A Guide to Common Mistakes in Hajj english islamic book pdf

English.islamweb.net/emainpage Page 1
English.islamweb.net/emainpage Page 2
Introduction
During Hajj (major pilgrimage), many pilgrims commit mistakes and acts of Bid’ah
(innovations), unknowingly or otherwise. Thus, what is meant to be a season of
worship and an opportunity to seek the forgiveness of Allaah The Almighty, becomes
for some people a chance to engage in transgression and to encourage others,
inadvertently or intentionally, to do so as well by their example. And, because there are
large numbers of Muslims who are unaware of the correct rulings regarding certain
rituals, mistakes and Bida’ (plural of Bid’ah) are rife in the Haramayn.
Therefore, it is the duty of those who are knowledgeable to advise and admonish the
uninformed among the Muslims, and to direct them to the ways of the Prophet the
Companions the righteous Taabi’een and all those who followed their guidance
with sincerity and devotion.
 Mistakes made before Hajj

  1. Some people may plan to perform Hajj on the behalf of others, such as their
    parents, although they have not performed Hajj for themselves yet. Though such
    kind feelings are to be appreciated and praised, a Muslim has to have performed
    Hajj for himself first before he attempts to perform it on behalf of someone else.
    The evidence for this is the Hadeeth (narration) of Ibn ‘Abbaas according to
    which the Prophet heard a man saying, “Labbayk (here I am) on behalf of
    Shubrumah” [i.e., he was performing Hajj on behalf of Shubrumah]. He (the
    Prophet ) asked: “Who is Shubrumah?” The man replied, “He is a brother
    English.islamweb.net/emainpage Page 3
    (or a relative) of mine.” The Prophet asked: “Have you performed Hajj for
    yourself?” The man said, “No.” Then the Prophet told him: “Perform Hajj
    for yourself, first, then perform Hajj on behalf of Shubrumah.” [Reported by
    Abu Daawood in As-Sunan, Kitaab al-Manaasik, Baab al-rajul yuhijj ‘an
    ghayrihi] This is a Hadeeth is Saheeh.
  2. Some people may say their intention to do Hajj aloud. The place for the
    intention is the heart, and speaking it out loud is Bid’ah (an innovation). It was
    not proven that the Prophet or his Companions spoke the intention for
    any act of worship out loud. Moreover, the Talbiyah recited in Hajj and ‘Umrah
    is not the intention.
    Shaykh Ibn Baaz said,
    “Speaking the intention is a Bid’ah and doing so loudly is even more sinful.
    Rather, the Sunnah (Prophetic tradition) is to make one’s intention in the heart,
    because Allaah The Almighty knows that which is secret and what is even more
    hidden. Allaah The Almighty Says (what means): {Say: “Will you inform
    Allaah of your religion while Allaah knows all that is in the heavens and all
    that is in the earth?”}[Quran 49:16]
    “It was not narrated from the Prophet or the Sahaabah (Companions) or
    any of the most prominent Imaams that they spoke the intention out loud. From
    this we may understand that it is not prescribed, rather it is an innovation that
    has been introduced into the religion. And Allaah is the Source of strength.”
    [Fataawa Islamiyyah, 2/315]
    Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen said,
    English.islamweb.net/emainpage Page 4
    “It was not narrated that the Prophet spoke the intention out loud, whether
    for prayer, Wudhoo’, fasting or any other act of worship. Even in Hajj and
    ‘Umrah, he did not say, when he wanted to do Hajj and ‘Umrah: ‘O Allaah,
    I intend to do so and so.’ It is not narrated that he did that or that he told any of
    his Companions to do that. The most that has been narrated concerning that is
    that Dubaa’ah bint al-Zubayr asked him for advice, saying that she wanted
    to do Hajj but she was feeling unwell. The Prophet said to her: “Do Hajj
    and put a condition saying, ‘I will exit Ihraam at the place where You cause
    me to fall ill,’ because your condition is valid before Allaah.” In this case it is
    acceptable to speak out loud because resolving to do Hajj is like a vow, and a
    vow is spoken out loud, because if a person intends to make a vow in his heart,
    that is not a vow and is not counted as a vow. Because Hajj is like a vow and
    must be completed once started, the Prophet commanded Dubaa’ah to say
    her condition out loud and say, ‘If something prevents me from completing my
    Hajj, then the place of my exiting Ihraam is the place where You cause me to be
    unable to proceed further.’
    “With regard to what is proven in the Hadeeth, that the Messenger of Allaah,
    sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: ‘Jibreel came to me and said, ‘Pray in this
    blessed valley, and say, ‘Umrah fi Hijjah or ‘Umrah wa Hijjah [‘Umrah and
    Hajj],’’ that does not mean that he was speaking the intention out loud, rather
    what it means is that he was mentioning the acts of worship in his Talbiyah. The
    Prophet did not speak his intention out loud.” [Fataawa Islamiyyah, 2/216]
    Entering Ihraam from the Meeqaat is one of the obligatory actions of both Hajj
    and ‘Umrah. However, some people may pass the Meeqaat without entering
    English.islamweb.net/emainpage Page 5
    Ihraam, and this is not permissible for anyone who intends to do either Hajj or
    ‘Umrah, whether he comes by land, sea or air.
    Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih ibn ‘Uthaymeen was asked about the ruling
    on passing the Meeqaat without entering Ihraam, and he replied as follows,
    “If a person passes the Meeqaat without entering Ihraam, one of two scenarios
    must apply:
    Either he is intending to perform Hajj or ‘Umrah, in which case he must go back
    to it and enter Ihraam for the ritual he intends to perform, Hajj or ‘Umrah; if he
    does not do that then he has omitted one of the obligatory actions of the
    pilgrimage and according to the scholars he must offer a ransom, a sacrifice to
    be slaughtered in Makkah and its meat distributed to the poor there;
    Or he passed it and does not intend to perform Hajj or ‘Umrah, in which case
    he does not have to do anything, regardless of whether he was away from
    Makkah for a long time or a short time. That is because if we say that he has to
    enter Ihraam from the Meeqaat, that would mean that it was obligatory for him
    to do Hajj or ‘Umrah more than once, but it was proven from the Prophet
    that Hajj is obligatory only once in a lifetime, and if a person does more than
    that then it is a voluntary act of worship. This is the most correct scholarly view
    concerning the one who passes the Meeqaat without entering Ihraam, i.e., if he
    does not intend to do Hajj or ‘Umrah then he does not have to do anything, and
    he does not have to enter Ihraam from the Meeqaat.” [Fiqhul-‘Ibaadaat, 283;
    Fataawa Arkaan al-Islam]
     Mistakes made during Hajj
    English.islamweb.net/emainpage Page 6
  3. Some pilgrims, when they reach the line that marks the place for starting
    Tawaaf, stand there for a long time, blocking the way for other pilgrims and
    causing annoyance to them. Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Uthaymeen said,
    “(The pilgrim) cannot afford to stand there for long, rather he should face the
    Black Stone, point to it, say Takbeer (“Allaahu Akbar”) and start walking. This
    is not a place where one should stand for any length of time, but I see some
    people standing there and saying, ‘I intend to perform Tawaaf for the sake of
    Allaah, seven circuits, Tawaaf of ‘Umrah, or a voluntary Tawaaf,’ and so on.
    This is based on a mistaken notion about the Niyyah (intention). Speaking the
    intention of doing acts of worship out loud is an innovation. It was not narrated
    from the Prophet or from any of his Companions. You are performing an act
    of worship for the sake of Allaah The Almighty, Who knows your intention, so
    there is no need to speak it out loud.” [Daleel al-Akhta’ allati yaqa’a fiha alHaaj wa’l-Mu’tamir (Guide to the mistakes made by pilgrims performing Hajj
    and ‘Umrah)]
  4. Some people enter through the gate of the Hijr when doing Tawaaf, and they do
    not complete Tawaaf from outside the Hijr, especially when it is crowded.
    Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Uthaymeen said regarding this, “This is a very
    serious mistake, when some people enter through the gate of the Hijr when
    doing Tawaaf and exit through the other gate when it is crowded, thinking that
    this is easier. It is a serious mistake because the one who does that is not
    considered to be doing Tawaaf around the Ka’bah. Allaah The Almighty Says
    (what means): {and circumambulate the Ancient House (the Ka’bah at
    Makkah)}[Quran 22:29]
    English.islamweb.net/emainpage Page 7
    “The Prophet circumambulated the House from outside the Hijr. If a person
    circumambulates the Ka’bah going inside the Hijr, he is not regarded as having
    circumambulated the House, so his Tawaaf is invalid. This is a serious matter,
    especially since Tawaaf is a pillar (essential part) of both Hajj and ‘Umrah. The
    answer to that is that we should explain to the pilgrims that Tawaaf is not valid
    unless it encompasses the entire Ka’bah, including the Hijr.
    “I would like to take this opportunity to point out the fact that many people call
    the Hijr “Hijr Ismaa’eel”, but in fact Ismaa’eel (Ishmael) had nothing to do
    with it and it is not his Hijr. Rather, this Hijr came into being when the Quraysh
    ran short of funds, when they wanted to rebuild the Ka’bah, and they did not
    have enough resources to build the Ka’bah on the foundations of Ibraaheem
    (Abraham) so they left this side out of it, and it was called Hateem and
    Hijr; so Ismaa’eel knew nothing of it and had nothing to do with it.
    “There are also some people who do not make sure they keep the Ka’bah on
    their left, so you see them doing Tawaaf with their womenfolk, and they hold
    hands with their brothers or friends to protect the women, so you see them doing
    Tawaaf with their back towards the Ka’bah, and his brother or friend doing
    Tawaaf facing towards the Ka’bah. This is also a serious mistake, because the
    scholars say that one of the conditions of Tawaaf being valid is that the Ka’bah
    should be to one’s left, and if you have you back towards it, or face it, or walk
    with it to your right, then this Tawaaf is not valid.
    “What people should do is to pay attention to this matter, and strive to make
    sure the Ka’bah is to their left throughout Tawaaf.
    English.islamweb.net/emainpage Page 8
    “There are some people who put their backs to the Ka’bah or face it for a few
    steps because of the crowding. This is also a mistake. People should be on the
    safe side with regard to religious matters, and acknowledge the boundaries set
    by Allaah with regard to worship and avoid mistakes, so that they will worship
    Allaah with knowledge.
    “Does it not astonish you that if a man wants to travel to a land that he does not
    know, he does not travel until he has asked about it and tried to find out the
    easiest way to get there, so that he can reach it comfortably and with ease,
    without getting lost, but when it comes to matters of religion, many people –
    unfortunately – start their worship and do not know the limits set by Allaah The
    Almighty. This is a shortcoming, and indeed is negligence. We ask Allaah to
    guide us and our Muslim brothers, and to make us among those who know the
    limits that Allaah revealed to His Messenger.” [Daleel al-Akhta’ allati yaqa’
    fiha al-Haaj wa’l-Mu’tamir (Guide to the mistakes made by pilgrims performing
    Hajj and ‘Umrah)]
  5. Some people start Tawaaf from the door of the Ka’bah, not at the Black Stone.
    Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Uthaymeen said, “The one who starts his Tawaaf
    from the door of the Ka’bah and completes it on this basis is not regarded as
    having completed Tawaaf, because Allaah The Almighty Says (what
    means): {and circumambulate the Ancient House (the Ka’bah at
    Makkah)}[Quran 22:29] The Prophet started his Tawaaf at the Black Stone
    and said to the people: “Learn from me your rituals (of Hajj).” [Muslim]
    “If he starts Tawaaf at the door of the Ka’bah, or not in line with the Black
    Stone, even if he is only off by a little, then this first circuit is invalid, because it
    English.islamweb.net/emainpage Page 9
    is not complete. He has to repeat it if he remembers shortly afterwards,
    otherwise he has to do the whole Tawaaf over again, starting in line with the
    Black Stone.
    “A line has been placed on the ground in line with the Black Stone, extending to
    the edge of the area for Tawaaf, as a sign of where to start and end Tawaaf.
