best islamic books pdf in english

English.islamweb.net/emainpage Page 1
Acts of Worship of the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,in Ramadan
Produced By:
Islamweb Staff
Editorial & Translation Department
English.islamweb.net/emainpage Page 5
In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful, the Ever Merciful
All praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds, and blessings and peace be
upon the seal of the Prophets and the Imam of the Messengers, our Prophet
Muhammad, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,and all his family and Companions.
The month of Ramadan is the month of worship and drawing closer to
Allah Almighty with different sorts of acts of worship and righteous deeds.
The Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,used to increase the different types of his acts of worship
in the month of Ramadan. He used to single out Ramadan with acts of
worship that he did not perform in other months. He used to urge his
Companions to perform acts of worship and obedience and head towards
Allah, the Exalted, in this month. He, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,said:
When the first night of Ramadan arrives, the devils and rebellious
jinn are chained, the gates of Hellfire are closed till no gate thereof
is open, and the gates of Paradise are opened till no door thereof is
closed. A caller cries out: “O seeker of good, proceed; O seeker of
evil, desist.” Allah saves some people from Hellfire—and that
happens every night.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
The acts of worship of the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,in Ramadan include:
First: Fasting Ramadan:
Allah Almighty says (what means): {So whoever sights [the new moon of]
the month, let him fast it.} [Quran 2:185]
The Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,said: “Whoever fasts in Ramadan out of sincere faith
and hoping to attain the reward of Allah, then his past sins will be
forgiven.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
English.islamweb.net/emainpage Page 6
He, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,also said: “The month of Ramadan has come to you. It is a blessed
month in which Allah enjoined you to fast.” [An-Nasaaʼi; Al-Albani:
authentic due to other narrations]
The Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,warned against abandoning seizing the virtues of this
month and leaving it without your sins being forgiven and your rank being
elevated. Abu Hurayrah, , narrated that once the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,said
“Ameen!” three times when he stepped up to the pulpit to deliver a sermon.
Afterwards, he was asked why he said “Ameen!” three times. The Prophet,
:responded, صلى الله عليه وسلم
While I was at the pulpit, Jibreel (Gabriel), , came to me. He
said: “May he be far from the mercy of Allah who reached
Ramadan and was not forgiven so he entered Hellfire. So Allah
distanced him far away. Say: ‘Ameen.’ So I said ‘Ameen.'” [Ibn
Khuzaymah and Ibn Hibbaan; Al-Albani: good-authentic]
Every Muslim should beware of wasting the time of this month in whatever
displeases Allah Almighty or in the permissible acts that are not rewarded.
When the wrongdoer sees the good-doers on the Day of Resurrection, he
will regret his wrongdoing and wish that he had done good like them.
Regret, weeping, remorse and pain, however, do not benefit then.
The Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,informed us that there are people who fast only as a matter
of habit so that it has no impact in improving their behavior or disciplining
their speech. They know nothing of the meanings of fasting except for
abstention from food and drink for a period of time. The Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,said
about these people: “Whoever does not give up false statements (i.e.
telling lies), acting upon them and ignorant behavior, Allah will not be
in need of his (fasting) leaving his food and drink.” [Al-Bukhari]
He, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,also said: “Perhaps there is a fasting person who gets nothing of
English.islamweb.net/emainpage Page 7
his fasting except hunger and thirst.” [Ahmad and Ibn Maajah; AsSuyooti: authentic] The meaning is that he does not attain the reward of
fasting because he violated its sanctity with different types of disobedience
and forbidden acts. This is why one of the predecessors said: “The easiest
part of fasting is abandoning food and drink.” This is also why the Prophet,
صلى الله عليه وسلم clarified that true fasting protects against dispraised acts and bad morals.
