bin ‘Umar bin Burhaan Al-Ghazaal informed us:
    ‘Abdul-Baaqee bin Qaani’ bin Marzooq, the Judge, narrated to us, while dictating:
    Bishr bin Moosaa narrated to us: ‘Abdullaah bin Saalih narrated to us: Yahyaa bin
    Hameed bin ‘Abdil-Malik bin Abee Ghunyah narrated to us, saying: Muhammad bin
    An-Nasr Al-Haarithee said to a brother of his:
    “To proceed: You are indeed in a preliminary abode, and before you are two homes
    out of which you will definitely reside in one of them. You have not been guaranteed
    security, such that you can feel safe, nor have you been granted acquittal, such that
    you can take it easy and be at peace.”
    69 Translator’s Note: This is the wording found in Surah Faatir: 37.
    51
    Good Deeds are the Provisions and Useful Supplies on the
    Day of Final Return
    [162] ‘Alee bin Muhammad bin ‘Abdillaah Al-Mu’adal informed us, saying: AlHusayn bin Safwaan Al-Bardha’ee narrated to us: ‘Abdullaah bin Muhammad bin
    Abee Ad-Dunyaa narrated to us, saying: Muhammad bin Al-Husayn narrated to me:
    Dawood bin Al-Muhbir narrated to us from Saalih Al-Murree from Al-Hasan (AlBasree) that he said:
    “The believer will rely on what he has put forth from deeds while in his grave. If it is
    good, then good (will be for him), and if it is bad, then bad (will be for him). So seize
    the opportunity to hasten (to do good deeds), may Allaah have mercy on you, during
    times of respite (i.e. free time).”
    [163] Abu Bakr Muhammad bin ‘Umar bin Ja’far Al-Khiraqee informed us, saying:
    Abu Bakr Ahmad bin Ja’far bin Muhammad bin Salam Al-Khatlee narrated to us:
    Ahmad bin ‘Alee Al-Abbaar narrated to us: Yahyaa bin Ayoob narrated to us:
    ‘Ammaar bin Muhammad Abul-Qattaan narrated to us from Mansoor that Mujaahid
    said concerning Allaah’s statement: “And do not forget your portion of this
    worldly life”:
    70
    “Your (current) life is for the purpose of performing deeds in it for your next life (i.e.
    in the Hereafter).”
    [164] Abul-Qaasim ‘Abdur-Rahmaan bin Ahmad bin Ibraaheem Al-Qazweenee
    informed us, saying: ‘Alee bin Ibraaheem bin Salamah Al-Qattaan informed us: Abu
    Haatim Ar-Raazee narrated to us, saying: Suwayd, who is Ibn Sa’eed, narrated to me:
    Abu ‘Awn Al-Hakam bin Sinaan narrated to us from Maalik bin Deenaar that he said:
    “It is written in the Torah: ‘As you treat others, so will you be treated. And as you
    plant seeds (i.e. actions), so will you reap its consequences.”
    [165] Abul-Husayn Ahmad bin ‘Alee bin Al-Husayn At-Tawzee informed us, saying:
    Abu Muhammad ‘Ubaydullaah bin Muhammad Al-Jaraadee the Scribe, informed us,
    saying: Ibn Duraid recited the verses, saying: ‘Abdur-Rahmaan, i.e. the son of my
    brother Al-Asma’ee, recited to us from his paternal uncle, saying: A man from the
    inhabitants of Basrah recited the following poetic verses to me:
    “There is nothing for you on the Day of Resurrection except for that which you have
    prepared as a provision before death for the Day of Gathering
    If you don’t plant the seeds and anticipate the approach of the harvest season
    You’ll regret having been negligent when the time was right (for planting).”
    [166] Muhammad bin Al-Husayn bin Al-Fadl Al-Qattaan informed us, saying:
    ‘Abdullaah bin Ja’far bin Darsawaih informed us: Ya’qoob bin Sufyaan narrated to us,
    70 Surah Al-Qasas: 77
    52
    saying: Shihaab bin ‘Abaad claimed that it was conveyed to him that Sufyaan would
    recite the following poetic verses from Al-A’shaa: 71
    “If you don’t set out on your journey with the provision of dutifulness to Allah and you
    encounter after death, he who came well-prepared with provisions
    You will regret not having been like him
    And not having prepared (yourself) with that which he prepared himself.”