    Since this line was drawn, people’s mistakes in doing Tawaaf have become
    fewer, but there are still a few ignorant people. Whatever the case, people have
    to pay attention to this mistake, lest they fall into the serious danger of their
    Tawaaf not being complete.” [Daleel al-Akhta’ allati yaqa’a fiha al-Haaj wa’lMu’tamir (Guide to the mistakes made by pilgrims performing Hajj and
    ‘Umrah)]
  6. After entering Ihraam, some recite the Talbiyah (saying “Labbaykallaahumma
    Labbayk, Labbayka La Shareeka Laka Labbayk, Innal Hamda wan Ni’mata
    Laka wal Mulk, La Shareek Lak” in this manner: one person recites it, and the
    people in his group repeat after him. This recitation of the Talbiyah in unison,
    when the people doing Hajj or ‘Umrah all start to recite the Talbiyah together
    and end it together in one voice, is one of the mistakes that many people commit
    today. It is not known that the Prophet or his Companions recited the
    Talbiyah in unison. Rather, each of them should recite the Talbiyah by himself,
    whether it coincides with the voices of other pilgrims who are reciting the
    Talbiyah or not.
    The Standing Committee for Issuing Fatwa was asked for the ruling on pilgrims
    reciting the Talbiyah together, where one person recites it and others repeat after
    him; they replied, “That is not permissible, because it was not narrated from the
    English.islamweb.net/emainpage Page 10
    Prophet or from his successors, the Rightly Guided Caliphs ; rather it is
    Bid‘ah.”
    Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen said, “The words of Anas ‘We did Hajj with the
    Prophet and some of us were reciting Takbeer (“Allaahu Akbar”) and some
    of us were reciting Tahleel (“La ilaaha ill-Allaah”)’ [Agreed upon] indicate
    that they did not recite the Talbiyah in unison. If they had been reciting the
    Talbiyah in unison then they would all have been reciting Tahleel or Takbeer,
    but some of them were reciting Takbeer and some of them were reciting Tahleel,
    but each of them was remembering his Lord according to his situation.” [AshSharh al-Mumti’]
  7. It is often noticed that some pilgrims cling to the Kiswah (covering) of the
    Ka’bah, rubbing their hands over it or kissing it for blessing. Kissing any place
    on earth is Bid‘ah, apart from the Black Stone. In fact, kissing even the Black
    Stone would have been a Bid’ah were it not for the fact that the Prophet used
    to kiss it, and we are obliged to follow his example and guidance. ‘Umar
    used to say, addressing the Black Stone, “I know that you are only a stone and
    can neither cause harm nor bring benefit. Were it not for the fact that the
    Prophet kissed you, I would not have kissed you.” Hence it is not
    permissible to kiss the covers of the Ka’bah or its stones, or the Yemeni Corner,
    or to touch them with the intent of seeking blessing from them.
  8. It is not essential to be free of menses in order to enter Ihraam and do Sa’y, but
    the menstruating woman is not allowed to do Tawaaf around the House until she
    is pure. This is something regarding which many women are careless.
    English.islamweb.net/emainpage Page 11
    A woman who wants to do Hajj or ‘Umrah should enter Ihraam from the
    Meeqaat even if she is menstruating, and she should form the intention of
    entering Ihraam. The evidence for that is the fact that Asmaa’ bint ‘Umays, the
    wife of Abu Bakr gave birth, when the Prophet was camping at ThulHulayfah (which is the Meeqaat for the people of Madeenah), on his way to do
    Hajj. She sent word to the Prophet asking him what she should do. He
    said: “Do Ghusl (ritual bath) and tie a piece of cloth around yourself and
    enter Ihraam.” What is meant by tying a piece of cloth is placing a piece of
    cloth over the vagina and tying it in place, then entering Ihraam whether for
    Hajj or ‘Umrah. The blood of menstruation is like the blood of Nifaas, so when
    the menstruating woman reaches the Meeqaat, she should do Ghusl and tie a
    piece of cloth around herself, and enter Ihraam, in accordance with this
    Hadeeth.
    Similarly, Sa’y between as-Safa and al-Marwah done by a menstruating woman
    is valid, but her Tawaaf is not valid. The evidence for that is that the Prophet
    said to ‘Aa’ishah when she menstruated during ‘Umrah: “Do everything
    that the pilgrims do, but do not circumambulate the House until you become
    pure.” [Al-Bukhaari and Muslim]
    The Standing Committee was asked about the Hajj of a menstruating woman.
    They said, “A menstruating woman is not prevented from doing Hajj. The one
    who enters Ihraam when she is menstruating may do all the actions of Hajj, but
    she should not circumambulate the House until her period ends and she
    performs Ghusl. The same applies to a woman who is bleeding following
    English.islamweb.net/emainpage Page 12
    childbirth (Nifaas). If she does all the essential parts of Hajj then her Hajj is
    valid.” [Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 11/172]
    Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih ibn ‘Uthaymeen was asked about a woman
    who entered the Haram and performed Tawaaf and prayed when she was
    menstruating. He said,
    “It is not permissible for a woman who is menstruating or bleeding following
    childbirth to pray, whether in Makkah or in her own country or anywhere else,
    because the Prophet said: “Is it not the case that when she is menstruating
    she does not pray or fast?” Moreover, the Muslims are unanimously agreed
    that it is not permissible for a menstruating woman to fast or to pray. This
    woman who did that has to repent to Allaah The Almighty and seek forgiveness
    for what she did. As for her Tawaaf when she was menstruating, it is not valid,
    but her Sa’y is valid, because the correct view is that it is permissible to do Sa’y
    before Tawaaf during Hajj. Based on this, she has to repeat the Tawaaf, because
    Tawaaf al-Ifaadhah is one of the essential parts of Hajj, and the second stage of
    exiting Ihraam cannot be completed without it. Based on that, her husband
    should not have intercourse with her, if she is married, until she does Tawaaf. If
    she is not married then she cannot get married until she has done this Tawaaf.”