The Messenger of Allah, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,said: “Fasting is a shield. If one of you is
fasting, then he should avoid having sexual relations with his wife and
quarreling and if somebody fights or quarrels with him, he should say:
‘I am fasting, I am fasting.'” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim] This is the required
fasting that helps the fasting person to reach the desired aim. Allah, the
Exalted, says (what means): {O you who have believed, decreed upon you
is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you that you may become
righteous.} [Quran 2:183]
Second: Performing qiyaam (i.e. night prayers) in Ramadan:
Qiyaam in Ramadan is the night prayers observed in Ramadan. The
Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,used to perform qiyaam all throughout the year, in compliance
with the verses in which Allah Almighty says (what means): {O you who
wraps himself [in clothing], arise [to pray] the night, except for a little.}
[Quran 73:1-2] Allah, the Exalted, praised those who perform night
prayers, as He says (what means): {And those who spend [part of] the
night to their Lord prostrating and standing [in prayer].} [Quran 25:64]
and (what means): {They arise from [their] beds; they supplicate their
Lord in fear and aspiration, and from what We have provided them, they
spend.} [Quran 32:16] The Messenger of Allah, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,said: “The best prayer
after the obligatory prayer is the night prayer.” [Muslim]
It was narrated that the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,singled out the qiyaam of Ramadan
with more care. This includes that he urged performing qiyaam in Ramadan
English.islamweb.net/emainpage Page 8
and informed us that it is a reason for forgiving sins like the fasting of
Ramadan as he, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,said: “Whoever stands in prayer in the nights of
Ramadan out of sincere faith and hoping to attain the reward from Allah,
then all his past sins will be forgiven.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
Performing qiyaam in Ramadan means performing tahajjud (praying late
at night) through humbly submissive prayers at night seeking to draw
closer to Allah Almighty in these honored nights.
Shaykh ibn ʻUthaymeen, , said, “’Out of sincere faith,’ means faith in
Allah and belief in the reward that he prepared for those who stand in
prayer. ‘Hoping to attain the reward from Allah,’ means that he is not
doing this to show off or to gain fame, wealth or authority.”
Qiyaam in Ramadan encompasses prayers at the beginning and the end of
the night. Therefore, taraaweeh (voluntary night prayer in congregations
in the mosque in Ramadan) is considered qiyaam. Hence, we should be
keen on it and seek the reward from Allah Almighty for it. They are only a
few nights that are seized by the wise believer before they depart. It was
named as such (i.e. to rest or take a break) because people used to prolong
it so much that whenever they prayed four rakʻahs (units of prayer), they
would take a short break. The Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,was the first to pray the
taraaweeh prayer in congregation in the masjid. Then, he abandoned it out
of fear that it would become obligatory upon his nation. ʻAaʼishah, ,
narrated that, one night, the Messenger of Allah, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,offered the prayer in
the masjid and the people followed him. The next night, he also offered the
prayer and so many people gathered. On the third and fourth nights, more
people gathered but the Messenger of Allah, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,did not come out to them.
In the morning, he, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,said: “I saw what you were doing and nothing but
the fear that it (i.e. the prayer) might be enjoined upon you stopped me
from coming to you.” That happened in the month of Ramadan. [Al-
English.islamweb.net/emainpage Page 9
Bukhari and Muslim]
The Messenger of Allah, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,died while the matter was as such. Afterwards,
ʻUmar ibn Al-Khattaab, , gathered the people in the masjid to pray
the taraaweeh prayers led by one Imam. Thus, he revived this Sunnah after
its absence because the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,feared that it might be enjoined upon
his nation. The revelation ended with the death of the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم .Muslims
from among Ahlus-Sunnah (the people who follow the Sunnah) agreed
upon the permissibility of what ʻUmar, , did. No one contradicted them
except for the people of innovations.

hajj rules for ladies 2022
hajj 2022
7 steps of the hajj with dates
can a woman perform hajj alone
hajj guide pdf
hajj guide step by step pictures
7 steps of the hajj in urdu
what are the 10 stages of hajj


Another piece of evidence on its permissibility is what was narrated by
Abu Ad-Dardaaʼ, , that the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,led them in prayer on the
twenty-third night till the third of the night and on the twenty-fifth night
till half the night. They said to him: “Would you please pray the rest of the
night with us?” The Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,replied: “If someone prays with the imam
till the imam leaves, then he will be rewarded as if he prayed the rest of
the night.” [Ahlus-Sunan; At-Tirmithi: good]
This indicates that praying part of the night with the imam is rewarded like
praying the whole night, even if this portion of the night is less than the
third, as indicated by the hadith: “If someone prays with the imam till the
imam leaves”. The apparent meaning is that he should pray with him until
he leaves. If he leaves before the imam, then he will not attain this reward.
Imam Ahmad, , used to apply this hadith and pray with the Imam.
