A STUDY ON THE HADITHS OF VIRTUES Islamic book PDF

A STUDY ON THE HADITHS OF VIRTUES



1- HADITHS ON THE VIRTUES OF FASTING
1) On the authority of Abu Sa’id al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased
with him), who said: I heard the Prophet (peace be upon him)
saying, “Indeed, anyone who fasts for one day for Allah’s
pleasure, Allah will keep his face away from the Hellfire for (a
distance covered by a journey of) seventy years.” (Agreed upon)
2) On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with
him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said,
“Allah the Exalted and Majestic said: Every act of the son of
Adam is for him, except fasting. It is (exclusively) meant for Me
and I (alone) will reward it. Fasting is a shield.1
When any one
of you is fasting on a day, he should neither indulge in obscene
language, nor raise the voice; or if anyone reviles him or tries to
quarrel with him he should say: I am a person fasting. By Him,
in Whose Hand is the life of Muhammad, the breath of the
observer of fast is sweeter to Allah on the Day of judgment than
the fragrance of musk. The one who fasts has two (occasions) of
joy, one when he breaks the fast he is glad with the breaking of

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i.e. it protects him from the fire and from his desires.
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(the fast) and one when he meets his Lord he is glad with his
fast.” (Agreed upon, and this is the wording of Muslim)
3) On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with
him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said,
“Anybody who spends a pair2
of something in Allah’s Cause
will be called from all the gates of Paradise, “O Allah’s slave!
This is good.’ He who is amongst those who pray will be called
from the gate of the prayer (in Paradise) and he who is from the
people of Jihad will be called from the gate of Jihad, and he
who is amongst those who observe fast will be called from the
gate of fasting, the gate of Rayyaan, and he who is from those’
who give in charity (i.e. Zakat) will be called from the gate of
charity ” Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him) said, “He
who is called from all those gates will need nothing. Will
anyone be called from all of those gates, O Allah’s Apostle?”
He said, “Yes, and I hope you will be among those, O Abu
Bakr.” (Agreed upon)
4) On the authority of Sahl b. Sa’d (may Allah be pleased with him)
that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “In
Paradise there is a gate which is called Rayyaan through which
only the observers of fast would enter on the Day on
Resurrection. No one else would enter along with them. It will
be proclaimed: Where are the observers of fast? They will rise,
and no others will enter the door other than them. And when

2
i.e. spending two things from one type, such as two horses, or two slaves, or two camels…
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the last of them would enter, it would be closed and no one else
will enter it.” (Agreed upon, and the wording is that of Bukhari)
5) On the authority of Abdullah ibn ‘Amr that the Messenger of
Allah (peace be upon him) said, “Fasting and [reading] Qur’an
will intercede for the person: Fasting will say: O Lord I forbade
him eating and drinking so let me intercede for him, and the
Qur’an will say: I deprived him from his night sleep so let me
intercede for him,” He (peace be upon him) then said: “So they
will intercede.” (Reported by Ahmad)
2-HADITHS ON THE VIRTUES OF RAMADAAN AND
ACTIONS DURING THE MONTH
6) On the authority of Ibn ‘Abbas (may Allah be pleased with them
both), that the Prophet (peace be upon him) was the most
generous of all the people, and he used to reach the peak in
generosity in the month of Ramadan when Gabriel (peace be
upon him) met him. Gabriel used to meet him every night of
Ramadan to teach him the Qur’an. Allah’s Apostle was the most
generous person, even more generous than the strong
uncontrollable wind.3
(Agreed upon)
7) On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with
him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said,
“Whoever observes fasts during the month of Ramadan out of

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i.e. in readiness and haste to do charitable deeds.
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sincere faith, and hoping to attain Allah’s rewards, then all his
past sins will be forgiven.” (Agreed upon).
8) On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with
him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said,
“Whoever establishes prayers during the nights of Ramadan
faithfully out of sincere faith and hoping to attain Allah’s
rewards (not for showing off), all his past sins will be forgiven.”
(Agreed upon)
9) On the authority of ‘Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her)
that one night the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him)
offered the prayer in the Mosque and the people followed him.
The next night he also offered the prayer and too many people
gathered. On the third and the fourth nights more people gathered,
but the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) did not come out
to them. In the morning he said, “I saw what you were doing and
nothing but the fear that it (i.e. the prayer) might be enjoined on
you, stopped me from coming to you.” And that happened in the
month of Ramadan. (Agreed upon).
10) On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with
him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said,
“When the month of Ramadan comes, the gates of Paradise are
opened and the gates of the (Hell) Fire are closed, and the devils
are chained.” (Agreed upon, and this wording is that of Bukhari).
11) On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with
him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “The
five prayers, and from one Friday prayer to (the next) Friday
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prayer, are an expiation of the sins committed in between their
intervals, if major sins are not committed.” (Reported by
Muslim)
3- HADITHS ON THE VIRTUES OF THE LAST TEN DAYS OF
RAMADAAN, AND LAYLATU’L-QADR
12) On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with
him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said,
“Whoever stood for the prayers in the night of Qadr out of
sincere Faith and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his
previous sins will be forgiven .” (Agreed upon)
13) On the authority of Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her),
who said, “When the last ten days of Ramadaan would come, the
Prophet (peace be upon him) would tighten his waist wrapper
(izaar)4
, spend the night in worship, and wake his family.”
(Agreed upon, and this wording is that of Bukhari)
14) On the authority of Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her),
who said, “The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) would
exert himself in the last ten days (of Ramadaan) more than he
would at other times.” (Reported by Muslim)
15) On the authority of Abu Sa’id al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased
with him) that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him)
observed i’tikaf (confined himself for devotion and prayer) in the

4
i.e. he would isolate himself from his women. It is also said that it means exerting himself in worship.