    [167] Ibraaheem bin ‘Umar Al-Barmakee informed us: Muhammad bin ‘Abdillaah bin
    Khalf Ad-Daqaaq informed us: Muhammad bin Saalih bin Dhuraih Al-‘Ukbaree
    narrated to us: Hanaad bin as-Surree narrated to us: Wakee’ narrated to us from
    Sufyaan from a man on the authority of Al-Hasan (Al-Basree), that he would recite
    this poetic verse during the morning and night:
    “The young man is happy with what he has put forth from dutifulness to Allaah
    When he becomes aware of the sickness that he is fighting against.”
    [168] Abu ‘Abdillaah Muhammad bin ‘Abdil-Waahid bin Muhammad bin Ja’far
    informed us: Muhammad bin Al-‘Abbaas informed us: Ahmad bin Sa’eed As-Soosee
    narrated to us: ‘Abbaas bin Muhammad narrated to us, saying: Yahyaa bin Ma’een
    would recite this verse:
    “If you are lacking provisions, you will not find any provision quite like that of
    righteous actions.”
    Yahyaa said: “This is from Al-Akhtal.” 72
    71 Translator’s Note: Al-A’shaa was a famous Arab poet.
    72 Translator’s Note: Al-Akhtal was a famous Christian Arabian poet from the Umayyad Period. He
    was born in 640CE and died in 710CE.
    53
    Taking Advantage of Youth, Health and Free Time
    And Hastening to do Good Deeds before the Occurrence
    of that which will cause these Things to Cease
    [169] Abu Taalib Makkee bin ‘Alee bin ‘Abdir-Razzaaq Al-Hareeree informed us,
    saying: Abu Ishaaq Ibraaheem bin Muhammad bin Yahyaa Al-Muzakkee narrated to us,
    saying: Muhammad bin Ishaaq bin Ibraaheem Ath-Thaqafee informed us: Muhammad
    bin Bakaar narrated to us: Ismaa’eel bin Ja’far, Ibn Al-Mubaarak, Ad-Daraawirdee and
    ‘Abdullaah Ja’far all narrated to us from ‘Abdullaah bin Sa’eed bin Abee Hind from his
    father from Ibn ‘Abbaas that he said: The Messenger of Allaah said:
    “Free time and good health are two blessings (from Allaah) that many people
    take for granted.” 73
    [170] Abul-Hasan ‘Alee bin Ahmad bin Umar Al-Muqree informed us: Muhammad bin 'Abdillaah bin Ibraaheem Ash-Shaafi'ee narrated to us, saying: Mu'aadh bin Mathnaa narrated to us: Musaddad narrated to us: 'Abdullaah bin Dawood narrated to us from Ja'far bin Barqaan from Ziyaad bin Al-Jarraah from 'Amr bin Maymoon that the Messenger of Allaah said to a man, while admonishing him: "Take advantage of five before five: Your youth before you become old; your health before you become sick; your wealth before you become poor; your free time before you become busy; and your life before you die." 74 [171] Abu Muhammad Al-Hasan bin 'Alee bin Ahmad bin Bashaar AsSaabawaree informed us in Basrah: Abu Bala Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Mahmawaih Al- 'Askaree narrated to us: Ja'far bin Muhammad AlQalaanisee narrated to us, saying: Aadam bin Abee Iyaas narrated to us: Shu'bah narrated to us: Sa'eed Al-Jareeree narrated to us: Ghaneem bin Qays said: "We would take admonition in the beginning of Islaam from the following: 'O son of Aadam! Perform deeds in your free time for the time when you will be preoccupied; in your youth for the time when you will become elderly; in your health for the time when you will be sick; in your worldly life for the time when you will be in the Hereafter; and in your life for the time when you will be dead." 75 73 Its chain of narration is authentic. Al-Bukhaaree reported it in his Saheeh from another path from Abdullaah bin Sa’eed bin Abee Handabah
    74 Authentic Hadeeth: This chain of narration is sound (hasan) in mursal form. However, Ibn Abee
    Ad-Dunyaa reported it in Qasr-ul-Amal (2-1-2) as did Al-Haakim (4/306) in mawsool form from
    another path of narration on the authority of Ibn Abbaas who raised it to a saying of the Prophet t. Both Al-Haakim and Adh-Dhahabee deemed it authentic according to the standards of the two Shaikhs (Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim), and it is as they both said. 75 Ghaneem bin Qays was a Taabi'ee who would go by the kunyah, Abul-Anbar AlMaazinee AlBasree. He would narrate from Abu Moosaa Al-Ash’aree, from Sa’ad bin Abee Waqqaas and from his
    father who was described as one of the Companions of the Prophet. A group of reliable narrators have
    reported from him. Ibn Hibbaan mentioned him in his book ath-Thiqaat (1/183), saying: “He died in
    90H. Sa’eed Al-Jareeree did not hear this from him. There was a man between them.” Abu Nu’aim also
    reported this hadeeth in al-Hilyah (6/200) from two paths of narration connected to Al-Jareeree from
    Abus-Sulail, who said: “Ghaneem said to me…” and then he mentioned it without the words “O son of
    Aadam.”