    [Majmoo’at Fataawa al-Shaykh Muhammad Saalih ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 22/382]
  9. Some people may not complete their Hajj or ‘Umrah, by stopping their Tawaaf
    or exiting Ihraam. This is not permissible, because Allaah, may He be exalted,
    Says (what means): {And perform properly i.e. all the ceremonies according to
    the ways of Prophet Muhammad, the Hajj and ‘Umrah (i.e. the pilgrimage to
    Makkah) for Allaah}[Quran 2:196] Therefore, it is obligatory to complete the
    English.islamweb.net/emainpage Page 13
    Hajj or ‘Umrah for those who are able, and it is also impermissible to exit their
    Ihraam before they complete the rites of their Hajj.
    However, if there is should be any genuine excuse that is preventing one from
    completing the rituals, then in this case he is Muhsar (prevented), so he should
    offer a sacrifice in the place where he could no longer carry on, or slaughter it in
    Makkah and distribute its meat to the poor of the Haram, because Allaah, may
    He be exalted, Says (what means): {But if you are prevented (from completing
    them), sacrifice a Hadyy (animal, i.e. a sheep, a cow, or a camel) such as you
    can afford…}[Quran 2:196] Then, after sacrificing an animal, he should shave
    his head or cut his hair. Then he will have exited the Ihraam for Hajj or
    ‘Umrah.
    If the person was not able to complete his ‘Umrah and went home because he
    was sick or elderly, then he should send someone to Makkah who can slaughter
    the sacrifice for him there and distribute its meat to the poor of the Haram, then
    he should shave his head or cut his hair. And he has to avoid the things that are
    forbidden whilst in Ihraam until he has done that, because he is still in a state of
    Ihraam for Hajj/‘Umrah until he does that which Allaah The Almighty has
    commanded the one who is prevented (from completing Hajj or ‘Umrah) to do.
    If he had stipulated when entering Ihraam, “Allaahumma mahalli haythu
    habastani [O Allaah, my place of exiting Ihraam will be where You caused me
    to be prevented (from continuing)],” then he may exit Ihraam for Hajj or
    ‘Umrah and he does not have to offer a sacrifice or shave his head or do
    anything else. Moreover, if the person is able to do Hajj or ‘Umrah for himself,
    or there is hope of recovery from his sickness, then in this case it is not valid to
    perform pilgrimage on his behalf.
    English.islamweb.net/emainpage Page 14
  10. Some people may, for reasons of lack of awareness of the rituals of Hajj, omit
    some of them. One example is the Tawaaf around the Ka’bah after standing on
    mount ‘Arafaat (Tawaaf al-Ifaadhah). If this Tawaaf is shortened or omitted,
    then one’s Tawaaf is not valid and his Hajj is not valid either unless one repeats
    this Tawaaf, because Tawaaf al-Ifaadhah is one of the pillars, or essential parts
    of the Hajj. Therefore, if the Haajj has made this mistake he has to go back to
    the Sacred Mosque and circumambulate the Ka’bah seven times, starting each
    circuit from the Black Stone and ending the seventh circuit at the Black Stone,
    and each circuit must go outside Hijr Ismaa’eel from behind the wall. It is then
    that the Hajj will become acceptable.
    If the Tawaaf was the farewell Tawaaf, then the Haajj has to offer a sacrifice to
    be slaughtered in Makkah and given to the poor in order to complete his Hajj,
    but he does not have to go back to the Ka’bah; if he does go back, it will not
    waive the obligation to offer a sacrifice. However, if the Tawaaf was a Naafil
    Tawaaf, then the Haajj does not have to do anything.
  11. Also among the innovations is that some people believe that there is a special
    reward for climbing the mountain of ‘Arafaat, when it is not proven that the
    Prophet encouraged climbing the mountain of ‘Arafaat, which is also known
    to the people as Jabal Ar-Rahmah. It was not his way to climb this mountain
    during Hajj or to take it as a ritual. He said: “Learn from me your rituals
    (of Hajj).” The way of the Rightly Guided Caliphs and all the Companions
    was like that of the Prophet and the same was true of those who followed in
    their footsteps. They did not climb up to this mountain during their Hajj and
    they did not take it as a ritual, following the example of the Messenger of Allaah
    English.islamweb.net/emainpage Page 15
    . What is proven is that he stood at the foot of this mountain at the large
    rocks and he said: “I have stood here and all of ‘Arafah is the place of
    standing, and avoid the valley of ‘Aranah.”
    Hence, many of the scholars, such as Imam An-Nawawi, Shaykhul-Islam Ibn
    Taymiyyah and Shaykh Siddeeq Khan said that climbing this mountain
    during Hajj as if it were a ritual is an innovation. Shaykh Ibn Uthaymeen
    said,
    “Climbing up the mountain of ‘Arafaat is not something that is prescribed in
    Islam; rather if the people take it as an act of worship it is an innovation; it is
    not permissible for people to believe that this is an act of worship or to do it on
    the basis that it is an act of worship. The Messenger was the keenest of all
    people to do good and was the most effective of all people in conveying the
    message and he was the most knowledgeable of all people of the religion of
    Allaah. He did not climb this mountain or instruct anyone to do so, and he did
    not approve of anyone climbing it as far as I know. Based on that, climbing this
    mountain is not prescribed; rather the Messenger of Allaah said, when he
    stood behind it on the eastern side: “I have stood here and all of ‘Arafah is the
    place of standing.” It is as if he was indicating that each person should
    stand in his own spot and not push and shove in order to reach the place where
    the Messenger stood.” [Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen]
    The Prophet said: “Whoever does an action that is not part of this matter of
    ours will have it rejected.” Thus, we have seen that it was not his practice to
    offer any Nafl (supererogatory) prayer in the standing at ‘Arafah; rather he
    English.islamweb.net/emainpage Page 16
    limited it to praying Thuhr and ‘Asr in Masjid Namirah, joining and shortening
    the prayer. He did not take any place for prayer on what is called Jabal ArRahmah on which those who climb this mountain should offer Nafl or obligatory
    prayers on the day of ‘Arafah. Rather, after praying Thuhr and ‘Asr, the Prophet
    busied himself with remembering Allaah The Almighty (Thikr), reciting
    Tasbeeh (“Subhaan Allaah”), Tahleel (“La ilaaha ill-Allaah”), Tahmeed
    (“Alhamdulillaah”), Takbeer (“Allaahu Akbar”) and Talbiyah, calling upon his
    Lord and beseeching Him, until the sun set. Thus, we come to the conclusion
    that it is an innovation to take a place on this mountain on which to pray by
    those who climb up, an innovation that was introduced by the ignorant.