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first ten days of Ramadan; he then observed i’tikaf in the middle
ten days in a Turkish tent with a mat hanging at its door. He (the
Prophet) took hold of that mat and placed it in the nook of the
tent. He then stuck his head out and talked with people and they
came near him. The Prophet (peace be upon him) then said, “I
observed i’tikaf in the first ten nights and days in order to seek
that night (Laylatu’l-Qadr). I then observed i’tikaf in the middle
ten days. Then (an angel) was sent to me and I was told that this
night is among the last ten nights. So he among you who likes to
observe i’tikaf should do so,” and the people observed it along
with him. The Prophet (peace be upon him) then said,
“Laylatu’l-Qadr was shown to me on an odd night, and I saw in
the dream that I was prostrating in the morning in clay and
water.” So on the morning of the twenty-first night when he got
up for dawn prayer, there had been rainfall and the mosque
dripped, and I saw clay and water. When he came out after
completing the morning prayer, I saw that his forehead and the tip
of his nose had traces of clay and water, and that was on the
twenty-first night among the last ten nights. (Agreed upon, and
this wording is that of Muslim).
16) On the authority of Ibn ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with them)
that some men amongst the companions of the Prophet were
shown in their dreams that the night of Qadr was in the last seven
nights of Ramadan. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him)
said, “It seems that all your dreams agree that (the Night of
Qadr) is in the last seven nights, so whoever wants to search for
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it (i.e. the Night of Qadr) should search in the last seven nights
of Ramadan.” (Agreed upon)
17) On the authority of Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her),
that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “Search
for the Night of Qadr in the odd nights of the last ten days of
Ramadan.” (Agreed upon, and this wording is that of Bukhari)
18) On the authority of Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her),
that she asked the Prophet (peace be upon him) “O Messenger of
Allah! If I knew which night was Laylatu’l-Qadr, what should I
say on it?” He replied, “Say: O Allah, indeed you are a
Pardoner, and you love pardon; so pardon me.” (Reported by
Ahmad and the authors of the Sunan, and this wording is that of
Tirmidhi)
4- HADITHS ON THE RULINGS AND ETIQUETTES OF
FASTING
19) On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with
him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said,
“Observe fast on sighting it (the new moon) and break it on
sighting it. But if it is concealed by clouds, then complete thirty
days of Sha’ban.” (Agreed upon, and this wording is that of
Bukhari)
20) On the authority of Ibn ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with them)
that the people looked out for the new moon, so I informed the
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Prophet (peace be upon him) that I had seen it, so he fasted and
ordered the people to fast. (Reported by ad-Daarimi and Abu
Dawud)
21) On the authority of Hafsah (may Allah be pleased with her), that
the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “He who does not resolve
to fast before it is Fajr ,then there is no fast for him.” (Reported
by Ahmad and the authors of the Sunan)
22) On the authority of Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her),
who said, “The Prophet (peace be upon him) came to me one day
and said, ‘Do you have any food?’ We replied, ‘No’, so he said,
‘Then I am fasting.’ He came to us another day and we said to
him, ‘O Messenger of Allah, we were gifted with some Hais,
5
’ so
he said, ‘Show that to me; I had been fasting since morning.’ He
then ate it. (Reported by Muslim)
23) On the authority of Sahl ibn Sa’ad (may Allah be pleased with
him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “The
people will remain on the right path as long as they hasten the
breaking of the fast.” (Agreed upon)
24) On the authority of Anas ibn Malik (may Allah be pleased with
him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said,
“Take the pre-dawn meal, as there is a blessing in it.” (Agreed
upon)
25) On the authority of ‘Amr ibn al-‘Ask (may Allah be pleased with
him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “The

5
A dish made of butter, cheese and dates
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distinction between our fasting and the fasting of the People of
the Book is the taking of the pre-dawn meal.” (Reported by
Muslim)
26) On the authority of Anas, who reported that Zayd ibn Thabit (may
Allah be pleased with him) said, “We ate the pre-dawn meal
along with the Prophet (peace be upon him), then he stood up for
the prayer, I said, ‘How much time was there between the call to
prayer, and the eating of the pre-dawn meal?’ He said, ‘The
interval was sufficient to recite fifty verses of the Qur’an.’
(Agreed upon)
27) On the authority of Ibn ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with them)
that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) had two
mu’adhdhins, Bilal and the blind Ibn Umm Maktum, so the
Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “Bilal pronounces
the adhan at the end of the night, so keep on eating and
drinking till Ibn Umm Maktum pronounces the Adhan.” Ibn
‘Umar said, “And the difference of time between their Adhans
was not more than the time it took for one to climb down from the
minaret and the other to climb up.” (Agreed upon, and this
wording is that of Muslim)
28) On the authority of Aa’ishah and Umm Salamah (may Allah be
pleased with them), that sometimes, the Messenger of Allah
(peace be upon him) would get up in the morning in the state of
ritual impurity after having sexual relations with his wives. He
would then take a bath and fast. (Agreed upon, and this wording
is that of Bukhari)
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29) On the authority of ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab (may Allah be pleased
with him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said,
“When night falls from this side and the day vanishes from this
side and the sun sets, then the fasting person should break his
fast.” (Agreed upon)
30) On the authority of Anas ibn Malik (may Allah be pleased with
him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) used to
break his fast before praying with some fresh dates; but if there
were no fresh dates, he had a few dry dates, and if there were no
dry dates, he took some mouthfuls of water. (Reported by Ahmad,
Abu Dawud, and Tirmidhi)
31) On the authority of Salmaan ibn ‘Aamir ad-Dabbi (may Allah be
pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon
him) said, “When one of you is fasting, he should break his fast
with dates, for in them is blessing; but if he cannot get any, then
(he should break his fast) with water, for water is purifying.”