    54
    [172] I narrated from Muhammad bin ‘Abdillaah bin Akhee Maymaa that he said:
    Ja’far bin Muhammad bin Naseer informed us: Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Masrooq
    At-Toosee narrated to us, saying: I recited to Mahmood bin Al-Hasan the following
    verses from his sayings:
    “Take advantage of your youth before you become old
    and from your body’s health before you become sick
    and the days you are alive before death
    The time of the one who lives is not secure
    So take advantage of your free time
    At nights you may be busy with some affairs
    And put forth (good deeds), for every person puts forth
    Over some of what he has already put forth (from deeds).”
    [173] Ibraaheem bin ‘Umar Al-Barmakee informed us: Muhammad bin ‘Abdillaah bin
    Khalf narrated to us, saying Ibn Dhuraih narrated to us: Hanaad bin as-Surree narrated
    to us: Wakee’ narrated to us from AlA’mash that he said: I heard them mentioning
    from Shuraih that he once saw some of his neighbors wandering about aimlessly, so
    he said to them:
    “What is the matter with you?” They replied: “We have free time today.” So he said:
    “Is this what the one with free time was ordered to do?”
    [174] Abul-Hasan Ahmad bin Al-Husayn bin ‘Abdillaah At-Tameemee informed us,
    saying: Muhammad bin ‘Abdir-Rahmaan Adh-Dhahabee informed us: Muhammad
    bin Haaroon Al-Hadramee narrated to us: Abu Bakr Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Anas
    narrated to us: ‘Abdul-Wahhaab bin Naafi’ narrated to us: Al-Fadl bin Ibraaheem
    narrated to us from Mu’aawiyah bin Qurrah that Anas bin Maalik said: The Messenger
    of Allaah said:
    “The person with the worst reckoning on the Day of Judgement is the one with
    sufficient means, the one with free time.” 76
    [175] Abul-Qaasim ‘Abdur-Rahmaan bin ‘Ubaydillaah Al-Harbee informed us: Abu
    Bakr Ahmad bin Salmaan An-Najaad narrated to us: Ja’far As-Saa’igh narrated to us:
    ‘Affaan narrated to us: ‘Awn bin Mu’amar narrated to us from Al-Jild bin Ayoob that
    Mu’aawiyah bin Qurrah said:
    “The person who will receive the most reckoning on the Day of Judgement is the
    healthy one, the one with lots of free time.”
    [176] Al-Hasan bin Abee Bakr informed us: ‘Uthmaan bin Ahmad AdDaqaaq
    informed us: Heedhaam bin Qutaybah Al-Marwazee narrated to us: Muhammad bin
    Kulaib narrated to us: Ismaa’eel bin ‘Ayaash narrated to us: Mut’im bin Al-Miqdaam
    76 Its chain of narration is very weak. Its defect lies in ‘Abdul-Wahhaab bin Naafi’, who is Al-`Aamiree
    Al-Matoo’ee. Ad-Daaraqutnee said: “He is very weak.” I wasn’t able to find a biography for Al-Fadl bin
    Ibraaheem. Al-Jild bin Ayoob would use it as a supplemental narration from Mu’aawiyah bin Qurrah as
    occurs in the following narration (i.e. no. 175). However, he made it a statement of Mu’aawiyah, and
    this is what is closer to the truth, even if the Jild mentioned in this narration is rejected, as stated by AdDaaraqutnee.
    55
    As-San’aanee and others narrated to us from Muhammad bin Waasi Al-Azdee that he
    said: Abud-Dardaa wrote to Salmaan:
    “From Abud-Dardaa to Salmaan: O my brother, take advantage of your health and
    your free time before some affliction befalls you which none of the people will be
    able to remove from you.”
