Islamic Book PDF FIQH 1

FIQH
1
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المكتب التعاوني للدعوة والإرشاد و توعية الجاليات بالربوة / الرياض
Islamic Propagation Office in Rabwah / Riyad 2

بسم االله الرحمن الرحيم
Merits of Knowledge
(يرفَعِ اللَّه الَّذين ءَامنوا منكُم والَّذين أُوتوا الْعلْم درجات) (اادلة:11(
“Allah will exalt those who believe among you
And those who have knowledge to high ranks.”
(Surat Al-Mujadalah:11)
(وقُلْ رب زِدنِي علْما) (طه:114(
“And say: ‘My Lord! Increase me in knowledge.’”
(Surat Taha:114)
Abu-Hurayrah reported that the messenger of Allah (r) said:
(من سلك طريقًا يلتمس فيه علما سهل االله له به طريقًا إلى الجنة) (رواه مسلم)
“A person who follows a path for acquiring knowledge
Allah will make easy the passage for paradise for him.”
(Collected by Muslim)
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Pillars of Islam
ΠDefinition of Islam:
§ Submitting to the will of Allah (the only true god who deserves to be worshiped) and
obeying his laws.
• Five pillars of Islam:
• Testifying that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah, and that Mohammed is
the messenger of Allah.
‚ Establishment of salaah.
ƒ Giving zakaah.
„ Fasting during the month of Ramadan.
… Making hajj (pilgrimage) to Makkah.
1
st Pillar
(The Shahadah)
ΠAllah says in the Quran:
(وما خلَقْت الْجِن والإِنس إِلا ليعبدون) (الذاريات:56(
“And I created not the jinn and mankind except they should worship me.” (Adh-Dhariyat :56)
(قُلْ إِنَّ صلاتي ونسكي ومحياي ومماتي للَّه رب الْعالَمين) (الأنعام:162 (
“Say, verily, my salaah, my sacrifice, my living, and my dying are for Allah, the lord of all that
exists.” (Al-An’aam:162)
§ Note: The definition of worship (‘ebaadah) is everything that Allah loves and is acceptable
to him from words and deeds; they are done in full submission, inwardly and outwardly, with
sincerity and humility.
• The Shahadah:
“أشهد أن لا اله إلا االله وأشهد أن محمداً رسول االله”
“I testify that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah, and that Mohammed is the
messenger of Allah.”
3
rd Pillar
(Giving Zakaah)
ΠAllah says in the Quran:
(وأَقيموا الصلاةَ وءَاتوا الزكَاةَ وأَطيعوا الرسولَ لَعلَّكُم ترحمونَ) (النور:56(
“So establish salaah and give zakaah and obey the messenger; that you may receive
mercy.” (An-Noor:56)
• Definition of zakaah:
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§ Obligatory sadaqah (charity) due on wealth; given under certain conditions to specific
persons at a specific time.
Ž Benefits of zakaah:
• Above all it is an act of obedience to Allah.
‚ Helps the poor and needy.
ƒ Purifies a person from greed; and teaches generosity.
„ Purifies the heart of the recipient from envy and jealousy against the rich.
• Forms of wealth:
• Gold / silver / money.
‚ Trade goods for sale: (ex. Vehicles, land, animals, food, etc..)
ƒ Sheep / cows / camels.
„ Certain produce of the earth: (ex. Wheat, corn, dates, etc..)
• Recipients of zakaah:
§ Allah (I) says in the Quran:
(إِنما الصدقَات للْفُقَراءِ والْمساكينِ والْعاملين علَيها والْمؤلَّفَة قُلُوبهم وفي الرقَابِ والْغارِمين وفي سبِيلِ اللَّه وابنِ السبِيلِ فَرِيضةً من اللَّه واللَّه
عليم حكيم) (التوبة :60(
“Verily, sadaqah (charity) are for the poor, and the needy, and for those employed to collect
it, and for those whose hearts are to be won over, and for freeing slaves, and for those in
debt, and in the cause of Allah, and for a stranded traveler. This is an obligatory duty
imposed by Allah, and Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.” (At-Tawbah:60)
4
th Pillar
(Siyam (Fasting) the Month of Ramadan)
ΠAllah says in the Quran:
(يا أَيها الَّذين ءَامنوا كُتب علَيكُم الصيام كَما كُتب علَى الَّذين من قَبلكُم لَعلَّكُم تتقُونَ) (البقرة:183(
“O you who believe! fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you
that you may achieve taqwa.” (Al-Baqarah:183)
• Definition of fasting (siyam):
§ Siyam is a way of worshiping Allah by intentionaly abstaining from food, drink, sexual
intercourse and other things that break ones fast; from dawn to sundown.
Ž Merits of fasting:
§ Abu-Hurayrah reported that the Messenger of Allah (r) said:
“كل عمل ابن آدم يضاعف الحسنة عشر أمثالها إلى سبعمائة ضعف قال االله عز وجل إلا الصوم فإنه لي وأنا أجزي به يدع شهوته وطعامه من
أجلي للصائم فرحتان فرحة عند فطره وفرحة عند لقاء ربه ولخلوف فيه أطيب عند االله من ريح المسك” (رواه البخاري ومسلم)