Therefore, those people who leave after performing two, four or six rakʻahs
are deprived from attaining the reward of performing the qiyaam of a
complete night. Consider how the Companions used to pray with the
Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,till half the night and then they asked him to pray more. This
shows the strength of their faith and their diligence in obeying Allah
English.islamweb.net/emainpage Page 10
Almighty. If you consider the states of many imams nowadays, you will
find that they pray the entire taraaweeh prayer in half an hour or less or a
bit more. Nonetheless, people are not patient to complete it with the imam.
This indicates preoccupation with the life of this world, prevalence of its
love in souls, excessive hope, and relinquishing the deeds of the Hereafter.
Third: studying the Quran:
From among the acts of worship of the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,in Ramadan is studying
the Quran. Ibn ʻAbbas, , narrated that the Messenger of Allah, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,was
the most generous of all the people and that he used to be even more
generous in the month of Ramadan, when Jibreel (Gabriel), , used to
meet him. Jibreel used to meet him every night in Ramadan to study the
Noble Quran together. The Messenger of Allah, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,used to become more
generous than the fast wind (which causes rain and welfare) when he met
Jibreel. [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
Imaam Ibn Rajab, , said: “This hadith also indicates that it is
recommended to study the Quran in Ramadan, gather for this reason, and
recite the Quran before whoever memorized more than you.”
This hadith also signifies that it is recommended to frequently recite the
Quran in the month of Ramadan. Fatimah, , narrated that her father, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,
informed her that he used to study the Quran with Jibreel, , once every
year and that, in the year of his death, they studied it twice.
This hadith also implies that this studying between the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,and
Jibreel, , was at night. This signifies that it is recommended to
frequently recite the Quran at night in Ramadan. At night, business and
concerns end, determinations grows stronger, and the heart and tongue
cooperate to contemplate. Allah, the Exalted, says (what means): {Indeed,
English.islamweb.net/emainpage Page 11
the hours of the night are more effective for concurrence [of heart and
tongue] and more suitable for words.} [Quran 73:6]
Ramadan has a special relation with the Quran, as Allah Almighty says
(what means): {The month of Ramadan [is that] in which was revealed
the Quran.} [Quran 2:185]
There are etiquettes for reciting the Quran, and these comprise the
following:
1- Sincerity of intention for the sake of Allah Almighty.
2- Reading with an attentive heart, contemplating on what is read, and
understanding its meanings.
3- Being in a state of purity because this is part of glorifying the words
of Allah, the Exalted.
4- Not reading the Quran in unclean places or in a gathering where one
cannot listen to its recitation because such a recitation, in those
circumstances, would disdain the Quran.
5- Seeking refuge with Allah Almighty from the accursed Satan when
starting the recitation and not pronouncing the Basmalah (i.e.
saying: In the Name of Allah) except at the beginning of a new
Surah.
6- Improving one’s voice in recitation.
7- Reciting the Quran with measured recitation and applying the rules
of recitation.
8- Prostrating when passing by a verse of prostration while one is in a
state of purity at any time, whether night or day. While prostrating,
one should say: “Glory be to my Lord, the Most High,” supplicate
Allah Almighty, and then rise without saying takbeer (i.e. saying:
English.islamweb.net/emainpage Page 12
Allah Akbar) or offering tasleem (ending the prayer with
salutations).
Fourth: Thikr (remembrance) and supplication:
The Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,used to mention his Lord at all times and in all states. He
used to do more so in Ramadan. From among the athkaar (i.e. plural of
thikr) of the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,in Ramadan was that when he saw the moon, he
used to say: “Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest. O Allah, bring
us the new moon with security and faith, salvation and Islam (submission
to You), and guidance to what You like and what pleases You. Our Lord
and yours (O moon) is Allah.” [Ad-Daarimi]
When the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,broke his fast, he used to say: “Thirst has gone, the
arteries are moist and the reward is sure, if Allah wills.” [Abu Daawood
and An-Nasaaʼi]
ʻAaishah, said: “I asked: ‘O Messenger of Allah, if I know which night
is the Night of Qadr, then what should I say during it?’ He, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,said: ‘Say,
O Allah, You are pardoning and You love to pardon, so pardon me.'” [AtTirmithi narrated it and classed it as good-authentic]
An-Nawawi, , said: “It is recommended to frequently recite the Quran
and other athkaar when observing iʻtikaaf (i.e. religious seclusion in the
masjid).”