    [177] Al-Husayn bin ‘Umar bin Burhaan Al-Ghazaal informed us: AbulHusayn
    ‘Abdul-Baaqee bin Qaani bin Marzooq, the Judge, narrated to us, through dictation:
    Bishr bin Moosaa narrated to us: ‘Abdullaah bin Saalih narrated to us, saying: Yahyaa
    bin Hameed narrated to us, saying: AlAwzaa’ee wrote to one of his brothers:
    “To proceed: You are surrounded from all sides (by the Devil) and he is constantly
    whispering to you every day. So be fearful of Allaah and of standing in front of Him.”
    [178] Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Rizq informed us, saying: Ja’far bin Muhammad bin
    Nusayr Al-Khaldee reported to us: Muhammad bin ‘Abdillaah Al-Hadramee narrated
    to us: ‘Abdullaah bin Khubaiq narrated to us: Ishaaq bin ‘Abdil-‘Azeez narrated to us
    that ‘Ataa bin Muslim said: I was with Sufyaan Ath-Thawree in Al-Masjid AlHaraam, when he said:
    “O ‘Ataa, we are sitting while the day is busy doing its affairs.” I said: “I am in a good
    state, if Allaah wills.” He said: “Yes, but it is about hastening to take advantage (of
    one’s time).” Then he told me: “0 ‘Ataa, verily when the believer is in his final place
    of standing, he will see with his eyes what Allaah has prepared for him in Paradise,
    but yet (in spite of this), he will wish that he was never created due to the state of
    fright he will be in.”
    [179] Abu ‘Abdillaah Al-Husayn bin Al-Hasan bin Muhammad bin AlQaasim AlMakhzoomee informed us, saying: Muhammad bin ‘Amr ArRazaaz reported to us:
    Hanbal bin Ishaaq, the cousin of Ahmad bin Hanbal, narrated to us: Abul-Waleed
    Khalf bin Al-Waleed narrated to us, saying: The cousin of Abu Bakr An-Nahshalee
    narrated to me, saying: Ibn AsSamaak entered into the presence of Abu Bakr AnNahshalee while he was in the marketplace praying with head motions, so he (Ibn AsSamaak) said: ‘ SubhanAllaah over such a state of being!’ So he (i.e. Abu Bakr) said:
    “O Ibn As-Samaak, I am taking advantage of (my time before) the closing of my book
    (of deeds).” 77
    [180] Abul-Qaasim ‘Ubaydullaah bin Muhammad bin ‘Ubaydillaah AnNajaar
    informed us, saying: Muhammad bin ‘Ubaydillaah bin Al-Fadl AI-Kayaal narrated to
    us: Muhammad bin Al-Haytham Al-Muqree narrated to us, saying: Abu Sa’eed AlJasaas said: Ibn ‘Abdil-Mu’min narrated to us in Egypt: ‘Abdaan bin ‘Uthmaan
    narrated to us, saying: I heard Ibn Al-Mubaarak say:
    “Take advantage of performing two prayer units (rak’ah) to draw closer to Allaah
    when you are in a relaxed state and not preoccupied. And when you feel like uttering
    words of falsehood, replace that instead with tasbeeh (i.e. saying SubhaanAllaah).”
    77 Translator’s Note: What is meant by the closing of his book of deeds was the near approach to his
    death, and Allaah knows best.
    56
    [181] Abu Sa’eed Mas’ood bin Naasir As-Sijzee recited to me, saying: Abu Ahmad
    Mansoor bin Muhammad bin ‘Abdillaah Al-Azdee recited the following poem from
    himself to us in Herat:
    “Do not look down upon a helping hour
    In which you can extend your hand towards obedience
    For the living person is subject to death and hopes are a deception
    And the matter is always (changing) from one hour to another hour.”
    [182] Abul-Husayn ‘Alee bin Muhammad bin ‘Abdillaah Al-Mu’adal informed us,
    saying: Al-Husayn bin Safwaan reported to us: ‘Abdullah bin Muhammad bin Abee
    Ad-Dunyaa narrated to us, saying: Abu ‘Abdillaah Ahmad bin Ayoob recited to me:
    “Take advantage of your free time by exceeding in prayer
    For perhaps your death will befall you all of a sudden
    How many a healthy person have you seen not having any illness
    Yet his healthy soul has departed (in death) unexpectedly.”
    [183] Abul-Waleed Sulaymaan bin Khalf bin Sa’ad Al-Andalusee recited to me the
    following poetic verses from himself:
    “If I knew with certain knowledge
    That my whole life was like an hour
    Then why wouldn’t I be stingy with it
    And devote all of it to righteousness and obedience.”