“Every good deed of the son of Adam is multiplied in reward 10 to 700 times (depending
on one’s intention and sincerity), Allah (I) proclaims: ‘Except for fasting, for it is for me
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and I will grant the reward for it. He leaves his passions and his food for my sake.’ the
fasting person has two moments of joy; one when he breaks his fast and the other when
he meets his lord. And the smell that comes from the mouth of the fasting person is more
pleasant to Allah than the smell of musk.” (Collected by Al-Bukhari & Muslim)
• Benefits of fasting:
• Above all it is an act of obedience to Allah.
‚ Trains believers in taqwa (being mindful of Allah & fearing him by doing all that he
ordered & avoiding all that he forbade).
ƒ Teaches patience and sincerity.
• Acts which invalidate (break) fasting:
• Eating, drinking, smoking or anything the same.
‚ Intentionaly vomiting.
ƒ Taking out blood in large amount.
„ Menstruation or post-birth bleeding.
… Sexual intercourse or sexual discharge.

‘ Zakat ul-fitr:
• One sa’a (4 handfuls) approximately 2.5 kg. Of basic food of a country (ex. Wheat, rice,
corn, etc..)
‚ Given by every Muslim to the poor and needy.
ƒ One or two days before ‘Eid prayer.
5
th Pillar
(Making Hajj (Pilgrimage) to Makkah)
ΠAllah says in the Quran:
(وللَّه علَى الناسِ حج الْبيت منِ استطَاع إِلَيه سبِيلاً ومن كَفَر فَإِنَّ اللَّه غَنِي عنِ الْعالَمين) (آل عمران:97(
“Pilgrimage to the house is a duty mankind owes to Allah, those who are able to make the
journey; but if they deny faith, Allah is not in need of any of his creations.” (Al-‘Imran :97)

• The meaning behind hajj:
§ ‘Aa’ishah reported that the prophet (r) said:
“إنما جعل الطواف بالبيت وبين الصفا والمروة ورمي الجمار لإقامة ذكر االله” (رواه أحمد، أبو داود والترمذي)
“The tawaff of the house (ka’bah) and (the sa’iy) between Safa and Marwah and the
throwing of the jamarat were set up for the remembrance of Allah.” (Collected by Ahmad,
Abu Dawood & At-Tirmidhi)
Ž Merits of hajj:
• Abu-Hurayrah reported that the Messenger of Allah (r) said:
“من حج الله فلم يرفث ولم يفسق رجع كيوم ولدته أمه” (رواه البخاري ومسلم)
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“He who makes hajj for Allah and avoids obscene language and immoral behavior, will
return (without his sins) like the day his mother gave birth to him.” (Collected by AlBukhari & Muslim)
‚ Abu-Hurayrah reported that the Messenger of Allah (r) said:
“العمرة إلى العمرة كفارة لما بينهما والحج المبرور ليس له جزاء إلا الجنة” (رواه البخاري ومسلم)
“One umrah to another umrah erases sins committed between them and hajj (accepted
by Allah) has no reward except al-jannah (paradise).” (Collected by Al-Bukhari & Muslim)
• Benefits of hajj:
• Above all it is an act of obedience to Allah.
‚ Shows the universality of Islam.
ƒ Reminds us of the day of judgement.
2
nd Pillar
(Establishment of Salaah)
ΠAllah says in the Quran:
• Ibraheem (u) asks Allah’s support in his duty saying:
(رب اجعلْنِي مقيم الصلاة ومن ذُريتي) (إبراهيم :40 (
“O my Lord! make me one who establishes salaah and also from my offspring” (Ibraheem
:40)
‚ Allah (I) spoke to Musa (u) saying:
(وأَقمِ الصلاةَ لذكْرِي) (طه:14(
(And establish salaah for my remembrance) (Taaha :14)
ƒ ‘Issa (u) says of Allah (I):
(وأَوصانِي بِالصلاة والزكَاة ما دمت حيا) (مريم:31(
(And he has enjoined on me salaah and zakaah as long as i live) (Mariam : 31)
„ Allah (I) orders Mohammed (r) saying:
(اتلُ ما أُوحي إِلَيك من الْكتابِ وأَقمِ الصلاةَ) (العنكبوت :45 (
(Recite what was revealed to you of the book and establish salaah) (al-‘Ankaboot :45)

