A Glimpse at the Hajj of the prophet english islamic book pdf

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Introduction
It is of the utmost importance that Muslims perform their acts of worship
in the way prescribed by Allaah The Almightly. What better way to find
exactly how Allaah The Almighty wants us to worship him than to
emulate the Prophet in his worshipping and general living, i.e.
following his Sunnah (tradition).
The Quran emphasizes the importance of the Sunnah at many instances.
Allaah The Almighty described obedience to the Prophet as being a
part of obedience to Him, when He says (what means): {He who obeys the
Messenger has indeed obeyed Allaah…} [Quran 4:80]
In another Ayah (verse) in the Quran, Allaah The Almighty also made a
connection between obedience to Him and obedience to the Prophet
(which means): {O you who believe! Obey Allaah and obey the
Messenger…} [Quran 4:59]
Allaah The Almighty warns us not to go against the Prophet and states
that whoever disobeys him will be doomed to eternal Hell. Allaah The
Almighty says (what means): {…And let those who oppose the
Messenger’s commandment beware, lest some fitnah (trial, affliction,
etc.) befall them or a painful torment be inflicted on them.} [Quran
24:63]
Allaah The Almighty has made obedience to His Prophet a religious
duty; resisting or opposing it is a sign of hypocrisy. Allaah The Almighty
says (what means): {But no, by your Lord, they can have no Faith, until
they make you [Muhammad] judge in all disputes between them, and
find in themselves no resistance against your decisions, and accept
(them) with full submission.} [Quran 4:65]
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Allaah The Almighty commands His slaves to respond to Him and His
Messenger : {O you who believe! Answer Allaah (by obeying Him) and
(His) Messenger when he calls you to that which will give you life…}
[Quran 8:24]
In fact, even the Sunnah itself indicates the importance of the Sunnah. The
Prophet said: “I do not want to see any one of you reclining on his
couch and, when he hears of my instructions or prohibitions, saying ‘I
don’t accept it; we didn’t find any such thing in the Book of Allaah.”
(At-Tirmithi)
It is reported that the Messenger of Allaah led the people in prayer
one day, then, he turned to the people, he exhorted them strongly, saying:
“Pay attention to my Sunnah (way) and the way of the rightly-guided
people (who are to come) after me. Adhere to it and hold fast to it.” (Abu
Daawood).
Virtues of Hajj
Abu Hurayrah said that the Prophet was asked, “What action is
the best?” He replied, “Belief in Allaah and His Messenger.” He was
asked, “Then what?” and replied, “Jihad in the way of Allaah.” He was
asked, “And then what?” He replied, “An accepted Hajj.” [Al-Bukhaari &
Muslim]
Abu Hurayrah reported that the Messenger of Allaah said: “From
one ‘Umrah to the next is expiation for everything in between them and
there is no reward for an accepted Hajj other than Jannah.” [AlBukhaari & Muslim]
The Prophet’s Hajj
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The Prophet said during the Farewell Pilgrimage: “Take from me
your Hajj.” From this Hadeeth, we can tell that there is no Hajj other than
the Prophet’s Hajj, which is the most complete and perfect form of Hajj.
Thus, Muslims must follow his words and actions without omission or
addition, and especially so during Hajj. Therefore, it is essential that every
Muslim set on going on Hajj must know the exact way of the Hajj of the
Prophet – the only Hajj he ever did.
Anas reported that the Messenger of Allaah went to Hajj on a
camel which was his pack-animal. [Al-Bukhaari] According to the
aforementioned Hadeeth, the Prophet travelled from his home to
Makkah on a camel, which is the same as a horse or any other animal that
is ridden. However, animals were the only means of travel in the time of
Prophet and Islam has spread far and wide all over the Earth, so there
probably is no harm in travelling from one’s home to Makkah, for Hajj, on
an airplane, or by sea, or even by land.
Jaabir bin Abdullaah was asked about the Hajj of the Prophet . He
held up his nine fingers and said, “The Prophet stayed in Madeenah
for nine years but did not perform Hajj. Then, in the tenth year, he made a
public announcement to the effect that Allaah’s Messenger was about to
perform the Hajj. A large number of people came to Madeenah, and all of
them were eager to emulate the Prophet and follow his actions.
“We set out with him until we reached Thul-Hulaifah, where Asmaa’ bint
‘Umais gave birth to Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr. She sent a message to
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the Prophet asking him, “What should I do?” He said: “Take a
bath, bandage your private parts and put on Ihraam.”
“The Prophet then prayed in the mosque (at Thul-Hulaifah) and then
mounted Al-Qaswaa’ (his she-camel) and it stood erect with him on its
back at Al-Baida. As far as I could see in front of me, behind me, on my
right and on my left, I saw riders and pedestrians. The Messenger of
Allaah was prominent among us, and the (revelation) of the Quran
was descending upon him, and it was he only who knew (its true)
interpretation. Whatever he did, we also did.
