Guidance For Fasting Muslims PDF english islamic book

Guidance For Fasting Muslims PDF english islamic book

Guiadance For Fasting Muslims Written By: Shaikh/ Muhammad Al-Uthaimin Translated By: KhandakerANMAbdullah Translation & Preparation section Cooperative Office For Call & Guidance In North RiYadh Tel: 4565555, 4542222, Fax: 4564829 P O Box No: 87913, RiYadh 11652 Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia @n tho nama ofAlhlt d’fust ipraorous, CVlost clhro{ul Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the universe and Peace be uPon the master of the Apostles, his family and companions. Here are some imPortant ruling about Siyam or Fasting which every Muslim should knorv: What Is Fastine? Siyam (fasting) is worshipping Allah by abstaining from food, drinking and sex from dawn to sunset. The Importance Of Fastine: Fasting in the month of Ramadan is one of the Pillars of Islam. The Prophet- peace be uPon him- said: 3 A r l! dJ! I oi 5:P :..r3 .,Ie fX-)l#” ,*t!S si),t–.alt eLtlf ,ol r ,1 ,-,, it-e Oit “dLar) ?Ft,c.*Jt gt,9 r,6KJt “Islam is built on five Pillars: 1) giving testimony that there is no gotl trut Allah and l\{uhammad (peace be upon him) is the messenger of Allah. 2′, To offer the PraYers dutifullY and PerfectlY. 3) To pay Zakat (obligatory charity). 4) To perform Hajj (Pilgrimage) to Makkah. 5) To observe fast tluring the month of Ramadan.tt Rulings On Fastins: 1) Fasting is obligatory for all adult conscious and able Nluslim male or female resident in his own area (not 4 in travel). 2) The unbeliever does not fast. If he gets the guidance of Heaven to the true religion of God and embraces Islam he does not require to make up past days of fasting. 3) Fasting is not obligatory for small (immature) child, but he should be ordered to fast to habituate himself to it. 4) Mentally disonderetl one is not obliged to fast. He is not obliged to compensate it by feeding even he is a matured one. 5)The people who are permanently unable to fast such as aged

Guidance For Fasting Muslims PDF english islamic book

persons and those who are suffering serious ailment with no hope of recovery are required to feed a poor instead of a fast. 5 6) The sick person who is expecting recovery may break his fast if fasting is difficult for him. He has to make up after his recovery. 7) Pregnant woman and breast feetling mother are allowed to break their fast In Ramadan if that is clifficult for them or if they fear on their children. They have to make up for the missed days later. 8) The menstruous woman and woman in post-natal bleeding are not allowed to fast during their periotls. They are otrliged to make up for missed days later. 9) The traveler may either fast or break it and make up for the missed tlays later. Whether the journey is temporary such as traveling for Umra or it is permanent such as 6 traveling of a taxi or truck driver the traveler is allowed to fast or break it while he is outside his own locality. Matters Do Not Spoil Fast: If a fasting person eats or drinks unintentionally or ignorantly or is forced to do so his fasting does not spoil. Allah the Almighty says in The Iloly Quran (chapter 2:286) 6 t ,{uiUi Ji q*; b1 u.Ur-;i y ui.tF “Fray, Our lord! Condemn us not if we forget or fall into error.” He also says in The lIoly Quran (chapter l6: 106) {o,..qy”, W’#)a;i ; )tF “Except that who is compelled to do so while his heart is firnr in faith.” ,{$’irti’.>rLi ttThere is no blame on you if you make a nristake therein, except in regard to what your hearts deliberately intend.” So if someone eats or drinks unintentionally his fasting does not spoil. lf he eats or drinks thinking that the night has started by sunset or thinking that darvn still not startetl his fasting does not spoil. If water enters in ones throat unintentionally rvhile he rinses out his mouth his fasting does not spoil. similarly lraving a wet tlream during fasting does not spoil fasting, as it happens lvithout intention. 8 What Snoils Fast: Fasting is spoiled by the following eight things: l) Sexual intercourse. If a fasting person whose fasting is obligatory has sexual intercourse during daY time of Ramadan he have to make up for this day and to offers atonement i.e., he is required to set free a slave. if unable to do so he has to fast two month consecutively. If unable to do so he has to feed sixtY poor persons. 