    [184] ‘Alee bin Ahmad Ar-Razaaz narrated to us, saying: I heard Ja’far (bin Nusayr)
    Al-Khaldee say: I heard Al-Junayd say: I heard As-Sarree As-Saqatee say:
    “Every day that has passed by, you will not find anymore
    So if you are upon one (now, i.e. another day), then treat it greatly.”
    [185] I read in a copy of a book that was mentioned to us by Abu Sa’eed Muhammad
    bin Moosaa As-Sayrafee that he heard from Abul-‘Abbaas Muhammad bin Ya’qoob
    Al-Asam, and he mentioned it: Then Al-‘Ateeqee informed me, saying: ‘Uthmaan bin
    Muhammad Al-Makhramee reported to us, saying: Al-Asam informed that Al-
    ‘Abbaas bin Muhammad AdDawree narrated to them: ‘Alee bin Al-Husayn bin
    Shaqeeq narrated to us, saying: ‘Abdullaah bin Al-Mubaarak reported to us that Sa’eed
    bin Saalim said:
    “Rawh bin Zinbaa’ came upon a home between Makkah and Madeenah on a summer
    day and brought his food home with him. At that point a shepherd was descending
    from a hill, so he said to him: ‘O shepherd, come here to eat.’ The man replied: ‘I’m
    fasting.’ Rawh said: ‘Are you fasting in this intense heat?’ So the shepherd said:
    ‘Should I then let (all) my days go in vain?’ So Rawh recited the the following poetic
    verses:
    ‘You have been stingy with your days, O shepherd
    Whereas Rawh bin Zinbaa’ is generous with his.'”
    [186] Al-Hasan bin Abee Bakr informed us, saying: Abu Ja’far ‘Abdullaah bin
    Ismaa’eel bin Ibraaheem Al-Haashimee reported to us: ‘Abdullaah bin Muhammad bin
    57
    ‘Ubayd Al-Qurshee narrated to us, saying: One of the people of knowledge narrated to
    me, saying:
    “A group of people invited a man to come eat with them on a scorching hot day with
    intense heat, but he said: ‘I’m fasting.’ So they said: ‘(You are fasting) on a day like
    this?!’ He said: ‘Should I then take all of my days for granted?'”
    [187] ‘Alee bin Muhammad bin Al-Mu’adal informed us, saying: Al-Husayn bin
    Safwaan informed us: Abu Bakr bin Abee Ad-Dunyaa narrated to us, saying: One of
    the scholars narrated to me, saying:
    “Some people once invited a man to eat food with them, so he said to them: ‘I’m
    fasting.’ They said: ‘Break it and fast tomorrow.’ So he replied: ‘And who can
    guarantee me tomorrow?'”
    [188] Abul-Fat’h Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Abil-Fawaaris, the Haafidh, informed
    us: ‘Alee bin ‘Abdillaah bin Al-Mugheerah narrated to us: Ahmad bin Sa’eed AdDimashqee narrated to us, saying: ‘Abdullaah bin Al-Mu’taz said:
    “Seize the available opportunity, and do not anticipate tomorrow. For who can
    guarantee that tomorrow will occur?”
    [189] Abul-Qaasim Al-Azharee informed us, saying: Sahl bin Ahmad AdDeebaajee
    informed us: Muhammad bin Muhammad bin Al-Ash’ath AlKoofee narrated to us in
    Egypt: Moosaa bin Ismaa’eel bin Moosaa bin Ja’far bin Muhammad narrated to us,
    saying: My father narrated to me from his father from his grandfather, Ja’far bin
    Muhammad, from his father from his grandfather, ‘Alee bin Al-Husayn from his
    father that ‘Alee used to say:
    “Give every day its due worth of (good) deeds, you will be rightly guided.”
    [190] Al-Hasan bin Abee Bakr informed us, saying: Muhammad bin Muhammad bin
    Ahmad bin Maalik Al-Iskaafee informed us: Abul-Ahwas Muhammad bin AlHaytham, the Judge, narrated to us: Muhammad bin Katheer narrated to us from
    Mukhlid bin Husayn that Hishaam said: Hafsah bint Sireen would say:
    “O gathering of youth! Perform (righteous) deeds, for indeed the time for performing
    actions is during the age of adolescence.”