“He pronounced the Oneness of Allaah (saying): “Labbaika
Allaahumma labbaik labbaika la sharika laka labbaik, innal hamda
wan-ni’mata laka wal mulk, la sharika lak (O Allaah! I hasten to You.
You have no partner. I hasten to You. All praise and grace is Thine and
the Sovereignty too; You have no partner).” And the people also
pronounced this Talbiyah, which they still pronounce today. The
Messenger of Allaah did not disapprove of anything in it, but he
adhered to his own Talbiyah.
“We did not have any other intention but that of Hajj only, being unaware
of the ‘Umrah, but when we came with him to the House (of Allaah), he
touched the Black Stone (Al-Hajar Al-Aswad) and made seven circuits,
jogging three of them and walking four. Then going to the Station of
Ibraaheem, he recited (what means): (And adopt the Station of
Ibraaheem as a place of prayer.} (Quran 2:125) He stood at a place
where the Station (of Ibraaheem ) was between him and the House.
There he prayed two Rak’ahs reciting Chapters Al-lkhlaas and AlKaafiroon. He then returned to the Black Stone (Al-Hajar Al-Aswad)
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and kissed it. Then he went out of the gate towards the Safa, and as he
approached it, he recited (what means): {Verily, the Safa and the
Marwah are among the signs appointed by Allaah.} (Quran 2:15)
Then he (the Prophet ) said: “I begin with what Allaah began.” Thus,
he mounted the Safa first. He climbed until he saw the House, and,
facing it, he declared the Oneness of Allaah and glorified Him, saying:
“La ilaha illa Allaah, wahdahu la sharika lah, lahul mulk wa lahul
hamd, wa huwa ‘ala kulli sha’in qadeer, la ilaha illAllaahu wahdahu
anjaza wa’dahu, wa nasara ‘abdahu, wa hazamal ahzaba wahdah
(There is no God but Allaah. He is alone and has no partner. His is the
Sovereignty, to Him praise is due, and He is powerful over everything.
There is no God but Allaah alone; He fulfilled His promise, helped His
servant and routed the confederates alone).”
Jaabir said, “He said these words three times, making
supplications in between. He then descended and walked towards the
Marwah, and when his feet touched the bottom of the valley, he ran; and
when he began to ascend, he walked until he reached the Marwah. There
he did as he had done at the Safa.” `
“When he was in his last round of the Marwah, he said: “If I had
known beforehand what I have come to know afterwards, I would not
have brought sacrificial animals and would have offered it as a ‘Umrah.
So, he among you who has no sacrificial animals with him should put
off Ihraam and treat it as a ‘Umrah.” Suraqah ibn Malik ibn Ju’tham
got up and said, ‘O Messenger of Allaah, does it apply to the present year,
or does it apply forever? Thereupon the Messenger of Allaah
intertwined the fingers (of one hand) into another and said twice: ‘The
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‘Umrah has become incorporated in the Hajj,” (adding): ‘No, but
forever and ever.’
“Ali came from Yemen with the sacrificial animals for the Prophet
and found Faatimah among those who had put off Ihraam, put on
dyed clothes, and had applied kuhl. Ali showed disapproval of it,
whereupon she said, ‘My father has commanded me to do this. ‘Ali
used to say in Iraq, ‘I went to the Messenger of Allaah showing
annoyance at Fatimah for what she had done, and asked the Prophet
regarding what she had narrated from him, and told him that I was angry
with her, whereupon the Prophet said: ‘She has told the truth; she
has told the truth.’
“(The Prophet then asked Ali ): “What did you say when you put
on Ihraam?” I (Ali ) said: ‘O Allaah, I am putting on Ihraam for the
same purpose as Your Messenger has put it on.’ Thereupon the Prophet
told him, ‘I have with me sacrificial animals, so do not put off the
Ihraam.’
“The total number of those sacrificial animals brought by Ali from
Yemen and of those brought by the Prophet was one hundred. All the
people except the Prophet and those who had with them sacrificial
animals, put off Ihraam and got their hair clipped. When it was the day of
Tarwiyah (8th of Thul-Hijjah) they went to Mina and put on the Ihraam
for Hajj and the Messenger of Allaah rode and led there, the noon,
afternoon, sunset, ‘Ishaa’ and Fajr prayers. He then waited a little
until the sun rose, and commanded that a tent of hair be pitched at
Namirah.
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“The Messenger of Allaah then set out and the Quraysh did not doubt
that he would halt at Al-Mash’ar Al-Haram (the sacred site) as the
Quraysh used to do in the pre-Islamic period. The Messenger of Allaah
however, passed on till he came to ‘Arafah and he found that the tent
had been pitched for him at Namirah. There he got down until the sun had
passed the meridian; he commanded that Al-Qaswaa’ be brought and
saddled for him. Then he came to the bottom of the valley, and
addressed the people saying: “Verily, your blood, your property are as
sacred and inviolable as the sacredness of this day of yours, in this
month of yours, in this town of yours. Behold! Everything pertaining to
the Days of Ignorance is under my feet, and completely abolished.