… Allah (I) orders the believers saying:
(إِنَّ الصلاةَ كَانت علَى الْمؤمنِين كتابا موقُوتا) (النساء: 103 (
(Establish salaah, for salaah has been enjoined on the believers at stated times) (an-Nisaa
:103)
• Importance of salaah:
• Allah (I) says in the Quran:
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(إِنَّ الصلاةَ تنهى عنِ الْفَحشاءِ والْمنكَرِ) (العنكبوت:45(
(Certainly does salaah prevent great sin and evil deeds) (al-‘Ankaboot :45)
‚ Allah (I) says in the Quran:
(والَّذين هم علَى صلاتهِم يحافظُونَ) (أُولَئك في جنات مكْرمونَ) (المعارج:34،35(
(And those who guard their prayers well)
(Such shall dwell in the gardens honoured) (al-Ma’aarij :34 & 35)
ƒ Anas ibn Maalik said:
“فرضت على النبي صلى االله عليه وسلم الصلوات ليلة أسري به خمسين ثم نقصت حتى جعلت خمسا ثم نودي يا محمد إنه لا يبدل القول لدي
وإن لك ذه الخمس خمسين” (رواه أحمد والترمذي)
“Salaah was made obligatory on the Prophet (r) the night of his ascension to the heavens
(Israa & M’iraaj) 50 in number, but were reduced (several times) until they were 5. then it
was proclaimed: O Mohammed, for there is no change in my order, for these 5 you will have
50 (in reward).” (Collected by Ahmad & At-Tirmidhi)
„ Abu-Hurayrah reported that the messenger of allah (r) said:
“أرأيتم لو أن را بباب أحدكم يغتسل منه كل يوم خمس مرات هل يبقى من درنه شيء قالوا لا يبقى من درنه شيء قال فذلك مثل الصلوات
الخمس يمحو االله ن الخطايا” (رواه البخاري ومسلم)
“What do you think if one of you had a river running past his door and he bathed in it 5
times a day, would any dirt remain on him?” They replied: “No dirt would remain on
him.” The (the Prophet) said: “likewise is the 5 times of salaah by which allah erases sins.”
(Collected by Al-Bukhari & Muslim)
… Abu-Hurayrah reported that the Messenger of Allah (r) said:
“أول ما يحاسب به العبد يوم القيامة من عمله صلاته فإن صلحت فقد أفلح وأنجح وإن فسدت فقد خاب وخسر” (رواه الترمذي وابن ماجه)
“The first thing a person will be taken to account for on the day of judgement from his
deeds will be his salaah. if it is satisfactory, he will be successful and pass. and if it is not
satisfactory, he will have failed and lost.” (Collected by At-Tirmidhi & Ibn Maaja)

† Buraidah reported that the Prophet (r) said:
“العهد الذي بيننا وبينهم الصلاة فمن تركها فقد كفر” (رواه الترمذي)
“What is between us and them is salaah. Whoever abandons it has disbelieved.”
(Collected by At-Tirmidhi)
Tahaarah
(Moral & Physical Purification)
ΠMoral purification: (purification of the heart)
• From kufur (disbelief) and nifaq (hypocrisy).
‚ From anger and hate of your Muslim brother.
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• Physical purification:
• Purification from acts which break physical tahaarah. (ex. Urinating, sexual intercourse
with wife, etc..)
‚ Removal of najasah (impure substances) (ex. Urine, feces, etc..).
Wudoo
(Ablution)
ΠAllah says in the Quran:
(ياأَيها الَّذين ءَامنوا إِذَا قُمتم إِلَى الصلاة فَاغْسِلُوا وجوهكُم وأَيديكُم إِلَى الْمرافقِ وامسحوا بِرءُوسكُم وأَرجلَكُم إِلَى الْكَعبينِ) (المائدة:6 (