(Reported by Ahmad, and the authors of the Sunan, and this
wording is that of Tirmidhi)
32) On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with
him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) forbade
Al-Wisal (fasting continuously for more than one day without
taking any meals). A man from the Muslims said, “But you do
Al-Wisal, O Messenger of Allah!” The Prophet (peace be upon
him) then said, “Who among you is similar to me? I sleep and
my Lord makes me eat and drink.” When the people refused to
give up Al-Wisal, the Prophet fasted along with them for one day,
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and did not break his fast but continued his fast for another day,
and when they saw the crescent, the Prophet said, “If the crescent
had not appeared, I would have made you continue your fast
(for a third day),” as if he wanted to punish them for they had
refused to give up Al-Wisal. (Agreed upon, and this wording is
that of Bukhari)
33) On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with
him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said,
“Whoever does not give up forged speech and evil actions, Allah
is not in need of his leaving his food and drink.”(Reported by
Bukhari)
34) On the authority of Zayd ibn Khalid al-Jahni (may Allah be
pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon
him) said, “If someone gives one who has been fasting
something with which to break his fast, it will provide
forgiveness of his sins and save him from Hell, and he will have
a reward equal to his without his reward being diminished in
any respect.” (Reported by Ahmad and the authors of the Sunan,
and this wording is that of Tirmidhi)
35) On the authority of Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her),
who said, “The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) used to
kiss and embrace his wives while he was fasting, and he had more
power to control his desires than any of you.” (Agreed upon, and
this wording is that of Muslim)
36) On the authority of Ibn ‘Abbas (may Allah be pleased with them)
that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) was cupped
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while he was in ihram, and when he was fasting. (Reported by
Bukhari, and Muslim also reported the first half)
37) On the authority of Shaddad ibn Aws (may Allah be pleased with
him) that he was with the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon
him) during the period of the conquest of Makkah, when they
passed by a man who had cupped for eighteen nights of
Ramadaan, so he took his hand and said, “The person doing
cupping and the person receiving cupping may break their
fast”. (Reported by Ahmad, and this wording is his, and the
authors of the Sunan).
38) On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with
him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “If
somebody eats something forgetfully while he is fasting, then he
should complete his fast, for Allah has caused him to eat and
drink.” (Agreed upon, and this wording is that of Muslim)
39) On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with
him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said,
“Whoever has an attack of vomiting, then no atonement is
required of him, but whoever vomits intentionally then let him
make atonement for it.” (Reported by Ahmad and the authors of
the Sunan, and this wording is that of Tirmidhi)
40) On the authority of Laqit ibn Sabrah (may Allah be pleased with
him) that he said, “O Messenger of Allah! Tell me about the
ablution.” He replied, “Perform ablution in full and make the
fingers go through the beard and snuff with water well except
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when you are fasting.” (Reported by Ahmad and the authors of
the Sunan)
41) On the authority of Jabir (may Allah be pleased with him) that the
Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) was on a journey, when
he saw a crowd of people, and a man was being shaded (by them).
He asked, “What is the matter?” They said, “He (the man) is
fasting.” The Prophet said, “It is not righteousness that you fast
on a journey.” (Agreed upon, and this wording is that of Muslim)
42) On the authority of Hamzah ibn Amr al-Aslami (may Allah be
pleased with him) that he asked the Messenger of Allah (peace be
upon him), “O Messenger of Allah, I find strength in me for
fasting on a journey; is there any sin upon me (in doing it)?” The
Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “It is a concession
from Allah. He who took advantage of it, it is good for him, and
he who preferred to observe fast, there is no sin upon him”
(Agreed upon, and this wording is that of Muslim)
43) On the authority of Abu Sa’id al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased
with him) who said, “We went out on an expedition with Allah’s
Messenger (may peace be upon him) on the 16th of Ramadan.
Some of us fasted and some of us broke the fast. But neither the
observer of the fast found fault with one who broke it, nor the
breaker of the fast found fault with one who observed it.”
(Reported by Muslim)
44) On the authority of Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) who
said, “We were with the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) on
a journey. Some of us had been observing the fast and some of us
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had not been fasting. We got down at a place on a hot day. Most
of us had the cloth for shelter. There were also those amongst us
who sheltered (themselves against the rays of the) sun with the
help of their hands. The observers of the fast fell down (on
account of weakness). Those who had not observed it got up and
pitched tents and watered the mounts. Thereupon the Messenger
of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “The breakers of the fast
have taken away the reward today.” (Agreed upon, and this
wording is that of Muslim)
45) On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with
him) who said, “While we were sitting with the Prophet (peace be
upon him) a man came and said, “O Messenger of Allah! I am
ruined.” The Prophet (peace be upon him) asked what was the
matter with him. He replied “I had sexual intercourse with my
wife while I was fasting.” Allah’s Apostle asked him, “Can you
afford to manumit a slave?” He replied in the negative. Allah’s
Apostle asked him, “Can you fast for two successive months?”
He replied in the negative. The Prophet asked him, “Can you
afford to feed sixty poor persons?” He replied in the negative.
The Prophet kept silent and while we were in that state, a big
basket full of dates was brought to the Prophet . He asked,
“Where is the questioner?” He replied, “I (am here).” The
Prophet said (to him), “Take this (basket of dates) and give it in
charity.” The man said, “Should I give it to a person poorer than
I? By Allah; there is no family between its (i.e. Medina’s) two
mountains who are poorer than I.” The Prophet smiled till his
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premolar teeth became visible and then said, “Feed your family
with it.” (Agreed upon, and this wording is that of Bukhari)
46) On the authority of Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her),
who said, “It used to be that I had days to make up for
Ramadaan and I would not be able to do so except in Sha’baan.
(Agreed upon)
47) On the authority of Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her),
that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “Whoever
dies and there is a fast remaining obligatory upon him – then
his heir should fast for him.” (Agree upon).
5- HADITHS ON THE VIRTUES OF THE NIGHT PRAYER
48) On the authority of Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her),
that the Prophet used to offer prayer at night (for such a long
time) that his feet used to crack. I said, “O Messenger of Allah!