    10.Some of the Muslims on Hajj may be careless about staying in ‘Arafah until
    sunset. The most correct opinion is that staying in ‘Arafah until the sun sets is
    obligatory, because the Prophet did not leave before the sun set, and if it
    were permissible he would have left before the sun set, because then it would
    still be daytime and it would have been easier for the people. Therefore, if a
    person leaves before the sun sets, he has forsaken the Sunnah of the Prophet
    for the way of the Jaahiliyyah, because the people of Jaahiliyyah are the ones
    who leave ‘Arafah before the sun sets. If the one who leaves before sunset does
    so deliberately, his action results in two things: sin, and, according to the
    majority of scholars, he has to offer a sacrifice as ransom (Fidyah), to be
    slaughtered in Makkah and distributed to the poor.
    However, if he left ‘Arafah before sunset out of ignorance, he has not sinned but
    according to the majority of scholars he has to offer a sacrifice, which means
    English.islamweb.net/emainpage Page 17
    slaughtering a sheep in Makkah and distributing it (its meat) to the poor.
    [Majmoo‘ah Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen]
    11.One of the mistakes likely to occur is that a person may stone the Jamaraat at
    mid-morning on the second day of ‘Eed, then after that finds out that the time
    for stoning them is after noon. Whoever stones the Jamaraat on the second day
    of ‘Eed Al-Adh-ha before noon has to repeat the action after noon on that same
    day. If he did not find out that this was wrong until the third or fourth day, he
    should go back and stone them after noon on the third or fourth day, before
    doing the stoning for that particular day on which he remembered that. If he
    does not find out until after sunset on the fourth day (i.e. the thirteenth of ThulHijjah) then he should not do the Ramy (the throwing) because the time for
    doing the Ramy ends when the days of Tashreeq end, and he has to offer a
    sacrifice in the sanctuary (of Makkah) and give the meat to the poor.
    12.There are also cases where some pilgrims who, when they have stoned all the
    Jamaraat on the 11th of Thul-Hijjah, hire someone to stone the Jamaraat on
    their behalf on the 12th, and then go straight to Makkah after that to perform the
    farewell Tawaaf. Having done that they may leave Makkah and return to their
    country, for several reasons, among which may be the fact that their flight
    cannot be postponed, or for some other situation or emergency that may have
    arisen.
    The Hajj of such people is valid but is lacking to the extent that they missed out
    by departing before staying overnight in Mina on the night before the 12th,
    stoning the three Jamaraat after the sun passed the meridian on that day and
    bidding farewell after that. Undoubtedly they sinned by doing what they did,
    which goes against the words of Allaah The Almighty (which mean): {And
    English.islamweb.net/emainpage Page 18
    perform properly (i.e. all the ceremonies according to the ways of Prophet
    Muhammad), the Hajj and ‘Umrah (i.e. the pilgrimage to Makkah) for
    Allaah}[Quran 2:196] and the words of the Prophet : “Learn from me your
    rituals (of Hajj).” They have to ask Allaah The Almighty for forgiveness and
    repent to Him from that.
    According to the correct scholarly opinion, each one of them has to offer a
    sacrifice of an animal that is acceptable as an Udh-hiyah for not staying
    overnight, another animal for not stoning the Jamaraat, and a third for not doing
    Tawaaf Al-Wadaa’, because they come under the ruling of one who did not
    stone the Jamaraat, because they departed before doing so; and they come under
    the ruling of one who did not do the farewell Tawaaf, because they did their
    farewell Tawaaf before completing their rituals.
    Some pilgrims appoint someone to stone the Jamaraat on his behalf on the day
    of ‘Eed or the second day, then go back to his homeland.
    In His Noble Book, Allaah The Almighty commands us to perform Hajj and
    ‘Umrah properly, as He Says (what means): {And perform properly (i.e. all the
    ceremonies according to the ways of Prophet Muhammad), the Hajj and
    ‘Umrah (i.e. the pilgrimage to Makkah) for Allaah}[Quran 2:196] Performing
    them properly cannot be done unless one does them sincerely for the sake of
    Allaah The Almighty and following the Messenger of Allaah . Therefore, it is
    not permissible for the Muslim who has entered Ihraam for Hajj or ‘Umrah to
    omit any of their actions, or to do any of the things that are forbidden whilst in
    Ihraam which may detract from his Hajj or ‘Umrah. The one who appoints
    someone to stone the Jamaraat during the days of Tashreeq or on one of the
    English.islamweb.net/emainpage Page 19
    days of Tashreeq and leaves on the day of sacrifice is regarded as one who is
    mistaken and who is mocking the rituals prescribed by Allaah The Almighty.
    The one who appoints someone to stone the Jamaraat on his behalf on the
    eleventh or twelfth during the days of Tashreeq and does the farewell Tawaaf so
    that he can leave quickly has gone against the teachings of the Messenger of
    Allaah and what he has enjoined of performing the rituals in the proper
    order. He has to repent and seek forgiveness for that, and the one who does that
    has to offer a sacrifice for not staying overnight in Mina, and a sacrifice for not
    stoning the Jamaraat for which he appointed a proxy and left, and a third
    sacrifice for the farewell Tawaaf even if he circumambulated the Ka’bah when
    he left, because he did the Tawaaf at the wrong time, for the farewell Tawaaf
    can only be done after one has finished stoning the Jamaraat.
    13.Several mistakes occur when going to Mina and staying there overnight. Among
    these are:
  • Some people do not recite the Talbiyah out loud even though it is prescribed
    to recite it out loud. Crowds of pilgrims pass by and you can hardly hear
    anyone reciting the Talbiyah. This is contrary to the Sunnah and it is contrary
    to what the Messenger of Allaah enjoined his Companions to do. The
    Sunnah is for a person to recite the Talbiyah out loud and to raise his voice if
    it is not difficult for him to do so. He should remember that nothing hears
    him, rock or soil, but it will bear witness for him on the Day of Resurrection
    before Allaah, may He be glorified and exalted.