(O you who believe, when you rise for salaah, wash your faces & hands to the elbows and
wipe your heads, and (wash) your feet up to the ankles) (al-Maa’idah: 6)

• Merits of wudoo:
• Abu -Hurayrah reported that the Messenger of Allah (r) said:
“إذا توضأ العبد المسلم أو المؤمن فغسل وجهه خرج من وجهه كل خطيئة نظر إليها بعينيه مع الماء أو مع آخر قطر الماء فإذا غسل يديه خرج
من يديه كل خطيئة كان بطشتها يداه مع الماء أو مع آخر قطر الماء فإذا غسل رجليه خرجت كل خطيئة مشتها رجلاه مع الماء أو مع آخر
قطر الماء حتى يخرج نقيا من الذنوب” (رواه مسلم)
“When a Muslim or a believer makes wudoo and washes his face, every sin committed
with his eyes is washed away from his face with water or with the last drop of water. And
when he washes his hands every sin committed with his hands is washed away from his
hands with water or with the last drop of water. And when he washes his feet every sin
towards which his feet had taken him is washed away with water or with the last drop of
water, until he comes out pure from all sins.” (Collected by Muslim)

‚ Ali ibn Abi Taalib reported that the Messenger of Allah (r) said:
“مفتاح الصلاة الطهور” (رواه أبو داود والترمذي)
“The key for salaah is tahaarah.” (Collected by Abu Dawood & At-Tirmidhi)
Ž Conditions of wudoo:
• Neeyah (intention) to attain tahaarah.
‚ Use of pure water:
§ Pure water: (ex. Rain, ocean, well water, etc..)
§ Impure water: water mixed with najasah (impure substance) that changes taste, color or
smell of water.
ƒ Exposing skin:
§ Removing anything that prevents water from touching the parts of the body for wudoo
(ex. Paint, tight watch, etc..)
• How wudoo is made:
ΠFardh (obligatory) acts of wudoo:
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• Washing the whole face (including washing the mouth & nose).
‚ Washing both arms to the elbows.
ƒ Wiping the head and ears.
„ Washing both feet to the ankles.
… Making wudoo in order and without pause.
• Sunnah (optional) acts of wudoo:
• Saying: “االله بسم” “bismillah” (In the Name of Allah).
‚ Washing the hands 3 times (obligatory after night sleep), and cleaning in between the
fingers.
ƒ Washing the mouth & nose 3 times.
„ Washing the whole face 3 times.
… Running ones fingers through his beard with water.
† Washing the right then left arm to the elbows 3 times.
‡ Wiping head from front to back then back to front once & wiping outer ear with thumbs
& inner ear with index fingers.
ˆ Washing the right then left foot to the ankles 3 times.
‰ Dua’a after wudoo: (so as to combine physical & moral tahaarah)
“أشهد أن لا اله إلا االله وحده لا شريك له وأشهد أن محمداً عبده ورسوله”
“اللهم اجعلني من التوابين واجعلني من المتطهرين”
“Ash-haduallaa ilaaha illallaahu wahdahoo laa shareeka lah, wa ash-hadu anna
muhammadan abduhoo wa rasooluh.”
“Allahummaj-‘alnee minat-tawwaabeena waj-‘alnee minal-mutatah-hireen.”
(I testify that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, without any partner,
and I testify that Mohammed is his slave and messenger).
(O Allah, make me of those that constantly repent and of those who are purified).