Why do you do it since Allah has forgiven you your faults of the
past and those to follow?” He said, “Shouldn’t I love to be a
thankful slave?” When he became old, he prayed while sitting,
but if he wanted to perform a bowing, he would get up, recite
(some other verses) and then perform the bowing. (Agreed upon,
and this wording is that of Bukhari)
49) On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with
him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said,
“Satan puts three knots at the back of the head of any of you if
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he is asleep. On every knot he reads and exhales the following
words, ‘The night is long, so stay asleep.’ When one wakes up
and remembers Allah, one knot is undone; and when one
performs ablution, the second knot is undone, and when one
prays the third knot is undone and one gets up energetic with a
good heart in the morning; otherwise one gets up lazy and with
a mischievous heart.” (Agreed upon)
50) On the authority of ‘Abdullah ibn Salam (may Allah be pleased
with him) who said, “When the Messenger of Allah (peace be
upon him) came to Madinah, the people raced towards him, and
they said, ‘The Messenger of Allah has come, the Messenger of
Allah has come, the Messenger of Allah has come.’ I had come
with the people to see him, so when the face of the Messenger of
Allah (peace be upon him) became within clear sight of me, I
knew that his face was not that of a liar, and the first thing he
spoke was that he said, “O people! Spread the greetings, feed the
poor and needy, offer prayers when others are asleep, and you
will enter Paradise in peace.” (Reported by Ahmad, Tirmidhi and
Ibn Majah)
51) On the authority of Jabir (may Allah be pleased with him) that he
heard the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) say, “There is
an hour during the night in which no Muslim individual will
ask Allah for good in this world and the next without His giving
it to him; and that applies to every night.” (Reported by Muslim)
52) On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with
him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said,
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“Allah has mercy on a man who wakes up at night and prays,
then awakens his wife. If she refuses, he sprinkles water in her
face. And Allah has mercy on a woman who wakes up at night
and prays, then awakens her husband. If he refuses, she
sprinkles water in his face.” (Reported by Ahmad, and the
authors of the Sunan)
53) On the authority of Abu Sa’id and Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be
pleased with them) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon
him) said, “When a man himself wakes at night and wakens his
wife and they pray two units of prayer together, they are
recorded among the men and women who make much mention
of Allah.” (Reported by Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah)
6- HADITHS ON THE VIRTUES OF RECITING THE
QUR’AN
54) On the authority of Abu Umamah al-Bahili (may Allah be pleased
with him) that he heard the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon
him) say, “Recite the Qur’an, for on the Day of Resurrection it
will come as an intercessor for those who recite It. Recite the
two bright ones, al-Baqara and Surah Al ‘Imran, for on the Day
of Resurrection they will come as two clouds or two shades, or
two flocks of birds in ranks, pleading for those who recite them.
Recite Surah al-Baqara, for to take recourse to it is a blessing
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and to give it up is a cause of grief, and the magicians cannot
confront it.” (Reported by Muslim)
55) On the authority of Uthman (may Allah be pleased with him) that
the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “The best of
you is he who learns the Qur’an and teaches it.” (Reported by
Bukhari)
56) On the authority of Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her),
that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “One who
is proficient in the Qur’an is associated with the noble, upright,
recording angels6
; and he who falters in it, and finds it difficult
for him, will have a double reward.” (Agreed upon, and this
wording is that of Muslim)
57) On the authority of Ibn Musa al-Ash’ari (may Allah be pleased
with him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said,
“The example of him (a believer) who recites the Qur’an is like
that of a citron which tastes good and smells good. And he (a
believer) who does not recite the Qur’an is like a date which is
good in taste but has no smell. And the example of a dissolute
wicked person who recites the Qur’an is like the Raihana (sweet
basil) which smells good but tastes bitter. And the example of a
dissolute wicked person who does not recite the Qur’an is like
the colocynth which tastes bitter and has no smell.” (Agreed
upon)
58) On the authority of Ibn ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with them)
that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “Do not

6 Also interpreted as ‘with the prophets’
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wish to be the like except of two men. A man whom Allah has
given the knowledge of the Book and he recites it during the
hours of the night, and a man whom Allah has given wealth,
and he spends it in charity during the night and the hours of the
day.” (Agreed upon)
59) On the authority of Al-Barraa’ ibn ‘Aazib (may Allah be pleased
with him) who said, “A man was reciting Surat Al-Kahf and his
horse was tied with two ropes beside him. A cloud came down
and spread over that man, and it kept on coming closer and closer
to him till his horse started jumping (as if afraid of something).
When it was morning, the man came to the Prophet, and told him
of that experience. The Prophet said, “That was As-Sakina
(tranquility) which descended because of (the recitation of) the
Qur’an.” (Agreed upon)
60) On the authority of Abdullah ibn ‘Amr (may Allah be pleased
with him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said,
“One who was devoted to the Qur’an will be told to recite,
ascend and recite carefully as he recited carefully when he was
in the world, for he will reach his abode when he comes to the
last verse he recites.” (Reported by Ahmad, Abu Dawud and
Tirmidhi)
61) On the authority of Ibn Mas’ud (may Allah be pleased with him)
that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “If anyone
recites a letter from Allah’s Book he will be credited with a good
deed, and a good deed gets a tenfold reward. I do not say that
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Alif-Lam-Mim are one letter, but alif is a letter, lam is a letter
and mim is a letter.” (Reported by Tirmidhi)
62) On the authority of Ibn Mas’ud (may Allah be pleased with him)
that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “The
Prophet said to me, “Recite (the Qur’an) to me.” I said, “O
Messenger of Allah! Shall I recite (the Qur’an) to you while it has
been revealed to you?” He said, “I like to hear it from others.”
So I recited Surat-An-Nisa’, but when I reached the Verse, ‘How
(will it be) then when We bring from each nation a witness and
We bring you (O Muhammad) as a witness against these
people.’ (4.41) He said, “Enough for now,” I looked at him and
his eyes were overflowing with tears.” (Agreed upon, and this
wording is that of Bukhari)
7 – HADITH ON I’TIKAF (SECLUSION IN THE MOSQUE)
63) On the authority of Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her),
that the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to perform I’tikaf in
the last ten days of Ramadaan until Allah the Mighty and
Majestic, took him. Then his wives observed I’tikaf after him.