Abolished are also the blood-revenges of the Days of Ignorance. The
first claim of ours on blood-revenge which I abolish is that of the son of
Rabee’ah ibn Al-Haarith, who was nursed among the tribe of Sa’d and
killed by Huthayl. And the usury of the pre-Islamic period is abolished,
and the first of our usury I abolish is that of ‘Abbaas ibn ‘Abd alMuttalib, for it is all abolished. Fear Allaah concerning women! Verily
you have taken them on the security of Allaah, and intercourse with
them has been made lawful unto you by word of Allaah. You too have
rights over them, in that they should not allow anyone to sit on your bed
whom you do not like. But if they do that, you can chastise them but not
severely. Their rights upon you are that you should provide them with
food and clothing in a fitting manner. I have left among you the Book of
Allaah, and if you hold fast to it, you will never go astray. And you will
be asked about me (on the Day of Resurrection), (now tell me) what
would you say?” They (the audience) said, “We will bear witness that you
have conveyed (the message), discharged (the ministry of Prophethood)
and given wise (sincere) counsel.” The Prophet then raised his
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forefinger towards the sky and pointing it at the people (said): ‘O Allaah,
be witness. O Allaah be witness,’ saying it thrice,'”
“Then the Athaan (call for prayer) was pronounced and later on the
Iqaamah (second call for prayer), and the Prophet led the noon prayer.
Then another Iqaamah was pronounced and the Prophet led the
afternoon prayer and he observed no other prayer in between the two.
(This proves the validity of joining Thuhr and ‘Asr prayer on this day, at
this place. There is consensus on it, but there is disagreement as to its
cause. Abu Haneefah and some Shaafi’i scholars hold that it is a part of
Hajj, but the majority of Shaafi’i scholars hold it is due to journey).
The Messenger of Allaah then mounted his camel and went to the
place where he was to stay. He made his she-camel, Al-Qaswaa’, turn
towards the rocky side, with the pedestrian path Iying in front of him. He
faced the Qiblah, and stood there until the sun set, and the yellow light
diminished somewhat, and the disc of the sun totally disappeared. He
made Usaamah bin Zayd sit behind him, and pulled the nose string of
Al-Qaswaa’ so forcefully that its head touched the saddle (in order to keep
her under perfect control), and pointing out with his right hand, advised
the people to be moderate (in speed) saying: “O people! calmness,
calmness!” Whenever he passed over an elevated tract of land, he slightly
loosened the nose-string of his camel till she climbed up. This is how he
reached Al-Muzdalifah.”
“There he led the evening and ‘Ishaa’ prayers with one Athaan and
two Iqaamahs and did not glorify (Allaah) in between them (i.e. he did not
observe supererogatory Rak ‘ahs between Maghrib and ‘Isha’a prayers).
The Messenger of Allaah then lay down till dawn and offered the
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dawn prayer with an Athaan and Iqaamah when the morning light was
clear. He again mounted Al-Qaswaa’, and when he came to AlMash’ar Al-Haraam, he faced the Qiblah, and supplicated Allaah,
Glorified Him, and pronounced His Uniqueness and Oneness, and kept
standing until the daylight was very clear.
“He then went quickly before the sun rose, and seated behind him
was Al-Fadhl ibn Al-‘Abbaas who was a man of beautiful hair, a fair
complexion, and a handsome face. As the Messenger of Allaah moved
on, a group of women riding on camels was also passing. Al-Fadhl
turned his face towards them. The Messenger of Allaah placed his
hand on Al-Fadhl’s face who then turned his face to the other side, and
began to look, and the Messenger of Allaah turned his hand to the
other side and placed it on Al-Fadhl’s face. He again turned his face to the
other side until he came to the bottom of Muhassir. He urged her (AlQaswaa’) a little, and, following the middle road, (This proves that it is
Sunnah to follow a different road on the way back from ‘Arafah than the
one taken while going toward it. The Prophet went by the Dab road to
Arafah. Similarly he used to take different routes going to or coming back
from ‘Eed prayers) which comes out at the greatest Jamarah, he came to
the Jamarah which is near the tree. At this, he threw seven small
pebbles, saying: ‘Allaahu Akbar’ while throwing every one of them in a
manner in which the small pebbles are thrown (holding them with fingers)
and this he did while at the bottom of the valley. (That is, he stood there at
a place where Mina, ‘Arafah and Al-Muzdalifah were on his right, and
Makkah on his left side)
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“He then went to the place of sacrifice, and sacrificed sixty-three
(camels) with his own hands. He shared the remaining camels with
Ali, who sacrificed them. He then commanded that a piece of meat from
each sacrificed animal be put in a pot. When it was cooked, both of them
(the Prophet and Ali ) ate some of it and drank its soup.
“The Messenger of Allaah again rode and came to the House (of
Allaah), where he performed Tawaaf Al-Ifaadah and offered the Thuhr
prayer at Makkah. He came to the tribe of ‘Abdul-Muttalib, who were
supplying water at the well of Zamzam, and said: ‘Draw water, O Banu
‘Abd al-Muttalib; were it not that people would usurp this right of
supplying water from you, I would have drawn it along with you.’ So
they handed him a bucket and he drank from it.”