Concerning supplication, the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,said: “There are three types of
people whose supplications are never rejected: a fasting person when he
breaks his fast, a just ruler, and the supplication of a wronged person.”
[At-Tirmithi narrated it and classed it as good]
Fifth: Much generosity and spending:
English.islamweb.net/emainpage Page 13
In the above mentioned hadith of Ibn ʻAbbas, , it is stated that the
Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,used to be the most generous in Ramadan. He was even more
generous than the fast wind that brings the rain. [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
The Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,is the most generous of all the children of Adam, . He
is the best, most knowledgeable, and most perfect of them with regards to
all the praised qualities. He encompassed all sorts of generosity including
offering knowledge, money, sacrificing himself for the sake of Allah,
supporting His religion, guiding His slaves, and conveying benefit to them
with all means, like by feeding the hungry among them, preaching to the
ignorant among them, running their errands, and bearing their burdens.
Anas, , narrated, “The Messenger of Allah, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,was the best, bravest,
and most generous of all people.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
Anas, , also said:
It never happened that the Messenger of Allah, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,was asked
anything for the sake of Islam and did not give it. There came to
him a person and he gave him a large flock (of sheep and goats) that
extended to a distance between two mountains. The man went back
to his people and said: “O my people! Embrace Islam for
Muhammad gives so much charity as if he has no fear of poverty.”
[Muslim]
His generosity increased in Ramadan compared to other months, just as the
generosity of his Lord increased in it as well. Allah, the Exalted, instilled
the noble qualities that He loves in him. He was as such even before albiʻthah (i.e. the commission to bear and proclaim the message). [Lataaʼif
Al-Maʻaarif by Ibn Rajab Al-Hanbali]
Generosity in Ramadan includes offering iftaar (i.e. meal to break a fast
with) to the fasting people for the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,said: “Whoever offers iftaar
English.islamweb.net/emainpage Page 14
to a fasting person will receive a reward that is equivalent to that of the
fasting person.” [Ahmad, An-Nasaaʼi; Al-Albani: authentic] From among
the characteristics of the generosity of the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,is that he did
everything completely for the sake of Allah Almighty and to seek His
pleasure. He used to give money to the poor and needy, spend it in the way
of Allah, or bring with it to Islam whoever he thinks could benefit it with
his power. He used to favor others over himself, his family, and children.
He used to give in a way that cannot be imitated by kings like Kisra and
Caesar. He used to live the life of the poor. Sometimes, no food would be
cooked in his house for one or two months, and perhaps he would wrap a
rock over his stomach due to hunger.
Sixth: Performing ʻUmrah in Ramadan:
Although the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,did not perform ʻUmrah in Ramadan, he urged
doing so by saying: “Perform ʻUmrah in the month of Ramadan as it is
equivalent to Hajj (or he said: Hajj with me) (in reward).” [Al-Bukhari
and Muslim] This indicates doubling the reward of righteous deeds in
Ramadan. Whoever was deprived of the bounty, mercy and broad
forgiveness of Allah, the Exalted, in this month is truly deprived.
Seventh: Observing iʻtikaaf:
Iʻtikaaf is an established Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah, صلى الله عليه وسلم .ʻAaʼishah,
, said: “The Prophet used to practice iʻtikaaf in the last ten days of
Ramadan till he died, and then his wives used to practice iʻtikaaf after
him.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
Another narration reads: “The Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,used to perform iʻtikaaf every
year in the month of Ramadan for ten days and, when it was the year of
English.islamweb.net/emainpage Page 15
his death, he stayed in iʻtikaaf for twenty days.” [Al-Bukhari]
Eighth: Exerting more effort in the last ten days:
ʻAaʼishah, , narrated, “The Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم ,used to exert more effort in
the last ten days of Ramadan than in the rest of the year.” [Muslim]
She also said: “With the start of the last ten days of Ramadan, the Prophet
used to tighten his waist belt (i.e. work hard), pray all night, and keep his
family awake for the prayers.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
This diligence encompassed all kinds of acts of worship, including prayer,
recitation of the Quran, thikr, charity, and other acts of worship.
We ask Allah Almighty to guide us to follow the example of this Prophet,
صلى الله عليه وسلم ,and win his intercession on the Day of Resurrection.