2) Intentional ejaculation of sperm by any means such as masturbation, kissing or embracing. 3) Eating and drinking either it is useful or harmful such as smoking. 4) Using injection for nutrition, for it is 9 similar to eating and drinking. Other injections do not break the fast. 5) Injection of blootl: If a fasting person suffers from hemorrhage and injected blood to recover his fasting will spoil. 6) Menstruation or lrost-natal bleetling. 7) Releasing blood by cupping. Fasting does not spoil if blood comes out by itself such as bleeding through nasal hemorrhage or bleeding after pulling out tooth. 8)Vomiting deliberatefy. Unintentional vomiting does not spoil the fasting. Some Valuable Information: t) A person may make his intention of fasting while he is in a state of major ritual impurity. ll’hen he can take l0 bath after dawn. 2)lf menstruation or post-natal bleeding stops during the night, the woman must make her intention for fasting the following day. She may delay ghusl (full bath) until the morning, but she must perform ghusl before the morning prayer. 3) The fasting person may pull out his/her tooth, treat his/her injury or apply eye drops or ear drops. His fasting does not spoil even if he gets test of the drop in his throat. 4) The fasting person may clean his teeth by using stick (miswak) or brush. it is sunnah (recommended) for him throughout the tlay, either in morning or in afternoon, 5) The fasting person may do what eases the difficulty of hot weather or il thirsty. He maY use water or airconditioning to make cool his body. 6) The fasting Person is allowed to spray something in his mouth to ease or relieve difficultY of breathing occupying from stress or anYthing else. 7) It is allowed to rinse the mouth and nose or wet the tlrietl lips by water. It is tlisliked to exaggerate ( that is, use a lot of water and Put the water tleep into the mouth or nose) while fasting. S) It is sunnah for the fasting person to break his fast immediatelY after sunset rvithout delaY. 9) It is sunnah for the fasting person to clo much of ta’at or good acts and avoid all kind of Prohibited acts. l 2 10) Fasting person should observe all type of obligatory tasks. IIe should keep away from prohibited matters. He should perform five times prayers in due time in congregation. He should avoid all fype of prohibited or disliked things, such as back biting, telling of lie, cheating or taking interest. The prophet (peace be upon him) said: a-7ra h ‘Ai u )71Jt, y7t J’p Lq l’,t” ,L.t’?) ht b Lq bi A “Whoever does not give up telling lies, giving false statements and all types of bad or evil action Allah is not in need of his leaving food and drink (i”e., his fasting is not accepted to Allah).” 13 What Is Zakat Ul- Fitr’l Zakat Ul-Fitr is an obligatory charity which every capable Muslim should pay for himself and for every member of his family at the end of the Nlonth of Ramaclan, before the Eid prayer. The Imnortance Of Zakat Ul- Fitr: Al-Bukhari and Nluslim relate that Abdullah Bin Omar (may Allah be pleased with him) said: :i ,-# W vb fuilt aS i f$i ,ir t Js-] ,?t” t ‘ ,o, . @ ” ‘ . .*-llt; -f rJr:,.l.*Jt;’Jt P ,A yVb ,’ ,,’.a a.’n, Ui ,P c”t’J biJ ,i’*l*tt ;* ,5Jt1 Ft1 “9)tLJt Jl .rrrJl “The Prophet (Peace be uPon him) enjoinetl the payme.nt of one Sa’ (atrout l 4 three kilograms) of dates or one Sa’ of barley as Zakat Ul-Fitr on every tv’Iuslim, young and old, male and female, free and slave. It shoukl be paid before proceeding for Eid Prayer.tt Payment of Zakat Ul-Fitr is obligatory for every Muslim possesses one Sa’ (three kilograms) of dates or barley or similar food items which is not needed as a basic food for himself or his family during 24 hours of Eid day. Such a Muslim must pay it for himself and for every members of his family. It is better for the members of the family to pay for themselves if they are able to do so. It may be paid on behalf of the child in the mothers womb, but that is not obligatory. Osman Bin Affan (may Allah be pleased with him) used to pay Zakat l-5 Ul-Fitr on behalf of the child in the womb. The Purpose Of Zakat Ul-Fitr: Its purpose is to purifY the fasting person from any indecent act or speech and to help the Poor and Needy. Ibn lJmar (may Allah be pleased with them) said: .