  • Some pilgrims go directly to ‘Arafah and do not stay overnight in Mina.
    Although this is permissible, because staying overnight in Mina before the
    day of ‘Arafah is not obligatory, it is better for a person to follow the Sunnah,
    English.islamweb.net/emainpage Page 20
    as it is narrated that the Messenger of Allaah stopped in Mina from the
    forenoon on the eighth (of Thul-Hijjah) until the sun rose on the ninth. The
    Messenger of Allaah did that and he said: “Learn from me your rituals
    (of Hajj).” [Narrated by Muslim (1218)]
    But if he comes to ‘Arafah and did not stay overnight in Mina on the night
    before the ninth, there is nothing wrong with that, because of the Hadeeth of
    ‘Urwah ibn Al-Mudarras, who came to the Prophet at the time of Fajr
    prayer on the day of ‘Eed in Muzdalifah and said, “O Messenger of Allaah, I
    have exhausted my mount and tired myself. By Allaah, I have not left a single
    mountain but I have stood on it. Is my Hajj valid?” The Prophet said:
    “Whoever prays this prayer with us and stands with us until we move on,
    and stood before that in ‘Arafah by night or by day has completed his Hajj
    and fulfilled his duties.” [Narrated by Abu Daawood (1950)]
  • The Messenger of Allaah did not mention staying overnight in Mina on
    the night before the ninth. This indicates that it is not obligatory.
  • Another mistake that people make with regard to staying in Mina on the
    eighth is that some people shorten their prayers and join them in Mina, so
    they join Thuhr and ‘Asr, and Maghrib and ‘Ishaa’. This is contrary to the
    Sunnah. What is prescribed for the people in Mina is to shorten their prayers
    without joining them. This is the Sunnah that is narrated from the Messenger
    of Allaah . Although joining prayers is permissible, because one is
    travelling and it is permissible for the traveler to join prayers whether he has
    halted or is on the move, it is preferable for the traveler who has halted not to
    join prayers unless that is for a reason, and there is no reason that would
    English.islamweb.net/emainpage Page 21
    dictate joining prayers in Mina. Hence the Messenger of Allaah did not
    join his prayers in Mina but he did shorten the four-Rak‘ah prayers to two
    Rak‘ahs, so he prayed Thuhr with two Rak‘ahs at its proper time, ‘Asr with
    two Rak‘ahs at its proper time, Maghrib with three Rak‘ahs at its proper
    time, ‘Ishaa’ with two Rak‘ahs at its proper time and Fajr at its proper time.
    [Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 23/16]
    14.Many people ask about whether it permissible for those who live in Jeddah to
    omit the farewell Tawaaf and then come back to Makkah and do it after the
    crowding is less severe. Others simply leave the farewell Tawaaf and return to
    Jeddah without performing it.
    It is not permissible for any pilgrim to leave Makkah before performing the
    farewell Tawaaf. Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen was asked whether it acceptable
    for those who live in Jeddah to leave Mina and go to Jeddah without performing
    the farewell Tawaaf, then come back a few days later to perform the farewell
    Tawaaf. He replied,
    “It is not permissible for the people of Jeddah or anyone else to go back to their
    cities before performing the farewell Tawaaf, then come back to Makkah when
    the crowding has become less severe. They should not leave Makkah until they
    have performed the farewell Tawaaf, because the Prophet said: “No one of
    you should leave until the last thing he has done is to circumambulate the
    House.” And Ibn ‘Abbaas said: ‘The people used to depart from many
    locations (within Makkah), but the Prophet said: “No one of you should
    leave until the last thing he has done is to circumambulate the House.’”
    [Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 23/353]
    English.islamweb.net/emainpage Page 22
    Even if he comes back after that to perform the farewell Tawaaf, it will be of no
    benefit to him. Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen said, “If he leaves Makkah heading
    for Jeddah, and reaches Jeddah, then even if he performs it (the farewell
    Tawaaf) it will be of no benefit to him, because he left, so how can it benefit him
    after he has left?” [Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 23/353]
    The farewell Tawaaf is obligatory for the one who wants to leave Makkah after
    completing the rituals of Hajj, because Al-Bukhaari and Muslim, narrated
    that Ibn ‘Abbaas said, “The people were commanded that the last thing they
    should do should be to circumambulate the House, but this was waived in the
    case of menstruating women.”
    Al-Haafidh Ibn Hajar said in al-Fat-h, “This indicates that the farewell
    Tawaaf is obligatory, because the command is confirmed and because it is
    waived in the case of menstruating women; and a thing can only be waived if it
    is first confirmed.” An-Nawawi said something similar in Sharh Muslim.
    The scholars differed concerning those for whom the farewell Tawaaf is
    obligatory. Some of them said that it is obligatory for the one who is going to
    travel and pass the Meeqaat, but for those who live within the Meeqaat, the
    farewell Tawaaf is not obligatory.
    Others were of the view that it is obligatory for anyone who is going to travel
    the distance at which is becomes permissible to shorten the prayers
    (approximately 80 kilometers), but for those who are travelling a shorter
    distance, it is not obligatory. Al-Shaafi’i and were of the view that it is
    obligatory for everyone who is going to travel from Makkah and exit the city.
    English.islamweb.net/emainpage Page 23
    An-Nawawi said in Al-Majmoo’ (8/236), “We narrated from al-Baghawi
    that the farewell Tawaaf is required of everyone who wants to leave Makkah
    and travel the distance at which is becomes permissible to shorten the prayers.
    He said, ‘If a person wants to travel for less than that distance, he does not have
    to do the farewell Tawaaf. But the correct and well known view is that it is
    required of the one who wants to travel the distance at which is becomes
    permissible to shorten the prayers or less, whether that is a short or long
    distance, because of the general meaning of the Hadeeth.’”