The scholars, may Allaah have mercy upon them, said, “This Hadeeth is
one of its kind. It contains lots of valuable information.”
Al-Qasdhi ‘Iysadh said, “Many scholars have spoken (and written) at
great length about the legal injunctions contained in this Hadeeth.”
Abu Bakr ibn Al-Munthir has listed a large part of these identifying
about one hundred and fifty injunctions. He observes that if he had
analyzed more closely this number would almost double.
The scholars said, “This Hadeeth indicates that for the women giving birth
to a child or having monthly periods it is Sunnah – and much more so for
others – to take a bath when they intend to perform Hajj or ‘Umrah. It
also teaches us that the women who are menstruating or are still in their
confinement after childbirth, should clean themselves properly, cover
their private parts with a piece of cotton, then declare their Ihraam. It
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also indicates that Ihraam must be declared after offering either a Fardh
or a supererogatory prayer. After declaring Ihraam, one should utter the
Talbiyah loudly and preferably use the same words as used by the Prophet
. However, there is no harm in adding similar phrases as ‘Umar
did, saying, “O Allaah! I answer Your call, You Who gives blessings and
good favors. I answer Your call fearing You, and wishing Your favor.”
This Hadeeth also indicates that a pilgrim must first come to Makkah
where one must perform circumambulation of arrival in Makkah (Tawaaf
Al-Qudoom), and touch the Black Stone — if possible — and make the
first three rounds jogging, while making the other four walking at normal
speed. The jogging is done around the Ka’bah except between the Yemeni
Corner and the Black Stone.
After the Tawaaf one must go to the Station of Ibraaheem and recite
the verse (which means): {Take the Station of Ibraaheem as a place for
prayer.} Then standing there, with the Station of Ibraaheem between him
and the Ka’bah, he should pray two Rak’ahs reciting after Al-Faatihah, AlKaafiroon in the first Rak’ah, and Al-lkhlaas in the second Rak’ah. This
Hadeeth also indicates that touching the Black Stone again prior to
leaving the Sacred Mosque is recommended (if possible), just as one did
upon entering it. There is consensus among the scholars that touching
(kissing) the Black Stone is Sunnah.
After that, one must do the Sa’y starting with the Safa, just as the Prophet
did. Climbing it, he or she must face the Ka’bah and make
supplications three times to Allaah. Then, he or she must climb down and
walk toward Marwah, while jogging in the marked area called baynal
meelayn, i.e., between Safa and Marwah; every time one passes this area
during the seven rounds, and not just in the first three rounds as in
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Tawaaf. On reaching Marwah, he or she should climb it just as they
climbed the Safa, and make supplications, and make remembrance.
Completion of all these rites will complete one’s ‘Umrah. Thus, one
should either shave one’s head or clip some of one’s hair to get out of the
state of Ihraam. This is precisely what the Companions of the Prophet
did when the Prophet commanded them to change their Hajj to
‘Umrah. As for the pilgrim who is combining Hajj and ‘Umrah, he must
not shave or clip his hair, but should remain in his state of Ihraam.
On the 8th of Thul-Hijjah, those who had put off their Ihraam after making
‘Umrah should again put on Ihraam to perform pilgrimage, and then head
to Mina with those who combined their Hajj and ‘Umrah. It is Sunnah to
offer the five prayers in Mina and to spend the night of the 9th of ThulHijjah there.
It is also Sunnah not to leave Mina for ‘Arafah until after the sunrise, and
not to enter ‘Arafah until the sun begins to decline, and after offering both
Thuhr and ‘Asr prayers, which the Prophet offered at Namirah, which
is not a part of ‘Arafah. The Prophet did not enter his quarters at
‘Arafah until after offering Thuhr and ‘Asr prayers. Moreover, it is also
Sunnah of the Prophet to offer some supererogatory (nawafil) prayers
in between these two prayers.
The Imaam should give a sermon before the prayer, which is one of the
Sunnah sermons in pilgrimage. The second sermon is given by the Imaam
on the 7th of Thul-Hijjah after Thuhr prayer in the Ka’bah. The third of
these Sunnah sermons is delivered on the 10th of Thul-Hijjah, the day of
slaughtering. And the fourth sermon is given on the day the people leave
(yawm an-nafr)—the 11th day of Thul-Hijjah.
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This Hadeeth also contains some important manners and etiquette for
performing Hajj and ‘Umrah:
It is better to spend the time at ‘Arafah riding one’s mount.
It is better to stand by the rocks or close to them as the Prophet did.
One should face the Qiblah while in ‘Arafah.
One must stay at one’s quarters in ‘Arafah until sunset.
One should make supplications to Allaah, raising one’s hands to one’s
chest, and after the sunset calmly and quietly leave ‘Arafah. And if one is
in a leading position one should ask others to do likewise.
Upon arriving at Al-Muzdalifah, one should combine Maghrib and ‘Ishaa’
prayers with one Athaan and two Iqaamahs.