• Acts that invalidate (break) wudoo:
§ Hadath asghar: (minor defilements which require wudoo)
• Passing wind or urine or feces.
‚ Deep sleep or loss of consciousness.
ƒ Touching private parts without barrier (passionately).
„ Eating camel meat.
Wiping over Socks
ΠWiping over socks:
§ Al-Mughirah ibn Sh’ubah said:
“كنت مع النبي صلى االله عليه وسلم… أهويت لأنزع خفيه فقال دعهما فإني أدخلتهما طاهرتين فمسح عليهما” (رواه البخاري ومسلم)
“I was with the Prophet (r) (when he was making wudoo)… I bent to remove his khuffs
(leather socks). He said to me, ‘leave them for I had put them on in a state of tahaarah. So
he wiped over them.’” (Collected by Al-Bukhari & Muslim)
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• Conditions of wiping over socks:
• One must be in a state of tahaarah before putting them on.
‚ They must be free from najasah (impure substances).
ƒ They must be halaal (Islamicaly lawful).
„ They should cover the feet up to the ankles.
… Wiping must not exceed permitted time limit:
§ Residents = One day & night (24 hours).
§ Travelers = Three days & nights (72 hours).
§ Note: The permitted time limit begins from the first wipe.
Ž How wiping is made:
• Wet hands.
‚ Pass hands over top of foot. (from the end of the toes to the beginning of the leg).
ƒ Wipe right foot with right hand and left foot with left hand.
• Acts that invalidate wiping:
• Removal of socks.
‚ Acts which require ghusl (complete bath).
ƒ End of permitted time limit.
Ghusl
(Complete Bath)
ΠAllah says in the Quran:
(وإِنْ كُنتم جنبا فَاطَّهروا) (المائدة:6(
(If you are in a state of janaba (sexual discharge), purify yourself) (al-Maa’idah :6)
• Cases that require ghusl:
ΠWhen one becomes a Muslim.
• When a Muslim dies (ghusl is given to him).
Ž Hadath akbar: (major defilements which require ghusl)
• Sexual discharge: (from hugging & kissing wife, wet dream, etc..).
‚ Sexual intercourse (even without discharging).
ƒ After menstruating period (for women).
„ After post-birth bleeding (for women).
Ž How ghusl is made:
ΠFard (obligatory) acts of ghusl:
• Neeyah (intention) to attain tahaarah.
‚ Washing the entire body (including washing the mouth and nose).
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• Sunnah (optional) acts of ghusl:
• Saying: “االله بسم” “bismillah” (in the name of Allah).
‚ Washing hands 3 times.
ƒ Washing private parts with left hand.
„ Making wudoo.
… Washing hair 3 times.
† Washing entire body beginning from right then left side.
• Acts that require tahaarah:
ΠActs that are haram (forbidden) to do without wudoo:
• Making salaah.
‚ Making tawaff of the ka’bah.
ƒ Touching the Quran.
• Acts that are haram (forbidden) to do without ghusl:
• All acts that are haram to do without wudoo.
‚ Reading Quran in general or out of memorization.
ƒ Sitting in a masjid.
Conditions of Salaah
ΠIslam
• Puberty
Ž Sanity
• Entrance of time:
• Covering the ‘awrah:
• Men: from the navel to the knees.
Obligatory
Salaah
No. Of
Rak’ahs
Times of
Salaah
Al-Fajr 2 rak’ahs From the break of dawn
until just before sunrise
Ad-Dhuhr 4 rak’ahs Just after mid-day
until mid-afternoon.
Al-‘Asr 4 rak’ahs From mid-afternoon
until sundown.
Al-Maghrib 3 rak’ahs From after sundown until
daylight ends.
Al-‘Isha 4 rak’ahs From the end of maghrib
time, until mid-night.
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‚ Women: all of the body except the hands & face during salaah.
‘ Tahaarah: (purification)
• Hadath asghar: (minor defilements which require wudoo).
‚ Hadath akbar: (major defilements which require ghusl).
’ Removal of najasah: (impure substances)
• Body
‚ Clothes
ƒ Place of salaah
“ Facing the qiblah: (the ka’bah in Makkah)
” Neeyah: (intention in the heart) to make a specific salaah.
How Salaah Is Made?