(Agreed upon)
64) On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with
him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him used to
perform I’tikaf every year in the month of Ramadan for ten days,
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and when it was the year of his death, he stayed in I’tikaf for
twenty days. (Reported by Bukhari)
65) On the authority of Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her),
who reported that when the Messenger of Allah (may peace be
upon him) decided to observe i’tikaf, he prayed in the morning
and then went to the place of his i’tikaf. (Agreed upon, and this
wording is that of Muslim)
66) On the authority of Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her),
who reported that “When the Messenger of Allah (may peace be
upon him) was in I’tikaf, he inclined his head towards me and I
combed his hair, and he did not enter the house but for the natural
calls (for relieving himself).” (Agreed upon)
67) On the authority of Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her),
who said, “The sunnah for one who is observing i’tikaf (in a
mosque) is not to visit a patient, or to attend a funeral, or touch or
embrace one’s wife, or go out for anything but necessary
purposes. There is no i’tikaf without fasting, and there is no i’tikaf
except in a congregational mosque.” (Reported by Abu Dawud)
68) On the authority of Safiyyah bint Huyyay (may Allah be pleased
with her) who reported that “While Allah’s Messenger (peace be
upon him) had been observing I’tikaf, I came to visit him one
night and talked with him for some time. Then I stood up to go
back and he also stood up with me in order to bid me good-bye.”
She was at that time residing in the house of Usama ibn Zayd.
Then two persons from the Ansar happened to pass by him. When
they saw the Prophet (peace be upon him). they began to walk
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swiftly, thereupon the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him)
said to them, “Walk calmly, she is Safiyyah daughter of
Huyyay”. Both of them said, “Messenger, glory be to Allah, (we
cannot conceive of being doubtful of you, even in the remotest
corners of our minds), whereupon he said, “Satan circulates in
the body of man like the circulation of blood and I was afraid
lest it should instill any evil in your heart or anything.” (Agreed
upon, and this wording is that of Bukhari)
8- HADITH ON THE VIRTUES OF CHARITY
69) On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with
him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said,
“Allah will give shade, to seven, on the Day when there will be
no shade but His. (These seven persons are) a just ruler, a youth
who has been brought up in the worship of Allah (i.e. worships
Allah sincerely from childhood), a man whose heart is attached
to the mosques (i.e. to pray the compulsory prayers in the
mosque in congregation), two persons who love each other only
for Allah’s sake and they meet and part in Allah’s cause only, a
man who refuses the call of a charming woman of noble birth
for illicit intercourse with her and says: I am afraid of Allah, a
man who gives charitable gifts so secretly that his left hand does
not know what his right hand has given (i.e. nobody knows how
much he has given in charity), and a person who remembers
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Allah in seclusion and his eyes are then flooded with tears.”
(Agreed upon)
70) On the authority of Hakim ibn Hazim (may Allah be pleased with
him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “The
upper hand is better than the lower hand (i.e. he who gives in
charity is better than him who takes it). One should start giving
first to his dependents. And the best object of charity is that
which is given by a wealthy person (from the money which is
left after his expenses). And whoever abstains from asking
others for some financial help, Allah will give him and save him
from asking others, Allah will make him self-sufficient.”
(Reported by Bukhari, and the wording is his, and Muslim has a
narration which contains most of the meaning)
71) On the authority of Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her),
that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “When a
woman gives in charity from her house meals in Allah’s Cause
without spoiling her husband’s property, she will get a reward
for it, and her husband will also get the reward for his earnings
and the storekeeper will get a reward likewise, and none will
decrease the reward of the other.” (Agreed upon)
72) On the authority of Abu Sa’id al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased
with him) who said, “On ‘Idu’l-Fitr or ‘Idu’l-Adha, the Messenger
of Allah (peace be upon him) went out to the place of prayer.
After finishing the prayer, he delivered the sermon and ordered
the people to give alms. He said, “O people! Give alms.” Then he
went towards the women and said. “O women! Give alms, for I
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have seen that the majority of the dwellers of Hell-Fire were you
(women).” The women asked, “O Allah’s Apostle! What is the
reason for it?” He replied, “O women! You curse frequently, and
are ungrateful to your husbands. I have not seen anyone more
deficient in intelligence and religion than you. O women, some
of you can lead a cautious wise man astray.” Then he left. And
when he reached his house, Zainab, the wife of Ibn Mas’ud, came
and asked permission to enter it was said, “O Messenger of Allah!
It is Zainab.” He asked, “Which Zainab?” The reply was that she
was the wife of Ibn Mas’ud. He said, “Yes, allow her to enter.”
And she was admitted. Then she said, “O Prophet of Allah!
Today you ordered people to give alms and I had an ornament
and intended to give it as alms, but Ibn Mas’ud said that he and
his children deserved it more than anybody else.” The Prophet
replied, “Ibn Mas’ud had spoken the truth. Your husband and
your children had more right to it than anybody else.” (Reported
by Bukhari, and the wording is his, and Muslim has a narration
which contains some of the meaning)
73) On the authority of Thawban (may Allah be pleased with him)
that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “The most
excellent dinar is one that a person spends on his family, and
the dinar which he spends on his animal in Allah’s path, and
the dinar he spends on his companions in Allah’s path.”