One may not offer any nawafil prayers in between these two prayers.
There is consensus among Muslim scholars about combining these two
prayers. They differ, however, concerning the reason for it. Some claim
that it is a part of the rites of the Hajj, while others say it is a permission
granted to them, because they are traveling.
Spending the night at Al-Muzdalifah is also Sunnah. All scholars agree
that it is part of the Hajj rites. They do, however, differ on whether
spending the night there is obligatory or Sunnah.
It is also Sunnah to offer Fajr prayer at Al-Muzdalifah, and then depart
from it for Al-Mash’ar Al-Haram to stop there and make supplications.
Stopping there is a part of the Hajj rite.
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It is Sunnah to leave Al-Mash ‘ar Al-Haram when dawn is well advanced
and go to the bottom of Mohassir valley. When in this valley one should
walk fast because this is the place where Allaah’s wrath descended upon
the Companions of the Elephant.
On reaching the jamarah—jamrat al ‘aqabah—one should throw seven
pebbles at it, and with each throw say Allaahu Akbar. The pebbles should
be no more than the size of a cereal seed (beans).
After this one should offer his sacrifice, if one has one, slaughtering it
with one’s own hands. After slaughtering one may shave one’s head.
Now one must go to Makkah to perform Tawaaf al-Ifaadah also known as
Tawaaf az-ziyarah or circumambulation of visit.
One is thereafter permitted to engage in any lawful activity that was
unlawful for him while in the state of Ihraam, including sexual intercourse
with one’s wife. A person who has thrown pebbles at Jamrat al- ‘Aqabah,
but has not performed the circumambulation of Ifadah (or Ziyarah) may
engage in any lawful activity except sexual intercourse with his wife.
Accounts of the Companions regarding the Prophet’s Hajj
Ibn ‘Umar and Jaabir bin ‘Abdullaah said, “I saw that Allaah’s
Apostle used to ride on his mount at Thul-Hulaifa and used to start
saying “Labbayk” when the Mount stood upright.”
Anas bin Maalik said, “Allaah’s Apostle performed Hajj on a
pack-saddle and the same mount was carrying his baggage too.”
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‘Abdullaah bin ‘Umar said, “Allaah’s messenger made his camel
sit (i.e. he dismounted) at Al-Batha’ in Thul-Hulaifa and offered the
prayer.” ‘Abdullaah bin ‘Umar used to do the same.
‘Abdullaah bin ‘Umar also said, “Allaah’s Apostle used to go (for
Hajj) via Ash-Shajarah and return via Muarras; and no doubt, whenever
Allaah’s Apostle went to Makkah, he used to offer the prayer in the
Mosque of Ash-Shajarah; and on his return, he used to offer the prayer at
Thul-Hulaifa, in the middle of the valley, and pass the night there till
morning.”
‘Aa’ishah said, “I used to perfume Allaah’s Apostle when he
wanted to assume Ihraam and also on finishing Ihraam before the Tawaaf
round the Ka’bah (Tawaaf-al-Ifaadah).
Saalim narrated from his father ‘Abdullaah “I heard that Allaah’s
Apostle assumed Ihraam with his hair matted together.”
‘Abdullaah bin ‘Umar said that a man asked the Prophet “O Allaah’s
Apostle! What kind of clothes should a Muhrim wear?” Allaah’s Apostle
replied: “He should not wear a shirt, a turban, trousers, a headcloak
or leather socks except if he can find no slippers, he then may wear
leather socks after cutting off what might cover the ankles. And he should
not wear clothes which are scented with saffron or Wars (kinds of
perfumes).”
Ibn ‘Abbaas said, “Usamah rode behind Allaah’s Apostle from
‘Arafat to Al-Muzdalifa; and then Al-Fadhl rode behind Allaah’s Apostle
from Al-Muzdalifah to Mina.” Ibn Abbaas added, “Both of them said,
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‘The Prophet kept on reciting the Talbiyah till he did the Rami of Jamratal-Aqabah (the throwing of the stones.’ “
Abdullaah bin al-‘Abbaas both, said, “The Prophet with his
companions started from Madeenah after combing and oiling his hair and
putting on two sheets of lhraam (upper body cover and waist cover). He
did not forbid anyone to wear any kind of sheets except the ones colored
with saffron, because they may leave scent on the skin. And so, in the early
morning, the Prophet mounted his mount while in Thul-Hulaifah and
set out till they reached Baida’, where he and his companions recited
Talbiyah, and then they did the ceremony of Taqlid (which means to put
the colored garlands around the necks of the Budn (camels for sacrifice).
And all that happened on the 25th of Thul-Qa’dah.
And when he reached Makkah on the 4th of Thul-Hijjah he performed the
Tawaaf round the Ka’bah and performed the Tawaaf between the Safa and
the Marwah. And as he had a Badana and had garlanded it, he did not
finish his Ihraam. He proceeded towards the highest places of Makkah
near Al-Hujun and he was assuming the Ihraam for Hajj and did not go
near the Ka’bah after he performed Tawaaf (round it) till he returned
from ‘Arafat. Then he ordered his companions to perform the Tawaaf
round the Ka’bah and then the Sa’y between Safa and the Marwa, and to
cut short the hair of their heads and to finish their Ihraam. And that was
only for those people who had not garlanded Budn. Those who had their
wives with them were permitted contact with them (have sexual
intercourse), and similarly perfume and (ordinary) clothes were
permissible for them.”