    Ibn Qudaamah said in al-Mughni:
    “If a person’s home is in the Haram, then he is like a Makkan and does not have
    to do the farewell Tawaaf. If a person’s home is outside the Haram, but close to
    it, then the apparent meaning of al-Khuraqi’s words is that he should not depart
    until he has bid farewell to the House. This is the view of Abu Thawr and is
    similar to what Maalik said, and is based on the general meaning of the words
    of the Prophet : “No one should leave until the last thing he has done is to
    circumambulate the House.” And because he is leaving Makkah, he must bid
    farewell, like one who lives far away.”
    The view that the people of Jeddah do not have to do the farewell Tawaaf was
    stated by some scholars, but the correct view is that it is obligatory for them.
    Based on that, those who did not do it have to offer a sacrifice (a sheep or oneseventh of a cow) to be slaughtered in Makkah and its meat distributed among
    the poor of the Haram. The same applies to everyone who omitted one of the
    obligatory parts of the Hajj rituals.
    English.islamweb.net/emainpage Page 24
    Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen said, “Whoever lives in Jeddah must not leave
    Makkah until he has bid farewell.” [Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 23/353]
    Shaykh Ibn Baaz was asked about some people from Jeddah who did not do
    the farewell Tawaaf and went back to Jeddah. He replied,
    “Their Hajj is valid, but they have done wrong by omitting to bid farewell,
    because the Messenger commanded the pilgrim to bid farewell, and said:
    “No one should leave until the last thing he has done is to circumambulate
    the House.” This command, which is addressed to the pilgrims, includes the
    people of Jeddah and others. So all the people from other cities – whether they
    come from Jeddah or Taa’if or anywhere else – should bid farewell to the
    House. Some scholars granted a dispensation to those whose homes are closer
    than the distance at which is becomes permissible to shorten the prayers, such
    as the people of Bahrah etc, and said that they do not have to bid farewell, but
    in order to be on the safe side, everyone who comes from outside the sanctuary
    should bid farewell when his Hajj is over. The people of Jeddah live far away,
    as do the people of Taa’if, so they should bid farewell before they leave, because
    the Hadeeth applies to them too. They should offer a sacrifice to be slaughtered
    in Makkah for each of them who did not do the farewell Tawaaf, the meat of
    which should be distributed to the poor, a sheep or one-seventh of a camel or
    one-seventh of a cow.” [Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn Baaz, 17/394]
    It says in Fataawa al-Lajnah ad-Daa’imah, 11/303:
    “If you do Hajj then you should not travel to Jeddah after your Hajj until you
    have done the farewell Tawaaf; if you travel before bidding farewell, then you
    have to offer a sacrifice to be slaughtered in Makkah, from which you should not
    English.islamweb.net/emainpage Page 25
    eat, rather it should be distributed to the poor, because the farewell Tawaaf is
    obligatory after Hajj, because of the general meaning of the Hadeeth of Ibn
    ‘Abbaas who commanded the people that the last thing they should do
    should be to circumambulate the House, but this was waived in the case of
    menstruating women. Saheeh – agreed upon. And you also have to repent to
    Allaah for going out to Jeddah before doing the farewell Tawaaf.”
    15.There are several mistakes pilgrims may make during the farewell Tawaaf.
    Some of these are listed below.
    Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Uthaymeen said, “It was proven in as-Saheehayn
    that Ibn ‘Abbaas said, ‘The people were commanded that the last thing they
    should do in Makkah was to circumambulate the Ka’bah, but an exception was
    made for menstruating women.’” [Narrated by Al-Bukhaari, 1755; Muslim,
    1328]
    Thus, Tawaaf should be the last action of Hajj that a person does.
     The mistakes made when performing the farewell Tawaaf:
  • Some people do not make Tawaaf the last thing that they do, rather they go
    down to Makkah and do the farewell Tawaaf when they still have to stone the
    Jamaraat, then they go out to Mina and stone the Jamaraat and then leave. This
    is a mistake and that does not suffice as the farewell Tawaaf in this case,
    because it is not the last thing that the person does in Makkah, rather the last
    thing that he does is stoning the Jamaraat.
  • Some people do the farewell Tawaaf and then stay in Makkah after that. This
    means that their farewell Tawaaf is invalidated, and they must do another one
    English.islamweb.net/emainpage Page 26
    when they are going to leave. But if a person stays in Makkah after doing the
    farewell Tawaaf in order to buy something or to load his luggage etc., there is
    nothing wrong with that.
  • Some people, when they do the farewell Tawaaf and want to leave the Mosque,
    walk backwards, saying that they do not want to turn their backs to the Ka’bah.
    This is a Bid‘ah (innovation) which was not done by the Messenger of Allaah
    or by any of his Companions . The Messenger of Allaah venerated
    Allaah The Almighty and His House, and if this were indeed an act of
    veneration towards Allaah and His House, the Prophet would have done it.
    The Sunnah is, when a person has completed the farewell Tawaaf, to leave the
    Mosque walking forwards, even if he turns his back towards the Ka’bah in this
    situation.
  • Some people, after doing the farewell Tawaaf, stop at the door when leaving the
    mosque and turn to face the Ka’bah, as if bidding farewell to it, and they make
    Du’aa’ or say salaams and so on. This is also a kind of Bid‘ah, because the
    Prophet did not do that. If it were something good the Prophet would
    have done it. [Daleel al-Akhta’ allati yaqa’ fiha al-Haaj wa’l-Mu’tamir (Guide
    to mistakes made by pilgrims performing Hajj and ‘Umrah]
     Mistakes made after Hajj
  1. Some of the pilgrims, after performing the farewell Tawaaf, do not turn their
    backs towards the Ka’bah, rather they walk backwards, with their faces towards
    the Ka’bah, until they exit the Mosque. This action is not part of the Sunnah;
    rather it is a reprehensible innovation. This is what some people do, claiming to
    venerate the Ka’bah thereby. If this was really a sign of respect for the Ka’bah,
    English.islamweb.net/emainpage Page 27
    you would find that the Prophet and the Companions did that, but there
    are no reports to suggest that.
    Shaykh Ibn Baaz said,
    “When (the pilgrim) has finished bidding farewell to the House and wants to leave
    the mosque, he should walk normally, facing forwards, until he exits. He should not
    walk backwards, because there is no report that the Prophet or his Companions
    did this, rather it is an innovation (Bid’ah). The Prophet said: “Whoever does
    any action that is not part of this matter of ours (i.e., Islam) will have it rejected.”