    [191] ‘Alee bin Muhammad bin ‘Abdillaah Al-Muqree Al-Hidhaa informed us, saying:
    Muhammad bin ‘Abdillaah bin Muhammad bin Ismaa’eel Al-Bazaaz informed me:
    Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Haaroon, the scholar of Fiqh, narrated to us, saying:
    Ibraaheem bin ‘Abdillaah bin Al-Junayd narrated to us, saying: Muhammad bin AlHusayn narrated to me: ‘Ubaydullaah bin Muhammad bin Hafs Al-Qurshee narrated
    to us from his father, saying: One wise man once wrote to one of his brothers who
    was young:
    58
    “To proceed: Indeed, I see that the majority of those who die are the youth. And the
    proof for this is that the elders are few.” 78
    [192] Ibraaheem said: Ahmad bin ‘Abdillaah bin Yoonus narrated to us, saying: I
    heard Abu Bakr bin ‘Ayaash mention from Ajlah, saying: Ad-Dahaak bin Mazaahim
    said:
    “Perform (good) deeds before you are unable to perform deeds, for I would like to
    perform deeds today, but I am not able to.”
    [193] Abu ‘Abdillaah Al-Husayn bin Al-Hasan bin Ahmad bin Muhammad AlJawaaleeqee informed us: Ja’far Al-Khaldee narrated to us: Ahmad, i.e. Ibn
    Muhammad bin Masrooq, narrated to us: Muhammad bin Al-Husayn narrated to us:
    Muhammad bin Ashkaab As-Safaar narrated to us, saying: A man from his family, i.e.
    the family of Dawood At-Taa’ee, narrated to me, saying: “I said to him (i.e. to
    Dawood At-Taa’ee): ‘O Abu Sulaymaan! You are aware of the family ties between us
    and you, so advise us.’ So his eyes filled with tears. Then he said:
    ‘O my brother, verily, the night and the day are stages that the people pass through –
    stage by stage – until this takes them to the end of their journey. So if you are able to
    put forth a provision during every day’s stage, then do so, for indeed, the end of the
    journey is as near as it can get, and the affair (i.e. Day of Judgement) is quicker than
    that. So take provisions for your journey. And take yourself to account, for indeed (on
    that Day), you will not be able judge in your affair. So it is as if your affair has come
    upon you all of a sudden. And I don’t know anyone that is more heedless of this than
    me.’ Then he got up and left me.”
    [194] Al-Hasan bin Abee Bakr informed us, saying: ‘Uthmaan bin Ahmad Ad-Daqaaq
    reported to us: Ishaaq bin Ibraaheem bin Sunayn narrated to us: ‘Umar bin
    Muhammad bin Ahmad recited to me the following poetic verses:
    “You are immersed in reckless hopes
    You don’t know when your time (i.e. death) will come
    Do not let good health deceive you
    For it is from the most painful of illnesses
    Every soul is dependent upon its (present) day
    For in the morning (i.e. tomorrow), his hopes are cut off
    Therefore, do good and strive hard in that
    Before you are prevented from deeds.”
    [195] Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Rizq informed us, saying: ‘Uthmaan bin Ahmad
    Ad-Daqaaq reported to us: Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Al-Baraa’ narrated to us,
    saying: ‘Abdullaah bin Muhammad Al-Ash’aree Al-Madeenee recited to me these
    poetic verses from Mahmood:
    “Your yesterday has passed on as a just witness
    And you have come upon a day which is (also) a witness against you
    So if yesterday you committed an evil deed
    78 Translator’s Note: Not too many people reach old age, so it means that they die while in their youth.
    This should encourage one to perform deeds while young as opposed to waiting for old age, and Allaah
    knows best.
    59
    Then follow that up with two good deeds, and you will be praiseworthy
    Do not put aside doing a good deed today for tomorrow
    For perhaps tomorrow will come, yet you no longer exist
    If you find fault with your today, its benefit will come back to you
    But as for what you did yesterday, that will not come back to you.”
    [196] Ibn Rizq informed us, saying: ‘Uthmaan bin Ahmad reported to us: Muhammad
    bin Ahmad bin Al-Baraa’ narrated to us: Dawood bin Rasheed narrated to us: AlWaleed bin Saalih narrated to us from a man who said: I saw the Prophet in a dream
    and he said to me:
    “Whoever treats his two days (i.e. today and tomorrow) equally is cheated. Whoever’s
    tomorrow is the worst of his two days is cursed. Whoever doesn’t acknowledge the
    deficiency in himself is given into deficiency. And whoever is given into deficiency,
    death is better for him.”