Anas bin Maalik said, “The Prophet offered four Rak’aat in
Madeenah and then two Rak’aat at Thul-Hulaifah and then passed the
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night at Thul-Hulaifah till it was morning and when he mounted his riding
animal and it stood up, he started to recite Talbiyah.
Aa’ishah said, “We set out with Allaah’s Apostle in the months of
Hajj, and (in) the nights of Hajj, and at the time and places of Hajj and in
a state of Hajj. We dismounted at Sarif (a village six miles from Makkah).
The Prophet then addressed his companions and said: “Anyone who
has not got the Hadyy and likes to do ‘Umrah instead of Hajj may do so
(i.e. Hajj-al-Tamattu) and anyone who has got the Hadyy should not
finish the Ihram after performing ‘Umrah (i.e. Hajj-al-Qiran).”
Aa’ishah added, “The Companions of the Prophet obeyed the
above (order) and some of them (i.e. who did not have Hadyy) finished
their Ihram after ‘Umrah.” Allaah’s Apostle and some of his
companions were resourceful and had the Hadyy with them, they could
not perform ‘Umrah (alone) (but had to perform both Hajj and ‘Umrah
with one Ihraam).
Aa’ishah added, “Allaah’s Apostle came to me and saw me
weeping and said: “What makes you weep, O Hantah?” I replied, “I have
heard your conversation with your companions and I cannot perform the
‘Umrah.” He asked, “What is wrong with you?’ I replied, ‘I do not offer
the prayers (i.e. I have my menses).’ He said: “It will not harm you
for you are one of the daughters of Aadam, and Allaah has written for
you (this state) as He has written it for them. Keep on with your
intentions for Hajj and Allaah may reward you that.” Aa’ishah
further added, “Then we proceeded for Hajj till we reached Mina and I
became clean from my menses. Then I went out from Mina and performed
Tawaaf round the Ka’bah.”
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Aa’ishah added, “I went along with the Prophet in his final
departure (from Hajj) till he dismounted at Al-Muhassab (a valley outside
Makkah), and we too, dismounted with him.” He called ‘ Abdur-Rahmaan
bin Abu Bakr and said to him, ‘Take your sister outside the sanctuary of
Makkah and let her assume Ihraam for ‘Umrah, and when you have
finished ‘ Umrah, return to this place and I will wait for you both till you
both return to me.’ ” ‘
Aa’ishah added, “So we went out of the sanctuary of Makkah and
after finishing from the ‘Umrah and the Tawaaf we returned to the
Prophet at dawn. He said, ‘Have you performed the ‘ Umrah?’ We
replied in the affirmative. So he announced the departure amongst his
companions and the people set out for the journey, and the Prophet too
left for Madeenah.”
Hafsah, the wife of the Prophet said, “O Allaah’s Apostle! Why have
the people finished their Ihram after performing ‘Umrah but you have not
finished your Ihram after performing ‘Umrah?” He replied, “I have matted
my hair and garlanded my Hadyy. So I will not finish my Ihraam till I
have slaughtered (my Hadyy).”
Aa’ishah said, “When the Prophet came to Makkah he entered
from its higher side and left from its lower side.” Corridor
Umm Al-Fadhl bint Al Harith said, “On the day of Arafat, some
people who were with me, differed about the fasting of the Prophet
some said that he was fasting while others said that he was not fasting. So
I sent a bowl full of milk to him while he was riding his camel, and he
drank that milk.”
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‘Urwah said, “Usaamah was asked in my presence, “How was the
speed of (the camel of) Allaah’s Apostle while departing from Arafat
during the Hajjatul Wadaa’?” Usaamah replied, “The Prophet
proceeded on at a modest pace, and when there was enough space he
would (make his camel) go very fast.””
Usaamah bin Zayd said, “Allaah’s Apostle proceeded from
‘Arafaat and dismounted at the mountainous pass and then urinated and
performed a light ablution. I said to him, “(Shall we offer) the prayer?”
He replied: “The prayer is ahead of you (i.e. at Al-Muzdalifah).” When
he came to Al-Muzdalifa, he performed a perfect ablution. Then Iqaamah
for the prayer was pronounced and he offended the Maghrib prayer and
then every person made his camel kneel at his place; and then Iqaama
hfor the prayer was pronounced and he offered the (‘Ishaa’) prayer and he
did not offer any prayer in between them (i.e. Maghrib and ‘Ishaa’
prayers).
Ibn ‘Abbaas said, “Usama bin Zaid rode behind the Prophet from
‘Arafaat to Al-Muzdalifah; and then from Al-Muzdalifah to Mina, and AlFadhl rode behind him.” He added, “Both of them (Usaamah and AlFadhl) said, ‘The Prophet was constantly reciting the Talbiyah till he did
Rami of the Jamrat-al-Aqabah.”