§ How salaah is made:
§ Malik ibn al-Huairith reported that the Prophet (r) said:
“صلوا كما رأيتموني أصلي” (رواه البخاري)
“Pray as you have seen me praying.” (Collected by Al-Bukhari)
ΠQiyam: (standing position)
• Takbeeratul-ihraam:
• Raise hands to the ear or shoulder level and say: “أكبر االله” “Allahu akbar” (Allah is the most
great)
‚ Place right hand over left hand on the chest area.
ƒ Eyes should be focused on place of sujood.
„ Recite du’aa’ al-istiftaah (opening du’aa’):
“سبحانك اللهم وبحمدك وتبارك اسمك وتعالى جدك ولا إله غيرك”
“Subhaanaka allaahumma wa bihamdik, wa tabaaraka ismuka wa ta’aala jadduk, wa laa
ilaaha ghayruk.”
(Glorified You are O Allah and praised, blessed is Your Name, and exalted is Your Majesty,
and none has the right to be worshiped except You).
Ž Reciting soorat al-Fatihah:
• First say: “الرجيم الشيطان من باالله أعوذ” “A’udhu billaahi minash-shaytaanir rajeem” (I seek refuge
in Allah from the accursed satan)
‚ Then say: “الرحيم الرحمن االله بسم” “Bismillaahir rahmaanir raheem” (In the name of Allah whose
mercy encompasses everything, the merciful)
ƒ Then recite al-Fatihah:
§ Note: After reciting al-Fatihah you should say: “آمين” “aameen” (O Allah, answer our
prayers)
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„ Then you could recite any other soorah or ayah.
• Rukoo’:
• Raise hands to the ear or shoulder level and say: “أكبر االله” “Allahu akbar” (Allah is the
most great)
‚ While in rukoo’, say preferably 3 times: “العظيم ربي سبحان” “Subhaana rabbi al-‘Adheem”
(Glory to my lord, the exalted)
• Standing upright from rukoo’:
• While rising from rukoo’, raise hands to the ear or shoulder level and say: “حمده لمن االله سمع “
“Sami’ Allahu liman hamidah” (Allah hears those who praise him)
§ Note: This is said only by the imam & while praying alone.
‚ Then say: “الحمد ولك ربنا” “rabbanaa walakal hamd” (our lord, praise be to you)
§ Note: This is said by everyone.
‘ Sujood:
• While going to sujood say: “أكبر االله” “Allahu akbar” (Allah is the most great)
‚ While in sujood, say preferably 3 times: “الأعلى ربي سبحان” “Subhaana rabbi al-A’laa” (Glory
to my Lord, the Most High)
ƒ During sujood, 7 parts of the body should be touching the ground.
§ (forehead & nose) § (both palms) § (both knees) § (both feet)
’ Sitting between the two sujood:
• When rising from sujood say: “أكبر االله” “Allahu akbar” (Allah is the most great)
‚ While sitting between the two sujood, say preferably 3 times: “اغفرلي رب” “rabbi ighfirlee”
(my Lord, forgive me)
“ Sujood: (again)
• While going to sujood say: “أكبر االله” “Allahu akbar” (Allah is the most great)
‚ While in sujood, say preferably 3 times: “الأعلى ربي سبحان” “Subhaana rabbi al-A’laa” (Glory
to my Lord, the most high)
” Qiyam: (again)
§ While rising up say: “أكبر االله” “Allahu akbar” (Allah is the most great)
§ Note: The previous acts are all called one rak’ah.
• First tashahhud:
§ While sitting during the second rak’ah you should say:
“التحيات الله والصلوات والطيبات، السلام عليك أيها النبي ورحمة االله وبركاته السلام علينا وعلى عباد االله الصالحين، أشهد أن لا إله إلا
االله وأشهد أن محمداً عبده ورسوله”
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“At-taheeyaatu lillaahi was salaawaatu wat tayyibaat, as-salaamu ‘alayka ayyuhan nabee
wa rahmatullaahi wa barakaatuh, as-salaamu ‘alaynaa wa ‘alaa ‘ibaadullaahis saaliheen.
Ash-hadu alla ilaha illa-allah wa ash-hadu anna mohammadan ‘abduhu wa rasooluh.”
(All compliments, prayers and good deeds are due to Allah. Peace be upon you O Prophet,
and the mercy of Allah and his blessings, peace be upon us and on the righteous
worshipers of Allah. I testify that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah, and I
testify that Mohammed is his slave and messenger).