(Reported by Muslim)
74) On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with
him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said,
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“There is never a day wherein servants (of God) get up at morn,
but are not visited by two angels. One of them says: 0 Allah, give
him more who spends (for the sake of Allah), and the other
says: 0 Allah, bring destruction to one who withholds.” (Agreed
upon)
75) On the authority of Yazid ibn Abi Habib (may Allah be pleased
with him) who reported that Abu’l Khair told him that he heard
‘Uqbah ibn ‘Aamir saying, “I heard the Messenger of Allah
(peace be upon him) say, ‘Every man is in the shade of his alms
until he separates the people’ or he said, ‘arbitrates between the
people’, and Yazid said, “There was not a day that Abu’l Khair
did not give something in alms, even if it was a cake, or an onion,
or the like.” (Reported by Ahmad)
9- HADITHS REGARDING ZAKATU’L-FITR
76) On the authority of Ibn ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with them)
who reported that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him)
enjoined the payment of one Sa’7
of dates or one Sa’ of barley as
Zakatu’l-Fitr on every Muslim slave or free, male or female,
young or old, and he ordered that it be paid before the people
went out to offer the ‘Id prayer. (Agreed upon, and this wording is
that of Bukhari)
77) On the authority of Abu Sa’id al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased
with him) who said, “We used to give one Sa’ of meal or one Sa’

7
One Sa’ is 2.2 kilograms of good wheat.
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of barley or one Sa’ of dates, or one Sa’ of aqit8
or one Sa’ of
raisins as Zakatu’l-Fitr.” (Agreed upon)
10- HADITHS ON THE VOLUNTARY FASTS
78) On the authority of Ibn ‘Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him)
who reported that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him)
obligated Zakatu’l-Fitr as a purification for the one who was
fasting from (having committed ) vain talk and sexual intercourse
(during Ramadaan), and to feed the poor. For he who paid it
before the ‘Id prayer, then it is an accepted alms, and for he who
paid it after the ‘Id prayer, then it is a voluntary charity. (Reported
by Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah)
79) On the authority of Abu Qatadah al-Ansari (may Allah be pleased
with him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) was
asked about his fasting. The Messenger of Allah (may peace be
upon him) felt annoyed. Thereupon ‘Umar (Allah be pleased with
him) said, “We are pleased with Allah as the Lord, with Islam as
our Code of Life, with Muhammad as the Messenger and with our
pledge (to you for willing and cheerful submission) as a (sacred)
commitment.” He was then asked about perpetual fasting,
whereupon he said: “He neither fasted nor did he break it”, or
“he did not fast and he did not break it.” He was then asked
about fasting for two days and breaking one day. The Messenger

8
Dry, hard cheese used for cooking.
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of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “And who has strength
enough to do it?” He was asked about fasting for a day and
breaking for two days, whereupon he said, “May Allah bestow
upon us strength to do it.” He was then asked about fasting for a
day and breaking on the other, whereupon he said, “That is the
fasting of my brother David (peace be upon him).” He was then
asked about fasting on Monday, whereupon he said, “It was the
day on which I was born, on which I was commissioned with
prophethood or revelation was sent to me,” (and he further) said,
“Three days’ fasting every month and of the whole of Ramadan
every year is a perpetual fast.” He was asked about fasting on the
day of ‘Arafah (9th of Dhu’l-Hijjah), whereupon he said: “It
expiates the sins of the preceding year and the coming year.” He
was asked about fasting on the day of ‘Ashura (10th of
Muharram), whereupon be said, “It expiates the sins of the
preceding year.” (Reported by Muslim)
80) Ibn Abbas was asked about observing of fast on the day of
Ashura, whereupon he said, “I do not know Allah’s Messenger
(may peace be upon him) singling out any day’s fast and
considering it more excellent than another, except this day (the
day of Ashura) and this month, (the month of Ramadan.)”
(Agreed upon, and this wording is that of Muslim)
81) On the authority of Ibn ‘Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him)
that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “If I live
till the next (year), I would definitely observe fast on the 9th,”
He said, “He meant the day of Ashura.” (Reported by Muslim)
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82) On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with
him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said,
“Deeds are taken up on Mondays and Thursdays, and I like my
deeds to be taken up when I am fasting.” (Reported by Tirmidhi)
83) On the authority of Abdullah ibn ‘Amr (may Allah be pleased
with them) who said, “The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon
him) said to me, ‘The most beloved fasting to Allah was the
fasting of (the Prophet) David who used to fast on alternate
days. And the most beloved prayer to Allah was the prayer of
David who used to sleep for (the first) half of the night and pray
for 1/3 of it and (again) sleep for a sixth of it’.” (Agreed upon,
and this wording is that of Bukhari)
84) On the authority of Abu Ayyub al-Ansari (may Allah be pleased
with him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said,
“Whoever fasts Ramadaan and follows it with six days of
Shawwal, it will be as if he fasted for a lifetime.” (Reported by
Muslim)
85) On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with
him)who reported that the Messenger of Allah) was asked as to
which prayer was most excellent after the prescribed prayer, and
which fast was most excellent after the month of Ramadan. He
said, “Prayer offered in the middle of the night and the most
excellent fast after (fasting) in the month of Ramadan is the fast
in God’s month al-Muharram.”(Reported by Muslim)
86) On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with
him) who said, “My friend (the Prophet) advised me to do three
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things and I shall not leave them till I die, these are: To fast three
days every month, to offer the forenoon prayer, and to offer witr
before sleeping.” (Agreed upon, and this wording is that of
Bukhari)
87) Mu’adha al-‘Adawiyya reported that she asked ‘Aa’ishah, (may
Allah be pleased with her), whether the Messenger of Allah
(peace be upon him) observed fasts for three days during every
month. She said: “Yes”. She said to her: “Which were (the
particular) days of the month on which he observed fast?”
‘Aa’ishah replied, “He was not particular about the days of the
month on which to observe fast.” (Reported by Muslim)
88) On the authority of Jarir ibn ‘Abdullah (may Allah be pleased
with him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said,
“The fasting of three days every month is like fasting for a
lifetimes, and the ‘white days’ are the morning of the thirteenth,
fourteenth, and fifteenth.” (Reported by Nisaa’i)
89) On the authority of Abdullah ibn ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased
with them) who said, “The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon
him) said to me “O ‘Abdullah! Have I not been informed that
you fast during the day and offer prayers all the night.”