    60
    The Disapproval of Procrastinating
    [197] ‘Alee bin Muhammad bin ‘Abdillaah Al-Mu’adal informed us saying: AlHusayn bin Safwaan Al-Bardha’ee narrated to us: ‘Abdullaah bin Muhammad bin
    Abee Ad-Dunyaa narrated to us, saying: Muhammad bin Al-Husayn narrated to me:
    Ishaaq bin Mansoor narrated to us from Ja’far bin Sulaymaan from ‘Umar bin Maalik
    from Abul-Jawzaa, that he said concerning Allaah’s statement: 79
    “And he whose affairs (i.e. deeds) are in excessiveness”: “i.e. in procrastination.”
    [198] Ibn Abee Ad-Dunyaa said: Sa’ad bin Zanboor Al-Hamdaanee narrated to us:
    ‘Abdullaah bin Al-Mubaarak narrated to us from Shu’bah from Abu Ishaaq, that he
    said:
    “It was once said to a man from ‘Abdil-Qays: ‘Advise us.’ So he said: ‘Beware of
    (using the word) sawfa.” 80
    [199] Ibraaheem bin ‘Umar Al-Barmakee informed us: Muhammad bin ‘Abdillaah bin
    Khalf Ad-Daqaaq informed us: Muhammad bin Saalih bin Dhuraih narrated to us:
    Hanaad bin as-Surree narrated to us: Ibn AlMubaarak reported to us from ‘AbdulWaarith from a man on the authority of Al-Hasan Al-Basree, that he said:
    “Beware of procrastinating, for indeed you are in your present day and not in your
    tomorrow. So if there is a tomorrow for you, then be in tomorrow as you are in today.
    And if there is no tomorrow for you, then do not regret over what you neglected
    today.”
    [200] Al-Hasan bin Abee Bakr informed us: ‘Abdullaah bin Ismaa’eel AlHaashimee
    informed us: ‘Abdullaah bin Muhammad bin ‘Ubayd narrated to us: Ismaa’eel bin
    Ibraaheem narrated to me: Saalih Al-Murree narrated to us from Qataadah from AbulJild that he said:
    “I read in some books: ‘The word sawfa is indeed one of the soldiers in the army of
    Iblees (i.e. the Devil).”
    [201] Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Rizq and ‘Alee bin Ahmad bin ‘Umar AlMuqree
    both said: Ja’far bin Muhammad Al-Khaldee informed us: Ibraaheem bin Nasr AlMansooree narrated to us: Ibraaheem bin Bashaar narrated to me: Yoosuf bin Asbaat
    narrated to me: Muhammad bin Samurah As-Saa’ih wrote the following letter to me:
    “O brother! Beware of letting procrastination take control of you and letting it take a
    firm root in your heart, for indeed it is the cause for fatigue and wasting (of time).
    Due to it, aspirations are cut short and appointed times are not met. If you allow this
    to happen, you have let it free you from your resolutions, and in effect, take you over.
    And reclaim your body from the lethargy that overtook you. But when it returns back
    to you, your soul will not benefit from your body. And hasten, my brother, for indeed
    79 Surah Al-Kahf: 28
    80 Translator’s Note: The Arabic word “sawfa” denotes the future tense. For example, it can be
    translated as: “I will do such and such” which indicates procrastinating or nutting something off for
    tomorrow or a later time.
    61
    you are being hastened. And rush, for indeed you are being rushed. And be serious,
    for indeed, the matter is serious. Awaken from your sleep, and snap out of your
    heedlessness. And remember what you have left behind, what you fell short in, what
    you neglected, what crimes you committed and what deeds you did, for indeed that is
    recorded and you will be held accountable for it. So it is as if the matter has come
    upon you all of a sudden and so you are (either) happy with what you have put forth
    for it or remorseful for what you have neglected.”
    This is the last part of the book, thus all praise is due to Allaah alone, and may
    His praises and peace be upon Muhammad and his family.
    [End of the Treatise]
    62
    Glossary of Terms Used in the Book
    Ahaadeeth See Hadeeth
    ‘An’ana When a narrator says” So and so said from (‘an) so and so.” Such a
    narration is not acceptable if the narrator that does it is considered
    mudallis and if it established that he never met the person he is
    narrating from.
    Ayaat Lit. Sign – More commonly, this refers to verses from the Noble
    Qur’aan. Its singular form is ayah. It could also be used to refer to a
    sign or symbol.
    Da’eef Lit. Weak – A narration that doesn’t meet the conditions and standards
    of a Saheeh or Hasan narration.