ŒŒ Last Tashahhud:
• While sitting during the last rak’ah, you should say the first tashahhud then say:
“اللهم صل على محمد وعلى آل محمد كما صليت على إبراهيم وعلى آل إبراهيم إنك حميد مجيد، اللهم بارك على محمد وعلى آل محمد كما
باركت على إبراهيم وعلى آل إبراهيم إنك حميد مجيد”
“Allaahumma salli ‘alaa mohammedin wa ‘alaa aali Mohammed, kamaa salayta ‘alaa
Ibraaheema wa ‘alaa aali Ibraaheem. Innaka hameedun majeed. Allaahumma baarik ‘alaa
Mohammedin wa ‘alaa aali Mohammed, kamaa baarakta ‘alaa Ibraaheema wa ‘alaa aali
Ibraaheem. Innaka hameedun majeed.”
(O Allah, praise Mohammed and the family [followers] of Mohammed, just as You praised
Ibraheem and the family [followers] of Ibraheem. Verily You are Praiseworthy and Most
Glorious. O Allah, bless Mohammed and the family [followers] of Mohammed, just as You
blessed Ibraheem and the family [followers] of Ibraheem. Verily You are Praiseworthy and
Most Glorious).
‚ After the last tashahhud, a du’aa’ should also be said:
“اللهم إني أعوذ بك من عذاب جهنم ومن عذاب القبر ومن فتنة المحيا والممات ومن فتنة المسيح الدجال”
“Allaahumma innee a’udhu bika min ‘adhaabi jahannam, wamin ‘adhaabil qabr, wa min
fitnatil mahyaa wal mamaat, wa min fitnatil maseehid dajjaal.”
(O Allah, I seek refuge in You from the punishment of the hellfire, and from the
punishment of the grave, and from the trials of living and dying, and from the trails of the
False Messiah).

Υ Tasleem:
• At the end of the salaah, turn your face to the right saying: “االله ورحمة عليكم السلام” “Assalaamu ‘alaykum wa rahmatullaah”
(Peace and Allah’s mercy be upon you)
‚ Then turn your face to the left saying the same.
ŒŽ Calmness: (in doing each act of salaah)
Arkaan As-salaah
(Pillars of Salaah)
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Œ Qiyam. ’ Sitting between the two sujood.

• Takbeeratul-ihraam. “ Sitting for the last tashahhud.
Ž Reciting al-Fatihah. ” Reciting the last tashahhud.
• Rukoo’. • Tasleem.
• Standing upright ŒŒ Calmness in doing each act
from rukoo’.
‘ Sujood (twice). Œ• Making acts in order.
§ Note: If one intentionaly leaves a pillar, he must repeat his salaah. If one unintentionaly
leaves a pillar, he must return and make the missed pillar, then at the end of the salaah
makes sujood us-sahw (sujood to make up for forgetfulness).
Wajibaat as-salaah
(obligations of salaah)
ΠAll the takbeers except for takbeeratul-ihraam.
• Saying: “Subhaana rabbi al-‘Adheem.”
Ž Saying: “Sami’a Allahu liman hamidah.”
• Saying: “rabbanaa walakal hamd.”
• Saying: “subhaana rabbi al-A’laa.”
‘ Saying: “rabbi ighfirlee.”
’ Sitting for the first tashahhud.
“ Reciting first tashahhud.
§ Note: If one intentionaly leaves an obligation, he must repeat his salaah. If one unintentionaly leaves an obligation, he does not need to return and make the missed
obligation, but at the end of the salaah makes sujood us-sahw.
Sunan as-Salaah
(Optional Acts of Salah)
ΠPlacing right hand over left hand on the chest area.
• Reciting du’aa’ al-istiftaah.
Ž Raising hands for takbeer.
• Reciting more than al-Fatihah.
• Du’aa’ after last tashahhud.
‘ Raising index finger.
Acts that nullify (break) salaah
ΠIntentionaly leaving a rukun (pillar) or unintentionaly leaving a rukun without returning
and making up that pillar.
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Intentionaly leaving a wajib (obligation).
Intentionaly leaving a condition of salaah.
• Loss of tahaarah.
Ž Intentionaly talking or laughing.
• Intentionaly eating or drinking.
• Excessive movements which are not part of salaah.
Acts that are makrooh (disliked) during salaah
ΠRaising ones eyes to the sky or closing them or looking around.
• Making unnecessary movements.
Ž Praying while needing to urinate or defecate.
• Praying at the time food has been served and one desires to eat.
• Praying in a place that has pictures or idols.