‘Abdullah replied, “Yes, O Messenger of Allah!” The Prophet
said, “Don’t do that; fast for few days and then give it up for few
days, offer prayers and also sleep at night, as your body has a
right on you, and your wife has a right on you, and your guest
has a right on you. And it is sufficient for you to fast three days
in a month, as the reward of a good deed is multiplied ten times,
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so it will be like fasting throughout the year.” I insisted (on
fasting) and so I was given a hard instruction. I said, “O
Messenger of Allah! I have strength.” The Prophet said, “Fast
like the fasting of the Prophet David and do not fast more than
that.” I said, “How was the fasting of the Prophet of Allah,
David?” He said, “Half of the year,” (i.e. he used to fast on every
alternate day). Afterwards when ‘Abdullah became old, he used to
say, “It would have been better for me if I had accepted the
permission of the Prophet (which he gave me i.e. to fast only
three days a month).” (Agreed upon, and this wording is that of
Bukhari)
90) On the authority of Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her),
who said, “The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) used to
observe fasts (so continuously) that we said that he would not
break it, and did not observe fasts till we said that he would not
fast: and I did not see the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon
him) completing the fast of a month, but that of Ramadan, and I
did not see him fasting more in any other month than that of
Sha’ban.” (Agreed upon)
11- HADITHS ON THE PROHIBITED FASTING
91) On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with
him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said,
“None of you should fast a day or two before the month of
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Ramadan unless he has the habit of fasting voluntarily, (and if
his fasting coincides with that day) then he can fast that day.”
(Agreed upon, and this wording is that of Bukhari)
92) On the authority of Abu Sa’id al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased
with him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him)
forbade to observe fast on two days the day of Fitr and the day of
Sacrifice (‘Idu’l-Adha). (Agreed upon, and this wording is that of
Muslim)
93) On the authority of Nubaisha al-Hudhali (may Allah be pleased
with him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said,
“The days of Tashriq are the days of eating, drinking and
remembering Allah.” (Reported by Muslim)
94) On the authority of ‘Aa’ishah and Ibn ‘Umar (may Allah be
pleased with them), who reported that nobody was allowed to fast
on the days of Tashriq except those who could not afford the
Sacrifice. (Reported by Bukhari)
95) On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with
him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “Do
not single out the night (preceding) Friday among the nights for
prayer and do not single out Friday among days for fasting but
only when anyone among you is accustomed to fast (on dates)
which coincide with this day (Friday).” (Reported by Muslim)
96) On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with
him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said,
“None of you should fast on Friday unless he fasts a day before
or after it.” (Agreed upon, and this wording is that of Muslim)
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97) On the authority of Silah ibn Zufar, who said, “We were with
‘Ammar ibn Yasir, when a sheep was brought. He said, ‘Eat’.
One of the people moved away and said, ‘I am fasting.’ So
‘Ammar said, ‘Whoever fasts the day on which people doubt (as
being Eid), has angered Abu’l-Qasim (peace be upon him)’.”
(Reported by the authors of the Sunan, and this wording is that of
Tirmidhi)
98) On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with
him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “No
woman should observe fast when her spouse is present (in the
house) but with his permission. And she should not admit any
(mahram) in his house, while he (her husband) is present, but
with his permission. And whatever she spends from his earnings
without his sanction, for him is half the reward.” (Agreed upon,
and this wording is that of Bukhari)
12 – UNRELIABLE HADITHS
99) On the authority of Ibn ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with him)
that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “There are
seven types of deeds with Allah the Mighty and Majestic: Two
are causal, two are by their own measure, one is ten times its
measure, one is seven hundred times is measure, and one which
only Allah knows the reward of. As for the causal deeds –
whoever meets Allah with sincerity, having not associated
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partners with him, this will cause him to enter Paradise, and
whoever meets Allah having associated partners will cause him
to enter Hell. Whoever commits an evil deed will have one sin
recorded for him, and whoever intends to perform a good deed
but does not perform it will have one reward written for him.
Whoever performs a good deed will have ten times its reward.
Whoever spends his money in the Way of Allah, his reward will
be multiplied, the dirham seven hundred times, and the dinar
seven hundred times. Fasting is for Allah the Mighty and
Majestic, and nobody knows the reward of his actions except
Allah, nobody knows the reward of his actions except Allah.”
(Reported by Tabarani and Bayhaqi, and Albani declared it very
weak)
100) On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with
him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said,
“Take part in battles, and you will receive booty. Fast, and you
will be healthy. Travel and you will find your sustenance.”
(Reported by Tabarani and Albani declared it weak)
101) On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with
him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said,
“Whoever fasted a day, seeking only the pleasure of Allah the
Exalted, Allah would distance him from the Fire a distance the
like covered by a crow which flew from when it hatched until it
died of old age.” (Reported by Ahmad, and Albani declared it
weak)
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102) On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with
him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said,
“Everything has its charity, and the charity of the body is
fasting, and fasting is half of patience.” (Reported by Ibn Majah,
and al-Mundhuri indicated its weakness. Al-Boosayri said it is a
weak isnad)
103) On the authority of Abu Sa’id al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased
with him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said,
“Whoever fasted Ramadan and knew his limits, and refrained
from that which he should refrain from, his previous sins would
be forgiven.” (Reported by Ahmad, and Albani declared it weak)
104) On the authority of Ibn ‘Abbas (may Allah be pleased with
them) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said,
“Whoever witnessed Ramadan in Makkah, and fasted and
prayed as much as he could, Allah will record for him 100,000
Ramadaans the like of it, and for each day Allah would record
for him the freeing of a slave, and for each night the freeing of
a slave, and for every day the riding of a steed in the way of
Allah, and in every day a good deed will be recorded, and in
every night a good deed will be recorded.” (Reported by Ibn
Majah, through the chain of ‘Abdu’r-Rahim ibn Zayd al-‘Amiyy,
on the authority of his father. Al-Hafiz said about him in atTaqreeb: ‘He is discarded, and Ibn Mu’een said he was a liar’,
and his father Zayd is weak. Al-Albani declared it fabricated.)