    Fitnah Pl. Fitan. This linguistically refers to calamities, trials, tribulations and
    mischief.
    Ghareeb Lit. Strange – A narration that has been reported by just one single
    person, as is the case with ‘Umar’s reporting of the hadeeth: “Verily,
    actions are based on intentions.”
    Hadeeth Lit. Speech – A textual recorded narration containing information about
    one of the Prophet’s sayings, actions or tacit approval of something.
    Such a report can either be authentic or weak, according to the grading
    and verification of the Muslim scholars on its chain of narration.
    Hasan Lit. Good – A sound narration that is of a lesser standing than a Saheeh
    narration. This is due to there being a lesser standard of precision on
    the part of some of the narrators in the chain than that of a Saheeh
    narration.
    Irsaal See Mursal
    Isnaad It is also referred to as “sanad.” This is the chain of narrators in a
    hadeeth who have transmitted that particular hadeeth to us.
    Khateeb Commonly used to refer to the person that delivers the sermon on the
    day of Jumu’ah (Friday).
    Marfoo’ Lit. Raised – A report that has been “raised” up or ascribed to the
    Prophet. It is divided into two categories: Marfoo’ Sareeh, which is a
    statement, action, tacit approval, or physical characteristic that has
    been ascribed to the Prophet; and Marfoo’ Hukm, which is a report
    containing a ruling that is ascribed to the Prophet.
    Mawdoo’ Lit. Fabricated – A false narration that is ascribed to the Prophet. Such
    reports are rejected. It is not permissible to mention them unless one
    desires to expose them and warn against them.
    63
    Mawqoof Lit. Stopped – A narration that is attributed to a Companion, and which
    cannot be authentically “raised” to a saying of the Prophet.
    Mawsool A Marfoo’ or Mawqoof narration that has been “connected.”
    Mudallis See Tadlees
    Mursal A narration that a Sahaabee (Companion) or a Taabi’ee (Successor)
    raised, i.e. ascribed, to the Prophet but yet did not hear it directly from
    him.
    Munkar A very weak narration due to two causes: (1) The chain contains a
    narrator that has committed serious errors such that one is not able to
    distinguish from him what is true or false or he is an open sinner, and
    (2) it contains a weak narrator that reports something that contradicts
    what has been narrated by a reliable narrator.
    Munqati’ Lit. Disrupted – One of the four types of narrations with a broken chain
    of narrators. It refers particularly to a narration whose chain is missing
    either one, two or more narrators but not in successive order (i.e.
    sporadic disruptions in the chain).
    Nahu The linguistic science of Arabic Grammar
    Rak’ah A unit of prayer or the actual bowing position within prayer.
    Saheeh Lit. Authentic – A narration with a connected chain of just and precise
    narrators without any irregularities or hidden defects in the chain.
    Salaf Lit. Predecessors – This refers to the first three generations of Islaam:
    The Sahaabah, the Taabi’een, and the Atbaa’ at-Taabi’een. These were
    the first three virtuous generations of Islaam about whom the Prophet
    said: “The best of people is my generation, then those that come
    after them, then those that come after them.”
    Subhaan- An expression commonly translated as “Glory be to Allaah” but which
    Allaah more specifically means “May Allaah be far removed from all
    imperfections.” This statement is usually made at the time something
    bad occurs or when a lie/slander is stated.
    Surah Pl. Suwar. A chapter from the Noble Qur’aan.
    Sunnah Lit. Way – The way and guidance of Prophet Muhammad, as
    represented in his speech, action, and tacit approval, which have been
    recorded and transmitted in reports and narrations known as Hadeeth.
    Tadlees The quoting of a hadeeth with its chain of narration in such a way so as
    to lead the audience to believe more than what the reality is. It is
    divided into two types:
    Tadless-ul-Isnaad: This is when one reports a statement or action from
    someone he met, which he didn’t actually hear or see for himself, at the
    64
    same time giving the impression that he did in fact see or hear it due to
    his choice of words.
    Tadlees-us-Shuyookh: When a narrator calls or describes his shaikh
    (i.e. teacher) with a name/characteristic he is not widely known for,
    thus leading others to believe he is someones else. This is either done
    because (1) his shaikh is lower than him (in knowledge) and so he
    doesn’t want to reveal that he narrates from someone lower than him,
    or because (2) he wants people to think he had many shuyookh
    (teachers). It can also be done due to other objectives.