Abdullaah bin ‘Umar both, said, “During the last Hajj (Hajj AlWadaa’) of Allaah’s Apostle, he performed ‘Umrah and Hajj. He
drove a Hadyy along with him from Thul-Hulaifah. Allaah’s Apostle
started by assuming Ihram for ‘Umrah and Hajj. And the people, too,
performed the ‘Umrah and Hajj along with the Prophet. Some of them
brought the Hadyy and drove it along with them, while the others did not.
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So, when the Prophet arrived at Makkah, he said to the people:
“Whoever among you has driven the Hadyy, should not finish his
Ihraam till he completes his Hajj. And whoever among you has not
(driven) the Hadyy with him, should perform Tawaaf of the Ka’bah and
the Tawaaf between Safa and Marwah, then cut short his hair and
finish his Ihraam, and should later assume Ihram for Hajj; but he must
offer a Hadyy (sacrifice); and if anyone cannot afford a Hady, he
should fast for three days during the Hajj and seven days when he
returns home.”
The Prophet performed Tawaaf of the Ka’bah on his arrival (at
Makkah); he touched the (Black Stone) corner first of all and then did
Raml (fast walking with moving of the shoulders) during the first three
rounds round the Ka’bah, and during the last four rounds he walked. After
finishing Tawaaf of the Ka’bah, he offered a two Rak’aat prayer at
Maqaam Ibrahim, and after finishing the prayer he went to the Safa and
the Marwa and performed seven rounds of Tawaaf between them and did
not do any deed forbidden because of Ihraam, till he finished all the
ceremonies of his Hajj and sacrificed his Hadyy on the day of Nahr (10th
day of Thul-Hijjah). He then hastened onwards (to Makkah) and
performed Tawaaf of the Ka’bah and then everything that was forbidden
because of Ihram became permissible. Those who took and drove the
Hadyy with them did the same as Allaah’s Apostle did.”
Aa’ishah said, “I used to twist the garlands for the sheep of the
Prophet and he would send them (to the Ka’bah), and stay as a nonMuhrim.”
Anas bin Maalik said, “The Prophet offered four Rak’at of Thuhr
prayer at Madeenah; and two Rak’aat of ‘Asr prayer at Thul-Hulaifah and
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spent the night there and when (the day) dawned, he mounted his
riding animal and started saying: “None has the right to be worshipped
but Allaah, and Glorified be Allaah.” When he reached Al-Baida’ he
recited the Talbiyah for both Hajj and ‘Umrah. And when he arrived at
Makkah, he ordered them (his companions) to finish their Ihraam. The
Prophet slaughtered seven Budn (camel) with his own hands while the
camels were standing. He also sacrificed two horned rams (black and
white in color) at Madeenah.”
Anas bin Maalik said, “The Prophet offered four Rak’aat of Thuhr
prayer at Madeenah and two Rak’aat of ‘Asr prayer at Thul-Hulaifah.
Then he (the Prophet ) passed the night there till dawn and then he
offered the morning (Fajr) prayer, and mounted his Mount and when it
arrived at Al-Baida’ he assumed Ihraam for both ‘Umrah and Hajj.”
Ali bin Abi Taalib said, “The Prophet offered one hundred Budn
as Hadyy and ordered me to distribute their meat (in charity) and I did so.
Then he ordered me to distribute their covering sheets in charity and I did
so. Then he ordered me to distribute their skins in charity and I did so.”
It was narrated that ‘Aa’ishah was heard saying, “We set out (from
Madeenah) along with Allaah’s Apostle five days before the end of ThulQa’dah with the intention of performing Hajj only. When we approached
Makkah, Allaah’s Apostle ordered those who had no Hadyy along
with them to finish the lhraam after performing Tawaaf of the Ka’bah,
(Safa and Marwa).
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Aa’ishah added, “Beef was brought to us on the Day of Nahr and I
said, ‘What is this?’ Somebody said, ‘The Prophet has slaughtered
(cows) on behalf of his wives.’ “
‘Abdullaah bin ‘Umar both, said, “Hafsah said, “O Allaah’s
Apostle! What is wrong with the people; they finished their Ihraam after
performing Umrah, but you have not finished it after your Umrah?” He
replied, “I matted my hair and have garlanded my Hady. So, I cannot
finish my Ihraam till I slaughter (my Hady).”
Ibn Umar both, Allaah’s Apostle (got) his head shaved after
performing his Hajj.
The Prophet and some of his Companions got their heads shaved and
some others got their hair cut short. Narrated Mu’aawiyah , “I cut short
the hair of Allaah’s Apostle with a long blade.”
Ibn Umar both, narrated that at Mina, the Prophet said: “Do you
know what day is it today?” The people replied, “Allaah and His Apostle
know it better.” He said, “It is the forbidden (sacred) day. And do you
know what town is this?” They replied, “Allaah and His Apostle know it
better.” He said: “This is the forbidden (Sacred) town (Makkah).