105) On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with
him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “My
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nation was given five special characteristics in Ramadaan
which were not given to a nation before: the smell coming out
from the mouth of a fasting person is better in the sight of Allah
than the smell of musk; the angles seek forgiveness until the
fast is broken; Allah beautifies His Paradise every day, then He
says ‘My righteous slaves are about to be rid of their provisions
and wrongdoings, and travel towards you’; the devils are
shackled and are unable to do that which they do in other
months; and they will be forgiven on the last night.” They said,
“O Messenger of Allah! Is it Laylatu’l-Qadr?” He replied, “No,
but the one who acts will be rewarded for doing his
actions.”(Reported by Ahmad. Al-Haythami said ‘Ahmad and alBazzar reported it, and in its isnad is Hisham ibn Ziyad Abu’lMiqdam, and he is weak.’ Albani declared it very weak.)
106) On the authority of Abu Sa’id al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased
with him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said,
“On the first night of Ramadaan, the doors of Paradise are
opened, and not a single door is closed until the last night of
Ramadaan. There is not a believing slave who prays in one of its
nights, except that Allah records for him 1500 good deeds for
every prostration, and builds for him a house in Paradise from a
red ruby which has 60,000 doors, each door leading to a palace
of gold adorned with a red ruby. Whoever fasts on the first day
of Ramadaan, his past sins will be forgiven up until that day,
and every day 70,000 angels seek forgiveness for him from the
morning prayer until the daylight hides behind a veil. For every
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prostration he performs in Ramadaan, by night or day, a tree
will be planted, under the shade of which the traveler can travel
for five hundred years.” (Reported by al-Bayhaqi, and in its
isnad is Muhammad ibn Marwan as-Sadiyy, who is accused of
being a liar. Thus, Albani declared it fabricated.)
107) On the authority of Salmaan (may Allah be pleased with him)
who said, “The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him)
addressed us on the last day of Sha’ban and said, “O People!
Indeed ahead of you is a blessed month, a month which has a
night which is better than a thousand months. A month in the
days of which Allah has obligated fasting, and has made the
night prayer voluntary. Whoever does a voluntary act of
goodness is like the one who does an obligatory act in other
months. Whoever performs an obligatory prayer Allah will
reward him with seventy prayers [worth] in this month. It is the
month of patience, and the month the reward of which is
Paradise. It is the month of justice, a month in which the
provisions of a believer increases. Whoever feeds a fasting
person, will be recompensed with forgiveness of sins and
salvation from Hell. He will receive the same reward as the
fasting person without causing him any reduction in his
reward.” They said, “O Messenger of Allah! Not all of us can
find something to feed a fasting person.” The Prophet (peace be
upon him) said, “Allah will give this reward to he who feeds a
fasting person with a sip of milk or a piece of dates, or a sip of
water. In this month, the beginning is mercy, the middle is
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forgiveness, and the end is salvation from the Fire. Whoever
lightens the burden of his slave, Allah will forgive him and save
him from the Fire. During this month, engage much in four
practices, two through which you will earn the pleasure of your
Lord, and two which you cannot do without. As for the two
through which you will earn the pleasure of your Lord, they are
to testify that there is no God worthy of worship but Allah
Alone, and to seek His forgiveness. As for the two that you
cannot do without, they are to ask Allah for the Paradise, and to
seek refuge with Him from the Fire. And Allah will make him
who quenches the thirst of a fasting person to drink from my
Pool in Paradise a drink that he will never feel thirsty until he
enters Paradise (where there is no thirst).”(Reported by Ibn Abi
Usamah and Ibn Khuzaymah. Abu Hatim said, ‘It is rejected’)
108) On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with
him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “This
month is upon you, by the oath of the Messenger of Allah. The
Muslims have never come across a month better for them than
this month, and the Hypocrites have never come across a month
worse for them than it. By the oath of the Messenger of Allah
(peace be upon him), Allah will record its reward and voluntary
deeds, and will record its sins and miseries before it is entered
into. That is because the believer is promised strength over
hypocrisy in his worship, and the hypocrite is promised the
heedlessness of the Believers and their faults, for they are the
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booty of the believer which the evildoers take possession of.” (A
weak Hadith reported by Ahmad)
109) On the authority of ‘Ubadah ibnu’s-Samit (may Allah be
pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon
him) said, “Ramadan has came upon you, the month of
blessings, in which Allah engulfs you. He sends down the
mercy, forgives mistakes, and answers supplications. Allah
looks at how you compete in this month, and His angels boast of
you. So show Allah goodness from yourself, for indeed the
miserable one is he who is deprived of Allah’s mercy.”
(Reported by Tabarani, and al-Haythami said, ‘Tabarani reported
it in al-Kabeer, and its isnad includes Muhammad ibn Abi Qays,
and I do not know his biography.’ Albani declared it fabricated in
Da’eef at-Targheeb)
110) On the authority of ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab (may Allah be
pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon
him) said, “The one who remembers Allah in Ramadaan will be
forgiven, and the one who asks Allah in Ramadaan will not be
turned away.” (Reported by Tabarani, and al-Mundhiri indicated
that it was weak. Albani declared it weak in Da’eef at-Targheeb)
111) On the authority of Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) that
the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) was asked, “Which
fast is better after that of Ramadaan?” He replied, “Sha’ban, as it
venerates Ramadaan.” He was then asked, “Which charity is the
best?” He replied, “Charity in Ramadaan.” (Reported by
Tirmidhi, and Albani declared it weak in Da’eef at-Targheeb)
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112) On the authority of ‘Ali ibn Husayn, on the authority of his
father (may Allah be pleased with them) that the Messenger of
Allah (peace be upon him) said, “Whoever stays in I’tikaf for ten
days in Ramadaan, will gain reward the like of two hajjs and
two umrahs.” (Reported by Tabarani and Bayhaqi, and alHaythami said, ‘The isnad includes ‘Uyaynah ibn ‘Abdu’rRahman al-Qurashi, and he is rejected.’ Albani declared it
fabricated in al-Silsilah al-Da’eefah)