    [Narrated by Muslim, 1718] And he said: “Beware of newly-invented matters,
    for every newly-invented matter is an innovation and every innovation is a going
    astray.” [Narrated by Abu Dawood, 4607; classed as Saheeh by al-Albaani in
    Saheeh Abi Dawood.] We ask Allaah to make us steadfast in adhering to His
    religion, and to keep us safe from anything that goes against it, for He is the Most
    Generous, Most Kind.”
    Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen said, when listing the mistakes that some people make
    during the farewell Tawaaf,
    “Some of them exit the mosque, after the farewell Tawaaf, walking backwards,
    claiming that they are venerating the Ka’bah thereby. This goes against the
    Sunnah, rather it is the kind of innovation (Bid‘ah) against which the Messenger of
    Allaah warned us when he said: “Every innovation is a going astray.”
    Innovation (Bi ‘ah) means everything that has been invented in ‘Aqeedah (belief) or
    ‘Ibaadah (worship) that goes against the way of the Messenger of Allaah and
    his Rightly-Guided Caliphs. Does this person who walks backwards and claims to
    English.islamweb.net/emainpage Page 28
    be venerating the Ka’bah think that he is venerating it more than the Messenger of
    Allaah did? Or does he think that the Prophet and the Rightly-Guided
    Caliphs did not know that this was an act of veneration towards the
    Ka’bah?!” [Manaasik al-Hajj wa’l-’Umrah]
    There are many mistakes that people can make when shaving their heads or cutting
    their hair. Among these mistakes are the following:
  • Some people shave part of the head completely with a razor, and leave the rest.
    This can happen during Sa’y between al-Safa and al-Marwah; a man shaved half
    his head and left the other half, and when asked about that replied, “I did it
    because I want to do ‘Umrah twice, so I shaved half for the first ‘Umrah and left
    half for this ‘Umrah.” This is ignorance and misguidance that none of the
    scholars ever suggested.
  • Some people, when they want to exit Ihraam of ‘Umrah, cut a few hairs on their
    head, on one side only. This is contrary to the apparent meaning of the verse in
    which Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): {…(some) having your
    heads shaved, and (some) having your head hair cut short…}[Quran 48:27]
    The shortening of the hair should have an obvious effect on the head. It is
    known that cutting one or two or three hairs does not have any effect and it is
    not apparent that the pilgrim who has done ‘Umrah has in fact shortened his
    hair. So he is going against the apparent meaning of the verse.
    The remedy for these two mistakes is for the one who wants to shave his head to
    shave all of it, and to shorten the hair all over the head if he wants to cut it, and
    not to cut just one or two hairs.
    English.islamweb.net/emainpage Page 29
  • There are some people who, when they have finished Sa’y, if they cannot find
    anyone to shave their heads or cut their hair, go back to their houses and exit
    Ihraam, and put on regular clothes, then they shave their heads or cut their hair
    after that. This is a serious mistake, because a person cannot exit Ihraam without
    shaving his head or cutting his hair, as the Prophet said, when during the
    Farewell Pilgrimage he commanded those of his companions who had not
    brought a Hadiyy (sacrificial animal) to make it ‘Umrah: “Let him cut his hair
    then exit Ihraam.” [Narrated by Al-Bukhaari, 1691; Muslim, 1229] This
    indicates that one cannot exit Ihraam until after cutting the hair.
    Based on this, if a pilgrim finishes Sa’y and cannot find someone to cut his hair,
    he should remain in Ihraam until he shaves his head or cuts his hair; it is not
    permissible for him to exit Ihraam before that. If we assume that a person did
    that out of ignorance and exited Ihraam before shaving or cutting his hair,
    thinking that it was permissible to do so, there is no blame on him because of his
    ignorance, but when he finds out about that he should take off his regular clothes
    and put on his Ihraam garments, because it is not permissible to continue exiting
    Ihraam when he knows that it is not permissible. Then when he has shaved his
    head or cut his hair, he may exit Ihraam. [Daleel al-Akhta’ allati yaqa’ fiha alHaaj wa’l-Mu’tamir (Guide to mistakes made by pilgrims performing Hajj and
    ‘Umrah)]
  1. Some pilgrims pay money to some charitable institutions who slaughter the
    Hady (animal to be sacrificed at the end of Hajj) and distribute it all over the
    world. Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Uthaymeen said regarding this,
    English.islamweb.net/emainpage Page 30
    “This is a mistake which goes against the Sharee’ah of Allaah and is cheating
    the slaves of Allaah. The place where the Hady should be slaughtered is in
    Makkah, because the Messenger of Allaah slaughtered his Hady in Makkah,
    not in Madeenah or in any other place. The scholars have stated that, and said,
    ‘It is obligatory to slaughter the Hady of Tamattu’ and Qiraan, and the Hady
    offered to compensate for omitting an obligatory part of Hajj, in Makkah. Allaah
    The Almighty has stated that with reference to the penalty for hunting in Ihraam,
    as He Says (what means): {the penalty is an offering, brought to the Ka’bah,
    of an eatable animal (i.e. sheep, goat, cow) equivalent to the one he
    killed}[Quran 5:95]
    “If a specific place is mentioned, it is not permissible to change it to somewhere
    else, rather it must be done in that place. So the Hady must be slaughtered in
    Makkah, and distributed in Makkah. If it so happens that he cannot find anyone
    to accept it in Makkah, which is an assumption that may be impossible, then
    there is nothing wrong with slaughtering it in Makkah and sending the meat to
    anyone who needs it in the Muslim lands, the closest then the next closest, or
    where the need is greatest.”
    Conclusion
    May Allaah The Almighty make us and you of those who respond to Allaah and His
    Messenger when he calls them to what gives them life, make our Hajj accepted,
    our sin forgiven, our endeavor appreciated, and our deed accepted. Allaah The
    Almighty Says (what means): {Indeed, We will not allow to be lost the reward of any
    who did well in deeds.}[Quran 18:30]