And do you know which month is this?” The people replied, “Allaah and
His Apostle know it better.” He said, “This is the forbidden (sacred)
month.” The Prophet added, “No doubt, Allaah made your blood,
your properties, and your honor sacred to one another like the sanctity
of this day of yours in this month of yours in this town of yours.”
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Narrated Ibn Umar: On the Day of Nahr (10th of Thul-Hijjah), the Prophet
stood in between the Jamraat during his Hajj which he performed (as
in the previous Hadeeth) and said, “This is the greatest Day (i.e. 10th of
Thul-Hijjah).” The Prophet started saying repeatedly, “O Allaah! Be
Witness (I have conveyed Your Message).” He then bade the people
farewell. The people said, “This is Hajjat-al-Wada).”
Abdur-Rahmaan bin Al-Qaasim said, “I heard my father who was the
best man of his age, saying, “I heard Aa’ishah saying, ‘I perfumed Allaah’s
Apostle with my own hands before finishing his Ihraam while yet he
has not performed Tawaaf-al-Ifadah.’ She spread her hands (while saying
so.)”
Anas bin Maalik “The Prophet offered the Thuhr , Asr, Maghrib
and the Isha prayers and slept for a while at a place called Al-Mahassab
and then rode to the Ka’bah and performed Tawaaf round it.”
Aa’ishah said, “We set out with the Prophet with the intention of
performing Hajj only. The Prophet reached Makkah and performed
Tawaaf of the Ka’bah and between the Safa and the Marwah and did not
finish the Ihraam, because he had the Hadyy with him. His
companions and his wives performed Tawaaf (of the Ka’bah and between
the Safa and the Marwah), and those who had no Hadyy with them
finished their Ihraam. I got the menses and performed all the ceremonies
of Hajj. So, when the Night of Hasba (night of departure) came, I said, “O
Allaah’s Apostle! All your companions are returning with Hajj and
‘Umrah except me.” He asked me: “Didn’t you perform Tawaaf of
the Ka’bah (‘Umrah) when you reached Makkah?” I said, “No.” He
said: “Go to Tan’eem with your brother Abdur-Rahmaan, and assume
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Ihram for ‘Umrah and I will wait for you at such and such a place.” So
I went with Abdur-Rahmaan to Tan’eem and assumed Ihraam for ‘Umrah.
Then Safiyyah bint Huyayy got menses. The Prophet said: “Aqra
Halqa! You will detain us! Did you perform Tawaaf Al-Ifaadhah on the
Day of Nahr (slaughtering)?” She said, “Yes, I did.” He said, “Then there
is no harm, depart.” So I met the Prophet when he was ascending the
heights towards Makkah and I was descending, or vice-versa.”
Anas bin Maalik said, “The Prophet offered the Thuhr, ‘Asr,
Maghrib and ‘Ishaa; prayers and slept for a while at a place called AlMahassab and then he rode towards the Ka’bah and performed
Tawaaf (al-Wadaa’).”
Aa’ishah “It (i.e. Al-Abtah) was a place where the Prophet used
to camp so that it might be easier for him to depart.”
‘Abdullaah bin al-Abbaas said, “Staying at Al-Mahassab is not one of
the rituals (of Hajj), but Al-Mahassab is a place where Allaah’s Apostle
camped (during his Hajjat al-Wadaa’).”
Conclusion
It is important to contemplate on the Hadeeths quoted above. Imaam AnNawawi said, “The Hadeeth of Jaabir is a great Hadeeth that
includes a number of benefits and important rules. Many discussions were
made about the Fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence) it includes. Abu Bakr bin AlMunthir compiled a large book about it. He extracted about one hundred
and fifty issues of Fiqh. Had he exerted more effort, he would have
extracted almost the same number of extra issues.”
A summary of the lessons to be learned from the Prophet’s Hajj:
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This Hadeeth of Jaabir includes many benefits and rulings, which are
as follows:

  • It is recommended for the Imaam and ruler to notify people about
    important matters in order to be ready for them.
  • It is recommended to do Ghusl before Ihraam for men and women, even
    those women who are in the state of menstruation or postpartum bleeding.
    For the Prophet said to Asmaa’ : “Do Ghusl (ritual bath)!” If the
    woman who is in a state of postpartum bleeding should do Ghusl, then, it
    is worthier for other women to do so.
  • Permissibility of raising one’s voice with Talbiyah since the beginning
    of Ihraam. It is recommended to adhere to the wordings of Talbiyah that
    were said by the Messenger of Allaah .
  • Permissibility to specify the ritual in the Talbiyah. In case of assuming
    Ihraam to perform ‘Umrah, one should say, “Labbayka Allaahumma
    ‘Umrah”. In case of assuming Ihraam to perform Hajj, one should say,
    “Labbayka Allaahumma Hajj”. In case of assuming Ihraam to perform
    Qiraan Hajj, one should say, “Labbayka Allaahumma Hajjan wa
    ‘Umrah”.