-, ;i.tJd) i Ab p4l irs 9 \-, J v } I ,,d5u-;,U *&htJy’s’,.P’t’ ‘i*),g”)ts f, “The Messenger of Allah- peace be upon him- enjoined Zakat Ul-Fitr on fasting Muslim to purify them from any indecent act or slteech and for the purpose of provitling food for the Needy.” This hadith is reported by Abu Daud, lbn Ma.iah, f)arakutni and IIakim. l 6 The Required Amount: The Required amount of Zakat Ul-Fitr is one Sa’ (about three Kilograms) of wheat, barely, raisin, dry cottage cheese, rice, corn or similar items considered as basic food of the people in the country. It is not accepted to pay cloths, furniture, or anything other than rvhat is considers as basic food of the people. It is not acceptable to pay an equivalent value. This will be violation of the instructions of the Holy Prophet, peace be upon him. To Whom It To Be Given: It shoultl be distritruted among the poor and needy of the country where the l\luslim is residing at the time of its payment. If he does not know needy persons there he may pay 1 7 it to the poor and needy in any other place. The Time Of Pavment: It is due at the sunset of the night preceding the Eid day, i.e. at the end of the last day of Ramadan. It is preferable to pay it at the morning of Eid day, before performing Eid prayer, as mentioned in the hadith of Abdullah Bin Umar. It is permissible to pay it a day or hvo before Eid. Nafi reports: o– ,1Ar1 ik)r “c &-W -e yl dtf-e” .r–.lJr t€+.- re Jt ;:g t U.’C & oK b1 ‘e’i ti in, Pt ,;”‘o”rblitrK s,ot*!{ “Abdullah Bin Umar used to PaY Zakat Ul-Fitr on behalf of all, young and old, even he used to PaY it on behalf of my’ (Nafi’s) children. IIe used l 8 to pay it to those who desired to accept it. It was distributed among them a day or two before Eid.” This hadith is reported by Al-Bukhari. It is not permissible to delaY the payment of Zakat Ul-Fitr to PaY it after Eid prayer without an acceptable excuse. So if a person has known the news of Eid lately, or he/she is in a place where nobody is acceptingZakat Ul-Fitr he may pay it later. If a Muslim delays its payment without such an excuse his paYment is not acceptable as Zakat Ul-Fitr, but it is considered as an ordinary Sadaqah. He must pay it, but he will not get the special reward af Zakat Ul- Fitr. The Prophet- peace be upon him- said: . ‘.o , :,;-“‘ LArii ;jJ ,aJ J.it 6gj'”# 9>talt J”i tAl”ii iri” .. .-. t ,., !:.. “.rt!-(,all ;e’ai:ti $+t 6y;Jt JiJ l 9 “If one pays Zakat Ul-Fitr before the Salat (Eid prayer) it is considered an accepted Zakah. If he pays it after the Satah (Eid prayer) it is considered an ordinary Sadaqah”. This hadith is reported by Abu Daud, Nasaee, and Ibn Majah. Some Rullines On Zakat Ul-Fitr: It is permissible to distribute Zakat Ul-Fitr of one Person among a few poor persons, or to give Zakat UlFitr of more than one Person to one poor person. Zakat Ul-Fitr of a few persons may be put in a vessel and then distributed among the Poor without weighting or measuring. It is not permissible to PaY bad things as Zakat Ul-Fitr. Allah the Almighty says: L-t; “r’;3 t .rt ‘ry,Pi r9.T yJJl C’rF 20 ,-‘”’11 |J-14\1 c2slt’e €e;l bl t|.tbt1 ,oa rrhoti Ai lt l-:iirr ‘Ht ttyii 4wvh, “O ye who believe, Give of the good things which ye have (honorably) earned, and of the fruits of earth which we have produced for you. And do not aim at anything which is bad, out of it ye may give away something, when ye yourselves would not receive it except with closed eyes. And know that Allah is Free of all wants and Worthy of all praise”. The Holy Quran, Chapter 2, Verse 267. Praise be to Allah and peace he upon the master of the messengers, his family and companions. –Tit”X.rk^-i lp,iJr it*.au Ot+ittll Ct- i,i r’oa,o :a+-.;;Ii”Tl J! 4.+-.1r +lJl +e 16.r.0 ta C ltssjs. 4″+-rtltl ll.PYl 4$ dlJJl .Jt.o..i d .rl*i-1Y13 6ro.rll q/Jltill ‘,’1<,Jl+ t o I t A Y 1 :U,.Still r I o t Y Y Y Y . t o 1 o o o o :,-l3tell \\1oY ctr!.llll cAVl\l +cr qrfr-Jl 4iill isl”.ll